 Open Access
 Total Downloads : 1073
 Authors : N. P. Maniar, D. P. Vakharia
 Paper ID : IJERTV2IS1422
 Volume & Issue : Volume 02, Issue 01 (January 2013)
 Published (First Online): 30012013
 ISSN (Online) : 22780181
 Publisher Name : IJERT
 License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Design & Development Of Rotary Fixture for CNC with an Approach of Developing PreMortem Tool for Mass Balancing
N. P. Maniar
Mechanical Engineering Department, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, India
D. P. Vakharia
Mechanical Engineering Department,
Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology,, Surat, India
Abstract
Various areas related to fixture are already been described by renowned authors, still there is need to apply these research works to an industrial application. This paper presents design of rotary fixture for real industrial component – Flow TEE body of petroleum refinery. The operations to be performed are front facing, outside diameter turning, grooving, boring and back facing. Actually HMC is the best solution for performing these operations, but HMC costs about 12.5 million rupees whereas CNC turning centre costs about
2.5 million rupees. As these operations can now be performed on CNC turning centre using the designed fixture; 10 million rupees are saved in installation cost. Methodology for mass balance of rotary fixture mostly act as postmortem tool; calculating unbalanced mass after fixture is manufactured. In the present work, a premortem tool is developed to predict unbalanced mass before manufacturing with three alternate methods for mass balancing.

Introduction
The machine tool industry has undergone sufficient changes as the requirement of user engineering systems changed; first it started with the manufacture of basic general purpose machine tools. These machines though offered higher flexibility were not suitable for mass production owing to longer set up times and the tedious adjustments of machine and tools besides requiring highly skilled operators.
With growing need of fast production to meet the requirements of industry, mass production machines are conceived. Hydraulic, tracer control machine tool, special purpose automatic and semiautomatic machines were introduced with the advancement of technology. These machines were highly specialized but inflexible. The use of these machines was with a success for mass production and they have considerably reduced the production costs by way of
reduced machining times and labor costs. Because of inflexibility these machine tools could not however be adopted by units involved in small lot and piece production. Because of the above, great need is felt for tools that could bridge the gap between highly flexible general purpose machine tools (which are not economical for mass production) and highly specialized, but inflexible mass production machines. Numerical control machine tools with proper fixture set up have to take up this role very well. And this has excited this research work on design and development of rotary fixture for CNC turning centre to function as HMC.
The fixture designing and manufacturing is considered as complex process that demands the knowledge of different areas, such as geometry, tolerances, dimensions, procedures and manufacturing processes. While designing this work, a good number of literature and titles written on the subject by renowned authors are referred. All findings and conclusions obtained from the literature review and the interaction with fixture designers are used as guide to develop the present research work.
As stated by Koji Teramoto, Masahiko Anasoto and Kazuaki Iwata [1], Fixturing Plan (FP) and Machining Plan (MP) are mutually dependent. Implicit to this conclusion, paper coordinates MP and FP by coupling a fixture design with manufacturing considerations.
For this research, a relevant issue when considering requirements, taking this as a general concept, is to make explicit the meaning of two main terms: Functional Requirement (FR) and Constraint (C) [2]. Functional Requirement (FR), as it stated by different authors, represents what the product has to or must do independently of any possible solution. Constraint (C) can be defined as a restriction that in general affects some kind of requirement, and it limits the range of possible solutions while satisfying the requirements.
Though some contributions have been made in several areas related to design of fixture like knowledge model for fixture design process, workpiece location,
computer aided fixture design, fixture analysis under dynamic machining etc. [38], but there is a great deal of urgency and importance to couple all these research works to an industrial application. This paper reviews all these research works and transforms the theoretical knowledge of fixture design to practical application.
Methodology for mass balance of rotary fixture developed by investigators mostly act as postmortem tool; calculating unbalanced mass after fixture is manufactured. In the present work, a premortem tool is developed to predict unbalanced mass well before manufacturing. Step by step procedure for mass balancing of fixture is proposed with the innovative approach of use of Creo Elements/Pro 5.0. The present research proposes alternate methods of IV Quadrant, VIII Quadrant and VIII Diamond Quadrant Computer Aided Mass Balancing Method (CAMBM) for mass balancing of rotary fixture.
The important details of the part and fixture are included in each fixture design section for clarifying doubts in addition to component drawing & fixture drawing. The research work includes the 3D assembled & exploded view of fixture using Creo Elements/Pro
5.0. The object of work presented here is to develop the study and to provide the optimum conditions of design and development of rotary fixture for CNC turning centre to function as HMC.

