Watchman Strap using Arduino

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Watchman Strap using Arduino

Strap for Security

Ranjith Kumar R

Assistant Professor ECE Department Sri Shakthi Institute of

Engineering and Technology Coimbatore-62,India

 

Prasad R

ECE Department Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology

Coimbatore-62,India

 

Ramesh Kumar A

ECE Department Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology

Coimbatore-62,India

 

Titus Kirubakaran K

ECE Department Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology Coimbatore-62,India

 

Vasanth Kumar A

ECE Department Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology Coimbatore-62,India

 

Abstract— This project is developed on the basis that it
helps to identify the Monitor and record maximum number of
vital body parameters, detect the real time location of the person,
SOS Facility and Sufficient Battery power. Data like position and vital body parameters are obtained at regular intervals. Keywords—Node MCU, pulse-rate sensor, temperature sensor, GPS sensor, Coat.
I.INTRODUCTION
Many watchmen had been suffering due to the vital injuries which
are being unnoticed and many are forced to move to the faraway places without knowing their exact locations. Large number of
people serving in many vast places suffers in many attacks and various health issues that worsen their conditions. This project proves to be very efficient for the watchman to overcome the hardships. One of the objectives of this paper is to use a SOS facility which can sense such situations and alerts the nearby people for obtaining help. The sensors are designed in the manner that they are used as a wearable device. The methods of combining of the different sensors must not collide or affect the performance of the other sensors in the working. Sensors will pick up the vital signs from the watchman and the status of the watchman and position are shared through a secured WIFI communication. If no
nodes are nearby to connect, the watchman is directed towards the objective or in worst case if the watchman is wounded, he/she is
directed towards the nearest safe hospitalizing place. This helps them to work in an efficient manner. The GPS sensor provides the exact location of the person moving so that the person can be detected easily and given treatment. Securities working in the houses need to be in good health conditions and provided with the relative tools so that they can protect the people. If they are attacked by the theives or any other people, they may press the SOS button
to acknowledge the people and others to safeguard themselves. In Today’s world, Security is the major concern for the people. So,
the people are working in job like Watchman, Security needed to
provide the safety of the person and their products. During their
working, they need to be in a healthy body condition to accomplish their tasks. In order to analysis their condition and health, it is necessary to provide them with the strap built with sensor. At any
circumstances for any person this strap can be helpful. Starting
from person who is working inside a separate room to the person
who is in the road, it can be used.
For example, a person seems to be lying in this chair in the sleeping position, his friend considered him as sleeping after sometimes in the purpose of awaking him he touched his hand.
Later found out that he died, in front of him his friend was dying
but he couldn’t acknowledge it. Life has changed in the manner with the various development but the health of the people can’t be judged anytime. No one can judge the time and things happening around all of the sudden things are changed. It is our life we need to survive for the people who we love and care for us. We need to always protect us with all the safety measures that are capable for us. In that way the strap can be helpful for all the people to know about their body part condition.

 

Fig.1.1 Sensor Block Diagram The main block diagram of the circuit (supervisor) is shown in the figure 2.1 II.METHODOLOGY
Methodology is way of defining the selective method used for
the working and modulating the components in a effective manner. The ways in which the process of the work can be easily modulated. Placement and Calibration of the sensors for different individuals. Providing Strap in a weightless manner for wearing. Attaching all the sensors in the strap coat. Sensor will pick up the vital signs from the watchman and the status of the watchman and position are shared through a dedicated WIFI connection. When the SOS button is pressed the concerned people are alerted and the whole place is saved form possible major attacks. After the attack, there may be many chance for their survival of the injured person. There are many minor injuries which could cause the person to death if not noticed within the time.
2.1 Essential Devices The following are the components used: ➢ Node MCU
➢ Pulse rate sensor
➢ Temperature sensor
➢ Arduino
➢ GPS sensor
➢ Wires
Node MCU (microcontroller unit) is an source components of hardware and software development in the environment for the interconnection of all the functionalities in
the combination of the sensors. It acts as an intermediate with
all the different sensors correlating in an effective manner for
obtaining the specified output. Pulse Rate Sensor is a sensor used to measure the blood
pressure of the person. It can be fitted with microcontroller to
gather some power supply for its working. It can be designed
in the format that the readings are obtained without any
intermediate disturbances. The blood flow is more important for the person for his/her survival. Heart transmits the blood to
the body parts in the defined flow of energy. The flow of blood
can indicate the person is good in health. Temperature Sensor is a mode of sensor used to measure the temperature of the body parts of the person. Body
Temperature is the main source of the indication that progress on the condition of the body. It helps us to indicate that the person is absolutely normal and healthy. The sensor can be available in many different forms for obtaining reading. It can fitted in the coat in the manner that it not disturb the other sensors. Fig 2.2 Coordinate device

