Accident Alert and Vehicle Tracking System

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Accident Alert and Vehicle Tracking System

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Dr. Avinash Chandra, Rishab Kaul, Shaanvi Mehta, Subharthi Saha

Vellore Institute of Technology

Abstract: The number of vehicle collisions in India is among the highest in the world. One major factor that leads to these accidents becoming fatal is the response of the emergency services which in most cases are not notified sufficiently within time as the passengers of the vehicle may not be in a state to make calls or raise alarms. Our systems will detect the occurrence of an accident, notify the emergency services with the exact location of this collision and also inform a select number of emergency contacts that have been set by the user. The proposed system will detect the occurrence of the accident using various sensors present in the system, detect the location of the vehicle using the GPS module along with the use of Google Maps data and send the emergency messages and distress signals automatically in case of an accident where the passengers are not in a state to respond/raise an alarm. The messages will be sent using a GSM module present in our system. The system will always provide a small window of time for the user to cancel the distress call in case of a rare occurrence of a false detection by our system so as to not disturb the emergency services and also to not cause panic amongst the family and friends of the user. If the user does not respond within the time delay, the system is activated and the necessary processes are carried out. This time window is to stop the system from activating, and can only be done manually by the user with the help of a button.

Keywords: Accident Alert, Disaster Management, Road Safety, GSM, GPS

1. INTRODUCTION

In a 2013 survey, the SaveLIFE Foundation found that 74% of Indians were unlikely to help an accident victim, whether alone or with other bystanders. Apart from the fear of being falsely implicated, people also worried about becoming trapped as a witness in a court case – legal proceedings can be notoriously protracted in India. And if they helped the victim get to the hospital, they feared coming under pressure to stump up fees for medical treatment. A member of the SaveLIFE foundation highlighted the contrast in the reluctance of passers-by to help victims of road accidents with their response to train crashes or bomb blasts. In these cases, he said, "before the police or media arrives everybody's been moved to the hospital". The big difference between road accidents is that there are usually just one or two victims. "The chances of getting blamed are much higher," he said.

The main objectives of our project are:

1. Automate the alert system concept providing additional features not present in pre-existing systems.

2. Successfully detecting the occurrence of an accident without the need for user input using various sensors for detecting the accident.

3. Decreasing the time between the occurrence of the accident and notification of the emergency services using the GSM module.

4. Informing the emergency contacts set by the user that an accident has occurred so that their immediate family or friends

are aware of the situation using the GSM module.

5. Providing the exact location of the vehicle in the form of latitude and longitude coordinates in order to decrease the response time of the emergency services using the GPS module.

6. Providing a small timeframe for the user to manually cancel system activation using a button on the system in case of a

rare occurrence of false detection.

7. The device shall also consist of an LCD screen which may be used to interact with the system and view the state of the system.

2. LITERATURE REVIEW

J. White, C. Thompson, H. Turner, B. Dougherty, and D. C. Schmidt quote that traffic accidents are one of the leading causes of death in the United States. The time between the accident and the dispatch of emergency medical personnel to the scene is an important indicator of survival after the accident. Eliminating the time between the occurrence of an accident and the dispatch of the first responders to the scene reduces the mortality rate by 6%. One approach to eliminating the delay between the occurrence of an accident and the dispatch of the first responder is the use of in-vehicle automatic accident detection and notification systems that detect when a traffic accident occurs and immediately notify emergency personnel. However, these in-vehicle systems are not available in all cars and are expensive to retrofit for older vehicles.

C. Thompson, J. White, B. Dougherty, A. Albright, D. C. Schmidt state that accident detection systems help reduce car accident fatalities by reducing the response time of emergency responders. Smartphones and their on-board sensors (such as GPS receivers and accelerometers) are promising platforms for the construction of such systems. This paper makes three contributions to the study of the use of smartphone-based accident detection systems. First, we describe solutions to key issues related to the detection of traffic accidents, such as the prevention of false positives by using mobile context information and on-board polling

sensors to detect large accelerations. Second, we present the architecture of our smartphone prototype accident detection system and empirically analyze its ability to withstand false positives as well as its ability to rebuild accidents. Thirdly, we discuss how smartphone-based accident detection can reduce overall traffic congestion and increase the preparedness of emergency responders.

M. S. Amin, J. Jalil, M. Reaz, discuss that speed is one of the basic causes of vehicle accidents. A lot of lives could have been saved if the emergency service could get information about the accident and reach it in time. GPS has now become an integral part of the vehicle system. This paper proposes to use the capability of the GPS receiver to monitor the speed of the vehicle and detect accidents on the basis of monitored speed and to send the accident site to the Alert Service Center. The GPS monitors the speed of the vehicle and compares it with the previous speed every second through the Microcontroller Unit. Whenever the speed is below the specified speed, an accident is assumed to have occurred. The system will then send the accident location acquired from the GPS along with time and speed by using the GSM network. This will help you reach the rescue service in time and save valuable human life.

According to Iman M. Almomani, Nour Y. Alkhalil, Enas M. Ahmad, and Rania M. Jodeh, The Global Positioning System (GPS) is becoming widely used for tracking and monitoring of vehicles. Many systems have been set up to provide services that make them more popular and needed than ever before. A "GPS vehicle tracking system" is proposed in this paper. This system is useful for fleet operators to monitor the driving behavior of employees or parents monitoring their teen drivers. In addition to working as a safety system combined with car alarms, this system can also be used in the prevention of theft as a retrieval device. The main contribution of this paper is the provision of two types of end-user applications, a web application, and a mobile application. This way, the proposed system provides a ubiquitous vehicle tracking system with maximum accessibility for the user at any time and anywhere. The tracking services of the system shall include the acquisition of the location and ground speed of the vehicle at the present time or at any previous date. It also monitors the vehicle by setting speed and geographical limits and therefore receives SMS alerts when the vehicle exceeds these pre-defined limits. In addition, all movements and stops of the vehicle can also be monitored. Tracking vehicles in our system uses a wide range of new technologies and communication networks, including General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), the Global Mobile Communication System (GSM), the Internet, and the World Wide Web and Global Positioning System (GPS).

3. METHODOLOGY

Fig. Block Diagram of the proposed system

The system execution will take place with the following steps:Our proposed system comes with the following improvements/advantages:

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