Introducing Total Productive Maintenance on OKK-1 MCV 820

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Introducing Total Productive Maintenance on OKK-1 MCV 820

Prem Chand R

Mtech Machine Design T.John Institute Of Technology

Bangalore, India

Bommanna K

Assistant Professor T.John Institute Of Technology

Bangalore, India

Abstract Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is a maintenance program which involves a newly defined concept for maintaining plants and equipment. The goal of the TPM program is to markedly increase production while, at the same time, increasing employee morale and job satisfaction. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) has been recognized as one of the significant operation strategy to regain the production losses due to equipment inefficiency. Many organizations have implemented TPM to improve their equipment efficiency and to obtain the competitive advantage in the global market in terms of cost and quality. In the implementation of TPM in a manufacturing organization, both Human-oriented and Process- oriented Strategy has been identified as critical success factors. The above studies focuses on the two TPM operational strategies which are posted, will improve the extent of TPM implementation in manufacturing organizations. The purpose of this report is to analyze and develop the importance of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) and critical performance indicators availability, performance and quality. In the early 1990s, OEE was bounded only as measurement tool for Total Productive Maintenance (TPM), but now it is viewed as a standalone tool for measuring true performance of the production in any department or organization. This report systematically categorizes the literature, case studies and findings with respect to OEE and its factors, and then analyzes and reviews it methodically. It seeks to highlight the implementation practices adopted by large enterprises. In later chapters, the approaches, results and evaluation of the reason behind failure of the OEE programs has been mentioned. Finally, best efforts have been made to sum up the ideal system for OEE, practical problems and theories from researchers and practitioners in comparison to real world industrial inefficiencies. The study clearly reveals that successful utilization of OEE measurements and its key performance indicators can facilitate the manufacturing organizations chase for achieving performance goals leading to competitive advantage.

Key terms- CNC, Total Productive Maintenance, Overall Equipment Effectiveness, etc .

  1. INTRODUCTION

    CNC automation facilitates higher levels of precision in the machining process as well as closer tolerances and better repeatability. Production manufacturers as well as custom machine shops benefit from the higher control and speed of the precision machining made possible through CNC technology.

    The CNC milling machine performs complex operations quickly and efficiently whether for slot cutting,

    planning, drilling, milling, etc. The most basic form of CNC milling machine utilizes a rotating cutter, also called an end mill, which rotates around a spindle axis, and a worktable capable of moving in multiple dimensions around the part being machined view examples of DMPs CNC milled parts.

    State-of-the-art CNC milling machines perform complex precision machining operations through relatively simple processes that include slot cutting, drilling, threading, milling, and more. With CNC machining, DMP has dramatically decreased the frequency of manual errors as well as the time required to alter a machine to produce specific parts. DMPs commitment to technology results in shorter runs and faster turnaround as well as greater flexibility in how a part is positioned during the machining process. Today, CNC milling operators use files created by CAM software, which allows assembly to run directly from design to manufacturing. The result is consistency in dimension, shape, and size for the entire job, regardless of volume.

      1. WORKING

        As a milling technique, CNC functions via a design that is specified on a computer with cad tools. This technique uses a computer program written in a notation called G-code. During CNC milling, the computer translates the design into instructions on how the drill needs to move to create desired shape. The drill moves up and down or can tilt at an angle, while the table typically moves the part laterally.

        The language of computer numerical control specifies the movements that the drill and table must make. Because CNC technology utilizes advanced high performance software programs, a greater degree of accuracy is achieved. High spindle speed serves two advantages: first, CNC milling provides shorter production times due to fast digital servo control and high spindle speeds as well as optimum tools and accessories. Second, through a precision drive system and high frequency spindle speeds; these centres are ideal for high-speed machining.

      2. SPECIFICATION OF OKK-1, 3-AXIS MCV 820

    Figure 1.1 OKK-1 MCV 820

    Make OKK, JAPAN

    Year of installation May 1985

    Total cost 47 lakhs

    Features

    Spindle taper BT-50

    Type Vertical Single Spindle 30700 LS ATC

    X stroke (mm) 1600

    Y stroke (mm) 820

    Z stoke (mm) 720

    Speed (rpm)

    Minimum 30

    Maximum 3000

    Feed (mm/m)

    Minimum 1

    Maximum 12000

    Control system

    Type Fanuc 6MB

    Make Fanuc JAPAN

    Major components

    Steel, titanium & light alloys component like flap, truck, slat truck, brackets, bell cranks, beams etc.

