- Open Access
- Total Downloads : 94
- Authors : Fadel Kareem , Fazil. P
- Paper ID : IJERTV8IS050214
- Volume & Issue : Volume 08, Issue 05 (May 2019)
- Published (First Online): 22-05-2019
- ISSN (Online) : 2278-0181
- Publisher Name : IJERT
- License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Construction of Prefabrication Houses using Fiber Cement Boards (V Boards)
Landslide and Flood Revival Prefabrication Houses in Kerala
Fadel Kareem Department of Civil Engineering
Cochin college of engineering and technology Kerala, India
Department of Civil Engineering Cochin college of engineering and technology
Abstract Flooding and flood risk have been important considerations for a long time. This has been emphasized by flooding in recent year in Kerala. A flooding analysis in engineering can take many forms and include: State or location specific flood risk management plans, Catchment flood risk management plans, Overland flow assessment and Creek and river flood analysis.
Kerala, a state in India recently devastated by serve monsoon rains. They found a vulnerable population that will soon face fresh landslide risks as a new monsoon approaches. Since the onset of south-west monsoon on May 29, Wayanad district in Kerala has experienced 247 landslides. So we choose a village called Panamaram in Wayanad district, where we carried out our revival tasks. In order to complete the project in time we selected fiber cement board as the principle building material. We have opted the idea of prefabrication structures for fast construction.
In fiber cement there is fiber reinforcement with cement, which contributes to making the fiber-cement material even stronger. Together with a carefully planned production process, fiber cement makes it possible to develop strong and long lasting construction materials. The fiber cement board also called as v board, is cost effective and time saving solution for construction of dry wails. V panel has all the advantages of masonry wall with added qualities for preferred construction. V panel is a user-friendly product for installation and proves to be a better substitute for conventional walls and any other dry walls solutions. V-Boards are eco-friendly which make the pre- fabricated structures safe and comfortable to live and provide conducive working ambience and are ideal for use in residential constructions like rooftop extensions, storage rooms, sentry post, cottages, farm house, site-offices. Commercial applications include offices, labors quarters, transit camps rehabilitation centers, schools, health care centers, kiosks, etc.
Keywords:- Fiber cement board; flood revival; prefabrication house;construction ; landslide
In the month of August 2018, the state of Kerala in India received a very heavy rainfall, which led to unprecedented flooding throughout the state. As of mid-August, a total of 2,346.3 mm of rainfall had fallen on Kerala instead of an average of 1649.55mm. floods and landslides, brought Kerala to a standstill during most of the month of August.
The impact on Keralas population was significant. In total it is estimated that 23 million people were affected. It was reported that 504 people died, and 3.4 million people
were hosted in 12,300 emergency shelters and relief camps at some point.
As mentioned earlier, the selected plot is situated at Panamaram, which is a place in Wayanad district. There were many families who lost their shelter due to the series of landslides. We interrogated about their problems by visiting them in relief centers. Our aim was to handover the houses, with adequate facilities, as quickly as possible. We considered time of completion is the most important factor for this task.
Provide shelter for the victims.
Help to get them back to the normal life.
Interrogate their problems and find solutions.
Provide adequate facilities considering their needs.
Inclusion of maximum number of families to the revival project.
Since time is the most important factor, construction procedure has a big role while preparing the project schedule. In order to make the construction procedure much easier selection of building material has a vital role. So we have to consider that the list of factors that affect the material selection.
Factors considered for the selection of materials
Mechanical and Non-Mechanical properties
Ease of Transportation
Resistance to Fire
Resistance to Air and Water penetration
Resistance to crowd pressure
Fiber cement board
Fiber cement boards are manufactured from special grade cellulose fiber and inorganic binders of silica base. The matrix made to the required thickness is cured at high temperature and high pressure in autoclaves to attain crystalline structure which imparts dimensional stability to the fiber cement board. The cement component makes it durable & the cellulose component makes it more workable.
Fiber cement board is cost affective and time saving solution for construction of dry walls. Fiber cement panel has all the advantages of masonry wall with added qualities preferred for construction. Fiber cement panel is user-friendly product for installation and proves to be a better substitute for conventional walls and any other dry wall solutions. It is manufactured using a unique technique.
The unique semi-circular tongue and groove makes installation of fiber cement panel very easy.
It is considered the longest, lightest and strongest of all the dry elements.
It is an energy efficient building product because of its excellent thermal properties.
Why Fiber Cement Board?
Fiber cement board is an economically fit option since it offers good workability, ease in finishing and minimum overall cost.
Overall cost include painting, furnishing, plastering etc.
Mechanical and Non-Mechanical Properties
Fiber cement board shows excellent performance in all the listed above properties
Large scale production is possible
Faster rate of production
Raw materials are available in ease
Good results in aesthetic appearance
Axial load/KN meter = 92
Raw materials are:
Expanded polystyrene beads
Durability is same as that of conventional house construction
Zero void space that too without a binding material
Ease of transportation
Transportation cost is lesser than that of conventional method
Construction area completion per delivery is greater(This include masonry, plastering,..etc )
Cost of the materials used is lised out in table 1
Table 1.Cost of materials
Fiber cement board for flooring
(Fiber cement panel 3rd exterior and 2nd interior)
(UPVC and Aluminum Fabrication)
Ceiling(Fiber cement board)
Resistance to Fire
The data of evolution reveals that the fiber cement board partition specimen resisted 83 minutes with respect to thermal insulation
Test result of 1 hour and 2 hour methods are given below
Successfully passed the acoustic test, the volume of source room was 257 meter cube and that of receiver room was 271 meter cube.
Density:315 kg/meter cube
Resistance to Air and Water Penetration
Inference of the test:
Dampness – No Dampness
Increase in weight – 4.28%
Leakage No Leakage
Resistance to Crowd Pressure
The test was success since no collapse is observed
The whole setup can be dismantled and assembled very easily
Adventages of Fiber Cement Board
Easy work ability
Ease to dismantle and relocate
When The Factors considered for the selection of materials is compared with those characteristics of fiber cement board. This study proves that Fiber cement board is the most suitable building material in our case.
The authors are grateful to authors host institute, Cochin College of engineering, Kerala, India. The authors would also like to avow the Government of India. The author is also thankful to the fellow authors for their support.
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