EVM Through Id and Fingerprint Verification using RFID

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV12IS030187

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EVM Through Id and Fingerprint Verification using RFID

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P. Sandeep, Y. Narasimha Reddy, V. Madhu Sai, A. Vijaya Sri.

  1. G Scholars, Department of ECE, N S Raju Institute of Technology, Sontyam,Visakhapatnam, A. P., India.

    Assistant professor, Department of ECE, N S Raju Institute of Technology, Sontyam,Visakhapatnam, A. P., India.

    Abstract: There are around 167 Democratic countries in the world. But only around 20 countries were using Electronic Voting Machine for conducting the Election. Some of the developedcountries in the world such as England, France, Germany, United States do not use the EVMS. TheSupreme court of Germany has stated that voting through this technology is unconstitutional. India is one among the largest democratic country in theworld and there are around 911 million people.India is also one of the largest populated voting countries. The maximum amount of votes polled are around just 67% which is considered to be very less taking into the account of population in India.One of the Greatest controversies is fake votes. There have been several reports that fake voters have been casted for the voters who were absent onthe voting. This incase have proved to be real when celebrities like Shivaji Ganesan, Siva Karthikeyan etc., have been reported that their vote has be castedby fake person. So many citizens have complained about this issue publicity to media during Assemblyelection, 2019. There has been a rule that those who complain that their vote has been taken by another person still the elector must to given permission to cast vote according to the section49-P. But this is not the case happened in 2019 Assembly elections. Many people who lost their vote have not provided any other chance.

    Keywords: Arduino, Voting Machine, RFID, Fingerprint sensor.


      In our system we have developed a two-tier verification system. This two-tier verification isdivided in two processes. The first process involvesin the verification of users identity which is provided to him by the government, which may be his Aadhar identity or voter ID our idea is to make the identification card upon the RFID tag which is the basic component for one of our verification systems. This RFID tag is verified through RFID reader for first step of verification. In the second step of our verification, we are going to deal with the Biometric characteristic of the human body which is nothing but the fingerprint. That is the impressions taken from the ridge of the skin of the finger. This has been used as the form of identity for the person for over centuries in human history. By combining the previous two step of verificationwe provide an authentication system for allowing only the appropriate verified used to cast their vote. As we discussed earlier a major controversy in conduction elections in India is fake voter. Hence, we need

      a two-tier security for each vote in our country. Our System exactly designed to overcome this problem by making unique ID verification andbiometric verification for each voter. Our system will verify whether both datas are matching. If they do not match then our system will turn ON the buzzer to indicate that user datas does not match.


      The main objective of our paper is to reduce or completely avoid the fake votes in voting system of ourcountry. Our system exactly designed to overcome this problem by making unique RFID verification and biometric based verification for each voter. Our system will verify whether both the data are matching. If they donot match then our system will display that it doesnt match with each other.


[1] V. Kiruthika Priya, et al., presented Arduino based smart electronic voting machine with the help of IOTElectronics and Informatics (ICEI), which helps us tomake a vote with use of an Arduino and IOT with lesser security.

[2] Rahil Rezwan, et al., explained paper is about Biometrically secured electronic voting machine in the year 2017, has a high security by using the fingerprint verification helps to provide more securitythrough unique for everyone.

[3] Sunita Patil, et al., introduced Electronic smart voting system with secured data identification using cryptography in year 2018. This paper describes the Function of ESVS which is used with the biometric authentication system along with the OTP based on the verification process of voting system. The ESVS utilize the Aadhar number and identification of vote.

[4] Himanshu, et al., presented the Application for online voting system using android device introducedin the year 2018. It describes the descriptive pattern represent that the election should decide which candidate is capable for the future of the country. Thissystem has high level security, but the existing systemhas the flaw that the vote has to wait in queue for casting their vote has lesser security in the present time.

