Automated Toll Collection and Location Sensing


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Automated Toll Collection and Location Sensing

Automated Toll Collection and Location Sensing

Swarnaprabaa.P1 , Vipoosh.V2 , Shiyamala.B3 , Arun.M

Abstract:Inthemoderntimes,transportationandvehicularmov ementacrossthestateshasincreaseddrastically.Withtheincreaseint henumberofvehicles,managingthetrafficacrossallthenationalhigh wayshasbecomeaseriousissueforthegovernmentauthorities.Inord ertocounteracttheissueprevalentbecauseoftheexistingmanualtoll collectionsystem,ElectronicTollCollectionsystemishighlyneeded. Thissystemnotonlyaidsintollcollectionbutcanalsobeusedtotrackst olenvehicles,weaponidentificationandoverloaddetection.TheRFI DtagmountedonthevehicleisreadbytheRFIDreaderwhichisinterf acedtoamicrocontroller.Aftersuccessfultransaction,theuserisinti matedaboutthesamethroughatextmessagewhichissentviaaGSMm odem.Thusthissystemwilleliminatethemanualhandlingofcash,red ucetrafficcongestiontherebydecreasingairpollutionandhelpingth ecommutersforapleasurablejourney which allows you to find your current location and also the payment at each toll via sms.

KeywordsCompendium;Tracking;RFID;heap;ETC

  1. INTRODUCTION Highwaysplayavitalroleinthesocialandeconomicdevelopm

    entofthesociety.Withthedevelopmentofeconomy,thegrowthofh ighwaysisbecomingfaster.Thenumberofvehiclesontheroadsare alsoincreasingthusleadingtocongestionatthetollplazas.Tooverc ometheproblemofmanualtollcollectionsystem,anelectronictoll collectionsystemhasbeenproposed.Itisatechnologywhichensur essmoothflowoftrafficinanefficientandfastermanner.Electroni ctollsystemincludesvehiclesequippedwithelectronictags,wirele sscommunication,inroad/roadsidesensorsandacentralizedcomp utingsystemtouniquelyidentifyeachvehiclewhichelectronically collectsthetollandprovidestrafficmonitoringanddatacollection. Electronictollcollectionsystemallowsmoreefficienttransactiont otakeplacebetweenavehicleandtollagency.Italsohasahighdegre eoftransparency.

    TherearemanybenefitsofusingElectronicTollCollectionna melyreductionintraveltime,reductioninvehicleemissions,increa seinlanecapacityandconveniencetotheusers.Theevolutionofco mmunicationtechnologyhasbroughtETCsystemsfromSLFF(Si ngleLaneFreeFlow)toMLFF(Multi- LaneFreeFlow).Mostimportantly,thesystemallowsnon stopservicetotheroaduserswithoutbotheringabouttollratesormo neychangeasthesametagisreadatallthetollplazasonallthehighwa ysacrossthecountrycoupledwithareductionintheuseofpaperasw ellasfuel.Thissystemalsoprovidesmechanismfordetectinganyw eaponsaswellasforsensinganyoverloadedvehicles.Electronictol lcollectionutilizesradiofrequencyidentification(RFID)technolo gy.ItconsistsofRFIDtagandtransceiver.

    Tagcanbeoftwotypesnamelyactiveandpassive.Eachtaghasa uniqueidentitynumber.Activetagshavetheirowninternalpowers upplythusallowingalargerrangewhilepassivetagsutilizetheener gyofincomingsignalfromthereaderandthushaveashorterrange. Readerconsistsofanantennatotransmitandreceivethesignalfrom eachtag.Userscanrechargetheiraccountatanytime.Oneofthespe

    cialfeatureofthissystemistodetectstolenvehiclesbyusingadatab asedirectorywhichcontainstheinformationofstolenvehicles.

  2. LITERATURESURVEY

    WilliamVickrey,whowontheNobelEconomicsprizein 1959,proposedelectronictollsystemforWashingtonMetropolita nArea.Freeflowtollinghavingfixedtranspondersunderlyinginsi dethevehiclesandthereaderswereplacedunderthehighwaysurfac esinmidof1970s.