  2. METHODOLOGY The work is carried in the following steps

    1. ATC is not working

      If the ATC is not working changing of tool will take more time this should be operated by operator. The operator work will be depends on his skills.

    2. Replacement of bellows

      Replacement of bellows should be done because the chips will be block the sliding ways. Due to that the motion of the sliding ways will be strucked and therefore the

      accuracy of the product will be reduced and also breakdown of machine takes place.

    3. Working lamp to be changed

      Lamp to be changed, because in working condition the visibility of the tool and coolant not up to the requirement so changing of lamp is necessary.

    4. When power failure occurs Z -axis coming down and datum is shifting to Y-axis

      Due to misalignment gears in the existing OKK 1 MCV820 CNC

    5. Rapid movements switch to be provided.

      Rapid movements of switch because to control the programming to procurement action to be taken.

    6. Origin option is not available

      In OKK 1 MCV 820 machine there is no origin option example drilling of component we need the origin. In this machine we are using in the absolute method for programming when we using in incremental method we need the origin therefore the origin option should be placed in this machine.

    7. Change of stabilizer is required.

      The change of stabilizer is required, because to avoid the fluctuations of power, if not there is a chance of breakdown of machine.

    8. Y axis getting sound while rapidly moving

      Because improper connection of cables, and lubrication oil

    9. Spindle neutral is not working

      For operation the spindle we need a neutral switch because while running in higher rpm or speed suddenly reduce to zero the neutral switch will be operated.

    10. MCB Problems. (Master Circuit Breaker)

      Due to this the loss of power takes place and there will be cut-off of current.

    11. Tool offset not activating

      Tool offset is not activating in our machine because in other machine while programming we can vary the offset and in the machine it should be done in manually so time taken to offset of tool will take more time. So we need as offset option.

    12. During M0, spindle is running in idle.

    If not the tool is not running according to the reference point due to this the required model is not occurred.

  3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

      1. ACTION PLAN OF TPM ON OKK-1 MACHINE

        Table 1: Action plan

        ACTIVI TIES:

        PREPARATION FOR TPM

        1

        Nomination of operators.

        2

        Nomination Of Maintenance Technicians.

        3

        Name of responsible shop incharge.

        4

        Name of responsible maintenance incharge.

        5

        Meeting about TPM awareness and implementation with operators and maintenance technicians (for awareness among the operators and technicians).

        6

        Identification and list out of existing and repetitive problems.

        7

        Action plan for the exiting problem.

        8

        Action plan for the repetitive problems with root cause analysis.

        9

        Procurement of general consumable spares required during maintenance.

        10

        Arrangements of TPM board and stand.

        11

        Procurement of tags and hooks.

        12

        Preparations of TPM display board.

        13

        Preparation of records.

        14

        Breakdowns register with standard format.

        15

        History book.

        16

        Condition monitoring register with standard format.

        17

        Preparation of check list (daily/weekly/monthly).

        18

        Identification of required spares with the operational and visual inspection.

        19

        Tagging of the problem area.

        20

        Preparation of list of critical and consumable spares.

        21

        Action plan for procurement of spares and consumables.

        22

        Review meeting regarding the status of all above work and finalization of date to start TPM.

      2. DAILY CHECKING ACTIVITIES

        1. Check for air leakage.

          If the air leakage occurs due to this the pressure going to decrease hence it is unable to clean the chips which all formed on the work piece.

        2. Check lubrication oil level and pressure

          Due to this movement of the machine parts will going to struck because of improper lubrication the working condition of the machine will comes to improper condition without lubrication oil the friction will occurs due to that the machine will get vibration. Tool holding capacity will decrease due to pressure drop.

        3. check for proper lubrication (2)

        4. Check sliding protecting cover condition

          This protecting cover will oppose the struck and problems occurred in the guide ways due to chip. Due to this chip it will going to effect on operator also.

        5. Check hydraulic pressure

          The tools will hold due to the hydraulic pressure

          .without threading due to this the time consumption will less

          ,because it is automatic process due to this manual operation will be avoid

        6. Check for hydraulic oil level and top up (2) and (3) 7 Check for hydraulic oil leakages and rectification

        If there is oil leakage due to this oil level will going to reduce. Due to continuous leakage of oil the oil tank become empty. Then definitely problems will occurs in machine.

