Three-Phasedual-Buck Inverter with Unified Pulsewidth Modulation

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Three-Phasedual-Buck Inverter with Unified Pulsewidth Modulation

Dharati Padhiyar#1, S. V. Arya *2 , J. C. Baria *3

# PG Student, Electrical Engineering Department, Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya, Gujarat.

*2 Assistant Professor, Electrical Engineering Department, Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya, Gujarat,

*3 Lecturer, Electrical Engineering Department, Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya, Gujarat,

Abstract – For the fast development of clean energy power generation requires the inversion system .In inversion system high reliability is the main target pursuing ,but some problem effect the reliability of the system. such as the shoot through and the failure of reverse recovery. the proposed inverter does not need dead time and thus its avoid the shoot through problem of VSIs. Topology allow to use power MOSFET instead of IGBT it has benefits of lower switching loss so it can be designed at higher switching frequency to reduced current ripple and size of passive components .which greatly leads system reliability. various PWM technique is used to reduced THD contain .the whole system is simulated in MATLAB software.

Keywords Dual-Buck Inverter, Unified PWM , VSI

  1. INTRODUCTION

    The fast development of the clean energy power generation requires the inversion system, especially the inverters, to be more reliable In an inversion system, high reliability is one of the main targets pursuing. Some problems will threaten the reliability of the system, such as the shoot through issue and the failure of reverse recovery. The dual buck inverters can solve the above problems without adding dead time. A new topology of dual buck inverter with series connected diodes. The system retains the advantage of no reverse recovery of body diode. Shoot through problem of the power devices is a major threaten to the reliability.

    A traditional method to solve the shoot through issue is by setting dead time. However, the dead time

    will cause a distortion of the output current. Also, during the dead time, the current may flow through the body diode of the switch which can cause the failure of the reverse recovery. to solved this problem By combining two unidirectional buck circuits, the dual buck inverters will not suffer threaten of shoot through problem and the freewheeling current will flow through the independent diodes which can solve the reverse recovery problem of the MOSFETs body diodes

    The widely used three phase VSI faces various problem

    1. shoot through problem

    2. reverse recovery problem, which effect the reliability of inversion system.

      • A traditional method to solve the shoot through issue is by setting dead time.

      • Dead time cause distortion of the output current and

        due to dead time the current may flow through the body diode of the switch which can cause the failure of reverse recovery.

      • To solved the above problem the dual buck topologies

    are proposed by combining two Uni directional buck circuit.

  2. PROPOSED TOPOLOGY

    Fig.1 Dual buck VSI with MOSFETs

    Mostly (VSI) has two active switches in one phase leg that requires dead time which Reduced equivalent pulse width modulation voltage and due to this less energy transfer.

  3. PROBLEM DEFINATION

  • The rush of current that occures while both devices are on is called shoot through

    Problem.

  • Shoot-trough is occures due to overlapping opertation so it is also called as cross conduction

  • It create due to in proper phase delay given to the switching device

  • Too short dead time can cause shoot through problem

  • We can not measure the shoot through time because its only for nano second

EEFECT

OF SHOOT THROUGH:

  • Reduced efficiency

  • Higher MOSFET temperature

  • EMI

  • Deregulation in output waveform

  • Traditional Dual Buck Inverter :

    • Traditional VSI has two active switches in one phase leg so dead time needed,which creat shoot trough problem.

    • Dual buck is combination of two unidirectional buck circuit

    • It is not suffer from shoot through problem because this inverter does not need dead time.

    • And freewheeling current will flow through the independent diode which can solved the reverse recovery problem of MOSFET body diode.

    • The MOSFET and diode can be selected independently. with small on -state resistance and diode with smaller forward voltages

Dual buck inverter Value of devices: Resistore:10ohm

Inductor:1.25mH Frequence:50Hz

Fig.2 Dual buck half bridge inverter

  1. DUAL BUCK- INVERTER

    Fig 3. Dual Buck Inverter

    Simulation Results :

    Fig.4 current waveform of dual buck inverter

    International Conference on Advances in Power Generation From Renewable Energy Sources 2017 THD analysis:

    FIG.5 THD Analysis Of Dual Buck Inverter

    PWM Analysis (SPWM) :

    Fig 6. Spwm Matlab Simulation control strategy of SPWM

    Line to line voltages(filtered voltages)

    FIG.6 line to line voltages

    SVPWM :

    Fig 7. Thd Analysis Of Spwm

    Fig.8. Svpwm Matlab Simulation

    Line Voltages :

    Fig.8. Line voltage of SVPWM

    Fig.9. Phase voltage of SVPWM

    THD Analysis :

    Fig.10. THD Analysis of SVPWM

    Control strategy:

    THREE-PHASE OUTPUT VOLTAGE WAVEFORM:

  2. CONCLUSIONS

From theoretical and experimental result it is obtained that it has high conservation efficiency and no reverse recovery of body diode. here switch is worked at power frequency so the impact of dead time is negligible. thus, impact of shoot trough problem is ignored. here advantages of using MOSFET as active switches its improved reliability of system.

In ordered to reduced THD contain SPWM and SVPWM control strategy is used which reduced THD contain from 7.51% to 1.83%.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The authors express immense pleasure to present this paper. The support, guidance and motivation provided by every single individual in making of this research is warmly appreciated.

REFERENCES

  1. A single Inductor Dual Buck Inverter,IEEE-2017

  2. Single Inductor Dual Buck Full-Bridge Inverter, Feng Hong,Jun Liu,BaojianJi,IEEE-2015

  3. Cascade Dual Buck Inverterwith Phase-Shift Control. Pengwei Sun, Student Member,IEEE

  4. 4-unit cascade dual buck inverter using control system.power electronics,IEEE- 2014.

  5. cascade dual-buck inverter for renewable energy and disribution generation,Jih- sheng Lai,Wensong yu.JEEE-2014

  6. Book:power electronics by Dr.P.S.Bhimara.

  7. Power electronics circuit,devicesand application by Muhammad H.Rashid.

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