Intelligent Traffic Control System

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTCONV8IS14057

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Intelligent Traffic Control System

(traffic system)

Vidya R

Dept. of electronics and communication Sri Siddhartha institute of technology, Tumkur, India

Lidiya Amruth

Dept. of electronics and communication Sri Siddhartha institute of technology Tumkur, India

Abstract The number of vehicles is slowly increasing day by day all over the world. Vehicles are also increasing in the major cities of India. This result increasing in huge traffic congestion at a faster rate. Due to which the citizen of metropolitan area is wasting a huge amount of time. Congestion slows the speed, longer the trip times and increases queuing characterize traffic congestion. This leads the drivers to get frustrated and engaging in road fury, these conditions may affect the patients in the ambulance if they are not taken to the hospital on time.

Keywords Traffic Congestion control, Traffic control, Emergency vehicle clearance, Ambulance clearance, stolen vehicle detection


    As industrialization and urban area population are increasing, the numbers of vehicles on road are also increasing. This is the main reason for traffic problems. One of the major problems faced by people today is traffic. The problems caused due to traffic congestion are heavy traffic jams, long waiting times, breaking of rules, time delay, waste economy, loss of energy & economy etc. intelligent traffic control system is required for efficient traffic control system. There are some problems due to traffic light Controller as mentioned above. The traffic roads in India is not linear based and messy. Therefore, it requires a different solution that is unique from developed countries. Intelligent traffic management can minimize the influence of traffic density. In past days, to provide cost effective option wireless networks were widely used. GPS, RFID, GSM and IR sensor technologies can be used to provide cost effective solutions in traffic control.


    A. Intelligent trafc control system aims to achieve trafc efciency by minimizing trafc problems.

    Stolen vehicles can easily be detected using RFID based vehicle positioning. When such vehicle passes a trafc junction, the location of stolen vehicle is sent to the owner through SMS.

    The ambulance clearance system is to control the trafc and to allow an ambulance to arrive at a particular location without stopping anywhere until the destination is reached


    S.Sundara Mahalingam et al. [1] the main reasons for growing number of vehicles are rise in number of vehicles, improper facility and the unreasonable distribution of the development. Due to increase in population the number of vehicles also increase, which leads to congestion and causes loss of economy. By using IR sensor density of road is calculated.

    1. Abbreviations and Acronyms

      GPS-Global positioning system

      GSM-global system for mobile communication LED-light emitting diode


      LCD-liquid crystal display

      RFID-radio frequency identification CONGESTION CONTROL

      • ARM controller acts as a central control for system. IR LED is a special LED with producing infrared rays ranging from 700 nm to 1 mm wavelength.

      • An IR sensor consists of two parts: the emitter circuit and the detector circuit. The IR photo diode is sensitive to the IR light emitted by an IR LED.

      • As IR sensor detect the vehicle, the traffic signal of that path is changed to green and hence reduces the congestion of vehicle.

    2. Ambulance clearance

      Usually transmitter is fixed to the emergency vehicle and the received signal of the transmitter is received in the traffic junction at receiver. When the emergency signal is transmitted from the ambulance, RF receiver receives the signal and the same is decoded using Decoder (HT12D). The decoded data will be processed and allows swinging traffic signal to green and hence the emergency vehicle can pass through the junction

    3. Stolen vehicle detection

    The AT mega acts as a central controller of the system. The RFID tag is placed in every vehicle, which cant be removed. When the vehicle is filched, the authorized user has to register the complaint with UID number of the stolen vehicle and this information is stored in traffic control room. The role of RFID reader is to continuously compare vehicle UID number with stolen vehicle UID number. When vehicle UID number matches with stolen vehicle UID the position of stolen vehicle is passed to the owner through SMS by GSM.


  1. Authors and Affiliations

    1. VIDYA R,

      Dept Of electronics and communication, Sri siddhartha institute of technology, Tumkur.


