 Open Access
 Total Downloads : 222
 Authors : R. Muthucumaraswamy, N. Dhanasekar, G. Eswara Prasad
 Paper ID : IJERTV2IS50358
 Volume & Issue : Volume 02, Issue 05 (May 2013)
 Published (First Online): 21052013
 ISSN (Online) : 22780181
 Publisher Name : IJERT
 License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Hydromagnetic Flow Past An Accelerated Vertical Plate In A Rotating Fluid With Variable Temperature And Mass Diffusion In The Presence Of Homogeneous First Order Chemical Reaction
R. Muthucumaraswamy1, N. Dhanasekar2 and G. Eswara Prasad3
1 Department of Applied Mathematics, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Sriperumbudur 602105, India.
2 Department of Mathematics, Mohamed Sathak A .J .College of Engineering, Chennai 603 103, India
3 Department of Mathematics, S.T.Hindu College , Nagercoil, India
Abstract
An exact analysis of rotation effects on unsteady flow of an incompressible and electrically conducting fluid past a uniformly accelerated infinite vertical plate with variable mass diffusion, under the action of transversely applied magnetic field has been presented. The plate temperature is raised to Tw and the concentration level near the plate is raised linearly with time. The dimensionless governing equations are solved using Laplacetransform technique. The velocity profiles, temperature and concentration are studied for different physical parameters like magnetic field parameter, chemical reaction parameter, thermal Grashof number, mass Grashof number, Schmidt number, Prandtl number and time. It is observed that the velocity increases with increasing values of thermal Grashof number or mass Grashof number. It is also observed that the velocity increases with decreasing magnetic field parameter or rotation parameter .
Keywords: Rotation accelerated vertical plate, heat transfer, mass diffusion, magnetic field, chemical reaction.

Introduction
The influence of magnetic field on viscous incompressible flow of electrically conducting fluid has its importance in many applications such as extrusion of plastics in the manufacture of rayon and nylon, purification of crude oil, pulp, paper industry, textile industry and in different geophysical cases etc. In many process industries, the cooling of threads or sheets of some polymer materials is of importance in the production line. The rate of cooling can be controlled effectively to achieve final products of desired
characteristics by drawing threads, etc. in the presence of an electrically conducting fluid subject to a magnetic field.
MHD plays an important role in agriculture, petroleum industries, geophysics and in astrophysics. MHD flow has application in metrology, solar physics and in motion of earths core. Also it has applications in the field of stellar and planetary magnetospheres, aeronautics, chemical engineering and electronics. In the field of power generation, MHD is receiving considerable attention due to the possibilities it offers for much higher thermal efficiencies in power plants
Gupta et al (1979) studied free convection on flow past a linearly accelerated vertical plate in the presence of viscous dissipative heat using perturbation method. Kafousias and Raptis (1981) extended the above problem to include mass transfer effects subjected to variable suction or injection. Free convection effects on flow past an accelerated vertical plate with variable suction and uniform heat flux in the presence of magnetic field was studied by Raptis al (1981). Prasad et al (2011) have studied finite difference solution of radiative flow past an impulsively started vertical plate with variable heat and mass flux.
MHD effects on flow past an infinite vertical plate for both the classes of impulse as well as accelerated motion of the plate was studied by Raptis and Singh (1981). Mass transfer effects on flow past a uniformly accelerated vertical plate was studied by Soundalgekar (1982). Basant Kumar Jha and Ravindra Prasad (1990) analyzed mass transfer effects on the flow past an accelerated infinite vertical plate with heat sources. Singh (1984) studied MHD flow past an impulsively started vertical plate in a rotating fluid. Rotation effects on hydromagnetic free convective flow past an
accelerated vertical plate was studied by Raptis and Singh (1981).
rotating system under the usual Boussinesqs approximation in dimensionless form are as follows:
Chemical reactions can be codified as either
U 2
2U
(1)
heterogeneous or homogeneous processes. This depends on whether they occur at an interface or as a single phase volume reaction. In wellmixed systems,
t V
V
Gr Gc C
2V
MU
Z 2
the reaction is heterogeneous, if it takes place at an interface and homogeneous, if it takes place in solution.
t 2 U
Z 2

