Traffic Volume Study on Road Connecting Maddilapalem to Pedawaltair

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Traffic Volume Study on Road Connecting Maddilapalem to Pedawaltair

Dr. G. Sireesha

Associate Professsor, Department of Civil Engineering, Visakhapatnam, India

E. Durga Nandhini

B.Tech Student, Department of Civil Engineering,

Visakhapatnam, India

Abstract The main objective of Transportation engineering involves safe movement of people and goods on roadways in short time. A number of factors influence the movement of people and goods. The volume, speed and density affect the traffic flow. Traffic volume studies are required as they help in planning, traffic management and predict if any future widening of roads is required.

The current work studies traffic characteristics in the city of Visakhapatnam at Andhra University College of Engineering Road connecting Maddilapalem road to Waltair road.. Traffic flow data was collected by manual methods. The traffic patterns during different time periods were analyzed from the data obtained. Hence the results from the present study are helpful in predicting the peak hour traffic, vehicle composition and estimate average daily traffic.

KeywordsVolume, average daily traffic, peak hour traffic.

  1. INTRODUCTION

    The term traffic volume study can be termed as traffic flow survey to determine the traffic flow rate. Traffic survey helps in planning and designing pavements. It is defined as the procedure to determine mainly traffic volume of vehicles moving on the roads at a particular section during a particular time. Traffic volume studies are conducted to determine the number, movements and classifications of roadway vehicles at a given location. These data help to identify critical flow time periods, determining the influence of large vehicles or pedestrians on vehicular traffic flow.

  2. LITERATURE REVIEW

Chandra et. al(1995) studied the capacity of urban roads. Data collected at Delhi was used to study dynamic nature of passenger car unit for a vehicle type. The mixed traffic flow transformed to equivalent flow in passenger car units (PCU) is given by Ashish and Chandra (2013). These PCU values are utilized to convert highly dynamic traffic volume to homogeneous volume in PCU per hour. New concept of stream equivalency factor is developed and denoted by K. Relation between traffic volume and geometric cross section of road which helps in studying variation in capacity with respect to various widths of road elements is given by Pothula Sanyasi Naidu et.al (2015). The traffic volume and level of service in Punjab University Campus, Chandigarh was studied by Bhavneet Singh and Tripta Goyal (2015). The traffic characteristics in the campus were analyzed and level of service was observed to be of C level.

OBJECTIVES OF TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDIES

The objectives of carrying out traffic volume study are:

  • Determination of vehicle composition in traffic stream

  • To determine the flow rate in PCU/PCE unit

  • To determine the peak flow rate and minimum flow characteristics.

  • To determine directional distribution.

  1. STUDY LOCATION

    1. Traffic study done at AUCE road

      Date : 15/03/2021 to 17/03/2021

      • Counting Period : 9 hrs

      • Weather Condition: Day 1 was sunny while Day 2 and 3 were partially sunny.

      • Survey Location: AUCE road connecting Maddilapalem and Waltair main road.

      • Method : Manual Method

      • Duration : 9 hrs

      • Equipments: Data Sheet, Camera (to take photos of vehicles), watch.

  2. SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY AREA

    Maddilapalem junction is one among the busy transport hubs in Visakhapatnam. AUCE road which has a connection with this junction serves various purposes.

    One of its main purpose is, not only it serves as a main road connecting the departments, the college, hostels but also connects to the waltair main road. This allows passengers to utilize the road more often for the educational and commercial purposes.

    Traffic volume studies were carried out for three days on the AndhraUniversity college of Engineering road. The Gate 1 connects Maddilapalem Junction and hence the vehicles coming in and going out at this junction were counted. Similarly at Gate 2, vehicles entering this road and leaving were also counted for 3 consecutive days for a period of 9 hours. The traffic volume studies on 15/3/2021at Gate 1 for incoming and outgoing vehicles are given in Table I and II. At Gate 2, the incoming and outgoing vehicles count is given in Table III and IV.

