 Open Access
 Total Downloads : 461
 Authors : M. N. Sarki, A. Ahmed
 Paper ID : IJERTV1IS8125
 Volume & Issue : Volume 01, Issue 08 (October 2012)
 Published (First Online): 29102012
 ISSN (Online) : 22780181
 Publisher Name : IJERT
 License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Heat And Mass Transfer With Chemical Reaction And Exponential Mass Diffusion
1M. N. Sarki, 2A. Ahmed
1Department of Mathematics,
Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero. Nigeria.
2Department of Mathematics, College of Basics and Advanced Studies
YelwaYauri. Nigeria.
ABSTRACT
An analysis is performed to study heat and mass transfer with chemical reaction and exponential mass diffusion, in the presence of a homogeneous chemical reaction of first order. The dimensionless governing equations are solved using the Laplace transform techniques. The results were obtained for velocity, temperature and concentration profiles, and computed for physical parameters such as, chemical reaction parameter K, thermal Grashof number Gr, mass Grashof number Gc, Schmidt number Sc, Prandtl number Pr, time t, and acceleration a. It is observed that the velocity increases with increasing values of K, Gr, Gc, a and t, It was also observed that velocity decreases with increasing Pr and Sc respectively.
Key word: mass transfer, chemical reaction, exponential, mass diffusion.

INTRODUCTION
Chemical reactions can be codified as either heterogeneous or homogeneous processes. This depends on whether they occur at an interface or as a single phase volume reaction. In well mixed system, the reaction is heterogeneous if it place at an inter face, and homogeneous if it takes place in solution. In most chemical reactions the reaction rate depends on the concentration of the species itself. A reaction is said to be of first order if the rate of reaction is directly proportional to concentration. In many chemical engineering processes there is a chemical reaction between a foreign mass and fluid. The processes takes place in numerous industrial applications such as manufacturing of ceramics, food processing and polymer production. Chamber and Young (1958) have analyzed a first order chemical reaction in the neighborhood of a horizontal plate, Gupta et al. (1979) have studied free convective effects flow past accelerated vertical plate in incompressible dissipative fluid, Mass transfer and free convection effects on the flow past an accelerated vertical plate with variable suction or injection, Singh and Kumar (1984) was studied free convection effects on flow past an exponentially accelerated vertical plate, further researchers in this area were done by Jha et al. (1991) analyzed mass transfer effects on exponentially accelerated infinite vertical plate with constant heat flux and uniform mass diffusion. Das et al. (1994) have studied the effect of
homogeneous first order chemical reaction on the flow past an impulsively started infinite vertical plate with uniform heat flux and mass transfer, Raptis and Massalas (1998) have analyzed magneto hydrodynamic flow past by the presence of radiation. Chamkha and Soundalgekar (2001) have analyzed radiation effects on free convection flow Past a semiinfinite vertical plate with mass transfer, Chaudhary and Jain (2006) analyzed Influence of fluctuating surface temperature and velocity on medium with heat absorption, Muthucumaraswamy et al. (2009) examined the exact Solution of flow past an accelerated infinite vertical plate with heat and mass flux. Muthucumaraswamy and Valliammal (2010) have studied chemical reaction effects on flow past an exponentially accelerated vertical plate with variable temperature.

PROBLEM FORMULATION:
Governing equation for heat and mass transfer with chemical reaction parameter and exponential mass diffusion. Then under usual Boussinesqs approximation the unsteady flow equations are presented as momentum equation, energy equation, and mass equation respectively.
u
* 2u
t '
g(T T ) g (C ' C ' ) y2
(1)
T 2T
C t ' K y2
(2)
C '
t '
2C '
D y2

KC '
(3)
The initial and boundary conditions are:
U 0 , T T ,
C ' C ' ,
for all y, t ' 0
a ' t '
0 w w
t ' 0 :U u t ', T T , C ' C ' (C ' C ' ) e
, at y 0 (4)
U 0 , T T , C ' C ' ,
as y
u
2
where A 0
Where u is the velocity of the fluid, T is the fluid temperature, C is the concentration, g is gravitational constant, and * are the thermal
expansion of fluid, t is the time, is the fluid density, C is the specific heat capacity, V is the velocity of the fluid.
The nondimensional quantities are:
u t 'u 2
yu T T
U , t 0 ,Y 0 ,
u0 Tw T
Cp a ' k
Pr
k
, a ,
u 2
Sc
D
, K ,
u 2
0 0
(5)
Gr g(Tw T ) , C C ' C ' ,
u
3
0
g* (C '
C ' )
C 'w
C '
u
3
Gc w
0
Substituting the nondimensional quantities of (5) in to (1) to (4) leads to dimensionless equations as:
u
t
Gr

