Seismic Analysis of Multi-Storey Building with and without Floating Column and Shear Wall

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Seismic Analysis of Multi-Storey Building with and without Floating Column and Shear Wall

Rohan Duduskar

Department of Civil engineering JSPMs Rajarshi Shahu College of Engineering,

Pune, Maharashtra, India

Dr. D. S. Yerudkar

Department of Civil engineering JSPMs Rajarshi Shahu College of Engineering,

Pune, Maharashtra, India

Dr. M Rai Sharma

Department of Civil engineering JSPMs Rajarshi Shahu College of Engineering,

Pune, Maharashtra, India

AbstractThis research mainly concentrates on analyze the behavior of structures and comparing the parameters like storey displacements, storey drift, storey shear, time period. Considering G+20 storey building, four models. Model I will consider the normal structure, model II will consider floating columns structure, model III will consider shear wall structure, model IV will consider both floating columns and shear wall structure. The seismic analysis of G+20 story structures is analyzed by both equivalent static and response spectrum method. Using Indian Standard code IS 1893(Part-

  1. 2002 and ETABS-2018 software. Obtained storey displacements, storey shear, storey drift, time period for seismic zone IV. 1.2(DL+LL+RSX) load combination is critical and increased displacements in model II, decreased in model III, IV. The storey drift compared normal structure increased drifts in model II, decreased in model III,IV. The storey shear compared normal structure decreased shears in model II, increased in model III,IV. Comparing all four models the time period of floating column structure i.e model II is greater. Model III structure is better performances lesser displacements, more strength comparing with all four models.

    Keywords Floating column, Shear wall, Earthquake, Storey displacements, Storey drift, Storey shear, Equivalent static method, Response spectrum method, High rise building.

    1. INTRODUCTION

      India is a developing country, where urbanization is at the faster rate in the country including adopting the methods and type of constructing buildings which is under huge development in the past few decades. As a part of urbanization multi-story buildings with architectural provisions are constructed. These necessities are nothing but soft story, floating column, hefty load, the lessening in stiffness, etc. Now a days many urban multi-storey buildings have open first storey as an unavoidable feature. This is mostly being adopted to accommodate car parks or reception lobbies in the first storey. Whereas the total seismic base shear as practiced by a building during an earthquake is reliant on its natural period. The seismic force distribution is depending the distribution of stiffness and mass along the height. The behaviour of a structure during earthquakes rest on critically on its complete shape, size and geometry, along with how the storey shear are

      moved to the ground. The storey shears at different storeys in a building necessity to be transferred down to the ground by the shortest path; any discontinuity in the structural members results in the change in the load path. Buildings having vertical setbacks basis a sudden variation in earthquake forces at the levels of discontinuity. The discontinuities in the load path is formed in the buildings with floating columns at an middle storeys or ground storey and do not continue up to foundation. Hence, there is need of understanding the behaviour of earthquake, also constructing and developing earthquake resistant structures. Thus, shear walls are introduced to resist the lateral forces formed during earthquake. They are known as the vertical elements of the horizontal force resisting structure. Shear walls in the construction counters the effect of lateral loads acting on structure. Specifically, significant for high rise structures, shear walls thus act against lateral forces produced by airstream, earthquake and unequal settlement loads. Urbanization and Growing of high rise buildings is the need of current population and earthquakes have the potential for causing the greatest damages to those tall structures. Hence, it is needed to take in to account the seismic load for the design of high-rise structure. Commonly the shear wall building will be strong. But the floating column structure, how behaviour with the shear wall will be studied in this study.

      Floating Column: A column is a vertical compression member which starts from foundation level and continues up to top level which transfers the load to the ground. The term floating column is also a vertical component which at its lower-level rests on a beam which is a horizontal member. Structures with columns that suspend or float on beams at an middle level and do not go all the way to the footing, have breaks in the load transfer path. The beams in turn transfer the load to other columns under it. In such columns the loads were measured as a point load. Floating column does not have any structural continuity because they are built over the beam. There are many projects in which floating columns are already accepted, particularly above the ground floor, so that more open space is available on the ground floor.