    The traffic volume studies on 16 /3/2021at Gate 1 for incoming and outgoing vehicles are given in Table V and VI. At Gate 2, the incoming and outgoing vehicles count is given in Table VII and VIII.

    Similarly, traffic volume count conducted on 17/3/2021 at Gate 1 and Gate 2 are represented in Table IX to Table XII . PCU factors of 0.75, 2, 1 and 2.2 for 2 wheeler, 3 wheeler, 4 wheeler and 6wheeler are used to calculate the total vehicles in PCU and flow rate is calculated.

  3. DATA INTERPRETATION Date: 15-03-2021

Time: 08:30 AM – 05:30 PM

Location: AUCE Road Gate 1

The road selected for study is free from traffic signals. The study is conducted on working days,from Monday to Wednesday. The volume count at both gates is carried out using manual method and also using video camera or photographic method.

TABLE I. AUCE ROAD GATE 1 NORTH TO SOUTH (IN)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

970

253

256

3

1496.1

09:30 10:30

1007

167

180

3

1276.1

10:30 11:30

730

141

179

2

1021.9

11:30 12:30

549

135

143

1

826.95

12:30 13:30

572

108

186

0

831

13:30 14:30

413

97

162

0

665.75

14:30 15:30

359

85

137

1

578.45

15:30 16:30

453

128

217

1

814.95

16:30 17:30

632

166

284

2

1094.4

Avg. PCU/hr: 956.17 PCU/hr

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

696

138

163

3

967.6

09:30 10:30

728

154

216

2

1074.4

10:30 11:30

680

127

148

2

916.4

11:30 12:30

550

102

120

1

738.7

12:30 13:30

634

138

164

0

915.5

13:30 14:30

591

112

138

1

807.45

14:30 15:30

447

88

115

0

626.25

15:30 16:30

376

63

92

1

502.2

16:30 17:30

563

144

178

1

890.45

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

696

138

163

3

967.6

09:30 10:30

728

154

216

2

1074.4

10:30 11:30

680

127

148

2

916.4

11:30 12:30

550

102

120

1

738.7

12:30 13:30

634

138

164

0

915.5

13:30 14:30

591

112

138

1

807.45

14:30 15:30

447

88

115

0

626.25

15:30 16:30

376

63

92

1

502.2

16:30 17:30

563

144

178

1

890.45

TABLE II. AUCE ROAD GATE 1 SOUTH TO NORTH (OUT)

TABLE III. AUCE ROAD GATE 2 SOUTH TO NORTH (IN)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

875

119

126

4

1029.05

09:30 10:30

584

91

103

0

725.25

10:30 11:30

640

112

141

1

847.2

11:30 12:30

601

97

124

1

770.95

12:30 13:30

586

86

114

0

725.5

13:30 14:30

624

82

132

0

764

14:30 15:30

592

63

122

2

692

15:30 16:30

528

79

123

0

677

16:30 17:30

628

91

128

1

783.2

Avg. PCU/hr : 779.35 PCU/hr.

TABLE IV. AUCE ROAD GATE 2 NORTH TO SOUTH (OUT)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

746

168

121

0

1016.5

09:30 10:30

733

157

171

1

1036.95

10:30 11:30

925

161

208

0

1223.75

11:30 12:30

785

117

202

1

1026.95

12:30 13:30

682

126

293

0

1056.5

13:30 14:30

665

83

175

0

839.75

14:30 15:30

577

66

160

0

724.75

15:30 16:30

638

99

152

1

830.7

16:30 17:30

667

146

281

1

1075.45

The maximum number of vehicles entering at Gate 1are 1482 on Monday during 8.30 AM to 9.30 AM ,from Table I. The maximum numbers of vehicles leaving are 1100 between

9.30 AM to 10.30 AM from Table II.

Date: 16-03-2021

Time: 08:30 AM -05:30 PM

Location: AUCE Road Gate 1

TABLE V. AUCE ROAD GATE 1 NORTH TO SOUTH (IN)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