      Dept Of electronics and communication, Sri siddhartha institute of technology,



      Dept Of electronics and communication, Sri siddhartha institute of technology, Tumkur

    4. MADHU J

      Dept Of electronics and communication, Sri siddhartha institute of technology, Tumkur

    5. SIDDESH H K

      Dept Of electronics and communication, Sri siddhartha institute of technology, Tumkur

  2. Figures and Tables

Fig. 1. Block diagram of Congestion control.

Fig. 2. block diagram of stolen vehicle detection

Fig. 3. Block diagram of ambulance clearance


The satisfaction and euphoria that accompany the successful completion of any task would be incomplete without mention of the people who made it possible and

support had been a constant source of encouragement which crowned my efforts with success.

I am deeply indebted and would like to express my sincere thanks to our beloved Principal Raviprakasha, for providing me an opportunity to do this seminar.

My special gratitude to Dr. M.Z.Kurian, HOD, department of E & C, S.S.I.T for his guidance, constant encouragement and wholehearted support.

My sincere thanks to my guide DIVYAPRABHA, department of E & C, S.S.I.T for her guidance, constant encouragement and wholehearted support.

Finally I would like to express my sincere thanks to all the staff members of department of E & C, S.S.I.T. for their valuable guidance & support.


  1. S.Sundara Mahalingam1, S.Arockiaraj density based traffic light control using arduino 1. Assistant Professor, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College , Tamilnadu, India 2. Assistant Professor, Electrical and Electronics Engineering,Mepco Schlenk Engineering College , Tamilnadu, India. 2014 IEEE International Conf on Advanced Communication Control and Computing Technologies (ICACCCT).,ISBN No. 978-1-4799-3914- 5/14/$31.00 ©2014 IEEE)

  2. M. Uday Kumar Naidu, Dr. K. Prahlada Rao Vehicle Theft Identification and Intimation Using GSM & IOT, P.G Scholar, Professor & principal JNTUACEA, Andhrapradesh. Dept of Mechanical engineering. International Journal of EngineeringTechnology, Management and Applied Sciences,May 2015, Volume 3, Issue 5, ISSN 2349-4476

  3. Liang Qi, Student Member, IEEE, Meng Chu Zhou, Fellow, A Two- level Trafc Light Control Strategy for Preventing Incident-Based Urban Trafc Congestion, IEEE, and WenJing Luan, Student Member, IEEE. IEEE explore, january 2006,10.1109/AERO.2006.1655926

  4. Meisam Razavi Smart Traffic Light Scheduling in Smart City Using Image and Video Processing Third International Conference o Internet of Things and Applications, University of Isfahan, Isfahan,

    Iran 978-1-7281-3477-2/19/$31.00 ©2019 IEEE

  5. Swarup Kulkarni, Dr. Roshani Ade Intelligent Traffic Control System Implementation for Traffic Violation Control, Congestion Control and Stolen Vehicle Detection Journal of Basic Engineering, 35 45, March 1985.

  6. Rajeshwari Sundar, Santhosh S Hebbar, and Varaprasad G Implementing Intelligent Trafc Control System for Congestion Control, Ambulance Clearance, and Stolen Vehicle Detection. IEEE JOURNAL

  7. Ching WANG1, Yaang QIAO2, Wuuqu WANG1, Sng TANG2, and Jianhua SHEN1,IN 2018, a conference named Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP) 978 Visible Light Communication based Intelligent Traffic Light System: Designing and Implementation

  8. Mrs. Vidya Bhilawade, Dr. L. K. Ragha International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 8, Issue 2, February 2018 571 ISSN 2250-3153 Intelligent Traffic Control System

  9. Sagar G. Umale, Dr. S.D. Lokhande Implementing Intelligent Traffic Control System for Congestion control, Ambulance Clearance and Stolen vehicle detection, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering (An UGC Approved Journal) Website: Vol. 6, Issue 8, August 2017 Copyright to IJAREEIE DOI: 10.15662/IJAREEIE.2017.06080546303

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