      Shear Wall: Shear wall is a earthquake resistant component used to resist the horizontal forces such as

      airstream force, seismic force. These forces act equivalent to the plane of the wall. Shear wall commonly provided in high rise building. It will introduced from foundation level up to prolonged to the building height. Shear wall thickness may differ from 150mm to 400mm. Reduces lateral sway of the building. Rigid vertical diaphragm transfers the loads into Foundations. Moment-resistant frame must be provided along the other route to resist strong earthquake effects. Shear walls behavior depends upon material used, wall thickness, wall length, wall positioning in building surround. Structures that contain shear walls from reinforced concrete are generally prevalent for using in areas and countries that earthquake- prone.

    2. LITRATURE REVIEW

Hossam El-Sokkary, Khaled Galal (2020) [1] In this work described shear wall structure is a communal seismic force resisting system that is used for both reinforced masonry (RM) and reinforced concrete (RC) buildings. This paper objectives to estimation the quantities of construction materials required for RM shear walls related to those of RC walls. Three multistorey RM shear wall buildings with different heights located in three different cities in Canada were selected. The analysis and design events were frequent for each case when RC material was used. The quantity of structure materials used for the shear walls of each building was evaluated for both RM and RC cases and they were compared. Moreover, the cost of labour and temporary works for RM and RC shear walls was estimated and compared. Maneesh Ahirwar, Er. Rahul Satbhaiya (2020) [2] This paper offerings a Reliability Analysis of Multi-Storey Building with Floating Column by Staad.pro-V8i. This study contracts with the stiffness stability of all the storey and is proposed to reduce the irregularity presented by the columns which are floating in the building. Modelling was performed through detailed analysis using a commercially available FEM tool, StaadPro v8i.0. Vishal N, Ramesh Kannan M, Keerthika L (2020) [3] This paper presents Seismic Analysis of Multi- Storey Irregular Building with Different Structural Systems.In order to study the structural behaviour of a 20- storey building with vertical setback irregularity has been modelled and analysed by response spectrum method considering with and without Constrution Sequence Analysis (CSA) using different structural systems in CSI ETABS V16 as per BIS 1893:2016 (Part 1).analysis has to be done only by sequential application of loads in each storey for the safety of the structure and cost-effectiveness. Finally, outcomes such as axial force, shear force, bending moment and response such as storey displacement, storey shear and storey drift are plotted and compared for each structural system. Akshay Gujar, H.S. Jadhav (2019) [4] This paper presents a building construction with floating column are analyzed in single step by using linear static analysis with declaration that the buildings are having total load once the whole structure built completely. But in real condition construction of building is completed story by story. Therefore that effect due to sequential loading is dissimilar than actual analysis. Objectives of this study is evaluate result of vertical irregularity such as floating

column in the buildings. In this paper result of construction order analysis and regular analysis are compared. For analysis the G+10 story structure is considered for zone