1123

152

196

3

1348.85

09:30 10:30

1057

136

173

2

1242.15

10:30 11:30

796

125

148

2

999.4

11:30 12:30

599

116

125

1

807.7

12:30 13:30

624

194

132

0

988

13:30 14:30

348

205

107

1

780.2

14:30 15:30

216

129

118

0

538

15:30 16:30

524

186

219

1

986.2

16:30 17:30

502

184

216

1

962.7

TABLE VI. AUCE ROAD GATE 1 SOUTH TO NORTH (OUT)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

668

150

162

3

969.6

09:30 10:30

600

143

152

3

894.6

10:30 11:30

567

127

129

2

812.65

11:30 12:30

454

102

116

1

662.7

12:30 13:30

377

79

108

0

548.75

13:30 14:30

328

72

97

0

497

<>14:30 15:30

410

83

78

1

553.7

15:30 16:30

536

128

109

1

769.2

16:30 17:30

644

93

166

2

839.4

Avg. PCU/hr: 727.15 PCU/hr.

TABLE VII. AUCE ROAD GATE 2 SOUTH TO NORTH (IN)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

695

124

122

1

893.45

09:30 10:30

675

111

119

0

847.25

10:30 11:30

587

101

122

1

667.45

11:30 12:30

395

115

142

1

670.45

12:30 13:30

405

119

13

0

677.75

13:30 14:30

549

92

132

0

727.75

14:30 15:30

525

57

11

2

628.15

15:30 16:30

592

117

114

1

794.2

16:30 17:30

309

72

93

1

470.95

Avg. PCU/hr: 708.6PCU/hr

TABLE VIII. AUCE ROAD GATE 2 SOUTH TO NORTH (OUT)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

998

0

0

2

752.9

09:30 10:30

982

12

150

0

1190.5

10:30 11:30

772

136

173

0

1024

11:30 12:30

562

125

125

1

798.7

12:30 13:30

636

96

132

0

801

13:30 14:30

436

82

107

1

600.2

14:30 15:30

218

93

118

0

467.5

15:30 16:30

627

121

219

1

933.45

16:30 17:30

298

74

108

1

481.7

Avg. PCU/hr: 783.32PCU/hr

Date: 17-03-2021

Time: 08:30 AM -05:30 PM

Location: AUCE Road Gate 1.

TABLE IX. AUCE ROAD GATE 1 NORTH TO SOUTH (IN)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

856

236

298

1

1414.2

09:30 10:30

773

158

182

1

1079.95

10:30 11:30

908

135

179

3

1136.6

11:30 12:30

483

94

157

0

707.25

12:30 13:30

456

108

124

2

686.4

13:30 14:30

538

96

138

2

737.9

14:30 15:30

412

85

162

1

643.2

15:30 16:30

652

124

129

0

866

16:30 17:30

343

72

98

1

505.85

Avg. PCU/hr: 864.15 PCU/hr

TABLE X. AUCE ROAD GATE 1 SOUTH TO NORTH (OUT)

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

628

159

135

1

927.2

09:30 10:30

545

132

98

1

772.95

10:30 11:30

453

88

113

4

697.55

11:30 12:30

348

83

104

1

533.2

12:30 13:30

58

86

106

2

708.4

13:30 14:30

529

91

112

2

695.15

14:30 15:30

516

118

96

1

721.2

15:30 16:30

623

121

129

0

838.25

16:30 17:30

329

93

76

3

515.35

Avg. PCU/hr: 712.14 PCU/hr.

Date: 17-03-2021

Time : 08:30AM-05:30 PM

Location: AUCE Road Gate 2

TABLE XI. AUCE ROAD GATE 2 SOUTH TO NORTH (IN)

Avg.PCU/hr :718.89 PCU/hr

The hourly variation for three days for Gate 2 is given in Table III, VII and XI. The maximum numbers of vehicles entering at Gate2 are 1124 on Monday during 8.30 AM to

9.30 AM. From Table IV, VIII and XII, the maximum number of vehicles leaving Gate 2 for three days are 1243on Wednesday during 8.30 AM to 9.30 AM.