MV
(2)
In most cases of chemical reactions, the reaction rate depends on the concentration of the species itself. A
1 2
(3)
reaction is said to be of first order, if the rate of
t Pr Z 2
reaction is directly proportional to the concentration
C 1
2C
itself. Chambre and Young (1958) have analyzed a first KC
(4)
order chemical reaction in the neighborhood of a horizontal plate. Das et al (1994) have studied the effect of homogeneous first order chemical reaction on the flow past an impulsively started infinite vertical plate with uniform heat flux and mass transfer. Again, mass transfer effects on moving vertical plate in the presence of chemical reaction studied by Das et al (1999). The dimensionless governing equations were solved by the usual Laplacetransform technique.
Hence, it is proposed to study the effects of rotation on the hydromagnetic freeconvection flow of an incompressible viscous and electrically conducting fluid past a uniformly accelerated infinite vertical plate
t Sc Z 2
With the following initial and boundary conditions: u = 0, T = T, C = C for all y, t 0
t > 0 : u = u0 t, T = T + ( Tw – T )At ,
C=C + ( Cw – C )At at y=0
u 0, T T, C C as y (5)
On introducing the following nondimensional quantities:
with variable mass diffusion, in the presence of
chemical reaction of first order. The dimensionless governing equations are solved using the Laplace transform technique. The solutions are in terms of
U u
1
1
(vu0 ) 3
, V v
,
,
1
1
(vu0 ) 3
exponential and complementary error function. Such a
1
u 2 3
1
2
2
u 3
study is found useful in magnetic control of molten iron flow in the steel industry, liquid metal cooling in nuclear reactors, magnetic suppression of molten semi
t t' 0 , Z z 0 ,
v
v
v
conducting materials and meteorology.


Governing Equations
T T
Tw T
, Gr g (Tw T ) ,
u0
Consider the unsteady hydromagnetic flow of an
C C' C' ,
w
w
Gc
g * (C'
C' )
electrically conducting fluid induced by viscous incompressible fluid past a uniformly accelerated
C'w C' u0
B v
B v
1
motion of an vertical infinite plate when the fluid and
the plate rotate as a rigid body with a uniform angular
2 3
M 0
, Pr Cp
u2 k
velocity about zaxis in the presence of an imposed uniform magnetic field B0 normal to the plate. Initially, the temperature of the plate and concentration near the
0
v
1
v 3
plate are assumed to be T and C. At time t > 0, th
Sc ,
D
K Kl u2
(6)
plate starts moving with a velocity u = u0t in its own plane and the temperature from the plate is raised to Tw
0
u
u
1
and the concentration level near the plate are also raised linearly with time. Since the plate occupying the
Where,
2 3
A 0 .
plane z = 0 is of infinite extent, all the physical quantities depend only on z and t. It is assumed that the induced magnetic field is negligible so that = (0, 0, B0). Then the unsteady flow is governed by free convective flow of an electrically conducting fluid in a
v
The hydromagnetic rotating freeconvection flow past an accelerated vertical plate is described by coupled partial differential equations (1) to (4) with the prescribed boundary conditions (5).
To solve the equations (1) and (2), we introduce a
q t c d (ac bd )t
complex velocity q = U + i V, equations (1) and (2) can 2
be combined into a single equation:
exp (2 mt ) erfc ( mt )
q 2q
t
Gr GcC Z 2

mq
(7)
exp (2 mt ) erfc (
mt )
t 1 ac bd
The initial and boundary conditions in nondimensional
m 2
quantities are
exp (2 mt ) erfc (
mt )
q = 0, = 0, C = 0, for all Z, t 0
exp (2 mt ) erfc ( mt )
t >0, q = t, = t, C = t, at Z = 0 (8)

2c erfc ( Pr) c exp(at)
q 0, 0, C 0 as Z
exp (2 (m a) t ) erfc (
(m a) t )
Where, m = M + 2i.



Method Of Solution
exp (2

c exp(at)
(m a) t ) erfc (
(m a) t )
The dimensionless governing equations (3),(4) and (7), subject to the initial and boundary conditions (8), are solved by the usual Laplacetransform technique and the solutions are derived as follows:
exp(2 at Pr) erfc( Pr at )
exp(2 at Pr) erfc( Pr at )

d exp(bt)
exp(2 (m b) t ) erfc( (m b) t )
exp(2 (m b) t ) erfc( (m b) t )

d exp(bt)
exp(2 Sc(K b)t ) erfc( Sc (K b)t )
exp(2 Sc(K b)t ) erfc( Sc (K b)t )
d (1 bt)
exp(2 ScKt ) erfc ( Sc Kt )
exp (2 ScKt ) erfc ( Sc Kt )
(1 2 2 Pr)erfc( Pr)