  1. The results such as displacement story shear, story drift are obtained by ETAB software. Mr. Ankur vaidya, Mr. Shahayajali Sayyed (2018) [5] This paper A Research on Comparing the Seismic Effect on Shear wall building and Without- Shear Wall Building In this paper review of different researchers on the idea of multistoried building with and without shear wall is summarized. In India, most adopted type of earthquake resistant structures is with shear wall. These structural walls may vary constructed on their design and utility and their position in any building plays an important role for resisting lateral force. Kandukuri Sunitha, Mr. Kirankumar Reddy. (2017) [6] In this paper studied on the analysis of normal structure with five storey, ten syorey, and fifteen storey. And different locations and different situations like floating columns, shear wall, bracings are to taken as similar models. Two approaches to be considered for the analysis of structure as linear static method and time history method. Seismic Analysis done for using ETAB software compare the displacements, storey drift and the time history values of the different models. In static seismic analysis concluded that the maximum story displacements and storey drift values are increasing for floating column.by observing the drift ratio the deflection and storey drift will be drastically changed when the height of the structure will be increased. Vignesh Kini K, Dr. Rajeeva S V. (2017) [7] In this paper Seismic Behaviour Of RC and Steel-Concrete Composite Multi-Storey Building With Floating Columns With and Without Shear Walls. This research studied models are analysed using response spectrum analysis with the assumption that the structure will be subjected to all the loads or full load in a only stretch when the whole structure is constructed completely. The analysis of the building models is done by CSI ETABS. The current study contains response spectrum analysis of RC structure and steel-concrete composite structure with floating columns at the middle of penultimate bay, with and without shear walls and also determine parameters like storey displacement, storey drift and storey shear of RC structure and steel-concrete composite structure with floating columns at the middle of penultimate bay, with and without shear walls are compared. Isha Rohilla, S. M. Gupta, Babita Saini. (2015) [8] In this paper studied the seismic response of the multistory irregular structure with critical positions of floating column. The structure model will be considered as G+5 and G+7 with zone II and zone

  2. To estimate the results of the modelled structure as storey response, storey shear, storey displacements will be obtained by the using of ETABS software. The floating column should be avoided in high rise structure in zone V. Storey displacements increases with floating column structure. Storey shear will be reduced when occurrence of floating column because of decrease mass of column in structures. Increase the size of the beams and columns to progress the performance of building with floating column to reduce the storey displacements and storey drift.

    1. METHODOLOGY

      Consider the multi story structure as G+20 storey, four different structure and seismic analysing structures by using as per Indian standard code IS 1893 (Part-1) 2002 and ETABS-2018 software. To determine the parameters like storey displacements, storey shear, storey drift, time period, the following seismic analysis method will be adopted for the analysis purpose. The modelling of the buildings are done using ETABS software, following the codes IS 456-2000(part 1,2) and IS 1893- 2002(part1).Shear walls are designed as per IS 13920-1993 Clause 9.1.2 and their thickness is not less than 150mm. As per IS-1893:2002, Methods Adopted are:

      Equivalent Static Lateral Force (or) Seismic Coefficient Method: It deals with series of forces which are acting on high storey building to show the impact of an earthquake ground motion. This technique will not show much safer results in high scale areas of earthquake. As entire design base shear is computed, and then along height of the building it is distributed based as some simple methods appropriate for the regular distribution of building with stiffness and mass. Reliant upon the floor diaphragm action the obtained design lateral force at each floor then shall be distributed to the individual lateral load resisting element. This is allowable in most codes of practice for regular, low- to medium-rise buildings.

      Response Spectrum Method: It provides a technique for performing an Equilateral Static Lateral Analysis. Response Spectrum Analysis uses similar principle of Time History Analysis, only the variation is values obtained here are for maximum response. To find out forces, Peak displacement readings are more significant. Response spectra curves are the curves strategized between maximum responses of single degree of freedom system (SDOF) subjected to specified earthquake ground motion and its time period.

    2. MODELING OF BUILDING

      1. Details of The Building

        A symmetrical building of plan 30m X 30m located with location in zone IV, India is considered. Six bays of length 5m along X – direction and Six bays of length 5m along

        Y – direction are provided.

      2. Load Combinations

      As per IS Code 1893 (Part 1): 2002 Clause no. 6.3.1.2, the subsequent load cases have to be considered for analysis:

      1.5 (DL + IL)

      1.2 (DL + IL ± EL)

      1.5 (DL ± EL)

      0.9 DL ± 1.5 EL

      Earthquake load must be considered for X directions. Model 1: RCC Structure is considered as normal building Model 2: Model is considered floating columns structure (at ground floor).

      Model 3: Model is considered shear wall structure (shear wall at corner of building).

      Model 4: Model is considered both shear wall and floating column structure.

      Table 1-Geometric details of building.