Design & Development of Rotary Fixture for CNC turning centre to function as HMC

Statement of Problem
Design & development of rotary fixture for machining flow TEE body on CNC turning centre. The operations to be performed are front facing, outside diameter turning, grooving, boring and back facing. The fixture being rotary in nature has to be mass balanced.

Component Details
The methodology proposed for design of a fixture includes the realization of two stages. The first stage represents the knowledge of the objects like part geometry, machining process, functional and detailed fixture design, and fixture resources. The second stage describes the inference process (design and interpretation rules) needed to obtain a first solution for the machining fixture [3]. As a part of first stage, component geometry is discussed here [Fig. 13]. The component is Flow TEE body, made up mild steel, weighing 46.5 kg and is one of the components of petroleum refinery. The component is used as a joint or coupler for pipes through which petroleum liquid products flow and get mixed. The component in raw material form is forged, proof machined with 3 mm
machining allowance on conventional lathe with 24 inch swing over diameter. The operations to be performed on component, using designed fixture set up, are front facing, outside diameter turning, grooving, boring and back facing.
Figure 1. Finished Component Drawing
Figure 2. 3D view of raw material of component
Figure 3. 3D view of finished part

Locating and clamping
In machining, work holding is a key aspect, and fixtures are the elements responsible to satisfy this general goal. Usually, a fixture solution is made of one or several physical elements, as a whole the designed fixture solution must satisfy the entire FRs and the associated Cs. Centering, locating, orientating, clamping, and supporting, can be conidered the functional requirements of fixtures. In terms of constraints, there are many factors to be considered, mainly dealing with: shape and dimensions of the part to be machined, tolerances, sequence of operations, machining strategies, cutting forces, number of setups, setup times, volume of material to be removed, batch size, production rate, machine morphology, machine capacity, cost, etc. At the end, the solution can be characterized by its: simplicity, rigidity, accuracy, reliability, and economy [2]. S. K. Hargrove and A. Kusiak [5] recognize four general requirements of a fixture: (i) Accurate location of the workpiece, (ii) Total restraint of the workpiece during machining, (iii) Limited deformation of the workpiece, (iv) No machining interference. In addition, as set forth by R.
T. Meyer and F. W. Liou [6], dynamic machining conditions occur when a workpart is subject to machining forces that move through the work part or along its surface. A viable fixture designed for a workpart experiencing dynamic machining must ensure: the workpart is restrained for all time, the clamping forces are not too large or small, deterministic positioning, accessibility, stability of the workpart in the fixture while under no external forces, and a positive clamping sequence. Considering all above mentioned facts, location & clamping is accomplished by using 3 V blocks and latch clamp. The important parts of fixture used here are V block, latch clamp, base plate, vertical plate, adapter plate, locator and rib [Fig.
Figure 4. 2D drawing of fixture
47]. The fixture uses three V blocks to locate and a latch clamp to hold the component. The latch clamp consists of two M 6 bolts to directly clamp the workpiece. The chuck of CNC turning centre will be replaced with complete fixture set up using an adapter plate. The adapter plate holds the same dimensions of chuck plate. The locator locates the vertical plate in correct position with adapter plate. The base plate serves to hold the complete assembly of fixture. The ribs are clamped to base plate and provide the holding arrangement for latch clamp. The fixture rotates with 550 rpm while performing operations on CNC turning centre. The specification of spindle nose of CNC turning centre used in this work is A28, which can carry a weight of 450 kg. The fixture is directly mounted on spindle nose.
Figure 5. 3D view of
fixture
Figure 6. 3D rear
view of fixture
Figure 7. 3D exploded view of fixture


