- Open Access
- Authors : Hendra Wahyudi
- Paper ID : IJERTV9IS110246
- Volume & Issue : Volume 09, Issue 11 (November 2020)
- Published (First Online): 09-12-2020
- ISSN (Online) : 2278-0181
- Publisher Name : IJERT
- License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
The Impact If Ngancar Dam in Wonogiri Regency Fails to Operate
Civil Infrastructure Engineering Department, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Sukolilo, Surabaya, Indonesia
Abstract:- One of the dams managed by Balai Besar Sungai Bengawan Solo area is Ngancar dam. Ngancar Dam was built by the Government of the Dutch East Indies in one of the basins in Sungai Jarak in 1944 to meet irrigation water needs in Temon Irrigation Area with an area of 637 hectares in Batuwarno sub-district precisely located in Selopuro Village Batuwarno Sub-District Wonogiri Regency and if viewed geographically located at 7O48'5" LS and 110O53' 53" BT.
The position of ngancar dam with the construction of Gajah Mungkur dam in 1976 is located upstream one of the sub -watersheds of Gajah Mungkur dam. Over time from the beginning of the construction of Ngancar dam to the present day as well as the rapid development of the population and the rapid development of both the community and the government to fill the independence and to fulfill the need for his life then the condition of the location between Ngancar dam and Gajah Mungkur dam is also very much changed. By using the HEC-RAS method will be obtained high inundation from each area affected by the dam collapse and created a map and followed up with inventory in the field
As a result, the villages affected if ngancar dam is overtoping Ngancar are Selopuro Village, Belikurip, Temon, Batureto, Saradan, Gambirano and Talunombo with an affected population of 5,927 flooded areas of 511 hectares and a total loss of Rp 99,337,493,953 (Ninety-Nine billiond three hundred thirty-seven million four hundred Ninety-three thousand Nine hundred and fifty- three rupiah.
Keywords : Impact, Ngancar Dam, Overtopping, Failed Operation.
Dam one of its functions is a building that is made to hold water during the rainy season and release it during the dry season with the function as a water container then the dam has many benefits, but besides having many benefits it turns out that the dam also holds a detrimental potential if during the operation process there is no monitoring and evaluation so that its safety is maintained.
One of the dams managed by Balai Besar Sungai Bengawan Solo area is Ngancar dam. Ngancar Dam was built by the Government of the Dutch East Indies in one of the basins in Sungai Jarak in 1944 to meet irrigation water needs in Temon Irrigation Area with an area of 637 hectares in Batuwarno sub-district precisely located in Selopuro Village Batuwarno Sub-District Wonogiri Regency and if viewed geographically located at 7O48'5" LS and 110O53' 53" BT.
Ngancar Dam has a Zonal type with a dam height of 20 m and a peak length of 179 m and a peak width of 5 m. The type of pelimpah building is in the shape of Ogee IV with a pelimpah length of 34.1 m and a launcher length of 82 m and the type of olanya is USBR III
Figure 1 Location of Ngancar Dam
The position of ngancar dam with the construction of Gajah Mungkur dam in 1976 is located upstream one of the sub-watersheds of Gajah Mungkur dam. Over time from the beginning of the construction of Ngancar dam to the present day as well as the rapid development of the population and the rapid development of both the community and the government to fill the independence and to fulfill the need for his life then the condition of the location between Ngancar dam and Gajah Mungkur dam is also very much changed.
The condition of the location between Ngancar dam and Gajah Mungkur dam and the increasing age of Ngancar dam and the potential for disaster from the dam building, it is necessary to conduct research to anticipate if there is a failure of ngancar dam operation.
2. PROBLEM LIMITATIONS
The research conducted under the title Impact inflicted if Ngancar Dam in Wonogiri Regency experienced a failure of operation" has the following limitations:
1. What is meant by the failure of operations in this study is the inadebe of ngancar dam to perform its function as a water container due to dam collapse so that the failure of Ngancar dam in meeting the water needs in Temon Irrigation Area is not carried out a review.
