Optimization of Stress Distribution Over Sheet Metal Forming using Structural Analysis Method

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Optimization of Stress Distribution Over Sheet Metal Forming using Structural Analysis Method

Harshit B Gajbhiye [1], Prof. Sachin C Borse [2], Prof. Mayur L Jadhav[2]

Department of Mechanical Engineering D.I.E.M.S.Aurangabad Maharashtra

Abstruct:- The sheet metal stress distribution case study is carried out and tried to validate result with post-processing software. The different CAD modelling sample is used to check how the stress generates and deformation occurs in the forming component which is design and developed of simple geometric shape mainly circle, rectangle, hexagonal, and combination of all. The output result is obtained from total deformation and maximum stress generation. The sheet metal material used is Structural steel this material used in various automotive industries for car body manufacturing, seating etc, Force is applied in the form of pressure in structural analysis for the achieving optimize the result. The basic software used are CATIA for modelling and Ansys is use for post-processing analysis method.

Key words: Sheet metal, forming result, Geometric shape cad model, post-processing method CATIA, & Ansys.

INTRODUCTION:

The sheet metal tooling technology is having a very wide range production application in the various sectors like Automotive, Defence, Medical, Aviation, Energy generation plant and many more. The product quality is so precise that it can easily use any were for the specific application. The sheet metal consists of the number of operations to obtain the desired accurate shape of the final product. When it comes to the material then there are numbers of material are developed in metallurgy for the specific application. Sheet metal forming non-cutting operation like drawing, bending, and some other processes. The common failures encountered during sheet metal forming, wrinkling, puckering, and shape distortion factors. They are generally characterized by a high ratio of surface area to thickness. Sheet metal forming operations are so diverse in type, extent and rate that no single test provides an accurate indication of the formability.

In other words, the same sheet metal can have good or bad formability depending upon the components of the forming system. It is interesting to contrast this to a typical

mechanical property of sheet metal which is dependent on the sheet metal only rather than on the system conditions such as sheet thickness, process conditions, surface finish, sheet metal properties etc.

So, many researchers have done the formability and analysis of sheet metals of different materials. [1] Kalyani Abhinav, Prof. K. Annamalai showed in the paper the different loading condition and their behaviour over the steel and the deformation values for different in term of graph and post-processing method. [2] Woojong Kang and Seong S Cheon Showed the couple residual stress in stamping. The residual stress level on the real product. High residual stresses at the wall region near the weld beads are detected. [3] Mr. Sachin S. Kaurase, Prof. M. P. Chopad showed about the sheet metal analysis of bending using material say Structural steel, Aluminum alloy, Magnesium alloy. [4] Shirish Ghimire, Yogesh Emeerith, Rohit Ghosh, Sushovan Ghosh they discuss the sheet metal analysis while image 120 º die. After removal of the tool, the final directional deformation on the metal sheet for a 90

º die is 8.0578 mm and that when using a 120 º die is 5.1489 mm[5] Sumit Katare, Prof.Sanjay Goyal, discussed about the bending analysis. We have analyses above result the Duranickle alloy Material are best for using sheet metal plate bending, Duranickle material having maximum strain at the low value of load and it has a larger deformation thats whyDuranickle material is the best material as per comparison study.

The experiment setup is carried out with the two different software CATIA and Ansys. The sheet metal is the structural steel and the workpiece is 250x1500mm in CAD model. The thickness is 1 mm density 7860 kg/m3 yield strength is 420Mpa the experiment carried out with the 4 different sheet metal forming design just by using simple geometric shape. Falt sheet, circle profile, hexagonal profile, rectangle profile and combination of all the geometrics as below.

  1. flat sheet no forming.

    The falt sheet of 0.5 mm thick is shown in the above image in which there is no forming operation is done to reduce the stress concentration factor over the entire surface of the sheet metal.

  2. rectangular shape forming sheet

    The falt sheet of 0.5 mm thick is the shown in the above image in which there is forming operation is done to reduce the stress concentration factor over the entire surface of the sheet metal in simple rectangular shape is used.

  3. Hexagonal forming sheet

    The falt sheet of 0.5 mm thick is the shown in the above image in which there is forming operation is done to reduce the stress concentration factor over the entire surface of the sheet metal in simple hexagonal (say honeycomb) shape is used.

  4. Circlular forming sheet.

The falt sheet of 0.5 mm thick is the shown in the above image in which there is forming operation is done to reduce the stress concentration factor over the entire surface of the sheet metal in simple circular profile shape is used.

d. combined shape forming sheet.

