 Open Access
 Total Downloads : 377
 Authors : Yong Ge
 Paper ID : IJERTV6IS070140
 Volume & Issue : Volume 06, Issue 07 (July 2017)
 Published (First Online): 19072017
 ISSN (Online) : 22780181
 Publisher Name : IJERT
 License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Vibration Modal Analysis of Landing Gear Based on ANSYS
Yong Ge
Tianjin University of Technology and Education Tianjin 300222, PR China
Abstract Modal analysis is used to determine the vibration characteristics of the structure or machine part in the design, ie the natural frequency and mode. Modal analysis is a linearanalysis, which can be modal analysis of prestressed structures and modal analysis of cyclic symmetry structures. It is the starting point of harmonic analysis, transient dynamics analysis and harmonic analysis. Using ANSYS finite element analysis software, the A10 attack aircraft aircraft landing gear as the research object, using the commonly used Block Lanczos
accuracy. Block Lanczos method eigenvalue solver is the provincial solver, which uses Block Lanczos algorithm, is a set of vectors to real block Lanczos recursive calculation. This method is as accurate as the subspace method, but is faster. Thus, for the same problem, the computational speed of the comparable subspace iterative method is nearly 10 times higher, and the eigenvalue eigenvector has higher accuracy and is a higher computational efficiency method [11].
method to calculate the landing gear fixed boundary conditions
P N
1
of the first four natural frequency and vibration mode are about 48Hz, Thus providing a reliable basis for the design and improvement of the landing gear.
nm nm mm
Where: matrix mn by m ndimensional vectors; K
is n n order real symmetric positive definite matrix; N is a symmetrical array; Diagonal array
Keywords: A10 attack aircraft landing gear; Finite element
dig(2 2
2 )
method; Block Lanczos method; Modal analysis.
mm
11 22 mm

INTRODUCTION
The aircraft landing gear is the key force of the aircraft takeoff and landing, it not only bear the load when the aircraft takeoff and landing, but also to complete the aircraft running
Called the spectral matrix, each of its diagonal elements corresponds to the square of the natural frequencies of the structural steps.
order B K 1P , 1/ mm ,then equation (1) can be changed to:
and steering, so landing gear is essential to the aircraft, to
B nm nm
2
protect the aircraft landing Safety is necessary to protect the landing gear of the mechanical performance and service life[1 5], With the improvement of aircraft performance, the design of the landing gear also put forward higher requirements, not only requires sufficient strength and reasonable force, But also to try to be lightweight, in the cyclical changes in the dynamic load, the main components of the landing gear may be a strong resonance, The resulting dynamic stress and dynamic displacement will be several times under static load, or even ten times, seriously affecting the reliability of landing gear work [6]. Vibrating the worsening of a dynamic fatigue crack, which in turn causes the landing gear to break, causing a malfunction or crash [7]. Therefore, the modal analysis of the aircraft landing gear, get the natural frequency and mode of the landing gear, according to the analysis results to take measures to reduce the probability of landing gear resonance, thereby extending the life of landing gear to ensure flight
The basic idea of the Block Lanczos method for solving the B eigenvalue problem of order symmetric matrices is as follows: Determine an arbitrary unit vector q1 , A set of orthogonalization sequences is constructed through the Block Lanczos process q1q2qn . Order Q [q1q2qn ] , then QBQ L , L For a symmetric three diagonal matrix. In the transformation
process , a series of symmetric three diagonal matrices are generated L .
Their lower order eigenvalues are getting closer to the lower order eigenvalues of the matrix B , the eigenvalue problem of such largescale matrix B is transformed into the eigenvalue problem of small scale symmetric three diagonal matrices L .
Select the initial iteration vector q , And so [q ]T q 1 ,
safety. The modal analysis of the landing gear is related to the
safety, comfort and reliability of the aircraft [8].
In this paper, the landing gear of the A10 attack aircraft is used as the model. The finite element model of the landing
1
then: Bq1 1q1 1q2 Deformation available:
1q2 Bq1 1q1
Where Are coefficients: , Coefficient.
1 1
3
gear is established by CATIA software. The ANSYS finite 1 1
element analysis software has carried on the reasonable
use q1 Dot product(3) Both sides, utilize (q1q2 ) 0 ( That
meshing and the modal analysis to the landing gear [10].
is q1q2
orthogonal) can be obtained:

MATRIX ORTHOGONAL SOLUTION METHOD
qT Bq
4
1 1 1
In the theoretical modal analysis, the choice of a good solution method will improve the calculation speed and
record r1 Bq1 1q1 , and assume r1 0 , order 1  r1 2 , into the type3available q2 act as:
q2 r1 /  r1 2
obviously q2 unit vector.
The recursive process from above will produce qi i i . The concrete calculation process is as follows:

LANDING GEAR FINITE ELEMENT MODEL ESTABLISHMENT
A10 attack aircraft landing gear finite element model of the establishment of rocker landing gear mainly by the
ri Bqi i qi i 1qi 1
i  ri 2
qi 1 ri / i
q Bq
T
i 1 i1 i1
0 q0 0
(i 0)
(i 12n1)
shock absorber, retractable rod, cylinder, upper and lower
shear arm, wheel and brake devices and other components. A10 attack aircraft before and after landing gear see Figure 1. Abbreviations and Acronyms
from i and i
the composition of the triangular matrix L is:
1 1
1 2
1) L
n1 n1
n1
n
(5)
(6) Is the famous Block Lanczos iterative method where qi is called the Block Lanczos vector, L is the Block Lanczos matrix.
Therefore from QT BQ L and Q the orthogonality is available
BQ QL
Joint type26available:
nm nm
L(QT ) (QT )
6
order QT
nm nm
, Then we can get the standard eigenvalue
formula of the three diagonal matrix L in the Block Lanczos
vector,
Lnm nm , thus determining the eigenvalues and
eigenvectors. The actual calculation shows that the Block Lanczos method has higher computational accuracy and efficiency than the subspace iterative method. The computational workload is greatly reduced, especially when calculating the dynamic response of the structure, there is often a higher convergence rate [7]. Therefore, the finite element modal calculation is carried out by Block Lanczos method.
Figure 1 landing gear
ela
The threedimensional solid model of landing gear is established in CATIA environment and then imported into ANSYS finite element software. As the landing gear structure is complex, the various parts of the distribution of many small chamfer, rounded corners and a variety of bolt link holes, according to the characteristics of finite element analysis so do not have to simplify the manage. In the definition of material properties to pay special attention to the physical unit of the same, because CATIA modeling using mm units, import the
ANSYS model of the length of the unit is mm, that s, the sti
E 2105 MPa , Poisson's ratio 0.3 , density 7850kg / m3 .
Because CATIA and ANSYS have good compatibility, the landing gear CATIA model into ANSYS after the various components will maintain the original assembly relationship, the assembly is relatively easy to generate. According to the relationship between the components and the association
between the use of split geometric elements in the operation of the various methods of the various components of the division, the process of segmentation in strict accordance with the size of the measurement data, and set the tie command constraints, helps to eliminate rigid body displacement, and greatly reduces the need to calculate the contact state of the iteration; set the boundary conditions, the front brackets, brackets and front bracket is fully fixed.
When dividing a grid, use the smallest unit and the Relevance Center to Fine. First, the element are divided into more regular parts, when the partition to set the global seed size, and in the key parts of the definition of local seeds in order to refine the grid, and finally get the total number of nodes 222971, the total number of 119552 units. The results are shown in Figure 2
Figure 2 Grid results

