Planning of New Municipal Bus Terminal, Pandalam

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Planning of New Municipal Bus Terminal, Pandalam

Bismi M Buhari1, Alan Varghese2, Bibin Babu3, Gokulkrishnan R4, Raveena R Nair5

1Asst. Professor,

2345 Student Civil Department,

Musaliar College of Engineering & Technology, Pathanamthitta.

Abstract-Pandalam being a fastly growing town, faces serious traffic congestion problems. The present scenario at the existing bus station at Pandalam faces lack of basic amenities

,traffic congestion problems, lack of proper parking facilities for passenger vehicles,improper parking of buses etc . Inorder to overcome this situation, it is required to suggest a new location for the bus terminal based on the studies.This study aims at the implementation of modern facilities and proposing a best way to tackle the present traffic congestion.

Keywords: Bus count survey, Reconnaissance survey, Traffic volume survey, Pedestrian survey.

  1. INTRODUCTION

    The present study at Pandalam bus station focuses on the planning of new bus terminal at proposed site. The existing bus station lacks basic facilities and poses serious traffic congestion problems due to the entry and exit of buses, which accelerate the traffic block in road. By taking these problems into consideration ,it has been decided to shift the bus stand to a new proposed site.For this purpose various traffic surveys are conducted and new plans are proposed.

  2. OBJECTIVES

    • Identification and studying the present scenario at Pandalam bus station and planning a new one.

    • Conduct traffic survey.

    • Collect necessary datas required for the planning.

    • Tackle the problem of traffic congestion, to increase the easiness of passengers, to provide better platform facilities, to make the passenger movement safe and better.

  3. LIMITATIONS

    The traffic surveys conducted at the site was during the peak hours of the day due to heavy crowd and traffic. Thus accurate datas may be lacking.

  4. SCOPE

  5. STUDY OF PRESENT SITUATION AT EXISTING BUS STATION

    1. General

      Pandalam is a fastly growing town located at Adoor Taluk of Pathanamthitta district, Kerala. As per census 2011, Pandalam town has a population of 49099 and a population density of 1700 per sq.km.

      Fig 1. Location and congestion infront of present bus stand.

    2. Bus Count Survey

      The bus count survey is conducted at the present bus stand on 16/09/2019. It is conducted to find out the no. of buses passing per hour. The survey started from 6am-6pm. It is found that an average of 30 buses passing per hour.

      Bus count study

      No. of buses

      No. of buses

      40

      30

      20

      10

      To conduct necessary studies regarding the planning of new bus terminal and thereby reducing the problem of traffic congestion and providing sufficient basic facilities. This also helps in improving the overall efficiency of the area adjoining the bus stand.

      0

      06-07 am

      08-09 am

      10-11 am

      12-01pm

      02-03pm

      04-05pm

      06-07 am

      08-09 am

      10-11 am

      12-01pm

      02-03pm

      04-05pm

      Timing

      No. of buses

      passing per hour

      Fig.2 Timing v/s No. of buses

    3. Condition of Present Bus

    There is a traffic congestion in front of the bus stand due to the entry and exit of buses, which affects the whole traffic system. Due to this the safe movement of the passengers were restricted. The entrance and exit for passengers are not separately provided, so the possibilities of accident is more. Lack of toilet facilities is another major problem. The platform facilities are not present now.

    20/07/2019 a holiday. No. of vehicles in each hour are estimated. Vehicles are categorized as one wheeler, two wheeler, three wheeler, four wheeler and heavy vehicles. Average no. of vehicles are calculated. The average peak hours were identified as 9-10 am and 3-4 pm.

    TABLE I. AVERAGE TRAFFIC VOLUME

    Timings

    Two wheeler

    Three wheeler

    Four wheeler

    Heavy vehicles

    Total no. of vehicles.

    06-07am

    102

    67

    66

    28

    263

    07-08am

    232

    105

    85

    52

    473

    08-09am

    537

    277

    265

    105

    1183

    09-10am

    510

    319

    314

    142

    1273

    10-11am

    493

    306

    317

    123

    1239

    11-12pm

    470

    322

    324

    120

    1235

    12-01pm

    451

    282

    260

    102

    1094

    01-02pm

    472

    310

    342

    98

    1220

    02-03pm

    503

    299

    326

    128

    1255

    03-04pm

    534

    322

    346

    112

    1313

    04-05pm

    537

    307

    322

    100

    1265

    05-06pm

    331

    255

    272

    87

    944

    Average traffic volume

    Fig.3 Entrance and exit of buses.