2. Dam collapse in this study is caused only by overtoping, so piping collapse is not done
3. BENEFITS AND OBJECTIVES The benefits and objectives to be achieved from this research activity are :
1. The benefits of this research if viewed from the science side, it is expected to add to the efficacy of science, especially the issue of dam safety.
2. The benefits of this research for policy makers are expected to be considered in managing dams because dams in addition to carrying benefits also save potential disasters.
4. THEORYTICAL BACKGROUND.
dams is buildings that form of soil, stone and concrete urugan, it built in addition to holding and holding water, it can also be built to hold and hold mine waste or hold mud so that it is in the form of reservoirs.
The design flood hydrograph in this study used nakayasu synthetic unit hydrograph method. With the following equation form:
Qp = peak flood discharge (m3/sec) Ro = rain unit (mm)
Tp = time log from the beginning of the rain to the peak of the flood (hours)
T0.3 = time required by decreased discharge, from peak debit to 30% of peak debit (hours)
HEC-RAS is a mathematical model program created by the US Army Hydrologic Engineering Centre that can be obtained freely and can be used to analyze if a dam collapses so that by utilizing HEC-RAS software it can be known how much speed and depth of flow in each cross section changes according to time.
The losses incurred are the result of dam ngancar experiencing collapse done by conducting field searches based on maps of the affected areas from the results of running the HEC-RAS program and carried out field searches to inventory buildings or land affected by flooding. So the loss is the result of multiplication of each unit of loss multiplied by the unit price of each unit cost.
5. RESEARCH METHOD.
The research method is the whole stage of research conducted from start to finish so that a conclusion can be drawn. The steps can be seen in Figure 1. the following.
Figure 2. Research Flow Chart
6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS.
The results of flood analysis plan by using Nakayasu method then the flood discharge can be seen in Table 1
Table 1. Debit Flood Plan
The flood discharge plan was used as input running model HEC-RAS to get the elevation of inundation in each flooded area as a result of the collapse of ngancar dam. The results of running model HEC-RAS and Flood Map as a result of the dam collapse can be seen in Figure 2 and Figure 3 .
Figure 2 Map of Flood Inundation Caused by Dam Collapse
Figure 3 Flood Elevation Chart due to ngancar dam collapse
Characteristic of flooding caused by overtoping in Ngancar dam is the maximum flood depth reaching an altitude of
23.57 meters at a distance of 1.46 km from the downstream of the dam and its maximum flood speed of 92.02 m/s at a distance of 1.15 km from the dam downstream.
Based on the elevation of the full condition water level (normal water level +136 m) then if there is overtoping in Ngancar dam then the maximum water level elevation occurs an increase of 0.18 m so as to 136.18 m while the elevation of the peak of Gajah Mungkur dam (+ 142 m)
The villages affected if there is a collapse due to overtoping at Ngancar dam are elopuro, Belikurip, Temon, Batureto, Saradan, Gambirano and Talunombo villages with a large number of flood inundations and the number of affected residents can be seen in Table 2
Table 2 Area of Inundation and Number of Affected Populations
While the value of losses incurred as a result of the collapse of Ngancar Dam can be seen in table 3
Table 3 Loss Value due to Ngancar dam collapse
The conclusions of this study are :
PMF flood discharge of 256,487 m3/s
High flood inundation caused by the failure of ngancar dam collapse 23.57 meters with a speed of 92.02 m/s
Villages affected by the collapse of ngancar dam include Selopuro village, Belikurip, Temon, Saradan, Baturetno, Gambiranom and Talunombo with a genengan area of 511, 5 hectares and an affected population of 5,927 and a large loss of Rp 99,337,493,953 (Ninety-Nine billiond three hundred thirty-seven million four hundred Ninety-three thousand Nine hundred and fifty-three rupiah).
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