Fabrication of Fixture for Machining Grooves on an Electrical Actuator Cover on HTC-600 Horizontal Machine Centre


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  • Total Downloads : 69
  • Authors : Mr. S. Mathivanan, Adhithya Sylesh, S. Akash
  • Paper ID : IJERTCONV7IS06003
  • Volume & Issue : ETEDM
  • Published (First Online): 18-05-2019
  • ISSN (Online) : 2278-0181
  • Publisher Name : IJERT
  • License: Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Fabrication of Fixture for Machining Grooves on an Electrical Actuator Cover on HTC-600 Horizontal Machine Centre

Mr. S. Mathivanan1, Adhithya Sylesp, S. Akasp

1-Assistant Professor, 2,3- Student,

Department of mechanical Engineering Hindusthan Institute of Technology, Coimbatore

Abstract:- The main idea of the project is to fabricate a fixture for machining grooves on an Electrical Actuator (E.A) cover plate on HTC-600 horizontal machining centre. The fixture aims at reducing machining time with the increase in accuracy and precision throughout the machining process. Where A fixture is a work-holding or support device used in the manufacturing industry. Fixtures are used to securely locate (position in a specific location or orientation) and support the work, ensuring that all parts produced using the fixture will maintain conformity and interchangeability.

INTRODUCTION

Increasing the productivity and accuracy are the two basic aims of mass production. As we know the solution to this is by reducing the set-up cost of the machine and also reducing the manual fatigue. In this case the device that caters our needs is the use of jigs and fixtures. Let us take one example. Accuracy is the main problem in such cases. Hence using of fixtures to position is preferred rather than using scribers, square, straighteners or centre punch etc. Thus the productivity is increased which is done by eliminating individual positioning, marking and frequent checking. Interchangeability is the chief advantage here.

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS WHILE DESIGNING JIGS AND FIXTURES

Designing of jigs and fixtures depends upon so many factors. These factors are analysed to get design inputs for jigs and fixtures. The list of such factors is mentioned below:

  1. Study of workpiece and

    finished component size and geometry.

  2. Type and capacity of the machine, its extent of automation.

  3. Provision of locating devices in the machine.

  4. Available clamping arrangements in the machine.

  5. Available indexingdevices, their accuracy.

  6. Evaluation of variability in the performance results of the machine.

  7. Rigidity and of the machine tool under consideration

  8. Study of ejecting devices, safety devices, etc.

  9. Required level of the accuracy in the work and quality to be produced.

FIXTURE ELEMENTS

ACTUATORS

A hydraulic or pneumatic system is generally concerned with moving, gripping, or applying force to an object. Devices which actually achieve this objective are called actuators. The actuator can be of linear or rotary type.

FIXTURE

A Fixture is a work-holding or support device

used in the manufacturing industry. Fixtures are used to securely locate (position in a specific location or orientation) and support the work, ensuring that all parts produced using the fixture will maintain conformity and interchangeability.

  1. BASE

    Base plate is the solid flat surface of the fixture. It is the horizontal surface which holds the fixture, and equally levels the fixture at right angles. The base plate is basically a square or rectangular thick metal piece flat at both ends. The surface plate is often used as baseline for measurements.

    Fig 1-Orthographic view of base

    Fig 2- Three dimensional view

  2. WORK HOLDING FRAME

The work holding frame is the most important part of the fixture. It holds the work piece rigidly in place for quick loading and machining of the work piece. Frame is a square structure which is welded together in the correct dimensions of the work piece. The frame holds the work piece without shaking it during machining.

Fig 3-Orthographic view of work holding frame

Fig 4- Three Dimensional view

ASSEMBLED FIXTURE

Fig 5- Orthographic view of fixture

Fig 6- Three Dimensional view

MACHINING SEQUENCE

  1. Initially base plate machining operations are carried out.

  2. The four supporting blocks are milled

    to the required size and are surface grounded.