GcC
2u
y2
(6)
1 2
t Pr y2
(7)
C 1 2C
t Sc y2 KC
(8)
Where Sc is the Schmidt number, Pr is Prandtl number, and Gr is thermal Grashof number, Gc is the mass Grashof number, K is the chemical reaction parameter.
The initial and boundary conditions are reduces to:
U 0,
0,
C 0,
for all y, t 0
t 0 : U t,
1,
C eat ,
at y 0
(9)
U 0,
0, C 0,
as y


METHOD OF SOLUTION
The dimensionless governing equations (6) to (8) with initial boundary conditions are solved using Laplace transform techniques and the results for temperature, concentration and velocity in terms of exponential and complementary error function:
e

y S Pr
L( ) (10)
s
L(C)
e y
Sc( s K )
(11)
s a
e y s
L(U )
s2
e
Gr y s
s2 Pr1
e y s Pr

Gc(e y s e y Sc( s K ) ) (1 Sc)(a b)(s a)

Gc (e y s e y Sc( s K ) )
(1 Sc)(b a)(s b)
(12)
The Laplace inversion gives,
erfc Pr (13)
exp 2 Sc(a K )t
exp at erfc
Sc
(a K )t
C
2 exp 2 Sc(a K )t (14)
erfc Sc (a K )t
U t (1 22 ) ercf
2exp 2
1 22 erfc 2 exp 2
Gr t 1 22 Pr erfc Pr
(Pr1)
Pr exp 2 Pr
exp 2 at
Gc exp at erfc
at
2(1 Sc)(a b) exp
2 at
erfc at
exp 2 Sc(a K )t
Gc exp at erfc
Sc
(a K )t
2(1 Sc)(a b) exp 2
Sc(a K )t
erfc Sc (a K )t
exp 2 bt
Gc expbt erfc
bt
2(1 Sc)(b a) exp
2 bt
(15)
erfc bt
where b
ScK ,
y
(1 Sc) 2 t



RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The problem of heat and mass transfer with chemical reaction has been formulated, analyzed and solved analytically, for physical understanding to the problems numerical computations were carried out for different physical parameters such as chemical reaction parameter K, thermal Grashof number Gr, mass Grashof number Gc, Schmidt number Sc, Prandtl number Pr, time t, and acceleration a, upon the nature of flow and transport, the value of the Schmidt number Sc is taken to be 0.6 which corresponds to watervapor, also the value of Prandtl number Pr are chosen such that they represent air (Pr=0.71). It is observed that the velocity increases with increasing values of K, Gr, Gc, and a.
To access the effects of the various parameters in the flow fields, graphs are presented as follows:

Velocity profiles
Figures 1 to 5 represent velocity profile for the flow
Figure 1 : Velocity profiles for different Gr
The velocity profiles for different values of thermal Grashof number, (Gr=1, 3, 7, 9) is presented in figure 1. It observed that velocity increases with increasing Gr.
Figure 2 : Velocity profiles for different Gc
The velocity profiles for different values of mass Grashof number (Gc=2, 4, 6, 8) is presented in figure 2. It observed that velocity increases with increasing Gc.
Figure 3 : Velocity profiles for different K
The velocity profiles for different values of chemical reaction parameter (K=0.2, 2, 5, 7) is presented in figure 3. It observed that velocity increases with increasing K.
Figure 4 : Velocity profiles for different Sc
The velocity profiles for different values of Schmidt number (Sc= 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6) is presented in figure 4.
It observed that velocity decreases with increasing Sc.
Figure 5: Velocity profiles for different t
The velocity profiles for different values of time (t= 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) is presented in figure 5. It observed that velocity increases with increasing t.

Temperature profiles
Figures 6 and 7 represent temperature profiles for the flow
Figure 6: Temperature profiles for different t
The temperature profiles for different values of time (t=0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) is presented in figure 6. It is observed that temperature increases with increasing t.
Figure 7 Temperature profiles for different Pr
The temperature profiles for different values of prandtl number (Pr= 0.71, 1, 3, 7) is presented in figure 7. It is observed that temperature decreases with increasing Pr.

