# Experimental Study and Analysis of Flow Induced Vibration in a pipeline

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV3IS052016

Text Only Version

#### Experimental Study and Analysis of Flow Induced Vibration in a pipeline

1. Veerapandi a G. Karthikeyanb Dr. G. R.Jinuc R. Kannaiah d

a Final Year M.E(CAD),Regional Centre of Anna University,Tirunelveli-629004

b Asst .Professor, Regional Centre of Anna University,Tirunelveli Region,Tirunelveli-627007.

c Asst .Professor, University College of Engineering,Nagercoil-629004.

d Scientist/Engineer, ISRO Propulsion Complex,Mahendragiri-627133

#### Keywords: Flow Induced Vibration, Mathematical model, Frequency, ANSYS, Fluent, Computational analysis

1. INTRODUCTION

The failure of components or parts occurred by the reversal cyclic stress which is well below the yield stress of the material. This type of failure is called a fatigue. The vibration of structure or components is subjected to cyclic stress and that will lead to Fatigue failure. The vibration caused by a fluid flowing in or around a body is known as Flow Induced Vibration (FIV). FIV best describe the interaction that occurs between the fluid's dynamic forces

Considering straight stub pipe with pinned end taken bending moment in to account for governing equation of motion of pipe. Bong Soo Kim, Young Ki Kim and Jung woon Choi[7] made the analytical study of flow induced vibration in consideration with cooling effect. The developed the equation of motion by the relationship between pipe structure and fluid pressure and modified the equation motion to account the coriolis force. Mao Qing, Zhang Jinghui, LuoYushan, Wang Haijin and DuanQuan[10] done a experimental study for studying orifice induced wall pressure fluctuations and vibration in a pipeline. one of the main flow induced vibration sources in the pipe flow circuit is a singularity that disturbs the flow, such as a pump, valve and orifice etc. PSD is used to define the fluctuating pressure. The characteristics of pressure fluctuations before and after the orifice plate and natural frequency of the pipe are used to build the mathematical model.

Inference from the literature survey, the natural frequency of the system is affected by velocity of fluid flow and density of fluid flow and stiffness, modulus of elasticity of pipe material and length of the pipe.

Many researchers are done analysis in one dimensional fluid flow but very few researchers are attempted 3-Dimensional fluid flow analysis and very few researchers are done analysis in Fluid Structure Interaction. But any real physical system, the fluid flow is 3- Dimensional and noticed that there is a research gap in this advance development field hence I have been studying in this paper.

2. ANALYTICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL METHOD

1. Mathematical Model

and a structure's inertial, damping and elastic forces.

Various researchers have considerably contributed by doing lot of researches to study the characteristics

Keq

P(t)

C Pa

behavior of pipe conveying fluid flow. D.S. Weaver and B.Myklatun [1] to [4] studied analytically the stability behavior of thin and clamped end pipe with high velocity internal fluid flow.

dx

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE SYSTEM

From the Newton second law of linear motion F = m * a

From the free body diagram

t

Meq x +A x + kx = F(t)

Meq x + cx + kx = P(t) * Ap

Let us assume the pressure function is harmonic, then The equation of motion

= P0 sint A p

x + c Meq

x + k Meq

x = P0 A p sint

Meq

x + c Meq

x + 2x = P0 A p sint ; = k/M

Meq

x + c Meq

x + 2 x = 0

Deformation of Mode shape 2

= k/M

Deflection of cantilever beam with point load at the free end = wl3/3EI

k=w/ =3EI/l3

= 5177.94 KN/m

Mass = density x volume

Mass per unit length = 41.4229

Total mass = 41.4229 x 8 ( length of

oscillating pipe = 8m)

Table

 Mode Shape Frequency [Hz] 1. 16.108 2. 27.407 3. 32.234 4. 69.891 5. 78.026 6. 92.993

= 324.85 Kg

n = K/m

= 27.912 Hz

2. Computational Method

Model of Pipe Flow Configuration

The Computational Model of pipe flow configuration is developed by CATIA Software. There is a valve pressure boundary at all the end of the pipe and assuming that the valves are as a fixed support because of Lumped mass and 3 clamps are taken as pin point supports. The Structural Model Analysis has done in ANSYS Workbench 14.5 Software. Solver used is ANSYS Mechanical APDL. Six mode shape and corresponding natural frequencies are found and validate the Mode Shape 2 with the analytical results.

