Temperature Measurement of Nine Phase Induction Motor Drive Without Load and Various Load Conditions

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Temperature Measurement of Nine Phase Induction Motor Drive Without Load and Various Load Conditions

Dr. Manjesh

Associate Professor: Dept of Electronics Science

Bangalore University Bangalore, India

Nilima S. Dabhade

Research Scholar: Dept of Electronics Science

Bangalore University Bangalore, India

Abstract Research and Development(R&D) in recent days towards the power electronic system and Motor Drives Concentrate their attention on Multi-phase motor drive systems, due to some inherent advantages over three-phase motor drives like high torque density, efficiency, heavy loads etc. Since variable speed of AC power drives need converters for AC to DC power supply the number of phases can be change very easily, this led to increase the interest of multiphase drive applications in the field of Agriculture, aircraft, Electronics Vehicles etc. Almost all loads Have nonlinear characteristics which exhibits heat at parts of the loads. When load is subjected to high current density cause equipment failure hence presented work focus on the Experimental analysis of Temperature measurement at various body parts of Nine Phase Induction Motor with No load and load condition using PWM drive. Data Analysis has been done to monitor temperature effect on stator, rotor and other parts of the motor by interfacing temperature module kit with laptop monitor screen using J type thermocouples.

Keywords Nine phase Induction Motor, Nine phase Inverter, PWM, Microcontroller kit, Temperature Modul kit, Power Analyzer.

Switching singles are fed to switching devices trough control generators.

In PWM inverters, gate of semiconductor device is controlled by PWM control signals. The Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technique is implemented by switching of modulated pulses with constant amplitude and variable pulse width or duty cycle. PWM technique can be extended with switching signals of square, sinusoidal or sawtooth signals depends on modulation technique. The presence of harmonics depends on selection of modulation index. Harmonics can be reduced by making modulation index to unity. Fig.1. shows the PWM control signal generated by microcontroller, the output load voltage and current can be changed by varying width of the pulses, also frequency of the two signals is nearly made equal [1-7].

  1. INTRODUCTION

    Multi-phase motor drives gather more attention in recent years due to advantages over three phase drives. Since variable speed of AC power drives need converters for AC to DC power supply the number of phases can be change very easily, this led to increase the interest of multiphase drive applications. The advantages of multiphase over three phase motor drives are current and voltage harmonics, high torque density, cost reduction etc. Multiphase drives have major applications in high torque motor drives like, Agriculture, aircraft, hybrid electric vehicles, etc.

    Most of the failures in induction motors are originates from the thermal reactions at various parts of the motor. This overheating at major parts like stator, rotor, bearing, shaft, and frame causes the failure due to thermal stress. Breakdown of stator winding insulation due to thermal stress is of the major cause of motor failure hence, prevention of such failures is the major task. The thermal effect and losses on various parts of the motor can be reduced by implementing various modulating techniques.

    Inverters are the power converters which convert DC supply to AC output supply for desire phases. The topology of multiphase inverters uses number of semiconductor devices (MOSFETs/IGBTs) with respect to number of phases.

    Fig.1. PWM signal generation

    The presented work focused on the temperature measurement of nine phase induction motor at various parts without and with various load. Generation of PWM Control signals through the microcontroller 8051. Graphical analysis of experimental data monitored with power analyzer and temperature module kit.

  2. TOPOLOGY OF NINE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

    Multiphase motor drives constructed with N number of phases where stator windings are displaced by 360/N phase. As illustrated in Fig.2. The nine stator windings (Vas-Vis) of an induction motor has displaced by (360/9) 40° phase shift with each other fed by nine legs and eighteen switches of voltage source inverter (VSI)(g1-g18). Rotor of the motor constructed with the squirrel cage winding to avoid internal locking between stator and rotor [8-11].

    Fig.2. Topology of Nine Phase Induction Motor fed by VSI

    Nine Phase Induction Motor designed with specifications shown in table 1:

    Table 1. Specifications of Nine Phase Induction Motor

    Motor

    Induction Motor

    Rotor Type

    Squirrel cage

    Supply

    9 phase

    Rated Voltage

    230V

    Rated Frequency

    50Hz

    Hp

    2hp

    pole

    2 pole

    speed

    3000rpm

    class

    F

    connection

    star

    Output power

    1.5kw

  3. MODELING OF NINE PHASE VSI

    As shown in Fig.3. modelling od nine phase inverter

    VA = Va + VnN .

    VI = Vi + VnN (1)

    VnN = (1/9)(VA + VB + .. VI) (2)

  4. THERMAL MODEL

    Thermal modelling of the motor is developed according the principle of Kessler. According to the principle Kyander the high of accuracy can be achieved by modest subdivision in geometrical parts of machine. Various body parts of motor can be identified as a node in the thermal network. The heat source, thermal capacitance and thermal resistance are associate as node with each other [14-15].