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

648

116

132

0

850

09:30 10:30

652

107

119

0

822

10:30 11:30

598

128

122

0

826.5

11:30 12:30

433

98

96

0

616.75

12:30 13:30

568

92

106

0

716

13:30 14:30

529

8

112

0

680.75

14:30 15:30

51

91

96

0

665

15:30 16:30

623

118

129

0

832.25

16:30 17:30

329

69

76

0

460.75

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

729

228

286

0

1288.75

09:30 10:30

697

146

173

0

987.75

10:30 11:30

768

135

163

0

1009

11:30 12:30

439

94

132

0

649.25

12:30 13:30

45

99

109

0

649

13:30 14:30

538

82

136

0

703.5

14:30 15:30

412

93

84

0

579

15:30 16:30

652

124

146

0

883

16:30 17:30

343

76

83

0

492.25

Time Interval

Type of vehicle

2

3

4

6

RATE OF FLOW (VEHICLE/hr)

08:30 09:30

729

228

286

0

1288.75

09:30 10:30

697

146

173

0

987.75

10:30 11:30

768

135

163

0

1009

11:30 12:30

439

94

132

0

649.25

12:30 13:30

45

99

109

0

649

13:30 14:30

538

82

136

0

703.5

14:30 15:30

412

93

84

0

579

15:30 16:30

652

124

146

0

883

16:30 17:30

343

76

83

0

492.25

TABLE XII. AUCE ROAD GATE 2 NORTH TO SOUTH (OUT)

  • The vehicle composition at Gate 1 on Monday was 66.77% two wheelers, 14.31% three wheelers, 18.77% four wheelers and 0.15% six wheelers while at Gate 2, the composition of vehicles was 71%, 12%, 17% and 0.076%.

  • On Tuesday, the vehicle composition of 2,3,4 and 6 wheeler at Gate 1 was 67.74%, 15.53%,

    16.55% and 0.15% and at Gate 2, the vehicle

    composition was 71. 67 %, 12.48%, 15.56% and0.0891% .

  • On Wednesday, the vehicle composition of 2,3,4 and 6 wheeler at Gate 1 was 68.39%, 14.22%, 17.15% and 0.19% and at Gate 2, the

vehicle composition was 70%, 14%, 16% and

0.0% .

Avg.PCU/hr :804.62 PCU/hr

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCE

  1. Chandra S., Kumar V. and Sikdar P.K., 1995, Dynamic PCU and Estimation of Capacity of Urban Roads, IRC, Vol.23, No.4,pp. 17-28.

  2. AshishDhamaniya and S. Chandra, 2013, Concept of Stream Equivalency Factor for Heterogeneous Traffic on Urban Arterial Roads, Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 139, Issue 11, 1117-1123.

  3. PothulaSanyasi Naidu, GunduNavya, Chukka Deepika , Mahesh Yamala, 2015, Capacity of Road with vehicle Characteristics and Road Geometrics Interface Modelling, SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG-IJCE), Vol. 2, Issue 10.

  4. Bhaavneet Singh and Dr. Tripta Goyal, 2015, Study of traffic volume and level of service of Punjab University, Chandigarh, ijera, vol 5., issue 7, pp.9-14.

    • The number of passengers using 2- wheeler is

      more when compared to the passengers using 3- wheeler, 4- wheeler and 6- wheeler.

    • There is no RTC bus route in this road and there is hardly any bus transportation in this road.

    • The peak hour traffic is between 8.30 – 9.30 AM on Monday 1482 vehicles at Gate 1 and 1124 vehicles from Gate 2 entering the road.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The acknowledgments are due to C.Chandrika, G.Kusumanjali, G. Lakshmi Sai, P.Divya Kumari and D. Nandini.

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