- Open Access
- Authors : Nayana R, Chaithanya G, Meghana T, Narahari K S, Sushma M
- Paper ID : IJERTCONV10IS12018
- Volume & Issue : RTCSIT – 2022 (Volume 10 – Issue 12)
- Published (First Online): 03-09-2022
- ISSN (Online) : 2278-0181
- Publisher Name : IJERT
- License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Predictive Analysis for Big Mart Sales using Machine Learning Algorithms
Nayana R1, Chaithanya G2, Meghana T3, Narahari K S4, Sushma M5
1,2,3,4 CSE Department, Sri Krishna Institute of Technology, Blore-560090, India
5 Assistant Professor CSE Department, Sri Krishna Institute of Technology, Blore-560090, India
Abstract:- Currently, supermarket run-centers, Big Marts keep track of each individual item's sales data like item name, price, etc.. in order to Meet consumer demand and update inventory management. Anomalies and general trends are often discovered by mining the data warehouse's data store. For retailers like Big Mart, the resulting data can be used to forecast future sales volume using many machine learning techniques like big mart. A predictive model was developed using Xgboost, Linear regression, Polynomial regression, and Ridge regression techniques for forecasting the sales of a business such as Big -Mart, and it was discovered that the model outperforms existing models.
Keywords: Linear Regression, Polynomial Regression, Ridge Regression, Xgboost Regression .
Everyday competitiveness between various shopping centers and huge marts is becoming higher intense, violent just because of the quick development of global malls also online shopping. Each market offer personalized and limited-time deals to attract many clients relying on period of time, so that each item's volume of sales may be estimated for the organization's stock control, transportation and logistical services. The current machine learning algorithm is very advanced and provides Various methods for predicting or forecasting sales of any kind of organization, extremely beneficial to overcome low priced used for prediction.
The dataset built with various dependent and independent variables is a composite form of item attributes, data gathered by means of customer, and also data related to inventory management in a data warehouse. The data is thereafter refined in order to get accurate predictions and gather new as well as interesting results with respect to the tasks data.
This can then further be used for forecasting future sales by machine learning algorithms such as the random forests and simple or multiple linear regression model.
There has been an increasing demand in the e-commerce market for refurbished products across India during the last decade. Despite these demands, there has been very little research done in this domain. The real-world business environment, market factors, and varying customer behavior of the online market are often ignored in the conventional statistical models evaluated by existing research work. In this paper, we do an extensive analysis of the Indian e-commerce market using the data-mining approach for the prediction of demand for refurbished electronics. The impact of the real-
world factors on the demand and the variables are also analyzed. Real-world datasets from three random e-commerce websites are considered for analysis. Data accumulation, processing, and validation are carried out by means of efficient algorithms. Based on the results of this analysis, it is evident that highly accurate predictions can be made with the proposed approach despite the impacts of varying customer behavior and market factors. The results of the analysis are represented graphically and can be used for further analysis of the market and launch of new products.
In 2019 Wang, Haoxian Combination of Green supply chain management, green product deletion decision, and green cradle-to-cradle performance evaluation with Adaptive-Neuro- Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) to create a green system. Several factors like the design process, client specification, computational intelligence, and soft computing are analyzed and emphasis is given on solving problems of the real domain. In this paper, the consumer electronics and smart systems that produce nonlinear outputs are considered. ANFIS is used for handling these nonlinear outputs and offers sustainable development and management. This system offers decision making considering multiple objectives and optimizing multiple outputs. The system also provides efficient control performance and faster data transfer.
A Forecast for Big Mart Sales Based on Random Forests and Multiple Linear Regression used Random Forest and Linear Regression for prediction analysis which gives less accuracy. To overcome this, we can use XG boost Algorithm which will give more accuracy and will be more efficient.
Comparison of Different Machine Learning Algorithms for Multiple Regression on Black Friday Sales Data Used Neural Network for comparison of different algorithms. To overcome this Complex model like neural networks are used for comparison between different algorithms which is not efficient so we can use the simpler algorithm for prediction.
This paper presents a case study concerning the forecasting of monthly retail time-series recorded by the US Census Bureau from 1992 to 2016. The modeling problem is tackled in two steps. First, original time series are de-trended by using a moving window averaging approach. Subsequently, the residual time series are modeled by Non-linear Auto- Regressive (NAR) models, by using both Neuro-Fuzzy and Feed-Forward Neural Networks approaches. The goodness of the forecasting models is objectively assessed by calculating the bias, the MAE, and the RMSE errors. Finally, the model
skill index is calculated considering the traditional persistent model as a reference. Results show that there is a convenience in using the proposed approaches, compared to the reference one.
