Finite Element Investigation of ECC encased CFST Columns under Eccentric Loading

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Finite Element Investigation of ECC encased CFST Columns under Eccentric Loading

Manjusha K T Anila S

M.tech Scholar Assistant Professor

Civil Engineering Department Civil Engineering Department

A W H Engineering College Kozhikode A W H Engineering College Kozhikode

Abstract-

It is well known that concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) columns are currently being increasingly used in the construction of buildings, due to their excellent static and earthquake-resistant properties. Recently, the behaviour of the CFST columns has become of great interest to design engineers, infrastructure owners and researchers, therefore to understand the load deformation characteristics of composite columns critically. It has been demonstrated in the past few decades that the cement based composite material can be reinforced with short random fibers of volume fraction less than 2.0 %. This material is designed to confirm the tensile strain hardening, cracking behavior after initial crack, fiber bridging and multiple cracks. Such material is referred to as Engineered cementitious composite (ECC) and it also belongs to the family of ultra high toughness cementitious composite (UHTCC). To increase the durability and re resistance of concrete lled steel tube (CFST) columns, engineered cementitious composite (ECC)-encased CFST columns were proposed. This thesis investigates the mechanical behaviour of ECC encased CFST columns for different eccentric loading and different encasement. For this different models of columns were modelled in finite element software ANSYS WORKBENCH 16.1. This project includes the determination of ultimate load carrying capacity.

  1. INTRODUCTIONConcrete filled steel columns have seen an increased usage in building structures throughout the world. A well-designed and properly detailed composite column is a structural element that will highlight the synergistic behaviour of its constituent materials, including the high cross-sectional stiffness, high compressive strength, and fire resistance of the concrete and the large ductility, high tensile resistance, high strength to stiffness ratio, and lightweight construction associated with steel. It has been found that CFST columns have better structural performance than steel reinforced concrete (RC) columns in terms of ductility and load carrying capacity. In order to increase the durability and re resistance of CFST column, the CFST composite columns have been proposed and investigated, such like ber reinforced polymer (FRP) encased-CFST column and concrete-encased CFST column. The FRP encased-CFST column consists of inner CFSTand externally wrapped FRP sheet,which has various structural benets compared with normal CFST column, such as higher corrosion and impact resistance . However, the re resistance of FRP encased- CFST column is questionable, since FRP materials may suffer melting,delamination, deformation and debonding

    when exposed to re. The concrete-encased CFST column is a conjunction of inner CFST component and outer RC component. The addition of the outer RC layer is believed to improve the corrosion resistance, re resistance, and buckling resistance of inner CFST column . However, it was also noticed that the outer concrete was easily crushed while the inner CFST was still in the elastic plastic stage. To improve the durability and re resistance of CFST composite column, the Engineered Cementitious Composite (ECC) encased-CFST column was proposed .

    Fig.1. Cross section of ECC encased CFST column

  2. METHODOLOGY
    • Conduct Literature review on CFST columns and ECC.
    • Modelling of ECC encased CFST column by altering geometry.
    • Analysing using ANSYS WORKBENCH 16.1
    • Deformation and ultimate load carrying capacity is determined using software
    • Comparison of results
    • Conclusion
  3. MODELLING OF COLUMNSTest specimen 300 x 300 x 1400mm RCC encased CFST columns are chosen for finite element modelling. The main reinforcement having size 12mm dia and stirrups of 8mm dia are used. Concrete of grade 30 MPa is provided.

    Table 1. Material properties of concrete

    Characteristic compressive strength40MPa
    Density(kg/m3)2400
    Modulus of elasticity31622.77MPa
    Poissons ratio0.15

    Table 2. Material properties of steel

    Yield strength415MPa
    Density(kg/m3)7850
    Modulus of elasticity2 x 105 MPa

    Table 3. Material properties of ECC

    Compressive strength53.2MPa
    Density(kg/m3)2300
    Modulus of elasticity25800 MPa
    Poissons ratio0.15

