Deploying Deep Learning using AWS and Devops

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV10IS060111

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Deploying Deep Learning using AWS and Devops

M Pavani#1, Raaga Sindhu M#2, K Shrutha Keerthi#3 Department Of Electronics And Computer Engineering J.N.T.U, Hyderabad ,

Sreenidhi Institute Of Science And Technology, Ghatkesar, Yamnampet ,Hyderabad,India

Abstract Now a days the world is moving towards automation, any small or big task to be done, automation is preferred. With the power of Docker Engine, we create customized docker image from CentOS official docker image. This image consists the software and python libraries. The generated Deep Learning model is loaded into a backend python code. In the front end, a form is displayed to the user. As the user enters the required values, they will be carried over to the backend server. The backend code will get the data entered by user using GET request and, these values act as input to the pre-trained model, gives the predicted output. This result is sent to the user. This backend process is run by the Flask framework of python which provides an inbuilt server.

Keywords Docker, Flask framework, Machine Learning, AWS(Amazon Web Services),docker image


    In the realm of customary programming advancement, a bunch of practices known as DevOps have made it conceivable to transport programming to creation in minutes and to keep it running dependably. This methodology has been fruitful to such an extent that numerous organizations are now proficient at it, we can apply same thing for Machine Learning (ML). The underlying driver is that there's a key contrast among ML and conventional programming: L isn't simply code, it's code in addition to data. A ML model, the antique that user can wind up placing underway, is made by applying a calculation to a mass of preparing information, which will influence the conduct of the model underway.

    MLOps is a bunch of practices that consolidates Machine Learning, DevOps, which intends to send and keep up ML frameworks underway dependably and proficiently. MLOps is the way toward taking a trial Machine Learning model into a creation framework. The word is a

    compound of "ML" and the ceaseless advancement practice of DevOps in the product field. ML models are tried and created in confined trial frameworks. At the point when a calculation is fit to be dispatched, MLOps is drilled between Data Scientists, DevOps, and Machine Learning architects to progress the calculation to creation of frameworks. Like DevOps or DataOps approaches, MLOps looks to build computerization and improve the nature of creation models, while additionally zeroing in on business and administrative prerequisites. While MLOps began as a bunch of best practices, it is gradually advancing into a free way to deal with ML lifecycle. MLOps applies to the whole lifecycle – from integrating with model generation, orchestration, and deployment, to health, diagnostics, governance, and business metrics.


    Machine learning (ML) is the study of computer algorithms that improve automatically through experience and by the use of data. It is seen as a part of artificial intelligence. Machine learning algorithms build a model based on sample data, known as "training data", in order to make predictions or decisions without being explicitly programmed to do so. Machine learning algorithms are used in a wide variety of applications, such as in medicine, email filtering, and computer vision, where it is difficult or unfeasible to develop conventional algorithms to perform the needed tasks.

    A subset of machine learning is closely related to computational statistics, which focuses on making predictions using computers. The study of mathematical optimization delivers methods, theory and application domains tothe field of machine learning. In its application across business problems, machine learning is also referred to as predictive analytics. In this every step involves a manual approach from developing code, building model, testing, deploying, etc.


    MLOps (machine learning operations) is a practice that aims to make developing and maintaining production machine learning seamless and efficient. While MLOps is relatively nascent, the data science community generally agrees that its an umbrella term for best practices and guiding principles around machine learning not a single technical solution.

    MLOps is not dependent on a single technology or platform. However, technologies play a significant role in practical implementations of MLOps, similarly to how adopting Scrum often culminates in setting up and onboarding the whole team. Therefore, the project to rethink machine learning from an operational perspective is often about adopting the guiding principles and making decisions on infrastructure that will support the organization going forward.


    A model is being built for the specified dataset, using the Keras, Tensorflow libraries of Python and Jupyter notebook as editor. This model is further is copied into the Docker image for prediction. Keras is an open-source software library that provides a Python interface for artificial neural networks. Keras acts as an interface for the TensorFlow library. TensorFlow is a free and open-source software library for machine learning. It can be usedacross a range of tasks but has a particular focus on training and inference of deep neural networks. Tensorflow is a symbolic math library based on dataflow and differentiable programming. The generated model is saved in the HDF (Hierarchical Data Format) which the extension p. For this Keras uses the ppy python library. Pandas Python library is used to import the dataset.

    Figure 1 File containing docker image built from base image CentOS

    The docker build command builds an image from a Dockerfile. To build the image from our above Dockerfile.Publish Image to Docker Hub

    To publish our Docker images to Docker Hub, these are the steps

    Step 1: Sign Up for Docker Hub

    Step 2: Create a Repository on Docker Hub

    Step 3: Push Image to Docker Hub


    5.1 Creating a Docker Image

    A Dockerfile is a simple text document that contains a series of commands which Docker uses to build an image. FROM, RUN, EXPOSE are several commands supported in Dockerfile. The docker build command builds animage from a Dockerfile to build the image from our above Dockerfile.

    The image built using following Dockerfile, this image consists the required software Python3, Python3-devel, C++, python libraries Flask, Pandas, ppy, Keras and the port number 80 is exposed so that it can be connected to outside world.

    Figure 2 Docker Hub Window to Create Repository

    Figure 3 Creating Repository in Docker Hub


    6.1 Deploying Infrastructure using Terraform

    The private ECR registry is created

    The authentication to the AWS private registry is done, the image is built in which the model and python files are added to the image at last the image is pushed to the ECR, these commands are run on the local host with the provisioner with local-exec option

    This code snippet indicates the resource Security Group in AWS allowing all types of connections on all ports

    The load balancer is created with the previously created security group attached to this.

    The AMI role created will be attached to the ECS

    The load balancer is allowed to listen on port number 80 and HTTP protocol, the target group of the load balancer is the containers in the ECS cluster


    execution ole policy

    The cluster is created using the FARGATE type capacity provider

    The ECS task definition is the details of the container containing image name, computing resources, workingport number, etc.

    The ECS service will use the use the task definition to deploy the containers in ECS cluster

    After all the resources creation is completed, terraform prints the DNS of load balancer, using this the users can connect to the server

    This python file loads the model in the that is copied into the image, the inbuilt server of Flask framework starts listening on port 80, when a user hits the server with /home path-based routing the user is displayed with a form where the user enters the details related to his/her cardiac disease


    We have built a model on diabetes in the same way we can perform our tasks on other models too. For example, we have built another model which detects the risk of cardiac disease. Here we have changed the image which consists the model. Here we used a load balancer that will distribute the traffic among all the container. As FARGATE is used which is completely serverless makes the work easier


    Here we have used ECS resource of AWS. This can be further done using the resource EKS (Elastic Kubernetes Service).Kubernetes is a container orchestration system.

    There are many features provided by Kubernetes like Auto Scaling, Load Balancing, etc. Kubernetes is also provided by GCP (Google Cloud Platform) in the name of GKE (Google Compute Engine), as Google is author of Kubernetes it provides Kubernetes in a way far better than other cloud providers.

    The need of creating pipeline can be solved using AWS Code Build, GCP Cloud Build


  1. Damain. A. Tamburri, Sustainable MLOps: Trends and Challenges Eindhoven University Of Technology JADS, Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands.

  2. Gaurav Singhal, Create Docker Images for Docker Hub, July 15, 2019, images-docker-hub


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