Design of Blanking Punch and Die for Cam Head Washer Component using Finite Element Analysis

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV4IS070308

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Design of Blanking Punch and Die for Cam Head Washer Component using Finite Element Analysis

Dr D Ramegowda1,

1 Principal, Department of PG Studies, GTTC Mysuru, Karnataka,


Madhusudhana. M2

2 M Tech Student,

Tool Engineering, GTTC Mysuru, Karnataka, India

Abstract: The concept in this paper deals with design of blanking punch and die for cam head washer component using Finite element analysis. The designing of blanking punch and die is a very precision, complex and knowledge based process. Sheet metal blanking is a very significant and powerful tool for manufacturing process a variety of parts for automobiles, aerospace, and marine products. Therefore the press process has identified as one of the important manufacturing process. Designing of punch and die plays an important role in sheet metal process. The highly précised and complex punch and die structure need very accurate and reliable work throughout the work.

The analysis of punch and die performed using the computer aided engineering software has been successfully executed for the evaluation of maximum transverse deflection and stresses. The results taken by this analysis will be very useful to the designers and thereby saving lot of time and avoiding costly tryouts.

Key words: Punch, Die, Analysis, Material, Design concepts


    Press tool is a device which the sheet metal can be converted into required shape by various press operations. It can also be defined as device used for punching out sheet metal components from the strip by a device called press. Various cutting and non-cutting tools will be loaded between fixed table and moving ram of a press. The pressure when exerted from top and bottom sides by the press. The component is produced according to the punch and dies profiles in the tool. The component is produced from a press tool is applicable in different aspects like automobile parts. All most all products like television, tape-record, radio, refrigerator, car, watch, computer etc. which consists number of components made of either plastic or sheet metal. Sheet metal components are produced by a device called Press Tool. Generally these tools are cold working and manufactured to improve the productivity of the components qualitatively and quantitatively.

    Press tool are mainly manufactured for high rate of production of components. If the requirement of a sheet metal components is less (less than 1000 numbers) these devices are not economical. Hence press tools are categorized according to the requirement such as simple

    press tools, medium production press tools, horogical press tools(watch components),spherical purpose press tools (cantilever press tools, side cam press tools) and in types of operation such as cutting press tools, non-cutting press tools and hybrid press tools (cutting and non-cutting operation).


    The component study is an important and basic step in any manufacturing process and it plays an important role. The component drawing is studied to know the important features, its geometry, special and important features of the component.


        Figure.1: Component 3D Views

        The 3D models of the component is as shown in figure 1

        The component details of the cam head washer is listed below:

        Name of the component: Cam Head Washer Thickness: 1.25 mm

        Component application: used in Ashok Leyland vehicles


    Material: Cold Rolled Carbon Steel Sheet Designation: IS: 513 Grade D

    Chemical composition: C%: 0.10, Mn%: 0.60, P%: 0.04,

    Si%: 0.06%, Su%: 0.04, Fe%: 98,38

  3. DESIGN CONCEPTS OF PUNCH AND DIE Designing of punch and die is the first step in the press tool design and by considering this design other parameters are decided. Hence designing press punch and die is a vital step in the development of press processes, therefore 3D solid model of punch and die is similar to real product. Use of this concept in punch and die design to avoid any interference and to facilitate design and modification, which in turn reduces the designing time.

    In this punch and die is designed to carry out both blanking and piercing operation in a single shot.

    Figure 2: Blanking and Piercing die

    Figure 3: Blanking and Piercing punch


    The material is subjected to vacuum heat treatment process and hardened up to 50-60 HRC and then used for punch and die. Primary machining operations such as wire cutting and CNC machining are performed to get required profile.

    The selected material for punch and die is D2. D2 is high carbon high chromium tool steel, its used when greater toughness is required. It offers good wear resistance and high compressive strength.


    Finite Element Analysis is a simulation technique which evaluates the behavior of components, equipments and structures for various loading conditions including applied forces, pressure and temperature. Finite element analysis is a computerized method for predicting how a real object will react to forces, heat, vibration, etc. by mesh of simpler interlocking structures, the simpler structures or finite elements being amenable to mathematical analysis. The analysis of whole structure is obtained by simultaneously analysis the individual finite elements, having due regard to their individual positions within the

    mesh and being totally dependent upon the assistance of an automatic computer. Numerical modeling of metal forming processes has now gained the industrial stage, and it became possible to simulate metal deformation and to calculate stress and strain states for complex processes.

    Nowadays, the finite element method (FEM) has proven its efficiency and usefulness simulating steady and non-steady metal forming processes. When the modeling approaches are deterministic requiring the introduction of several input data such as geometry, mesh, non-linear material behavior laws, loading cases, friction laws, thermal laws, then the computation of process evolution and final results is called a direct problem.

      1. Analysis of Punch Component: Punch Load: 40.11 Tons Mesh: Fine Mesh

        Analysis Type: Static Analysis Software: Solid Works 2013

        Figure 4: Solid Mesh

        Figure 5: Von Mises Stress of Punch

        Figure 6: Static Displacement of Punch

        Figure 7: Solid Mesh

        Figure 8: Von Mises Stress of Punch

        Figure 9: Static Displacement of Punch Table 1: Analysis Result of Piercing Punch


        Static Stress

        Static Displacement


        33.4 N/mm2



        420.3 N/mm2


        Table 2: Analysis Result Blanking


        Static Stress

        Static Displacement


        20.3 N/mm2



        83.4 N/mm2


      2. Analysis of Die Component: Die Load: 40.11 Tons Mesh: Fine Mesh

    Analysis Type: Static Analysis Software: Solid Works 2013

    Figure 10: Solid Mesh

    Figure 11: Von Mises Stress of Die

    Figure 12: Static Displacement of Die

    Figure 13: Solid Mesh

    Figure 14: Von Mises Stress of Die


    p>Static Stress

    Static Displacement


    14.1 N/mm2



    100.7 N/mm2


    Figure 15: Static Displacement of Die Table 3: Analysis result of Piercing Die

    Table 4: Analysis result of Blanking Die


    Static Stress

    Static Displacement


    5 N/mm2



    29.2 N/mm2



In this paper, an integrated approach for design and analysis of punch and die was introduced for the blanking process by using CAD and CAE software. By applying this knowledge based systems significant result was achieved.

Several imperfections in the design of punch and die for the manufacture of components by stamping of sheet metal was decided upon primarily on a critical examination. Finally significantly shorter lead time, better product quality and cost effective design and manufacturing was obtained by this integrated approach.

And finally analyze the analysis result the design of die and punch is safe for sheet metal blanking process


  1. G R Nagpal, Tool Engineering and design, Khanna publishers

  2. GT & TC Standard Data hand book

  3. Prakash H Joshi, Press Tool: Design and Construction,

    Wheelers publishers

  4. Jutz-Scharkus, Westerman Table, Revised second edition, new age international (P)

  5. Solid works 2013 References

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