In this particular concept design, we have to use the combination of all the shape to accommodate the maximum surface are without tearing off the surface of the sheet metal and to reduce the stress generation value (please see in the results).

EXPERIMENT PROCEDURE

The experiment procedure is as fallow very firstly the falt sheet is subjected to the constant loading condition in of 80kg with the 5g loading condition the load is equally distributed over the surface area of the sheet to achieve an approximate result. The load is constant for all the sample

and converted into force to get the compression results among all. The major part is allowing the analysis to get the result only if the boundary condition is fixed for all the sample then and then only we will come to know to end result. The structural sample is created in the CATIA V5 (student version) and for validation analysis, ANSYS 16.0 is used academic licence.

The boundary condition is given directly to the software where the material properties are defined the density plays the main role in the selection of material to perform the exact result along with the boundary condition.

Pressure applied over the surface.

The abouve image showing the force is converted in pressure with respect to area and the magnitude of pressure is applied to the sheet same is use for rest of sample.

OBERVATIONS AND CONCLUSION:

In the table, we can see the details of the test performed on our sample. The value for the stress generation, strain and

for total deformation is clearly mentioned under the loading condition for each profile of sheet metal, from the table we can see that stees value for flat sheet is highest and second highest is for hexagonal structure but, the value of total deformation in rectangular profile is more this is maybe due to more sharp edges to identify the exact result we need to check the result in the graph for better understanding.

Obsrvation table

170000000

165000000

160000000

155000000

150000000

145000000

140000000

135000000

FLAT SHEET CIRCULAR PROFILE HEXAGONAL

PROFILE

Preseeure Graph

RECTANGULAR PROFILE

COMBINED PROFILE

Pressure for ircular profile is maximum because of higer surface area.

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

FLAT SHEET

CIRCULAR PROFILE HEXAGONAL PROFILE RECTANGULAR PROFILE COMBINED PROFILE

FLAT SHEET

CIRCULAR PROFILE HEXAGONAL PROFILE RECTANGULAR PROFILE COMBINED PROFILE

Stress Graph

stress for flat sheet and then for hexagonal is maximum throughout the loading cycle deformation will obtained from the same result.

200

180

160

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

200

180

160

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

FLAT SHEET

CIRCULAR PROFILE HEXAGONAL PROFILE

RECTANGULAR

PROFILE

COMBINED PROFILE

FLAT SHEET

CIRCULAR PROFILE HEXAGONAL PROFILE

RECTANGULAR

PROFILE

COMBINED PROFILE

Total Deformation Graph

The material goes to maximum total deformation in a rectangular profile because of the small radius and the more sharp corners.

CONCLUSION:

Among all this design we can conclude that the best forming profile is combination of all geometric shape profile which having less stress, strain, and total deformation from the rest of the forming profile the reason is that individual simple geometric shape is having their own limitation but when then combine with each other the the design is optimize and good result outcome.

REFERENCES:

  1. Kalyani Abhinav,Prof. K. Annamalai,VIT University Chennai, India, Analysis of sheet metal bending by using Finite Element Method (IJERT)Vol. 2 Issue 1, January- 2013

  2. Woojong Kang and Seong S Cheon, Analysis of coupled residual stresses in stamping and welding processes by finite element methods, Journals of Engineering Manufacture, July 2016

  3. Mr. Sachin S. Kaurase, Prof. M. P. Chopade, Shri Sai College Of Engineering & Technology Bhadrawati (M.S.) (Indian),Design & FE Analysis of Sheet Metal While Bending (IJERT) Vol. 5 Issue 10, October-2016.

  4. Shirish Ghimire,Yogesh Emeerith,Rohit Ghosh,Sushovan, Finite Element Analysis of an Aluminium Alloy Sheet in a V-Die Punch Mechanism Considering Spring Back Effect, International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. Volume 12, Number 2 (2017)

  5. Sumit Katare, Prof.Sanjay Goyal, Bending Analysis of Sheet Metal Plate By Using Ansys, IJTIMES, Impact Factor: 5.22 (SJIF-2017), e-ISSN: 2455-2585 Volume 4, Issue 7, July-2018 .

  6. Abishini A , Priyanka Bas, Raque Bertilla ,Haston Amit Kumar, Design and static structural analysis of an aerial and underwater drone, IRJET, Volume: 05 Issue: 04 | Apr-2018

  7. Daniel Branagan, Craig Parsons, Tad Machrowicz, Jonathon Cischke, Andrew Frerichs, Brian Meacham, Sheng Cheng, Grant Justice, Alla Sergueeva, Effect of Deformation during Stamping on Structure and Property Evolution in 3rd Generation AHSS, Scientific Research Publication.

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