2act

2 Pr
exp( 2 Pr)

bd Sct
K
exp(2 ScKt ) erfc ( Sc Kt )
exp (2 ScKt ) erfc ( Sc Kt )
(9)
(1 2 2 Pr)erfc( Pr)
t
2 Pr
exp( 2 Pr)
(10)
t exp(2
ScKt ) erfc (
Sc
Kt )
The effects of the magnetic field parameter on the
C
2 exp (2
Sct exp(2
2 K exp (2
ScKt ) erfc ( ScKt ) erfc ( ScKt ) erfc (
Sc Sc Sc
Kt )
Kt )
Kt )
(11)
velocity is illustrated in figure 1, when (M = 1, 3, 5), Gr
= Gc = 15, = 0.5, K=8, Pr = 7 and t = 0.5. It is
observed that the velocity increases with decreasing values of the magnetic field parameter. This shows that the increase in the magnetic field parameter leads to a fall in the velocity. This agrees with the expectations, since the magnetic field exerts a retarding force n the
Where
a
m
Pr1
, b m KSc , c
Sc 1
Gr ,
2a 2 (1 Pr)
free convective flow.
d Gc
2b 2 (1 Sc)
, and Z
2 t
In order to get the physical insight into the problem, the numerical values of q have been computed from (9). While evaluating this expression, it is observed that the argument of the error function is complex and, hence, we have separated it into real and imaginary parts by using the following formula:
exp ( a 2 )
erf ( a ib ) erf (a)
1 cos(2ab) i sin(2ab)
2 exp ( a 2 )
2a
Figure 1. Primary Velocity Profiles for different M
n 1
exp ( n 2 / 4 )
f
n 2 4 a 2 n
(a, b) i gn
(a, b)
The effects is demonstrated in figure 2 of different thermal Grashof number (Gr = 2,5,10,), mass Grashof number (Gc = 5,10,15), M = 3, K=8, = 0.4, Pr = 7
on the primary velocity at time t = 0.5. It is observed
( a, b )
Where
that the velocity increases with increasing values of the thermal Grashof number or mass Grashof number.
fn 2a 2a cosh(nb) cos(2ab)

n sinh(nb) sin(2ab)
gn 2a cosh(nb) sin(2ab)

n sinh(nb) cos(2ab)
(a, b )
1016
erf (a ib )


Results and Discussion
For physical understanding of the problem, numerical computations are carried out for different physical parameters Gr, Gc, Sc, Pr, m and t upon the nature of the flow and transport. The value of the Schmidt number Sc is taken to be 0.6 which correspond to watervapor. Also, the values of Prandtl number Pr are chosen such that they represent air (Pr = 0.71) and water (Pr = 7.0). The numerical values of the velocity, temperature and concentration fields are computed for different physical parameters like Prandtl number, rotation parameter, magnetic field parameter, thermal Grashof number, mass Grashof number, Schmidt number and time.
Figure 2. Primary Velocity Profiles for different Gr and Gc
The effect of concentration profiles for different Schmidt number represented in Figure 3 (Sc = 0.16, 0.3, 0.6, 2.01), K=0.2 and t=0.2. The effect of concentration is important in concentration field. The profiles have the common feature that the concentration decreases in a monotone fashion from the surface to a zero value far away in the free stream. It is observed
that the wall concentration increases with decreasing values of the Schmidt number.
Figure 3. Concentration Profiles for different Sc
The temperature profiles are calculated for water and air from equation (10) and these are shown in Figure 4. The effect of the Prandtl number plays an important role in temperature field. It is observed that the temperature increases with decreasing Prandtl number. This shows that the heat transfer is more in air than in water.
Figure 4. Temperature Profiles for different Pr
The concentration field for different values of chemical reaction parameter (K=0.2, 2, 5) and t=0.6 are shown in Figure 5. The trend shows that the wall concentration increases with decreasing values of the chemical reaction parameter K.
Figure 5. Concentration Profiles for different K
The secondary velocity profiles for different thermal Grashof number (Gr = 5,10,15), mass Grashof number (Gc = 5,10,15), K=8, =0.2, M = 1, Pr = 7 and t =
0.4 are presented in figure 6. The trend shows that the velocity decreases with increasing values of thermal Grahof number or mass Grashof number.
Figure 6. Secondary Velocity Profiles for different Gr and Gc
The secondary velocity profiles for different rotation parameter ( = 0.5, 1), Gr = Gc = 5, Pr = 7, K=8, M = 2 and t = 0.4 are shown in figure 7. It is observed that the velocity decreases with increasing values of the rotation parameter .
Figure.7. Secondary Velocity Profiles for different

Conclusion
The theoretical solution of flow past a uniformly accelerated infinite vertical plate in the presence of variable mass diffusion has been studied. The dimensioless governing equations are solved by the usual Laplace transform technique. The effect of different parameters like thermal Grashof number, mass Grashof number and t are studied graphically. It is observed that the velocity increases with increasing values of Gr, Gc and t. But the trend is just reversed with respect to the rotation parameter or magnetic field parameter M.

References

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