Computer Aided Mass Balancing Method (CAMBM)
Methodology developed by most of the researchers mostly act as postmortem tool, calculating and determining unbalanced mass after fixture is manufactured followed by unbalanced mass removal or counterweight addition. A tool that could predict unbalanced mass during fixture design stage is not yet developed. The present volume of this paper proposes unique method of use of Creo Elements/Pro 5.0, which would enable prediction of unbalanced mass during design stage well before manufacturing. This approach would be highly useful in the shop floor, saving material cost, increasing the productivity and decreasing the human labor. In this work, fixture is balanced by adding counterweight equal in magnitude and opposite in direction as that of resultant unbalanced mass. The object of the work presented here is to develop the study and to provide the optimum conditions of design, manufacturing, static analysis with force & moment balancing of fixture. As the fixture is asymmetrical, it has to be mass balanced. The fixture rotates around one axis; hence it has to be balanced about other two perpendicular axis. Here x – axis is the axis of rotation. The results and outputs from Creo Elements/Pro 5.0 with solution of balancing are shown below.

IV Quadrant Computer Aided Mass Balancing Method
Step I: C. G., weight of fixture and offset distance of C. G. from axis of rotation are determined [Fig. 8]. The important results from the above output are as follows: weight of fixture with component, without balancing mass = 233.12 kg. C.G. is offset from axis of rotation in x axis by 130.56 mm, in y axis by 1.11 mm and in z axis by 2.38 mm.
Figure 8. Mechanical Analysis of Fixture
Step II: Now the fixture is cut in 4 quadrants about 2 axis, perpendicular to each other and perpendicular to axis of rotation below [Fig. 9].
Step III: The weight and C. G. of fixture in each quadrant are determined. [Fig. 1013].
Step IV: The outputs of weight of fixture and C. G. of each quadrant are summarized [Fig. 14, Table 1].
Quadrant II Quadrant I
Quadrant III Quadrant IV Figure 9. 3D view of fixture in 4 Quadrants
Figure 10. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant I
Figure 11. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant II
Figure 12. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant III
Figure 13. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant IV
FH2
579.2392137 kg2
FV2
33.16949445 kg2
FH2 + FV2
612.4087082 kg2
Resultant, R = (FH2 + FV2)
24.7468929 kg
tan
0.23929876
13.45773737Âº
Step VII: Sum of moment of inertia about x axis (mix 2) and that about y axis (miy 2) are calculated
i i
[Table 4].Figure 14. 2D drawing showing summary of weight and C. G. of fixture in all Quadrants
Table 1. Summary of C. G. of fixture in all Quadrants
Quadrant (i)
Coordinate of
C. G. (mm)
tan i
i (Degree)
xi
yi
1
83.09
92.04
1.10
47.92
2
103
80.78
0.78
38.11
3
101.14
77.35
0.76
37.41
4
82.35
85.71
1.04
46.14
Step V: According to principles of mechanics, F =
0 and M = 0 for mass balancing. The sum of unbalanced mass in horizontal direction FH and in vertical direction FV are calculated [Table 2].
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
FH=xi=miCosi (kg)
FV=yi= miSini (kg)
1
38.55
25.79868396
28.5775769
2
48.09
37.8405504
29.6772782
3
53.36
42.38538755
32.415559
4
43.82
30.35986498
31.598591
24.06738901
5.7592963
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
FH=xi=miCosi (kg)
FV=yi= miSini (kg)
1
38.55
25.79868396
28.5775769
2
48.09
37.8405504
29.6772782
3
53.36
42.38538755
32.415559
4
43.82
30.35986498
31.598591
24.06738901
5.7592963
Table 2. Calculation of resultant mass in horizontal direction (FH) and in vertical direction (FV)
Table 4. Calculation of sum of moment of Inertia about X direction (mix 2 and that of about Y direction (miy 2)
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
2
mixi
(kg mm2)
2
miyi
(kg mm2)
1
38.5
265802.0019
326147.421
2
48.09
510186.81
313806.89
3
53.36
545835.4267
319254.080
4
43.82
297166.316
321910.663
1618990.554
1281119.05
i
i
i
i
Step VIII: Resultant moment is calculated using principle of perpendicular axis theorem of moment of inertia [Table 5].
Table 5. Calculation of Resultant Moment, M
Ixx = mix 2
i
1618990.554 kg mm2
Iyy = miy 2
i
1281119.056 kg mm2
Izz = Ixx + Iyy
M = mix 2 + miy 2
i i
2900109.61 kg mm2
Step IX: Having M, R and , the location of C. G. (rcm) of R is determined.
M = R rcm2
cm
cm
r 2 = M / R
Step VI: Resultant unbalanced mass (R) and its line of action in terms of angle () with xaxis are calculated using parallelogram law of forces [Table 3].
Table 3. Calculation of Resultant Force, R
rcm = 342.33 mm
Thus the unbalanced mass is found to be 24.75 kg and its C. G. is situated at an angle of 13.45o with x axis at a distance of 342.33 mm in quadrant III. Hence the fixture can be balanced by placing the counterweight equal in magnitude and opposite in direction as that of unbalanced mass.