 

GPS sensor is the important component used in the process of detecting the location and tracking it. It can be helpful in the easy access of the person in the global world.
This gives the accurate place of the person who is wearing it.
It requires only less amount of the energy in the working
process. Vast areas can also be accessible from the place we need. Using the GPS connected with the Arduino, the working
can be compactible. It requires only less cost. Fig 2.3 GPS with arduino SOS is a signal or helpline which indicates to others that you are in danger and require help quickly. Survivor Outreach Services (SOS) is an Army program where services are provided through each component, Active Duty, National Guard and the Army Reserve, based on assigned counties within designated state and territories. The Army Reserve assigned counties and territories coverage services have been supported through an Army Reserve contract. The Army
Reserve has regionalized Family Programs to include the SOS program. The Readiness Divisions and the 9th Mission
Support Command will provide Survivor Outreach Services utilizing government personnel assigned to each of the seventeen assigned coverage areas. It send the help request to the person who are being
able to get the frequent reading of the person. The person who
is able to monitor the sensor reading get the notification of
“HELP” from the person in danger The below diagram explains the sensors being fitted
in the coat Fig 2.4 GPS sensor in coat 2.2 Algorithm Fig 2.5 Using of SOS facility International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
ISSN: 2278-0181
Published by, www.ijert.org
ICEECT – 2020 Conference Proceedings
Volume 8, Issue 17
Special Issue – 2020
68

 

The working of the GPS sensor with SOS is as follows:
➢ If the SOS button is pressed and after sometime signal
is not available, then it means that communication
between supervisor and sensor is notestablished.
• The supervisor now monitors the lastplace
where the location shared through GPS
• But if thecommunication is not established
even after sometime, then a message
‘HELP’ will be sent to the emergency
contact.
➢ There are only two possible waysused:
• The person is in normalcondition
• The supervisor doesn’t receive any
signal but he can monitor him.
• And after few more times, tokeep
monitoring to see if any change has
occurred. If no change continues
monitoring.
• The person is in abnormalcondition
• If any illness isdetected,
• Sensor transmits a message to
the supervisor end and the
GPS will share the location at
thesupervisor end.
• The supervisor will send an
emergency messageto the
terminalcontact.
• If any problem is notdetected,
• There are two possible reasons
for this:
• GPS failure
• Sensor out of range
• Twoconditionoccurs
emergency message will be
sent to the terminal contact
via the supervisor.
III.RESULTS ANDDISCUSTION
Soldering is a method of connection between electronic components. The Heating of the relative part of the component it can be fused in the manner it is used for the soldering process. The reading are observed in the application to obtain the exact measures of the persons during the usage of the coat.The value are being noticed by
the person , who is in charge of monitoring the security system or person.
Fig 3.1
Fig 3.2
International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
ISSN: 2278-0181
Published by, www.ijert.org
ICEECT – 2020 Conference Proceedings
Volume 8, Issue 17
Special Issue – 2020
69
The method study of the components for the watchman strap are listed. The study mainly involves the operations involved in the wprking and the operation are mentioned. The study consists of the different parameters gives with the reading of the sensor .
Fig 3.3
IV.APPLICATIONS
✓ All the sensors measuring different parameters are
attached to single coat
✓ Costeffectiveness
✓ Provided withthe safety measures of SOSFacility
✓ SOS Facility can be used to safe the person in
immediatedanger.
✓ Due to the use of less battery usage, power will be
saved.
✓ It can increaseproductivity
✓ It may increase employeesatisfaction.
✓ It could create fitteremployees
✓ It’ll help you make the most of other tech investments
V.CONCLUSION
The coat was designed with the specific sensors for the Measurements of the vital body parameters. The project work
wasaccomplished in the time. Theprojectwascompleted within
the approprirate scheduled format. A Website is created to track
on the values received from the sensors in a IOT platform. Sustained material like synthetic apparels on which the sensors and the other components to be mounted so that it makes the personverycomfortable.A5VBatteryis used for powersupply.
It is a efficient and effective way of measuring all the vital body
parameters.
The material is designed in the format that is helpful for all kind
of person at various ages can be used for them. It is also made in
such a way that if any water enters into the coat, it doesn’t affect thesensorsprovided in thecoat.Thecalibrationandthesoldering
works are done in the manner that it doesn’t result in any
disturbance for the person who wears the coat. The readings are taken in the website which displays the temperature sensing and
lat with long heart rate is being displayed under the title of the healthmonitoring.
The sensors are fitted in the random manner with the sufficient amount ofpower supply capable for the sensors to work in the efficient condition. The microcontroller focus on all the sensors interconnected with the facility provided with the coat. The SOS button is the major advantage for the person who got injured or
sufferingfrom any diseases or attacks. Wounded watchman can
be attended faster than before. The location of the watchman is verymuchsecuredwhencommunicatedviaWIFI.Lossoflifein
combat
VI. FUTURESCOPE
This Strap can be used in various fields to analysis human
health and report their conditions. It provides all the sensors being attached within a single strap measuring. It is useful for
soldiersandused in Hospital,BankingandWorking Places. Used
for old aged peoples also. SOS Facility can be used to safethe
person in immediatedanger.Due to theuseof less battery usage,
power will be saved. It can increase productivity It may increase employee satisfaction It could create fitter employees. It’ll help you
make the most of other techinvestments.

