 Open Access
 Total Downloads : 538
 Authors : Dr. Brijendra Kumar Singh, Himanshu Shekhar
 Paper ID : IJERTV2IS4470
 Volume & Issue : Volume 02, Issue 04 (April 2013)
 Published (First Online): 09042013
 ISSN (Online) : 22780181
 Publisher Name : IJERT
 License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Properties Of The Bilinear Concomitant Of A Matrix Differential Equation

Dr. Brijendra Kumar Singh, Department of Mathematics, J.P. University, Chapra,India

Himanshu Shekhar, Research Scholar
ABSTRACT: The problem considered in this article is an eigenvalue problem associated with a matrix differential operator. In a previous article the problem has been defined, existence theorem has been proved and the expression for bilinear concomitant has been obtained. In this article the properties of bilinear concomitant are proved which are useful in obtaining further results concerned with the eigenvalue expansion associated with the problem.
1. We have considered the Matrix Differential Equation
L = F . (1.1)
where
d Po d p r
dx dx
L =
r i d
dx

q
……. (1.2)
F = F11, F12
F21, F22
……………..(1.3)
v
v
and = u
..(1.4)
with proper conditions as given in the previous paper. The Bilinear Concomitant has been defined to be
P
u u'

u u iv v

….. (1.5)
j k
0 j k j k j k
Properties of the Bilinear Concomitant:
Theorem 1:
If j (x, ) and k (x, ) are two solutions of (1.2) for the same value of , then [j (x, ) k (x, )] in independent of x.
Proof:
Using Green's formula we have
x
x
2 T (x, ) L
(x, ) T (x, ) L
(x, )dx
x1 k
j j k
= j (x, )
(x, ) (x ) j (x, )
(x, ) (x )
k
2
k 1
Where a x1, x2 b, which with the help of (1.2) reduces to the form.
x
x
2 T (x, ) F
(x, ) T (x, ) F
(x, )dx
x1 k

j k
= j (x, )
(x, ) (x ) j (x, )
(x, ) (x )
…… (1.6)
k
2
k 1
Evidently, the relation T F T F
reduces (1.6) to

k k j
j (x, )
(x, ) (x ) j (x, )
(x, ) (x )
…… (1.7)
k
2
k 1
But x1, x2 are any two points in [a, b] such that (1.7) holds. This establishes the proof of the statement.
Remarks:

For brevity
j (x, ) (x, )
will be denoted by
j () j .
k
k
k

If j (x, ) and k (x, ) satisfy the conditions of theorem (1), then by the
representation
T L j T L d j , j (x, )
(x, )
is an integral


j k dx k k
function of independent of x where is real but
j is not necessarily
k
real.

With the help of (1.6), (1.7) and the Green's formula, we have
k
k
j
j
b (x, ) FT (x, )
a
= j (x, )
(x, ) (b) j (x, )
(x, ) (a)
…… (1.8)
k



Theorem 2:
j (x, ) k (x, ) k (x, ) j (x, )
Bar as usual denotes the complex conjugates. …… (1.9)
Proof:
The expression for bilinear concomitant and its conjugates, from (1.5) yields the result (1.9).
Corollary:
j (x, ) (x, ) is purely imaginary ……. (1.10)
k
This is evident from (1.9) by putting j = k.
Theorem 3:
j (x, ) (x, ) is a semi bilinear form which reads
k
j (x, ) k (x, )l (x, )
= j (x, ) (x, ) (x, ) (x, )
…… (1.11)
l k l
j (x, ) ( (x, ) (x, ))
k l
= j (x, )
(x, ) j (x, )
(x, )
…… (1.12)
k
and
j , j
…… (1.13)
k k
where and are constants real or complex.
The proofs are very simple.
References:

Singh, S.N., Chandra, Subhas,
On Existence Differential Equations, Proc. Math. Soc. B.H.U. Vol. 5, P. 194, Varanasi.

Ramadhar Prasad and Devnandan Sharma,
Existence and Uniqueness of Greens Matrix associated with a n x n matrix differential operator: Bulletine of Pure and Applied sciences. Vol. 16E (No. 1) 1997; P. 5559.

Lallu Prasad,
Fourier coefficients in a partial differential equation of fourth order, Ideal Research review Vol. 22, No. I, 11 June 2009.

Himanshu Shekhar and Brijendra Kumar Singh
Bilinear Concomitant and Greens Formula associated with a Matrix Differential Operator, To be published shortly.