VIII Quadrant Computer Aided Mass Balancing Method
Step I: This step is same as in IV Quadrant Computer Aided Mass Balancing Method.
Step II: Now the fixture is cut in VIII quadrants about 4 axis at angle of 450 to each other and perpendicular to axis of rotation.
Step III: The weight and C. G. of fixture in each quadrant are determined. [Fig. 1522].
Figure 15. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant I
Figure 16. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant II
Figure 17. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant III
Figure 18. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant IV
Figure 19. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant V
Figure 20. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant VI
Figure 21. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant VII
Figure 22. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant VIII
Step IV: The above outputs of weight of fixture and
C. G. of each quadrant are summarized [Table 6].
Table 6. Summary of C. G. of fixture in all Quadrants
Quadrant (i)
Coordinate of
C. G. (mm)
tan i
i (Degree)
xi
yi
1
105.43
56.13
0.53
28.03
2
6.883
123.04
17.87
86.80
3
63.16
122.57
1.94
62.73
4
133.13
49.29
0.37
20.32
5
132.09
53.18
0.40
21.93
6
59.39
110.14
1.85
61.66
7
59.63
110.11
1.84
61.56
8
107.13
59.26
0.55
28.95
Step V: According to principles of mechanics, F =
0 and M = 0 for mass balancing. The sum of unbalanced mass in horizontal direction FH and in vertical direction FV are calculated [Table 7].
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
FH=xi=miCosi (kg)
FV=yi= miSini (kg)
1
17.82
15.72967885
8.37434196
2
20.70
1.156174297
20.6676864
3
20.67
9.468080697
18.3740128
4
27.38
25.67665437
9.50651463
5
30.61
28.39510038
11.431989
6
22.60
10.72639375
19.892322
7
22.77
10.84315128
20.022461
8
20.91
18.2972081
10.121278
18.25888192
56.9225558
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
FH=xi=miCosi (kg)
FV=yi= miSini (kg)
1
17.82
15.72967885
8.37434196
2
20.70
1.156174297
20.6676864
3
20.67
9.468080697
18.3740128
4
27.38
25.67665437
9.50651463
5
30.61
28.39510038
11.431989
6
22.60
10.72639375
19.892322
7
22.77
10.84315128
20.022461
8
20.91
18.2972081
10.121278
18.25888192
56.9225558
Table 7. Calculation of resultant mass in horizontal (FH) and in vertical direction (FV)
Step VI: Sum of moment of inertia about x axis (mix 2) and that about y axis (miy 2) are calculated