      Dimension of Building

      30 m X 30 m

      No of Storys

      G+20

      Height of each storey

      3 m

      Bay Size

      5 m

      Column Size

      600 X 600 mm

      Beam Size

      300 X 450 mm

      Thickness of Slab

      150 mm

      Thickness of Shear wall

      200 mm

      Seismic Zone

      IV

      Zone Factor

      0.24

      Importance factor

      1

      Type of Soil

      Medium

      Imposed Load

      3 Kn/m2

      Floor Finish Load

      1.5 Kn/m2

      Wall Load on Beam

      9 Kn/m

      Grade of Concrete

      /td>

      M35

      Grade of Steel

      Fe500

      Figure 1 : Plan and Elevation of Normal Structure Model 1

      Figure 2 : Plan and Elevation of Floating Column Structure Model 2

      Figure 3 : Plan and 3D View of Shear Wall Structure Model 3

      Figure 4 : Plan and 3D View of FC and SW Structure Model 4

    3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

      1. Storey Displacements

        Displacement of storey relative to base of structure is called storey displacement. Most significant and most clearly evident point of contrast for structure is deflected shape. The displacements of building in different stories for all models have been compared. The results are taken for zone 4 with medium soil condition.

        Table 2 -Storey Displacement using Equivalent Static Method

        Chart 1

        Chart 1 represents the storey displacements v/s storey in X direction, zone IV for the combination of 1.2(DL+LL+EQX). Results will be critical and available from equivalent static method. Observing the results and chart comparing to normal building (model-I), the storey displacements is 6.8% increased in model II, decreased 30.11% in model III, decreased 26.58% in model IV.

        Table 3 -Storey Displacement using Response Spectrum method

        Chart 2

        Chart 2 represents the storey displacements v/s storey in X direction, zone IV for the combination of 1.2(DL+LL+RSX). Results will be critical and available from response spectrum method. Observing the results and chart comparing to normal building (model-I), the storey displacements is increased 8% in model II, decreased 46.32% in model III, decreased 38.22% in model IV.

      2. Storey Drift

        Displacement of one storey relative to other storey is called storey drift. The story drifts for all models have been compared.

        Table 4 -Storey Drift using Equivalent Static Method

        Chart 3

        Chart 3 represents the storey drifts v/s storey in X direction, zone IV for the combination of 1.2(DL+LL+EQX). Results will be critical and available from equivalent static method. Observing the results and chart comparing to normal building (model-I), the storey drifts is increased 6% in model II, decreased 28% in model III, decreased 22% in model IV.

        Table 5 -Storey Drift using Response Spectrum method

        Chart 4

        Chart 4 represents the storey drifts v/s storey in X direction, zone IV for the combination of 1.2(DL+LL+RSX). Results will be critical and available from response spectrum method. Observing the results and chart comparing to normal building (model-I), the storey drifts is increased 8% in model II, decreased 38% in model III, and decreased 32% in model IV.

      3. Storey Shear

        The design seismic strength to be applied at each floor level is called storey shear. It is the sum of design lateral forces at all levels above the storey under consideration.

        Table 6 -Storey Shear using Equivalent Static Method

        Chart 5

        Chart 5 represents the storey shears v/s storey in X direction, zone IV for the combination of 1.2(DL+LL+EQX). Results will be critical and available from equivalent static method. Observing the results and chart comparing to normal building (model-I), the storey shears is decreased 6% in model II, increased 28% in model III, increased 24% in model IV.

        Table 7 -Storey Shear using Response Spectrum method

        absence of floating column M3 shows maximum storey shear value in both static and response spectrum analysis, in presence of floating column at model M2 shows minimum shear values.

      4. Time Period

      Time Period : When a structure is excited by seismic forces, it starts to vibrate. The lowest natural frequency (f) of vibration of a structure corresponds to the longest time period(T) of vibration, as frequency and time period are inversely proportional.

      Table 8 -Time Period (sec)

      Time Period

      Time Period (Sec)

      Time Period (Sec)

      4

      3

      2

      1

      0

      1 2 3 4 5 6

      Modes

      Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4

      Chart 7

      Chart 7 represents the time period v/s first six modes of the models. Comparing all four models the time period of floating column building model 2 is greater than all four buildings.

