- Open Access
- Total Downloads : 26
- Authors : B. Vivek, E. Deeparaj, K. Karthick
- Paper ID : IJERTCONV6IS04034
- Volume & Issue : ETEDM – 2018 (Volume 6 – Issue 04)
- Published (First Online): 24-04-2018
- ISSN (Online) : 2278-0181
- Publisher Name : IJERT
- License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Fabrication and Performance Analysis of Rotovator Blades for Its Enhancement
B. Vivek 1,
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, KGiSL Institute of Technology,
Saravanampatti , Coimbatore – 641035, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kathir College of Engineering, Neelambur, Coimbatore – 641062, Tamil Nadu, India.
K. Karthick 3
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, KGiSL Institute of Technology, Saravanampatti , Coimbatore – 641035, Tamil Nadu, India.
AbstractThe computer aided engineering analysis and design optimization of rotary tillage tool on the basis of finite element method and simulation method is done by using CAD-software for the structural analysis. In Indian farming, the preparation of seedbeds for deep tillage using additional machinery and tillage tools are increased. Rotary tiller or rotavator is one of the tilling machine most suitable for seedbed preparation. In a Rotary tillage machine, Blades are the critical parts which are engaged with soil to prepare the land and to mix the fertilizer. These blades interact with soil in a different way than normal plows which are subjected to impact that creates cyclic forces which result in fatigue failure of the blade. This actually decreases the service life of a blade. Therefore, it is necessary to design and develop a suitable blade. This paper describes the design modification and development of rotavator blade through the (CAD) interrogation method by modifying the design and also by modifying the material properties. Then better design will be compared by comparing the results.
Keywordsrotary tillage tool, simulation, FEM, design analysis, stress, deformation, rotavator.
Rotary tillage machine which is used in soil-bed preparation and weed control in arable field and fruit gardening agriculture. It has a huge capacity for cutting, mixing to topsoil preparing the seedbed directly. And also it has more mixing capacity seven times than a plough. Its components works under miscellaneous forces because of power, vibration, pointless, impact effect of soil parts as after reaching to higher side. The design optimization and manufacturing errors can be minimized by its components design analysis and optimization. Especially blades and transmission elements have to be reliable in field the performance against to operating forces. Predicting to stress distributions is so important for the designers, manufacturers and end user. The design optimization of tillage tool is obtained by reducing its weight, cost and by improving a field performance to high weed removal efficiency .The computer aided design analysis by preparing a three dimensional solid modeling and finite elements method applications are getting so widespread in
the industry. Thus due to undesired stress distributions on its components, it cannot compensate to the operating forces i.e. field environment and results in breakdown and failure due to higher stresses and deformation.The proposed work develops a computer aided experimental system for design testing and valuation of agricultural tools and equipment. The selected physical model of rotavator is measured with accurate dimensions and a solid (3-D) model is prepared in CAD- software such as ANSYS, CATIA, Pro/E, hyper mesh etc. by assembling an individual parts with detail specifications. Descriptions of FMEA Method:
1.1. Rotavator Rotary tiller is a tillage machine designed for preparing land suitable for sowing seeds (without overturning of the soil), for eradicating weeds, mixing manure or fertilizer into soil, to break up and renovate pastures for crushing clods etc. It offers an advantage of rapid seedbed preparation and reduced draft compared to conventional tillage. It saved 30-35 % of time and 20-25 % in the cost of operation as compared to tillage by cultivator. It gave higher quality of work (25-30 %) than tillage by cultivator. The Rotavator is the most efficient means of transmitting engine power directly to the soil with no wheel slip and a major reduction in transmission power loss.
1.2 Rotavator In Agriculture The rotavator will produce a perfect seedbed in fewer passes. It is the ideal implement for cash crop farmers who need to bury and incorporate crop residues quickly, between crops. Tillage tools direct energy into the soil to cause some desired effect such as cutting, breaking, inversion, or movement of soil. Soil is transferred from an initial condition to a different condition by this process.A rotavator is a mechanical gardening tool with power blades attached to a spinning surface to plough soil and give optimum tillage. Different rotavator are designed to suit different gardening needs.
A gardening rotavator is a compact machine which can be used on any land size but is more appropriate for gardening. Gardeners usually use a variation of this appliance as sometimes, only small flower beds or
miniature vegetable patches need to be tilled. Gardening rotavator cannot really break up huge amounts of soil, but can efficiently churn up the soil and remove unnecessary weeds on the flower beds and can also ensure infusion of the fertilizer into the soil. Such a machine is usually powered by electricity, as it is not heavy- duty, making it easier to handle. In addition to this they are usually inexpensive and can be afforded by the avid gardener compared to the varieties that are run on gas or petrol. Detection is described on a 10-point scale where 10 is highest. The detect ability of failure varies from (1 = likely to be detected to10 = very unlikely to be detected.
The rotavator components work under un even miscellaneous forces of cyclic loading effect of soil parts at the cutting edge. Due to the cyclic loading condition the fatigue strength and life of the blade will be affected. In order to improve the fatigue strength of the blade the design of the blade will be modified and developed.