    Norwayhadwidespreadimplementationofthistransponderan dreadertechnology.NorwayhaselectronicfeecollectionEFC.Thi skindoftollcollectionsystemwasfirstintroducedinBergeninthey ear1986.TrondheimhadintroducedWorldsfirstcompletelyunai dedfullspeedelectronictollsystem,intheyear1991.Single,univer salsystemwasimplementedfirstlybyPortugal (1995). TheUnitedStateswasanothercountryimplementingETCsystemi nseveralstateslikeGardenStateParkway,California,TexasandPe nnsylvania,DelawareandFloridawherethevehiclescantravelatfu llspeedthroughelectroniclanes.

    EarlierthetollcollectionsystemusedAtmegamicrocontroller sastheheartofthesystem.Theautomaticcoinmachinesweretheni ntroducedwhichusedtoopenthegateonlywhenthesuitableamoun twasdepositedbythecommuter.Itwasonlyafter1980sthattheRF IDtechnologyrevolutionizedanditwasimplementedinthetollcoll ectionsystem.

    Existingsystem:Twotypesoftollcollectionsystemsareinexist ence.Inonesystemallthevehicleshavetostopatthetollplazaalongt hehighwaytopaythetoll.Onepersoncollectsthemoneyandissues areceipt,afterwhichthegateisopenedeithermechanicallyorelectr onicallyforthevehicletogetthroughthetollplaza.Anotherissmart cardsysteminwhichdriverdisplaysasmartcardafterwhichthemo neywillbedeductedfromtheaccountwithouttheneedformanualc ashhandling.

    Drawbackofexistingsystem:Theabovesystemforcollectingt olltaxistimeconsuming;thereisalongqueueofvehiclesattollplaza therebycreatingtheprobabilityoftrafficjamaroundtolljunction.

  3. PROPOSEDSTRUCTURE Thesystemissimpleinconstruction,providesautomatictollco

    llectionandvehicletheftdetection.Beforecrossinganytollplaza,a vehiclehastopasstwomajorblocks.Inthefirstblockthevehiclewil lbescreenedforanytypeofarmsandammunitionsothatanytypeof unevenactivitycanbedeterminedbeforehand.Thiswillensurearel iablesecuritymechanismthatwillbehelpfulinpreventinganyanti- socialactivities.Thesecondblockwhichwillbeimplementedinthi ssystemwillbehelpfulindetectinganyoverloadedvehiclesthereb yreducingthepossibilityofanyaccidentsduetooverloading.RFID tagismountedoneachvehiclewithuniqueID.ThisIDcontainsallth

    einformationaboutthevehicleandtheowner.Whenvehiclereache sthetollplaza,tagwillstartemittingtheradiowavesignals.RFIDre aderreceivesthesignalfromtag,decodesthatsignalandsendsittoth eARMmicrocontroller.Thecontrollerwilldisplaythevehiclenu mberandamountonLCD.ARMisinterfacedwithcomputerhostto collectthevehicleanditsownerinformationthroughserialportforf utureuse.

    Whenaccessedfromthedatabase,itshowsallthevehicledetails onacomputerscreensuchasID,vehiclenumber,date,timeandifthi sinformationmatcheswiththatofthedirectoryofstolenvehiclesth enitwillgivetheindicationofthesameandrequiredactionwillbeta kenbytheconcernedauthorities.ARMmicrocontrollerwillcheck forbalanceintheaccountandifthereissufficientbalance,thepredet erminedamountwillbedeductedanduserwillbenotifiedthrougha SMSwhichissentthroughaGSMmodem.Ifthereisinsufficientbal anceintheusersaccount,theuserisnotifiedtorechargehisaccount throughanyoftheoutletswheretheRFIDcardsareissued.