      Chart 6

      Chart 6 represents the storey shears v/s storey in X direction, zone IV for the combination of 1.2(DL+LL+RSX). Results will be critical and available from response spectrum method. Observing the results and chart comparing to normal building (model-I), the storey shears is decreased 6.5% in model II, increased 28% in model III, and increased 24% in model IV. Storey shear, In

    4. CONCLUSIONS

      From linear static and dynamic analysis of building subjected to floating column and shear wall, following conclusions are drawn.

      1. Seismic analysis of G+20 storey structures is done by both equivalent static and response spectrum method to obtained the parameters storey displacements, storey shear, storey drift, time period for seismic zone IV.

      2. Considered the storey displacements comparing to model-I, increased 8% in model-II, decreased 46% in model III, decreased 38% in model IV. With increase in storey number displacement increase, that is from lower to higher storey displacement increase. The multi storey building with floating column undergoes large displacement than model having no floating column.

      3. Storey drift obtained from equivalent static method and

        response spectrum method, increased the storey drift 8% in model II, decreased 38% in model III, decreased 32% in model IV. Structure with shear wall and without floating column shows minimum storey drift while with floating column shows maximum storey drift.

      4. Storey shear obtained from equivalent static method and response spectrum method, decreased the storey shear 6.5% in model II, increased 28% in model III, increased 24% in model IV. Storey shear rate will be more for lower floors, than the higher floors due to the decrease in weight when we go from bottom to top floors.

      5. Compared all four structures the time period of floating column building model I,II is greater than all four models. 6.On comparison of the results obtained for each model, it is observed that the building with shear wall have lesser displacements and story drifts when compared with the floating column models. shear wall structure is better performances more strength comparing all models. The stiffness are increasing in the with shear wall in corner (L- shape) other than floating columns without shear wall.

    5. REFERENCES

  1. Hossam El-Sokkary, Khaled Galal Material Quantities of Reinforced Masonry versus Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls,,S,2020,27,767-779.

  2. Maneesh Ahirwar, Er. Rahul Satbhaiya Reliability Analysis of Multi-Storey Building with Floating Column by Staad.pro-V8i., HBRP,2020,3(1),1-9.

  3. Vishal N, Ramesh Kannan M, Keerthika LSeismic Analysis of Multi-Storey Irregular Building with Different Structural SystemsIJRTE,2020,8(6),3146-3155.

  4. Akshay Gujar, H.S. Jadhav Performance of Multi-story RCC structure with Floating Column.,IRJET,2019,06(03),7843-7847.

  5. Mr. Ankur vaidya, Mr. Shahayajali Sayyed A Research on Comparing the Seismic Effect on Shear wall building and Without- Shear Wall Building IRJET,2018,5(12),63-67.

  6. Kandukuri Sunitha, Mr. Kirankumar Reddy., Seismic Analysis of Multi-storey Building with Floating Column by using Tabs,IJETSR,2017,4(8),933-943.

  7. Vignesh Kini K, Dr. Rajeeva S V.Seismic Behaviour Of RC and STEEL-CONCRETE Composite Multi-Storey Building With Floating Columns With and Without Shear WallsIJRET,2017,6(6),104-111.

  8. Isha Rohilla, S. M. Gupta, Babita Saini., Seismic response of multistory irregular building with floating column, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology,IRJET,2015,4(3),506-518.

  9. IS 1893(PART-1)002 Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structure for seismic loads

  10. IS 875(PART-1)1987 Code of practice for design dead loads for building and structures

  11. IS 875(PART-2)1987 Code of practice for design imposed loads for building and structures

  12. S.K. Duggal (2007), Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, Oxford university press,YMCA library building Jai Singh road, New Delhi.

  13. S.S.Bhavikatti, (2005) Finite Element Analysis, New Age International (P) Ltd, Publishers,New Delhi.

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