        1. Check coolant level and concentration

          Coolant will acts as a very important in the machine. Because which is used to reduce the heat occurred in machine parts. Concentration is mixture of coolant and water. With the ratio of 1:40 to check this concentration the HAND HELD REFRACTOMETER is used.

        2. Check for coolant leakage

          Already this problem is more in OKK machine by this problem the heat of the machine tool is continuously increasing and reaches in danger zone.

        3. Check proper oil flow to gear train

          If proper oil flow is there means the motion of gear train will be good, otherwise it will effect on gear train. There is a chance of struck in motion of the gear train

        4. Inspect spindle noise in different rpm

          Speed of the spindle is very important in machine because due to high speed the noise will occurs and so we shows maintain the required speed

        5. Inspect the clamping and declamping pressure

          The clamping and declamping of machine tool is very important during the running of machine if the sudden declamping occur means it is very dangerous and its effects on machine. The clamping and declamping should be proper manner.

        6. Inspect noise in axis movements

          Actually this noise in commonly occurred in Y axis because of movement of bed in vertical direction this is major problem due to this there is a chances of breakdown the tool.

        7. Inspect spindle run out and Z axis drop with dial indicator

          The motion of the Z axis must be checked before the working condition.

        8. Check functionality of work lamp

          For invisibility of work piece the work lamp must be required during the working condition. Because of initially preparation like tool adjustment.

        9. Inspect cable damage

          If there is cable damage there is a chance of shock circuit and supply of program to the monitor to check.

        10. Cleaning of panel AC fans

          To cool the circuit inside the machine the AC fans will required.

        11. Check the panel AC fan working condition

        We should check the condition of AC fans because it reduces the shock circuit occurred inside the machine due to the heat of machine.

      3. OVERALL EQUIPMENT EFFECTIVENESS FOR THE MACHINE AFTER INTRODUCING TPM

        Table 2:

        MONTH

        MACHINE AVAILABLE (HOURS)

        MACHINE BREAKDOW N (HOURS)

        TARGET (%)

        AVAILABILITY (%)

        FEB

        525

        25

        99.9

        95.2

        MAR

        515

        15

        99.9

        97.08

        APR

        510

        10

        99.9

        98

        Figure1: Machine Availability

        Table 3: Quality of the machine after TPM

        Sl. No

        Month

        Total Output Achieved (Hrs)

        Lost In (Hrs)

        Acceptance Quality (%)

        1

        FEB

        500

        15

        97

        2

        MAR

        500

        12

        97.6

        3

        APR

        500

        10

        98

        Figure 2: quality acceptance

        Table 4: Norms achieved after TPM

        SL.NO.

        MONTH

        NORMS

        ACHIEVED

        1

        FEB

        0.7

        0.65

        2

        MAR

        0.7

        0.59

        3

        APR

        0.7

        0.55

        Figure 4: OEE after TPM

        Hence,

        Availbility=95.2%

        Performance=88.7%

        Quality = 97%

        Figure 3: rejection rate

      4. DETERMINATION OF OVERALL EQUIPMENT EFFECTIVENESS AFTER TPM

        Table 5: OEE after TPM

        Sl. No

        Month

        Availability (%)

        Performance (%)

        Quality (%)

        OEE (%)

        1

        FEB

        95.2

        88.7

        97

        81.9

        2

        MAR

        97.8

        89.9

        97.6

        85.8

        3

        APR

        98.6

        91.2

        98

        88.1

        Hence,

        OEE = 81.9%

        TE 90

        TE 90

      5. COMPARISSION OF MACHINE AVAILABILITY

    Target V/S Machine Availability

    Target V/S Machine Availability

    105

    TARGET

    105

    TARGET

    100

    ) 95

    %(

    AVAILA

    BILITY

    100

    ) 95

    %(

    AVAILA

    BILITY

    G

    T 85

    80

    75

    Y E YL PE T

    V CE N

    G

    T 85

    80

    75

    Y E YL PE T

    V CE N

    AR

    AR

    R

    R

    P A

    P A

    A

    A

    G

    G

    M UJ

    M UJ

    N

    N

    U S

    U S

    J A

    J A

    U

    U

    C

    C

    O N

    O N

    O AJ

    O AJ

    D

    D

    Figure 6: machine availability before TPM

    Figure 7: machine availability after TPM

    In the above graphs the machine utilization before implementing TPM in OKK-1 MCV 820 was 87.5% from the period of 10 months that is April 2013 to Jan 2014 and after the implementation of TPM in OKK-1 MCV 820 the machine utilization is 96.5% in the period of February and March. The machine utilization increased after implementing TPM by 9%. And the availability and the performance of OKK-1 is increased.