Concentration profiles
Figures 8 and 9 represent concentration profiles for the flow
Figure 8: Concentration profiles for different a
The concentration profiles for different values of a (a=0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9) is presented in figure 8. It is observed that concentration increases with increasing a.
Figure 9: Concentration profiles for different Sc
The concentration profiles for different values of Schmidt number (Sc=1, 0.6, 0.3, 0.16) is presented in figure 9. It is observed that concentration decreases with increasing Sc.
CONCLUSION:
Analytical solutions of heat and mass transfer with chemical reaction and exponential mass diffusion have been studied. The dimensional governing equations are solved by Laplace transform technique. The effect of different parameters such as Chemical reaction parameter, Schmidt number, Prandtl number, mass Grashof number, thermal Grashof number, and time are presented graphically. It is observed that velocity profile increases with increasing parameter k, t, Gc, and Gr and also decreases with increasing Sc and Pr respectively, it is also observed that temperature and concentration profile increases with increasing k, and inversely, decreases as Sc and Pr increases respectively.
REFRENCES
Chambre, P. L. and Young, J. D. (1958) On the Diffusion of a Chemically Reactive Species in a Laminar Boundary Layer Flow.
The physics of fluids; 1: 4854.
Chamkha, A. J., Takhar, H. S., and Soundalgekar, V. M.(2001) Radiation Effects on Free Convection Flow Past a Semi
Infinite Vertical Plate With Mass Transfer. Chemical Engineering Science 84.335342.
Chaudhary, R. C., and Jain, P.(2006) Influence of Fluctuating Surface Temperature and Velocity on Medium With Heat Absorption.
Journal of Technical Physics, 47(4).239254.
Das, U. N. Deka, R. K., and Soundalgekar, V. M.(1994). Effects of Mass Transfer on Flow Past an Impulsively Started Infinite Vertical Plate With Constant Heat Flux and Chemical Reaction.
Forschung im ingenieurwesen, 60: 284287.
Gupta, A. S., Pop, I., and soundalgekar, V. M.(1979).Free Convective Effects on Flow Past Accelerated Vertical Plate in
Incompressible Dissipative Fluid.
Rev. Roum. Science TechMec.Apl. 24. 561568.
Jha B. K., Prasad R., and Rai S.(1991).Mass Transfer Effects on Exponentially Accelerated Infinite Vertical Plate With Constant Heat Flux.Astrophysics and Space Science. 181. 125134.
Muthucumaraswamy R., Sundar Raj M. and Subramanian V.S.A. (2009) Exact Solution of Flow Past an Accelerated Infinite Vertical Plate With Heat and Mass Flux,International Journal of
Applied Mechanics and Engineering 14.585592
Muthucumaraswamy R., and Valliammal V. (2010) Chemical Reaction Effects on Flow Past an Exponentially Accelerated Vertical Plate With Variable Temperature, IJAME Volume 2, pp 231238.
Raptis, A., and Massalas, C. V. (1998). Magneto hydrodynamic Flow Past by the Presence of Radiation.
Heat andMass Transfer. 34. 107109
Singh A. K. and Kumar N. (1984) was studied free convection effects on flow past an exponentially accelerated vertical plate. Astrophys. Space science, 98:245248
6 ABBREVIATIONS
C ' Species concentration in the fluid kg: m3
C dimensionless concentration
p

Specific heat at constant pressure J:k g 1 :K

mass diffusion coefficient m2 , s1
Gc mass Grashof number
Gr thermal Grashof number
g acceleration due to gravity m s2 k thermal conductivity W: m1s1 Pr Prandtl number
Sc Schmidt number
T temperature of the fluid near the plate K
t ' times
t dimensionless time
0
u velocity of the fluid in the u velocity of the plate m s1 u dimensionless velocity
x ' direction m s1
y coordinate axis normal to the plate m
Y dimensionless coordinate axis normal to the plate
thermal diffusivity m2 s1
volumetric coefficient of thermal expansion k 1
* volumetric coefficient of expansion with concentration k 1
coefficient of viscosity Ra.s
kinematic viscosity m2 s1
density of the fluid kg m3
T dimensionless skinfriction kg, m1s2
dimensionless temperature
similarity parameter
ercf complementary error function