Result :The maximum deformation occurs at the top pipe configuration is 0.074019 mm and the corresponding natural frequency is 27.407 Hz

Analytical result of Natural Frequency at Mode Shape 2 is 27.912.

Accuracy: 1.8 %, hence the computational results are validated.

3. COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS ANALYSIS

Angle Type Valve

The Model of the Valve (Structural Domain) developed by ANSYS Workbench 14.5 Software. Mesh developed by ANSYS mesh tool and mesh type is Tetrahedral (10 Nodes) and mesh size is 1×10-3 m

Fluid Domain

The Model of the Fluid flow through valve with pipe stub.(Fluid Domain) developed by ANSYS Workbench

1. Software. Mesh developed by ANSYS mesh tool and mesh type is Tetrahedral (10 nodes) and mesh size is 1×10-3 m and the mesh element in the fluid domain is around 1Lakh

CFD Analysis

Software used ANSYS Workbench & Fluent Solver ANSYS Mechanical APDL Turbulence Model Standard K- Model

Assumption

Flow is Steady, Irrotational, Uniform, Viscous, Turbulent and 3 Dimensional Symmetry.

4. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK

This paper deals with the Analytical study and Computational analysis of flow induced vibration in pipeline. Modal Analysis in the pipe flow configuration is studied. The dynamic flid behaviors in the valve annular region are studied and obtained results in CFD and Fluid Flow analysis to be extended full pipe configuration. Flow Induced Vibration of Coupled analysis to be done by ANSYS CFX. Experimental Study and Analytical Study to be extended to solve the real physical problem are planned.

REFERENCES

1. D.S. WEAVER and B.MYKLATUN, "On the stability of thin pipes with an internal fluid flow, Journal of sound and vibration (1973) 31(4), 399-410

2. R.T.FALL and D.DERAKHSHAN, "Flow Induced Vibration of pipeline on elastic support" 12th East Asia-Pssific conference on structural engineering and construction, procedia Engg 14(2011) 2986-2993.

3. L.K.SHAYO and C.H.ELLEN, Theoretical study of internal flow induced instabilities of cantilever pipes , Journal of sound and vibration (1978) 56(4), 463-474

4. E.C.TING and A.HOSSEINIPOURA numerical approach for flow induced vibration of pipe structures , Journal of sound and vibration (1983) 88(3), 289-298

5. MichealStangl, Johannes Gerstmayr and Hans IrschikAn alternate approach for the analysis of nonlinear vibration of pipe conveying fluid , Journal of sound and vibration, 310 (2008) 493-511

6. Mao Qing, Zhang Jinghui,Orifice induced wall pressure fluctuation and pipe vibrations: theory and modeling of fluid excitations , Springer Science + Business media B.V. 2007

7. Bong Soo Kim, Young Ki Kim and Jung woon ChoiAnalysis of fluid induced vibration of cryogenic pipes in consideration of cooling effect, Journal of mechanical science and technology, 22 (2008) 2375-2385

8. IVAN GRANT, Flow induced vibration in pipes, A finite element approach, Master degree thesis submitted at CLEVELAND state University, may 2010.

9. X.M.Zhang, Parametric studies of coupled vibration of cylindrical pipes conveying fluid with wave propagation approach, Computers & Structures 80(2002) 287-295

10. Mao Qing, Zhang Jinghui, LuoYushan, Wang Haijin andDuanQuan,

Experimental studies of orifice induced wall pressure fluctuations and pipe vibrations, International journal of pressure vessels and piping, 83(2006) 505-511

11. ANSYS_CFX 11 Documentation, http:/www.ansys.com/product/cfx.phb

12. Mechanical Vibration by Singaresu Rao

13. Fluid Mechanics by R.K.Bansal

14. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by ERWIN KREYZIC