Numerical Study on Strengthening Surface Corroded Partially Enclosed Beam by Web Extending

Download Full-Text PDF Cite this Publication

Text Only Version

Numerical Study on Strengthening Surface Corroded Partially Enclosed Beam by Web Extending

Emy Mol R. Kunnummel Post Graduate Student, Department of Civil Engineering

Sree Narayana Gurukulam College of Engineering Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Binu P

Department of Civil Engineering

Sree Narayana Gurukulam College of Engineering Ernakulam, India

Abstract The principal cause of deterioration of composite structures is the corrosion of embedded steel bars. The most obvious effect is the reduction in cross-sectional area of the affected steel bars. The transfer of water, oxygen and other agents such as carbon dioxide and chloride, leads to cracking, spalling and deterioration of concrete. Composite structures are made up of two or more different materials. The main benefit of composite elements is combining the properties of each material to form a single unit. Partially enclosed beam is also a composite member. This project present Corrosion and strengthening assessment of partially enclosed beam (PEB). The static analysis of partially enclosed beam was performed and discuss the effect of corrosion on PEB beam in terms of strength and provide web extending to strengthen the corroded beam.

Keywords Deterioration; composite structure; partially enclosed beam; web extending

  1. INTRODUCTION

    The composite member system offers a quicker construction process and thinner floor depths that reduce building height, as a result, looking better for high fire ratings, and providing better corrosion protections for the steel beam. Other advantages of composite members include the following: less deflection due to greater stiffness under working loads, increased fatigue and impact resistance as compared to ordinary steel members. Corrosion is considered to initiate when the chloride concentration around the reinforcement reaches a threshold to cause dissolution of the protective film. When the corrosion of steel bars develop significantly, it not only affects the structural serviceability by cracking, or even spalling of the concrete cover, but also has an impact on the structural safety by decreasing the load-bearing capacity of reinforcement concrete members, which is of great concern to both owners and users of the structural building.

  2. OBJECTIVES

    • To model the partially enclosed beam with varying surface corrosion

    • To study the behavior of RC beam strengthened by web extending.

  3. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW

    Composite construction employs structural members that are composed of two materials: structural steel (rolled or built- up) and reinforced concrete. Partially encased steel beam

    with and without web openings is an efficient technique for the enhancing its flexural capacity. [1] Composites beams are traditional design concepts and made possible an unparalleled range of new and exciting possibilities as viable materials for construction. [2] Introducing web openings to composite beams leads to an enhancement in the ultimate load. Study the the mechanical characteristics of corroded beams in relation to the state of corrosion of the steels, and to compare it with the behavior of non-corroded control elements. [4] There are different methods to strengthening the corroded partially enclosed composite beams. But they are very much expensive, so in order to reduce the cost and also increase the strength of PEB by web extending.[3]

  4. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS

    The static analysis of surface corroded RC beam were performed using ANSYS 16.1 WORKBENCH a finite element software for mathematical modelling and analysis.

    1. Material properties

      The material properties of the partially enclosed beam are tabulated in Table 1.

      TABLE I. MATERIAL PROPERTIES

      Element Type

      Material Property

      Beam 188

      Youngs modulus=200381MPa Poissons ratio=0.3

      Yield strength=235 MPa

    2. Base model

      Numerical modelling of partially enclosed composite beams with varying surface corrosion were done using ANSYS 16.1 WORKBENCH. The details of partially enclosed beam is given in Table 2.

      TABLE II DETAILS OF PARTIALLY ENCLOSED BEAM

      Sample

      Percentage of steel (%)

      3%

      Width of beam (b) (mm)

      200

      Depth of beam (d) (mm)

      300

      Width of top flange (mm)

      100

      Thickness of top flange (mm)

      5

      Width of bottom flange (mm)

      200

      Thickness of bottom flange (mm)

      5

      Height of web (mm)

      230

      Thickness of web (mm)

      3

      Number of web openings

      6

      Diameter of web openings (mm)

      125

      The structural performance of partially enclosed composite beams were done under varying surface corrosion (25%, 50% and 75%). The input data for details of specimen are shown in Table 2.