  3. Followed by chamfering operation on four supporting blocks were done.

    TC =15.11 sec

    CALCULATION OF GROOVING TIME IN NC MACHINE (HTC 600)

  4. Proper fabrication of base plate and frame supporting blocks are performed by welding technology.

  5. Cast iron are cut into required dimensions.

  6. To ensure the fool-proofing drilling operation are carried out in the work holding frame.

  7. Tapping operation are performed on the drilled holes for the smooth functioning of fasteners.

  8. There after fabrication of workpiece holding frame is carried out by welding technology.

  9. The welded parts are grounded.

  10. Assembly of work holding frame and base block were done by using fasteners.

CALCULATION

TC=LC/SM

TC=Time taken for cutting Where, LC=Total length of travel of the job LC=LW+A+O+DC/2

LW =661 mm A,O=2.7 mm DC =4.7

mm

LC=661+2.7+2.2+(4.7/2) LC=669.35 mm SM=SO *ZC*N

SM=Table Feed, mm/min Where SO=0.5, mm/tooth

ZC=2 N=1000, rpm

SM=0.5*2*1000

SM=1000 mm/min

TC =LC/SM

=669.35/1000

TC =40.161 sec

Sl N

o

Cost Associated

Cost

1

Material cost

  1. 50kg-Stainless Steel

  2. Welding

2000

2070

electrodes

2

Machining cost

Milling Machine

13600

a) Base(3 hr)

b) Supporting

blocks(12 hr)

c) Top base plate(3)

d) Work holding frame(10 hr)

800

e) Side cross (6 hr)

Drilling Machine

3

Total cost

18470

Sl N

o

Cost Associated

Cost

1

Material cost

  1. 50kg-Stainless Steel

  2. Welding

2000

2070

electrodes

2

Machining cost

Milling Machine

13600

a) Base(3 hr)

b) Supporting

blocks(12 hr)

c) Top base plate(3)

d) Work holding frame(10 hr)

800

e) Side cross (6 hr)

Drilling Machine

3

Total cost

18470

TC=LC/SM COST ESTIMATION

Where,

LC=Total length of travel of the job

LC=LW+A+O+DC/2

LW =Length of the workpiece A,O=Approach and

Over Run (5 to 10 mm)

DC=Diameter of the cutter, mm SM=Table Feed, mm/min

SM=SO *ZC*N

Where SO=Feed per Tooth, mm/tooth ZC=No of teeth of the cutter N=Cutter speed, rpm

CALCULATION OF MILLING TIME IN NC MACHINE (HTC 600)

TC=LC/SM

TC=Time taken for cutting Where, LC=Total length of travel of the job LC=LW+A+O+DC/2

LW =720 mm A,O=2 mm DC =63 mm LC=720+2+2+(63/2)

LC=755.5 mm SM=SO *ZC*N

SM=Table Feed, mm/min Where SO=0.5, mm/tooth

ZC=8

N=750, rpm

SM=0.5*8*750

SM=3000 mm/min TC =LC/SM

=755.5/3000

CONCLUSION

After design and fabrication of the fixture we found that, the machining time for cutting the groove on the actuator cover when compared with the conventional machining process (without using a fixture) is 30 minutes slower than the unconventional machining process (with fixture).

It is found that without a proper fixture the time taken to machine the groove is about 45 minutes, and with a proper fixture the taken for machining is about 25 minutes,

20 minutes less than what was require earlier.

Hence it was found that with the use of a proper fixture, the machining time is decreased by about 20 minutes.

REFERENCE

  1. R.S. KHARI, J.K. GUPTA. A Textbook of Machine design S. Chand , New Delhi, Edison 4, Volume 3 2014 page no 2.56,4.88

  2. Dr. G.K VIJAYARAGHAVAN, Atextbook of Design of Fixtures and Press Tools, Suchithra, Chennai ,Volume 1 Page no 1.19,1.33,1.43,2.32

  3. Design Data Book of Engineers ,Kalaikathir Achchagam, page no,3.36,6.08,11.24

  4. Machers G, The Welding of Stainless Steel Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2002.

  5. www. howstuffworks.com, Properties of Steel

  6. IEEEIA3289 journal paper

  7. IJERTV2IS90626 journal paper

  8. www.wikipedia.org, Fixture Tool

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