CALCULATE THE RESULTS AND ANALYSIS According to past experience, when the structure resonates
under dynamic load excitation, there are generally only a few loworder (2 000 Hz)resonance conditions , so it is often necessary to know several natural frequencies and formation when performing vibration analysis, without having to find out all the natural frequency and formation. Therefore, the Lanczos method can be used to extract the first four order modes when the analysis step is set, and the first four natural frequencies obtained are shown in table 1.
Table 1
modal
natural frequency Hz
shape description
1
21.140
bending vibration
2
52.311
twist and swing
3
57.647
torsional vibration
4
69.095
bending and twisting
Landing gears before the fourthorder natural frequency modes natural frequency / Hz Mode description Bending and twisting 69.05Hz, bending vibration 43.72Hz, torsion and swing Hz 52.30Torsional vibration 57.64Hz By bending and twisting the extraction of the order includes low order,middle Order and the highest step mode shown in Figure 3to Figure 5 shows.
Figure 3 bending vibration
The first stage vibration mode (21.140Hz) mainly manifests as the bending vibration of the whole of the landing gear, the amplitude of the buffer, the pillar and so on, the vibration of the wheel part is the largest, and the back of the bracket is asymmetrical bending vibration.
Figure 4 torsion and swing
The secondorder mode (52.311Hz) mainly shows the vibration of the landing gear torsion and swing (along the Z direction), the amplitude of the rocker and the wheel is larger, the front pole and the bracket do the bending vibration, the amplitude of the front bracket vibration small.
Figure 5 bend and twist
The fourth stage vibration mode (69.095Hz) mainly shows the coupling vibration of the landing gear as a whole and the bending vibration of the crankshaft and the crankshaft. The torsional movement, the buffer and the rocker joint near the top of the pillar The largest amplitude.

CONCLUSION
In this paper, ANSYS finite element modal analysis is carried out on the aircraft landing gear. The first four natural frequencies and modes are obtained and compared with the brake vibration test. The following conclusions are obtained.

The whole landing gear system is more complex, the performance of the pillars, brackets and rocker parts such as complex bending, twisting and swing, and the direction, amplitude, etc. are different.

The dynamic characteristics of the landing gear can be seen through the vibration pattern of the landing gear, which provides a theoretical basis for the further improvement of the landing gear structure.

The inherent frequency of the landing gear is about 48Hz, so the excitation frequency should be kept away from the natural frequency of the landing gear, so as to prevent the resonance phenomenon from occurring and ensure the safe and smooth operation of the landing gear.


REFERENCES:

Liang Li. ANSYS – based force analysis and structural optimization design of the landing gear [D]. Nanjing. Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2011.

Yu Chen Chen .Force Analysis and Structural Optimization Design of Aircraft Wheel Wheel Based on ANSYS[D]. Nanjing. Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2012.

Jun Jie Gong. Finite element analysis and improved design of wheel hub [J]. Yangzhou. Department of mechanical engineering, School of engineering, Yangzhou University, 2001.4 (3):7778

Yu Zhen Chen. Modeling method and strength analysis of main landing gear strut [D]. Nanjing. Nanjing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics. 2007.

Singiresu S RaoMechanical vibration [M]. xin ye Li,ming lu Zhang ompile. Beijing. Tsinghua University press, 2009: 478479.

Some thoughts on anti sway design [J]. Aviation engineering progress, 2011, 2 (3): 274275.

Jun Qing Wu. Experimental investigation and calculation of vibration modes for a military engine [J]. Acta ARMAMENTARII, 2005, 26 (4): 493494.

Hai Dong Xie. Modal analysis of powder metallurgy helical gear system [J]. Modern manufacturing engineering, 2010 (5):8586.

Yan Xia Chen. ANSYS Workbench 15.0 Finite element analysis [M]. Beijing. Publishing House of electronics industry, 2015:152179.

Tie Jun Zhang. Finite element modal analysis of aircraft landing gear[J].Xi An. School of engineering, Air Force Engineering University.2012.11.

Ojalvo I U. Proper Use of Lanczos for Large Eigenvalue Problems[J].Computers & Structure , 1985(20):115119.