VIII Diamond Quadrant Computer Aided
i
[Table 8].i Mass Balancing Method
Step I: This step is same as in IV Quadrant
2 2
2 2
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
2
mixi
(kg mm2)
2
miyi
(kg mm2)
1
17.82
198077.9409
56143.2803
2
20.7
980.6767623
313374.021
3
20.67
82456.46635
310533.779
4
27.38
485272.0831
66519.8222
5
30.61
534076.1815
86568.5205
6
22.6
79714.08946
274156.523
7
22.77
80964.12921
276068.309
8
20.91
239980.6596
73430.6423
766787.1672
746570.903
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
2
mixi
(kg mm2)
2
miyi
(kg mm2)
1
17.82
198077.9409
56143.2803
2
20.7
/td>
980.6767623
313374.021
3
20.67
82456.46635
310533.779
4
27.38
485272.0831
66519.8222
5
30.61
534076.1815
86568.5205
6
22.6
79714.08946
274156.523
7
22.77
80964.12921
276068.309
8
20.91
239980.6596
73430.6423
766787.1672
746570.903
Table 8. Sum of moment of Inertia about X (mixi ) and about Y direction (miyi )
Computer Aided Mass Balancing Method.
Step II: Now the fixture is cut in VIII quadrants in diamond cutting method and perpendicular to axis of rotation [Fig. 23].
3 1
4 2
6 8
Step VII: Resultant unbalanced mass (R) and its line of action in terms of angle () with xaxis are calculated using parallelogram law of forces [Table 9].
5 7
5 7
Table 9. Calculation of Resultant Force, R
FH2
333.386769 kg
FV2
3240.177364 kg2
FH2 + FV2
3573.564133 kg2
Resultant, R = (FH2 + FV2)
59.77929518 kg
tan
3.11752692
72.215469380
FH2
333.386769 kg
FV2
3240.177364 kg2
FH2 + FV2
3573.564133 kg2
Resultant, R = (FH2 + FV2)
59.77929518 kg
tan
3.11752692
72.215469380
2
Figure 23. 3D view of fixture in VIII Quadrants
Step III: The weight and C. G. of fixture in each quadrant are determined. [Fig. 2431].
Step VIII: Resultant moment is calculated using principle of perpendicular axis theorem of moment of inertia [Table 10].
Table 10. Calculation of Resultant Moment, M
2
Ixx = mixi
766787.1672 kg mm2
2
Iyy = miyi
746570.903 kg mm2
Izz = Ixx + Iyy
2 2
M = mixi + miyi
1513358.07 kg mm2
Step IX: Having M, R and , the location of C. G. (rcm) of R is determined.
cm
cm
M = R r 2
Figure 24. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant I
Figure 25. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant II
cm
cm
r 2 = M / R
rcm = 159.11mm
Thus the unbalanced mass is found to be 59.78 kg and its C. G. is situated at an angle of 72.22o with x axis at a distance of 159.11 mm in quadrant II. Hence the fixture can be balanced by placing the counterweight equal in magnitude and opposite in direction as that of unbalanced mass.
Figure 26. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant III
Figure 27. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant IV
Figure 28. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant V
Figure 29. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant VI
Step V: According to principles of mechanics, F =
0 and M = 0 for mass balancing. The sum of unbalanced mass in horizontal direction FH and in vertical direction FV are calculated [Table 12].
Table 12. Resultant mass in horizontal direction (FH) and in vertical direction (FV)
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
FH=xi=miCosi (kg)
FV=yi= miSini (kg)
1
18.04
12.30648648
13.1906023
2
20.47
13.19332048
15.6511084
3
16.47
12.6985887
10.4884100
4
31.59
25.35394953
18.8442389
5
23.38
18.02136111
14.894795
6
29.83
24.60279378
16.868059
7
19.9
13.98445421
14.157861
8
23.79
16.38987502
17.243436
12.55273126
58.1743598
Step VI: Sum of moment of inertia about x axis (mix 2) and that about y axis (miy 2) are calculated
i i
[Table 13].Table 13. Sum of moment of Inertia about X (mix 2) and that of about Y direction (miy 2)
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
mix 2
i
(kg mm2)
miy 2
i
(kg mm2)
1
18.04
264560.3884
303938.641
2
20.47
50359.4752
70870.1204
3
16.47
371217.6083
253242.72
4
31.59
194566.2975
107481.465
5
23.38
421693.1362
288064.98
6
29.83
169093.8637
79485.7458
7
19.9
49750
50991.4495
8
23.79
284987.6065
315444.040
880703.7695
735532.947
Quadrant (i)
mi (kg)
mix 2
i
(kg mm2)
miy 2
i
(kg mm2)
1
18.04
264560.3884
303938.641
2
20.47
50359.4752
70870.1204
3
16.47
371217.6083
253242.72
4
31.59
194566.2975
107481.465
5
23.38
421693.1362
288064.98
6
29.83
169093.8637
79485.7458
7
19.9
49750
50991.4495
8
23.79
284987.6065
315444.040
880703.7695
735532.947
i i
Figure 30. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant VII
Figure 31. Weight and C. G. of fixture in Quadrant VIII
Step IV: The above outputs of weight of fixture and
C. G. of each quadrant are summarized [Table 11].
Quadrant (i)
Coordinate of
C. G. (mm)
tan i
i (Degree)
xi
yi
1
121.1
129.8
1.071
46.9859
2
49.6
58.84
1.186
49.8703
3
150.13
124
0.82
39.5550
4
7.48
58.33
0.74
36.62145
5
134.3
111
0.826
39.57399
6
75.29
51.62
0.685
34.43514
7
50
50.62
1.01
45.35304
8
109.45
115.15
1.05
46.45376
Quadrant (i)
Coordinate of
C. G. (mm)
tan i
i (Degree)
xi
yi
1
121.1
129.8
1.071
46.9859
2
49.6
58.84
1.186
49.8703
3
150.13
124
0.82
39.5550
4
78.48
58.33
0.74
36.62145
5
134.3
111
0.826
39.57399
6
75.29
51.62
0.685
34.43514
7
50
50.62
1.01
45.35304
8
109.45
115.15
1.05
46.45376
Table 11. C. G. of fixture in all Quadrants
Step VII: Resultant unbalanced mass (R) and its line of action in terms of angle () with xaxis are calculated using parallelogram law of forces [Table
14].
14].
Table 14. Calculation of Resultant Force, R
FH2
157.5710622 kg2
FV2
3384.256138 kg2
FH2 + FV2
3541.8272 kg2
Resultant, R = (FH2 + FV2)
59.51325231 kg
77.823534840
Step VIII: Resultant moment is calculated using principle of perpendicular axis theorem of moment of inertia [Table 15].
Table 15. Calculation of Resultant Moment, M
Ixx = mix 2
i
880703.7695 kg mm2
Iyy = miy 2
i
735532.9474 kg mm2
Izz = Ixx + Iyy
2 2
M = mixi + miyi
1616236.717 kg mm2
Step IX: Having M, R and , the location of C. G.
solution for performing the required operations on part used in this work, but a designer cannot ask industry to replace already existing set up of CNC turning centre with HMC as HMC costs around 12.5 million rupees whereas CNC turning centre costs only about 2.5 million rupees. Here the research work of this paper is proved, 10 million rupees are straight away saved in machine installation cost. In HMC, a tool rotates and component remains stationary, vice versa for CNC
turning centre. A designed fixture has the important
cm
cm
(rcm) of R is determined.
M = R r 2
novel characteristic of performing all operations in a single set up with component rotating and tool
cm
cm
r 2 = M / R
rcm = 164.79 mm
Thus the unbalanced mass is found to be 59.51 kg and its C. G. is situated at an angle of 77.82o with x axis at a distance of 164.79 mm in quadrant II. Hence the fixture can be balanced by placing the counterweight equal in magnitude and opposite in direction as that of unbalanced mass. Next section reports relative comparison of results obtained of three methods used for mass balancing of rotary fixture.

