Home Automation for Disabled Person using Voice Tag

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV12IS030166

Download Full-Text PDF Cite this Publication

Text Only Version

Home Automation for Disabled Person using Voice Tag

1K. Triveni,2K. Hemanth Patnaik,3M. Durga Sri Prasad,4G. Surya Venkata Durgesh,

5M. Veeraiah,

1,2,3,4U.G Scholars, Department of ECE, N S Raju Institute of Technology, Sontyam,Visakhapatnam, A.P, India

5Assistant professor, Department of ECE, N S Raju Institute of Technology, Sontyam,Visakhapatnam, A.P, India.

Abstract: Home automation is one of the major growing industries that can change the way people live. Some of these home automation systems target those seeking luxury and sophisticated home automation platforms; others target those with special needs like the elderly and the disabled. Typical wireless home automation system allows one to control household appliances from a centralized control unit which is wireless. These appliances usually have to be specially designed to be compatible with each other and turn ON or OFF any appliance that is plugged into a wall outlet, get the status of different sensors and take decisionaccordingly. The system is portable and constructed in a way that is easy to install, configure, run, and maintain. The perfect userinterface still does not exist at present and to build a good interface requires knowledge of both sociology and technology fields.

Keywords: Home Automation, Voice Tag, Wifi – Module, Wireless Communication, Android Mobile.


    An embedded system can be defined as a computing device that does a specific focused job. Appliances suchas the air-conditioner, VCD player, DVD player, printer, fax machine, mobile phone etc. are examples of embedded systems. Each of these appliances will have aprocessor and special hardware to meet the specific requirement of the application along with the embedded software that is executed by the processor for meeting that specific requirement. The embedded software is also called firm ware. The desktop/laptop computer is a general-purpose computer. You can use it for a variety accounting, software development and so on.


The purpose of a home automation system is to streamline how your home functions. Consider some ofthese benefits: Remote access: Control your home from mobile devices, including your laptop, tablet, orsmartphone. Comfort: Use home automation to make your home a more comfortable, livable space.


    Mukesh Kumar et.al proposed to make a home automation system specifically for the paraplegic people. The main challenge discussed in this was how to adjust a bed in different positions using voice commands. As the disabled cant afford the hefty price tag of something like Google

    Home, the system described in this paper used readily available devices [4].

    Yash Mittal talks about developing a home automation system using a dedicated hardware module for the voice recognition module and a Arduino Uno microcontroller to send respective commands to devices. The voice commands are divided into five groups with up to seven commands in each group. The command groups are Access,Safety, Fan, Light and Utility. The user has to state the group name followed by the command for it to register successfully. The voice recognition module istrained using the voices of five male and five female users. This ensures that the system can recognize voice commands irrespective of user age, gender, accent and distance from microphone. A bar graph of the average number of attempts it takes to successfully recognize a command at different distances from the microphone is generated to determine the best position for placing the central microphone [8].


      The firmware is based on the Lua project, and built on the ESP8266. Secure WIFI technology is used by server, and hardware interface module is used to communicate with each other. The user may use the same technology to login to the server web-based application. Is server is connected to the internet, so remote users can access server web- based applicationthrough the internet using compatible web browser.

      A switch regulates the ON and OFF of a circuit. When the switch is OFF, a gap is present in the circuit and it is considered open. Electric currentcannot flow through such a circuit. The opposite process takes place if the switch is ON thus letting the flow of electric current. The electric circuits are closed-loop or paths, forming a network of electricalcomponents where electrons can flow. This path is made using electrical wires and is powered by a source, like a battery. The start of the point from where the electrons start flowing is called the source, whereas the point where electrons leave the electrical circuit is called the return.

      Fig 1: Circuit Diagram

    2. RESULT

Home automation makes life more convenient and can even save you money on heating, cooling and electricity bills. Home automation can also lead to greater safety with Internet of Things devices like security cameras and systems.

Fig 2: view of Project


In conclusion, people with intellectual disabilities can live meaningful, satisfying, and productive lives, within their own communities, when provided adequate supports. Finally, all three of the methods were cost effective as compared to the market staples like Google Home, and were implementable easily with readily available equipment at home but, the home automation sector is still in its early stages and its popularity is growing by the day.


In the future, humans will play an increasingly important role in accelerating machine learning through VOICE. This field of home automation is fastly emerging in technology making homes safer and better places to live. These features help users to virtually monitor and control home attributes like lights, entertainment systems, security, climate control, etc. The ability to control everything from light, security to devices like watching machines andair conditioners from one device using audio controls and just a few taps is the vision of the feature. Smart devices like smart A.C.s can changethe temperature based on time, environment (outsidetemperature), and the number of people.


[1] Kumar, S. S, Khalkho. A, Agarwal, S, Prakash, S, Prasad, D, & Nath, V. (2019). Design of Smart Security Systems for Home Automation. Nanoelectronics, Circuits, and Communication Systems, pp. 599-604. Springer, 2019.

[2] A.A, Badrudeen A.A, Oluwaseun O.A, and Jimoh K.O. Design and Implementation of Microcontroller Akanni Based AutoSwitch Power Controller. International Conference onGreen Energy Technology, pp. 106-109, 2018.

[3] Pratik Gadtaula, Home Automation, Telemark University College, Faculty of Technology, Masters Thesis, April 2018.

[4] Mukesh Kumar, Shimi S. L., Voice Recognition Based Home Automation for Paralysed People:, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJARECE) Volume 4, Issue 10, October 2015.

[5] Jandial, A, Kumar, S, Butola, R, and Pandey,M.K. IR Based Home Appliances Control System. International Journal on Recent and Innovation, 2017.

[6] Rajender C, Pears B, Vijaylaxmi O, Devi V, and Prasad B.S. Electrical Appliances in Home Control through IR Remote. International Journal of Innovative Research in Technology,3(9), pp. 16-19, 2017 Nisar, A.A.AIbrahim. A. Lokman,

T. Yamanaka, P. Lévy.

[7] Nisar, A.A.A Ibrahim. A. Lokman, T. Yamanaka, P. Lévy, K. Chen, S. Koyama (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Kansei Engineering and Emotion Research Advances in Intellient Systems and Computing, A smart home model using android application, 739, Springer, Singapore, pp

.501-509,KEER 2018.

[8] Yash Mittal and Sonal Sharma, A Voice- ControlledMulti-

Functional Smart Home Automation System,IEEE Indicon 2015 [9] Deepali Javale, Mohd. Mohsin, Shreerang Nandanwar and

Mayur Shingate, "Home Automation and Security System Using Android ADK " International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Technology (IJECCT) Volume 3 Issue 2 (March 2013).

[10] Sonia Akhter, Md. Faisal Arif, Md. Nur-Amin, Nafiz Mustafiz, Roman Khan, Shah Waliullah and Khalid Hossain "Voice Controlled Home Appliances: The use of Android Phone" Journal of Modern Science and Technology Vol. 4. No. 1. September 2016 Issue.

M. Veeraiah, M Tech, (Ph. D) working as Assistant professor in ECE department of N S Raju Institute of Technology having 13 years of teaching experience with knowledge of Communication Signal Processing.

K. Triveni, Studying B. Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering at N S Raju Institute of Technology Visakhapatnam.

K. Hemanth Patnaik, Studying

B. Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering at N S Raju Institute of Technology Visakhapatnam.

M. Durga Sri Prasad, Studying

B. Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering at N S Raju Institute of Technology Visakhapatnam.

G. Surya Venkata Durgesh , Studying B. Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering at N S Raju Institute of Technology Visakhapatnam.