    Table 4. Description of the models

    Sl.noModelsEncasem entEccentricity (mm)
    1RCC-I/O-E50RCC50
    2RCC-I/O-E100RCC100
    3RCC-I/O-E150RCC150
    4ECC/O_RCC/I_E50ECC50
    5ECC/O_RCC/I_E100ECC100
    6ECC/O_RCC/I_E100ECC150

    Fig 2. RCC-I/O-E50

    Fig 3. RCC-I/O-E100

    Fig 4. RCC-I/O-E150

    Fig 5. ECC/O_RCC/I_E50

    Fig 6. ECC/O_RCC/I_E100

    Fig 7. ECC/O_RCC/I_E150

  4. ANALYSISThe RCC encased CFST columns and ECC encased CFST columns of 6mm thickness for different eccentricities (50,100,150mm) were analysed using finite element analysis in ANSYS workbench.

    Fig 8. Deformed shape of RCC-I/O-E50

    Fig 9. Deformed shape of RCC-I/O-E100

    Fig 10. Deformed shape of RCC-I/O-E150

    Fig 11. Deformed shape of ECC/O_RCC/I_E50

    Fig 12. Deformed shape of ECC/O_RCC/I_E100

    Fig 13. Deformed shape of ECC/O_RCC/I_E150

  5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONThe load-deformation curve corresponding to models with RCC encasement CFST columns and ECC encased CFST columns for different eccentric loading (50,100,150mm).

    Fig 14. Load-deformation curve corresponding to RCC encased CFST square column with an eccentricity of 50mm, 100mm, 150mm

    Fig 15. Load-deformation curve corresponding to ECC encased CFST square column with an eccentricity of 50mm, 100mm, 150mm

    Fig 16. Load-deformation curve corresponding to RCC & ECC encased CFST square column with an eccentricity of 50mm, 100mm, 150mm

    Column specimenDeformation(mm)Load(kN)
    RCC-I/O- E5066.3834590
    RCC-I/O-E10095.1523482
    RCC-I/O-E150112.722737
    ECC/0_RCC/I_E5078.3515113
    ECC/0_RCC/I_E100113.723927
    ECC/0_RCCI_E150129.093143
    Column specimenDeformation(mm)Load(kN)
    RCC-I/O- E5066.3834590
    RCC-I/O-E10095.1523482
    RCC-I/O-E150112.722737
    ECC/0_RCC/I_E5078.3515113
    ECC/0_RCC/I_E100113.723927
    ECC/0_RCC/I_E150129.093143

     

    Table 5. Ultimate loads and corresponding deformations of models

  6. CONCLUSION

The main conclusions obtained from the analysis are summarized below:

  • The study of concrete filled steel tubes and ECC were done.
  • The load carrying performance of CFST columnwith inner concrete and encasement as ECC performed better than columns with RCC as inner concrete and encasement by 11.39%,12.7% & 14.8% for an eccentricity of 50mm,100mm & 150mm.
  • There was a decreament in the load carryingcapacity as there was an increament in eccentricity. Ultimate load of column specimen with an eccentricity of 100mm and 150mm was lower than that of column specimen with eccentricity 50mm by 24.1% &40.3%.
  • From the study it was clear that ECC performed better than that of RCC.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I am thankful to my guide,Asst. Professor, Anila S in Civil Engineering Department for her constant encouragement and through guidance .I also thank my parents,friends and above all the god almighty for making this work complete

REFERENCE

  1. Jingming Cai, Jinlong Pan, Cong Lu (2018),Mechanical behaviour of ECC-encased CFST columns subjected to eccentric loading,Engineering structures 162,22-28
  2. Shilpa Kurian,Dinu Paulose,Sreepriya Mohan(2016),Study on concrete filled steel tube,IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering(IOSR-JMCE),e-ISSN:2278-1684
  3. Darshika k Shah,M.D.Vakil,M.N.Patel(2014),Parametric Study of Concrete Filled Steel Tube Column,IJEDR Volume2,ISSN:2321-9939
  4. Ke-Quan Yu,Jian-Guo Dai2,Zhou-Dao Lu3,Christopher K,Y. Leung(2014), “Mechanical Properties of Engineered Cementitious Composites Subjected to Elevated Temperatures, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering ASCE ISSN 0899- 1561/04014268(11)

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