  6. STUDY FOR PROPOSED BUS TERMINAL

    1. Reconnaissance Survey

      The location of new bus stand was identified. Location is near KSRTC bus station Pandalam. Reconnaissance survey at the proposed site is conducted. The area was identified to be marshy. The approximate area was estimated to be 1.2 acres. The boundary points were also identified. The new plot is facing towards newly proposed bypass road.

      1400

      No. of vehicles passing

      No. of vehicles passing

      1200

      1000

      800

      600

      400

      200

      0

      Timing

      Fig.5 Average Traffic Volume

      average traffic volume

      Fig.4 Plot for proposed bus terminal.

    2. Traffic Volume Study

      It is to determine the volume of traffic moving on roadways. This study was conducted infront of present bus stand. It was conducted on 17/ 07/2019 a working day and

    3. Parked Vehicle Survey.

      The parked vehicle survey is conducted on different days. The vehicles are categorized as 2-wheelers, 3-wheelers and 4-wheelers. Parking of vehicles at each hour is taken and an average no. of parked vehicles is showed in TABLE 2.

      TABLE 2. AVERAGE NO. OF PARKED VEHICLES

      Type of vehicles

      Average no. of vehicles parked.

      2-Wheeler

      85

      3-Wheeler

      27

      4-Wheeler

      7

      Percentage

      Percentage

      6%

      6%

      23%

      1. wheelers

      2. wheelers

      3. wheelers

      23%

      1. wheelers

      2. wheelers

      3. wheelers

      71%

      71%

      Fig.6 Percentage of vehicles parked.

    4. Pedestrian Survey

      The pedestrian survey is conducted at the entry and exit of present bus stand. The survey is conducted in different days. The average value obtained is shown in Table 3.

      TABLE 3. AVERAGE PEDESTRIAN FLOW

      Timing

      No. Of pedestrians

      8-9 am

      92

      9-10 am

      312

      10-11am

      340

      11-12am

      300

      12-1 pm

      224

      1-2pm

      172

      2-3 pm

      116

      3-4 pm

      348

      4-5pm

      288

      5-6 pm

      256

  7. PREPARATION OF PLAN

    The plan is prepared on the basis of the Kerala Municipal Building Rule. According to it the following are planned.

      • Minimum side clearance for the building as per KMBR is 1m and 1.5m .

      • Minimum distance between plot boundary and

        road is 3m for NH, SH, district roads and 2m for other roads.

      • Area of parking space for motor cars should be minimum 15m2 and length of parking bay should be minimum 5.5m.

      • The minimum area of assembly buildings should be 200 sq.m.

      • The minimum width of verandah should be 1.5m.

      • The minimum area of latrine and bathroom should not be less than 1.1m2 and 1.5m2 resp.

      • The height of latrine or bathroom should not be

    less than 2.2m.

    • The max gradient of ramp provided should not be more than 1 in 12 and min width should be 120cm.

    • The roof adopted for terminal building and toilet complex is concrete roof.

    • Roof for bus terminal platform is shell type roof.

      Fig.7 Plan of proposed bus terminal

  8. CONCLUSION

  • The present situation at the existing bus station is thoroughly studied and the problems causing the traffic congestion at Pandalam junction is identified.

  • The surveys conducted are traffic volume study, pedestrian survey, bus count analysis and parked vehicle survey.

  • The solutions to tackle this situation is to shift

the present bus station to a new site and planning it accordingly in an efficient manner.

REFERENCES

  1. Abin C Idicula; Elizabeth Joseph;,Improvisation of Nagampadam Bus Terminal, IJSTE, vol:3,issue:01,2016.

  2. Agarwal P.K; Singh A.P; Performance improvement of urban bus system: issues and Solutions, IJEST, Vol:02, 4759- 4766,2010.

  3. Azhar Al Mudhaffar; Albania Nissan; Karl Lennart Bang; Bus stop and bus terminal capacity,Transport Research Procedia 1762-1771,2016.

  4. Jay S Pandya; Yogesh Patel; Redesign of of Gandhinagar bus terminal a case study, IJRET, Vol. 05 issue:01,2018.

  5. Kerala Municipal Building Rules 2019.

  6. Reena Kuruvila; Sreekumar R; Redesign of existing private bus terminal at Kothamangalam, IRJET, Vol:05, issue: 03,2018.

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