Comparison of Results obtained of three methods used for Mass Balancing
Mass Balancing Method
Parameters
IV
Quadrant Method
VIII
Quadrant Method
VIII
Diamond Quadrant Method
Unbalanced Mass (kg)
24.75
59.78
59.51
Angle of
C.G. of unbalanced
mass
13.450
72.220
77.820
Distance of
C.G. of unbalanced mass (mm)
342.33
159.11
164.79
Quadrant of unbalanced mass
III
II
II
Total mass of assembly
208.21 kg
243.24 kg
242.97 kg
assembly
233.12 kg
Percentage Error
10.685
4.341
4.225


Conclusion
An integrated approach of design and mass balancing of rotary fixture has been adopted in this work. This approach is of crucial importance in real manufacturing environment. Actually HMC is the best
stationary, satisfying the essential requirement of CNC turning centre.
The present research work also proposes Computer Aided Mass Balancing Method (CAMBM) which ease fixture designer from tedious and time consuming work of finding offset distance and C.G. of irregular shape parts and also solving mass balancing problem. Three alternate methods of Computer Aided Mass Balancing are presented and VIII Quadrant Computer Aided Mass Balancing Method is found more accurate with the result of decrease in percentage error by almost 6 %.

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International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
ISSN: 22780181
Vol. 2 Issue 1, January 2013