[5] Qasim Abbas, et al., discussed the Location free voting system with the help of IOT technology introduced in the year 2018. In this paper tells that Internet of Things (IOT) is becoming the faster which connect to the many things. Annalisa Franco presented the Fingerprint: Technologies

and Algorithms for Biometrics Applications in year 2011. This paper describes that fingerprint and its algorithmsare taken place in verifying a particular person whichare unique to very known men make it simple to cast his own identification by anyone. Makes better use of existing knowledge and links it to thefuture collaborations.

[6] Rohan Patel, et al., presented the paper on Fingerprint Based e-Voting System using AadharDatabase in year 2015. It describes that it is a electronic voting machine which works on the basisof the Aadhar database which verifies the voter identification by comparing his or her fingerprint with their given voter card or the Aadhar card in their database and allows to vote which makes it high level security.


    The fingerprint sensor is used to verified the person as an authenticate user. If fingerprint matches that will berepeated. If fingerprint doesnt match the person is not verified and unauthenticated user cannot be able to vote and it will automatically display. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) refers to wireless systems.

    Fig 1: Block Diagram

    RFID (radio frequency identification) is a form ofwireless communication that incorporates the use of electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to uniquely identify an object, animal or person.

    Fig 2: Circuit Diagram

    RFID system consists of three components: a scanning antenna, a transceiver and a transponder.

    RFID reader – The scanning antenna and transceiver are combined; it is called as an RFID reader. It is a network- connected device that can be portable or permanently attached. It usesradio waves to transmit signals that activate the tag. Once activated, the tag sends a wave back to the antenna, where it is translated into data.

    RFID Tag – The transponder is in the RFID tag. The read range for RFID tags varies based on factors including the type of tag, type of reader, RFID frequency and interference in the surrounding environment or from other RFID tags and readers.


    Fig 3: Front View of Proposed Prototype


    To Simplify, we have just presented a project that how our voting system can be made in the recent future for fair voting. In this method, the process of verification involves of ID an fingerprint from the database. This isfaster and secured way of holding elections. The systeminterlinked with voter ID or Aadhar card and biometric authentication. The security was the main concern of ourproject. So, it is better than other traditional method. Byusing this system, the national voting system will be more secure, faster, easy to use and more economical. The system also consumes very low power and the device is easy to carry.


    Future work of the project includes if a user the identification-centered retinal scan process, the voter is capable of solving the authentication issues by 100%. Our scheme is connected to the AADHAAR to eliminate vote duplication. The voting scheme is interconnected with three various specifications like AADHAAR ID, Biometric Authentication. There includes no aspect to assume the position ringing in voting. In case a user theIRIS technology for authentication aims, they can achieve more effective results than the Biometric frameworks.


    [1] V. Kiruthika Priya, et al., Arduino based smart electronic voting machine, International Conference onTrends in Electronics and Informatics (ICEI), 2017.

    [2] Rahil Rezwan, et al., Biometrically secured electronic voting machine, IEEE Region 10 Humanitarian Technology Conference (R10- HTC), 2017. [3] Prof. Sunita Patil, et al., E- Smart Voting Machine with Secure Data Identification Using Cryptography, IEEE Transactions on Cryptography, 2018.

    [4] Annalisa Franco, Fingerprint: Technologies and Algorithms for Biometrics Applications, IEEE Fingerprint Algorithms and Biometrics, 2011.

    [5] A. Piratheepan, et al., Fingerprint Voting System Using Arduino, College of Technology Jaffna, Sri Lanka University College of Anuradhapura, University of Vocational Technology, Sri Lanka, 2018.

    [6] Md. Mahboob Karim, et al., A proposed frameworkfor biometric electronic voting system, IEEE International conference on 2017.

  2. Madhu Sai, studying B.Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineeringat N S Raju Institute of Technology, Visakhapatnam.

Mrs. A. Vijaya Sri, M. Tech working as AssistantProfessor in ECE department of N S Raju Institute of Technology having 5 yearsof Teaching experience with knowledge of DigitalElectronics and Electronic Devices and Circuit.

P. Sandeep, studying B. Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineeringat N S Raju Institute of Technology, Visakhapatnam.

Y. Narasimha Reddy, studying

B. Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineeringat N S Raju Institute of Technology, Visakhapatnam.