  4. BLOCKDIAGRAM

    Fig.1.BlockDiagram

  5. DYNAMICS TheblockdiagramofElectronictollcollection(ETC)usingRFI

    DtechnologyisasshowninFigNo.1.TheProposedSystemprovide sautomatictollcollectionandvehicletheftdetectionalongwithspe cialfeaturesofdetectingweaponsandsensingoverloadingofvehic les.OneofthewaysofdetectingweaponsisthroughtheuseofX- rays.Inordertodetectweaponswhicharehiddeninvehicles,X- raysofdifferentenergiescanbeused.Overloadingofvehiclescanb edetectedthroughtheuseofdifferentweightsensors.ARFIDmodu leconsistsoftwoparts- RFIDTagandRFIDReader.ARFIDtagismountedoneachvehicle withuniqueID.ThisIDisnotvisibletohumans;itcontainsalltheinf ormationaboutthevehicleandtheowner.Whenvehiclereachesthe tollplaza,tagwillemitradiowavesignal.RFIDreaderreceivesthes ignalfromtag,decodesthatsignalandsendsittotheARMmicrocon troller.Themicrocontrollerwilldisplaythevehiclenumberandapa rticulartollamountonLCD.

    ARMmicrocontrollerisinterfacedwithcomputerhosttocollec tthevehicledatathroughserialportforfutureuse.Whenaccessedfr omdatabaseitshowsallthevehicledetailsonthecomputerscreensu chasID,vehiclenumber,date,time.Microcontrollerchecksthebal ance;ifsufficientbalanceispresentthenthepredeterminedamount isdeductedfromtheprepaidaccountandtheaccountisupdated.Me ssagewillbesenttothevehicleonerbyusingGSMmodem.

    Secondly,apostpaidsystemwillalsobeinterfacedalongwithth emodulecomprisingthetagwhichwillallowthedrivers/passersto gofore- billingincasethebalanceintheprepaidmodulegoeswithoutbalanc e;thedriverwillbealarmedtoacknowledgethepermissionofgettin ge-billingdone.

    Ifthevehicleisstolenthevehicleownerregistersacomplaintwit hthelocalpolicestationwherebyonlyauthorizedpersonsareallow edtoupdatetheregistrationIDandRFIDtagnumberonthewebsite. Whenvehiclepassesbythetollplazathevehicletagnumberiscomp aredwiththestolenvehicletagnumbersinthedatabaseattollplaza.I fitismatchedthebuzzerwillringandamessagewillbesenttotheregi steredpolicestation.

  6. METHODOLOGY

    Fig.2.Flowchart

  7. APPLICATIONS

    Theproposedsystemidentifiestheclassofvehicleandcollectst hetollamountaccordingly.Italsoidentifieswhetherthevehicleisc arryinganyweaponsornot.Inordertopreventanyaccidentsduetoo verloading,thissystemalsodetectsforanyoverloadedvehicles.In caseofanymishapduetotheabovereasons,theconcernedauthoriti esareinformedtotakethenecessaryaction.

  8. CONCLUSION

Anumberofhighwayscanbeconnectedbyprovidingasingleda tabaseofalargenumberofvehiclesandprovidinganefficientwayo fcollectingtoll.Itreducesthehumaneffortsforcollectingtollamou ntandprovidessmoothflowoftrafficaroundtolljunctiontherebyh elpingGovernmentauthorities.

REFERENCES

[1] AniruddhaKumawat1,KshitijaChandramore,AutomaticTollCollectionSy stemUsingRfid,InternationalJournalofElectricalandElectronicsResearch, Vol.2,Issue2,2014,67-72.

[2] K.Vidyasagar,ThreestageTollGateAlarmingMechanismonRoad HighwaysInternationalJournalofComputerApplications,Volume143

No.12,June2016

[3] PreetiGiri,PriyankaJainAutomatedTollCollectionSystemUsingRFIDTec hnology,IJARSE,Vol.2,Issue9,2013.

[4] SangeetaPandey,YamunaRaiandShipraMishra,FullyAutomatedTollTax CollectionUsingRFTechnology,VSRD-IJEECE,Vol.2,Issue6,2012,417- 420.

[5] K.Kamarulazizi,dr.W.Ismail,ElectronicTollCollectionSystemUsing PassiveRFIDTechnology,JournalofTheoreticalandAppliedInformationT echnology,Vol.22No.2,December2010.

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