    The thermal model of three nodes, three resistance and capacitance are as shown in Fig.5. The corresponding thermal network formed in between nodes capacitance and resistance.

    Fig.5: Thermal model of an induction motor

    Where P1, P2, P3 represents heat generation at stator, frame and at body respectively. R1 is thermal resistance between stator and frame (Rsf), R2 is thermal resistance between frame and body (Rfb) and R3 is thermal resistance between body and ambient (Rba). The equations for transient state thermal model of induction motor is as follows(3),(4),(5);

    consists of nine legs and eighteen semiconductor switches

    P1(stator) = C1 dt + TstatorTframe + TstatorTambient

    (3)

    (MOSFTs/IGBTs) connected in series to run nine phase

    dx Rsf

    Rsa

    induction motor. Nine phase VSI is energized by DC power

    P2(frame) = C2 dt + TframeTstator + TstatorTbody

    (4)

    supply to control switches (VA-VI) to drive nine phase

    dx Rsf

    Rsb

    induction motor (e

    – e ). Nine legs are (360/9)40° out of phase

    P3(body) = C3 dt + TbodyTframe + TbodyTambient

    (5)

    a i dx

    Rbf

    Rba

    with other and each leg has two switches conduct for the period of 180°. All switches triggered by PWM signals[12-13].

    Fig.3. Topology of Nine Phase VSI

    Fig.4. Switching Cycle of Inverter legs with 40° phase shift and 180° conduction

    Load voltage of VA to VI can be easily found as shown in equation (2) and (3) where VnN is phase to neutral voltage.

  5. METHODOLOGY FOR THE DESIGN OF NINE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

    The methodology for the illustration of nine phase inducion motor is shows as a block diagram in Fig.6. The Ac power supply of 230v converted to 12v Ac supply by using step down autotransformer. Bridge rectifier converts AC to DC 12v supply. Eighteen control signals are generated using controller IC(AT89S52) and fed to MOSFETs of nine phase inverters through driver circuit. The generated control signals used to run nine phase induction motor with no load and load condition. J type thermocouples inserted to the various parts of the motor and connected to the temperature module kit, the module kit interfaced to personnel computer where the experimental data has been collected and used to draw the graphical analysis. The results are monitor with power Analyzer to study various parameters of nine phase induction motor. The complete experimental setup for the data analysis is as shown in Fig.7.

    Fig.6. Block diagram of complete experimental setup

    Fig.7. Experimental setup of Nine Phase Induction Motor Drive

  6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

    The temperature analysis Nine Phase Induction has been constructed experimentally and studied for a frequency of 10Hz and 46V The harmonics and THD is obtained using Power Analyzer. Experimental results are monitored, studied and compared with theoretical data. Fig.8. (a) (b) shows the line to neutral voltage and current waveforms and various parameters (Voltage, Current, Power, THD) respectively. The temperature of Nine Phase Induction motor at various part is as shown in the table2. Fig.9. (a) (b)and (c) shows the experimental graphical representation of temperature data at various parts of the nine phase induction motor with respect to time period of 4hrs with no load and with load(600gm).

    (a)

    (b)

    Fig.8. Power Analyzer results (a) Line to neutral voltage and current waveform (b) parameters results of Nine Phase Induction Motor Drive (10

    Hz)

    Table.2. Comparison of temperature at different load for various parts of nine phase induction motor

    Motor

    Temperature (° C) at different load

    Body Parts

    0

    gm

    200

    gm

    400

    gm

    600

    gm

    Bearing1

    41.22

    45.57

    46.56

    48.42

    Bearing2

    38.24

    40.92

    41.79

    44.57

    Stator winding1

    42.42

    43.90

    45.03

    48.07

    Stator winding2

    40.38

    42.28

    43.30

    48.26

    Frame

    39.45

    41.50

    42.50

    45.51

    Body

    40.04

    42.06

    42.97

    45.73

    Room Temp

    28.75

    31.44

    31.47

    27.96

    (a)

    (b)

    (c)

    Fig.9. Temperature Analysis with (a) no-load (b) load(600gm) (c) variable load condition(10Hz)

  7. CONCLUSION

Data analysis of nine phase induction motor with PWM voltage source inverter has been done experimentally for various loads. It is concluded from the experimental results that the rate of rise of temperature at various parts of nine phase induction motor with various load is found to be increased with variation of load condition. The experimental work is to be extended to study the thermal model of nine phase induction motor with various modulating techniques.

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