    Before TPM

    AFTER TPM

    after implementing TPM on OKK-1 MCV 820 the average rejection rate 0.62% in the period of February and march. And the target norms is 0.7%, the rejection rate reduced in OKK-1 MCV 820 after implementing TPM.

  4. CONCLUSION

    A manufacturing facility has been studied and analyzed to study TPM implementation methodology, calculations of OEE, difficulties in implementation, the roadmap followed and key benefits as a result of TPM implementation. In the case study firm, there have been attempts by management and the maintenance workers to involve the production people in basic maintenance work. But success has been limited for reasons discussed earlier, with negative effects. The study reveals that successful implementation of TPM requires top management support and commitment, a greater sense of ownership and responsibility from operators, co- operation and involvement of both operators and maintenance workers and an attitude change from "not my job" to "this is what I can do to help The study shows how TPM significantly contribute to improve the productivity, quality, safety and morale of workforce. In case company, if there was any practice of TPM and team working between the maintenance and production people, this practice only existed informally, based upon personal relationship rather than taking it as TPM initiative. The study reveals the need for a more proactive approach to maintenance management and greater integration between maintenance and production departments. In the case company, the driving force came mainly from the maintenance department, which was keen to transfer some of basic maintenance tasks to their production fellows. But production operators resisted towards these changes as they have productivity pressure from middle management and they treat it as an additional workload. The study shows that implementing TPM is by no means an easy task without strong backup from the top management.

    Before implementing TPM on the OKK-1 MCV 820 the Availability, Performance, Quality of the products and the machine was less and we calculated the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) of the OKK-1 MCV 820, the OEE in the periods of 10 months that is April 2013 to January 2014 was found that 65.73% because of the problems in OKK-1 MCV 820 the overall equipment effectiveness of the machine was less.

    Figure 8: Comparison of rejection rate before and after TPM

    In the above graphs before implementing TPM on OKK-1 MCV 820, the average rejection rate in the period of 10 months that is April 2013 to January 2014 is 1.423% and

    We introduced total productive maintenance (TPM) on the OKK-1 MCV 820.After implementing total productive maintenance on OKK-1 MCV 820 the availability, performance, quality of the products and the machine is increased. The overall equipment effectiveness after implementing TPM is found that 81.90% in the period of February and March 2014 and the OEE is increased by 12.17% after implementing total productive maintenance.

  5. REFERENCES

  1. Shamsuddin Ahmed and Masjuki Hj Hassan Action Plans for Implementation of Total Productive Maintenance Faculty of Engineering, University Of Malaya, Malaysia

  2. M.G.S. Dilanthi International Journal of Education and Research Volume 1, pp 293-295 No. 4 April 2013

  3. Gautam Kocher, Ravinder Kumar, Amandeep Singh and Sukhchain Singh Dhillon, International Journal on Emerging Technologies Volume 3, pp 41-47 (2012).

  4. Patterson, J.W. (1996), Adapting Total Productive Maintenance to Asten, Inc., Production and Inventory Management Journal, Volume 37, No. 4, pp. 32-37.

  5. Fang lee Cooke, (2000), International Journal of Quality and Reliability Management Volume. 7, No 9, pp. 1003-1016.

  6. I.P.S. Ahuja, Pankaj Kumar (2009), A Case Study of Total Productive Maintenance Implementation At Precision Tube Mills, Journal of Quality in Maintenance, Volume. 15, No. 3, pp. 241-258.

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  8. Ljungberg, O. (1998), “Measurement of overall equipment effectiveness as a basis for TPM activities, International Journal

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  9. Kamran Shahanaghi , Seyed Ahmad Yazdian, Analyzing the effects of implementation of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) in the manufacturing companies: a system dynamics approach, World Journal of Modelling and Simulation Volume.5, 2009, No. 2, pp. 120-129

  10. Ismail Samir Mostafa, Implementation of proactive maintenance in the Egyptian Glass Company, Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, Volume 10, No 2, pp. 107-122.

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