 

health monitoring kits accessable within the short period
to reduce the person from entering into the critical condition.
Large number of defects and diseases inside the human body
get unnoticed at the first stage of the diseases occurance stages. In later stages it may result in loss of life and person
who got affected may result in the transfer of any
communicable infections to all other people around the surrounding environment. This problem can be controlled to
maximum stages and lose of the life can be prevented.
This method can be used in security person as well as the working person include drivers (who health is important all the people life travelling in the public transport are depend
on him) and scientists or lab workers carrying chemical substances, person at the electrical works etc. More we develop in the field of technology, higher the range of security needed and it may also result in the some harmful affects to
the human body. No one can sure about the things happening
in the future but we can prevent ourselves or take some precautions for the upcoming challenges.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We express our deep sense of gratitude to the chairman Dr. S. Thangavelu for his invaluable guidance and bless in
the project work. We are tremendouslythankful to our
secretary Mr. T. Dheepan and joint secretary Mr. T. Sheelan for his unwavering support during the entire course of this project work. We are deeply indebted to our
Director, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Dr. R. Manian for shaping us from the dawn to dusk of the project work.
We sincerely thank our Principal Dr. S. Prakash for his resolute support for this project work.We are grateful to the Head of Department, Dr. Bhavani, who modelled us
both technically and morally for achieving greater success in
life.We express our sincere thanks to my project guide,
ER.Ranjithkumar R, assistant Professor-Department of
Electronics and communication Engineering forhis constant encouragement and support throughout our course,
especially for theuseful suggestions during the course of the project period.
We are also thankful to all the staff members of the department and techniciansfor their valuable assistance.
Finally, we take this opportunity to extend our deep
appreciation to our family and friends, for that they meant to us during the crucial times of the completion of our
project into a successful one and we conclude our thanks to
God for providing better situations.
REFERENCES
1. Compact Millimeter-Wave sensor for Remote
Monitoring of Vital Signs (2012) By Sasan
Bakhtiarki
2. Secured Communication for MANETS History
(2013) by Angayarkanni, Palaniyammal
3. Heart Beat Based Biometric Random Sequence
Generation tosecure
4. Wireless Body Sensor Networks (2018) By Sandeep
Pirbhulal, Hehe Zhang
5. Review of smart Clothing in Military (2016) By
Johan Galland, SofiaScataglini
6. On the Secure of Reconfigurable Multi-Layer
Network Design for Critical Information
Dissemination in the Internet of Battlefield things
(2018)By Muhammad Junaid Farooq
7. Systematic Analysis of a military wearable Device
based on the multi-level fusion Framework (2019)
Han shi1, Hanzhao
International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
ISSN: 2278-0181
Published by, www.ijert.org
ICEECT – 2020 Conference Proceedings
Volume 8, Issue 17
Special Issue – 2020
7

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