CORE CUTTER TEST
The core cutter test is basically used to find out the soil density. The soil density has to be find out for calculating the force acting on the cutting edge of the blade. The procedure for the core cutter test will be as follows. Expose approximately 300 mm square of the soil layer to be tested. Place the steel dolly on top of the cutter and hammer the latter into the soil layer until the top edge of the cutter is a few millimeters below the soil surface. Take care not to rock the core cutter. Repeat with other cores in close proximity so as to obtain sufficient replicates. Dig out the core samples, taking care not to damage them. Trim the ends of the core level with the ends of the cutter by means of a spatula and steel straight edge. Reject those that are not completely filled with soil. If the cores are satisfactory, pack them in loose soil in plastic bags or other containers. Two or three cores may be placed in one plastic bag but, in this case, wrap each core in aluminum foil. Transfer back to the laboratory in an insulated box packed with foam or vermiculite. For subsurface samples, dig a pit of the necessary size and depth, and sample as above. If desired, samples may be taken from the wall of the pit.Weight the cutter containing the wet core to the nearest gram. If the soil moves freely in the cutter, extrude the core into an aluminum tray and dry to constant weight at 105 Â°C. Several days may be required. Removal of the core may be assisted by partial drying as preliminary treatment, in cases where the core cannot be released from the cutter. Then the soil is dried in place for an extended perod. Weigh the dry soil with the cutter and then the cutter separately. Calculate the internal volume of the core cutter, in cubic centimeters from its dimensions measured to the nearest 0.5 mm. Then the readings will be tabulated and the calculations will be carried out.
Weight of the soil = 4.784kg
Core cutter weight= 2.478kg Core cutter requirements,
Core diameter= 100mm
Height of the core = 130mm
Factor of safety =1.5
Total Soil mass = 4.784-2.47 = 2.300kg
Density = mass of the soil /volume of core cutter
= 5512.789 kg/m3
= 5512.789 * 9.8*1.5
= 81038.01 N/m3
Load acting on the rotavator blade area =1319.837 N
Table I: Determination of Dry density of soil using Core cutter method
Mass of core cutter and wet soil
Mass of core cutter (g)
Mass of wet soil (g)
Volume of core (ml)
Bulk Unit Weight
Mass of container + wet soil
Mass of container + dry soil
Mass of container (g)
Mass of dry soil (g)
Mass Of water
Water content (%)
Dry unit weight
METHODOLOGY AND IMPLEMENTATION
From the observation on blade failure, it is understood that all the problems are related with the material property and the design .The problem are due to Uneven loads Cyclic forces At first the study of the blades has to carried out. After the feasibility study of blades, the test for finding the soil densities to find out the force acting on the cutting edge. Later we have to design the existing and the proposed design using the modeling software Pro-E. After the modeling process the analysis of the existing and the modified design with varying material property will be made. The materials used for the proposed model are high chromium steel, H13 steel, Die steel. The material property for these toll steels will be tabulated below.
ANALYSIS OF EXISTING BLADE
Fig1: High carbon steel Fig2: Mild steel
Fig3:Cast Iron Fig4: Existing Blade Design
Fig5:34mm radius Fig6:38 mm radius
Fig7: 34mm radius Fig8: 38mm radius High Chromium Steel High Chromium Steel
Fig9: 34mm radius Fig10: 38mm radius H13 Steel H13 Steel
Fig11: 34mm radius Fig12: 38mm radius Die Steel Die Steel
Fig13: 36mm radius Fig14: 36mm radius High Chromium Steel H13 Steel
Fig15: 36 mm radius Fig16: Comparison of Die Steel stress values using graph
RESULTS &DISCUSSIONS OF STRESS VALUES:
Table 5.1 Stress Values of rotavator blade
BLADE CURVATURE RADIUS
HIGH CHROMIUM STEEL
The fabrication process is done with the H13 material for the design 34mm radius.
Chemical Composition of H13: Chromium, Cr 4.75-5.50
Molybdenum, Mo 1.10-1.75
Silicon, Si 0.80-1.20
Vanadium, V 0.80-1.20
Carbon, C 0.32-0.45
Nickel, Ni 0.3
Copper, Cu 0.25
Manganese, Mn 0.20-0.50
Phosphorus, P 0.03
Sulphur, S 0.03
A WEAR & FRICTION TEST: A PIN ON DESK SET UP
Samples / Min
Table 5.2 Wear Result for Existing Material
Table 5.3 Wear Result for H13 Steel
From the above results, wear and friction occurred on the new materials which I have used is less when compared to the existing materials and deformation & stress occurred also less than the existing materials. So I insisted to use the best combinations of materials and dimensions which are suggested above.
The problems on the blade were identified and solved. The standard material used for blade is producing high stress and wear. In this project, different material compositions and dimensions are taken for analysis and the load condition is applied for existing and modified design blades. The best combination of materials and dimensions is suggested. By design change of rotavator blade we can increase the working hours of the blades and by using different materials we can increase the wear resistance of the blades.
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