In 2015 Xinqing Shu, Pan Wang Boosting is one of the algorithms which can boost the accuracy of weak classifiers, and Adaboost has been widely and successfully applied to classification, detection, and data mining problems. In this paper, a new method of calculating parameters, Adaboost-AC, which uses the accelerated good fitness function to acquire the weights of the weak classifiers is presented. The new algorithm is compared with the traditional Adaboost based on the UCI database and its promising performance is shown by the experimental results.
Das, P., Chaudhury Prediction of retail sales of footwear using feedforward and recurrent Neural Networks (2018) Prediction of retail sales of footwear using feedforward and recurrent neural networks used neural networks for prediction of sales. Using the neural network for predicting weekly retail sales, which is not efficient, So XG boost can work efficiently.
Makridakis,S., Wheelwrigh.S.C., Hyndman. R.J Forecasting methods and applications (2008) Forecasting methods and applications contain a Lack of Data and short life cycles. So, some of the data like historical data, consumer- oriented markets face uncertain demands, can be a prediction for an accurate result.
In 2012 O. Ajao Isaac, A. Abdullahi Adedeji, I. Raji Ismail Regression analysis is used across business fields for tasks as diverse as systematic risk estimation, production and operations management, and statistical inference. This paper presents the cubic polynomial least square regression as a robust alternative method of making cost prediction in business rather than the usual linear regression. The study reveals that polynomial regression is a better alternative with a very high coefficient of determination.
In 2013 X. Yua, Z. Qi, Y. Zhao Advances in information technologies have changed our lives in many ways. There is a trend that people look for news and stories on the internet. Under this circumsance, it is more urgent for traditional media companies to predict print's sales than ever. Previous approaches in newspapers/magazines sales forecasting are mainly focused on building regression models based on sample data sets. But such regression models can suffer from the over- fitting problem. Recent theoretical studies in statistics proposed a novel method, namely support vector regression (SVR), to overcome the over-fitting problem. This study, therefore, applied support vector regression to the newspaper/magazines sales forecasting problem. The experiment showed that SVR is a superior method.
Build a fragmented plot.1) a linear or non-linear pattern of data and 2) a variance (outliers). Consider a transformation if the marking isn't linear. If this is the case, outsiders, it can suggest only eliminating them if there is a non-statistical
justification. Link the data to the least squares line and confirm the model assumptions using the residual plot and the normal probability plot .A transformation might be necessary if the assumptions made do not appear to be met.
Linear regression formulas look like this: Y=o1x1+ o2x2+ onxn
Polynomial Regression Algorithm:
Polynomial Regression is a relapse calculation that modules the relationship here among dependent(y) and the autonomous variable(x) in light of the fact that as most extreme limit polynomial.
The condition for polynomial relapse is given beneath: y= b0+b1x1+ b2x12+ b2x13+…… bnx1n
Ridge regression is a model tuning tool used to evaluate any data that suffers from multicollinearity. This method performs the L2 regularization procedure. When multicollinearity issues arise, the least squares are unbiased and the variances are high, resulting in the expected values being far removed from the actual values. Min(||Y X(theta)||^2 + ||theta||^2)
The usual regression equation forms the base which is written as: Y = XB + e
Extreme Gradient Boosting is same but much more effective to the gradient boosting system. It has both a linear model solver and a tree algorithm. Which permits xgboost in any event multiple times quicker than current slope boosting executions. It underpins various target capacities, including relapse, order and rating. As "xgboost" is extremely high in prescient force however generally delayed with organization, it is appropriate for some rivalries.
For building a model to predict accurate results the dataset of Big Mart sales undergoes several sequence of steps as mentioned in Figure 1 and in this work we propose a model using Xgboost technique. Every step plays a vital role for building the proposed model. After preprocessing and lling missing values, we used ensemble classier using Decision trees, Linear regression, Ridge regression, Random forest and Xgboost. Both MAE and RSME are used as accuracy metrics for predicting the sales in Big Mart. From the accuracy metrics it was found that the model will predict best using minimum MAE and RSME.
Figure 1: Architecture of the System
Big Mart Sales Prediction
Item dentifier tem eight Item FatContent temVisibility Item ype
Item MRP utlet dentifier
Outlet Establishment Year :
utletSize Outlet LocationType
Outlet Type : Choose Outlet Type
Figure 2: Big Mart Sales Prediction
Result Analysis Items Count Plot
Metrics – MAE Score
Metrics – MSE Score
Metrics – RMSE Score
Figure 3: Result Analysis
In this project, the effectiveness of various algorithms on the data on revenue and review of, best performance-algorithm, here propose a software to using regression approach for predicting the sales centered on sales data from the past the accuracy of linear regression prediction can be enhanced with this method, polynomial regression, Ridge regression, and Xgboost regression can be determined. So, we can conclude ridge and Xgboost regression gives a better prediction with respect to Accuracy, MAE, and RMSE than the Linear and polynomial regression approaches.
We would like to thank Assistant Professor Sushma M for his valuable suggestion, expert advice and moral support in the process of preparing this paper.
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