      Fig. 1 PEB with 25% surface corrosion

      Fig. 2. PEB with 50% surface corrosion

      Fig. 3 PEB with 75% surface corrosion

    3. Load deflection analysis

      The load deflection curve of partially enclosed beam with varying surface corrosion are shown in fig 4. The maximum load deflection for composite beam with 75% surface corrosion is more than that of 25% and 50% surface corrosion. It is observed that the partially enclosed beam with 25% surface corrosion shows maximum load carrying capacity with lower displacement value compared to other surface corrosion (25%, 50%). Partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion shows minimum load carrying capacity.

      Fig. 4. Load deflection curve of partially enclosed beam with 25%, 50% and 75% surface corrosion

    4. Strengthening of partially enclosed beam by web extending

      From the above result partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion were the worst condition. To strengthen the partially enclosed corroded beam by extending the web throughout the length of the beam having 5mm width and 25mm depth.

      Fig. 5 Web extending of PEB with 75% surface corrosion

    5. Load deflection behavior

      The load deflection curve of partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion and web extended 75% surface corrosion are shown in fig 5.

      TABLE III LOAD DEFLECTION VALUES

      Sl. No:

      Max. load (kN)

      Deflection (mm)

      1

      PEB with 75% surface corrosion

      128.85

      22.841

      2

      Web extended PEB with 75% surface corrosion

      133.51

      28.278

      Fig. 5. Load deflection curve of partially enclosed beam with 25%, 50% and 75% surface corrosion

      It is observed that the web extended partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion shows maximum load carrying capacity with lower displacement value compared to partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion. Table 3 gives the maximum load taken by each beam and there corresponding deflections

  5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

    From the load deflection analysis as shown in fig 4, it is observed that partially enclosed beam with 25% surface corrosion shows maximum load carrying capacity with lowr displacement value compared to partially enclosed beam with 50% and 75% surface corrosion. Maximum load acting on 25%, 50% and 75% surface corrosions are 144.97 kN, 137.49 kN and 128.85 kN. From the result partially enclosed beam with75% surface corrosion shows the worst condition. The corrosion formed in composite beam, replacing the existing structures with the new structures are not economically cost

    effective, therefore finding an appropriate solution for repairing and strengthening the existing structures has a great importance. Web extending are one of the methods to strengthened the surface corroded beam. The load deflection analysis as shown in fig 5, it is observed that web extended partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion shows maximum load carrying capacity with lower displacement value compared to partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion. Web extending is an effective method to increase the strength of surface corroded beam.

  6. CONCLUSIONS

The structural performance of partially enclosed beam under static loading with different percentages of surface corrosions are analyzed and provide an effective method to strengthen the beam and compared. The main conclusions are arrived as follows.

    • From the load deflection analysis, it is found that partially enclosed beam with 25% surface corrosion shows maximum load carrying capacity with lower displacement value compared to partially enclosed beam with 50% and 75% surface corrosion.

    • From the result partially enclosed beam with75% surface corrosion shows the worst condition. The corrosion formed in composite beam, replacing the existing structures with the new structures are not economically cost effective, therefore web extending are one of the methods to strengthened the surface corroded beam.

    • From the load deflection analysis, it is found that web extended partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion shows maximum load carrying capacity with lower displacement value compared to partially enclosed beam with 75% surface corrosion. Web extending is an effective method to increase the strength of surface corroded beam.

REFERENCES

  1. Samer Ahmad et.al (2017), Analytica and experimental investigation on the flexural behavior of partially encased composite beams,

    Alexandria Engineering Journal 83; 113-120

  2. Ehab M. Hanna et.al (2016), Experimental Testing Of Partially Encased Composite Beam Columns, Ehab M. Hanna Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications www.ijera.com ISSN: 2248- 9622, Vol. 6, Issue 1, (Part – 3).

  3. Konstantinos Daniel Tsavdaridis (2015), Strengthening Techniques: Code-Deficient Steel Buildings,Reserch gate.

  4. A. Castel et.al (2000), Mechanical behaviour of corroded reinforced concrete beams РPart 1 : Experimental study of corroded beams, Materials and Structures/Mat̩riaux et Constructions, Vol. 33, November 2000, pp 539-544.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *