Analysis of a Stationary Platen of Injection Molding Machine

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Analysis of a Stationary Platen of Injection Molding Machine

Prof. Parita Sheth

Department of Mechanical Engineering Indus University

Ahmedabad, Gujarat India

Prof. Amol Bagesar

Department of Mechanical Engineering Indus University

Ahmedabad, Gujarat India

Abstract- Injection molding is one of the most rapid and economical method of fabricating plastic materials in to the many simple, complex shapes & forms which is nowadays requirement of the highly growing plastic industry. The stationary platen made of spheroidal Graphite Iron of the Maxima-2300 tonnage injection molding machine is modeled by 3-D modeling software Pro/e 4.0 and analysis is done by Ansys

12.0 to check whether the obtained result is within permissible limit or not and than the obtained result is than justified logically.

Keywords- Injection Molding Machine, Stationary Platen of IMM, S G Iron

  1. STATIONARY PLATEN OF MAXIMA 2300 IMM MODELLED IN PRO/ ENGINEER

    1. PROBLEM STATEMENT

      To analyze a stationary platen of Maxima 2300 Injection Molding Machine (IMM) made of S G Iron, with the help of the software Ansys 12.0 and to check that whether the result obtained is within permissible limit or not.

    2. BASIC OPERATIONS OF INJECTION MOLDING MACHINE

      Raising the temperature of the plastic to a point where it will flow under pressure then allow the plastic to solidify in the mold, when the machine is closed. After opening of the mold to eject the plastic after keeping the material confined under pressure as the heat (which was added to the material to liquefy it) is removed to solidify the plastic and freeze it permanently in to the shape desired.

      1. Force diagram of IMM

        Fig. 1 Force Diagram of IMM

        Fig. 2 Stationary Platen of Maxima 2300 Injection Molding Machine

  2. ANALYSIS OF STATIONARY PLATEN OF MAXIMA 2300 IMM

    ANSYS is a general purpose finite element modeling package for numerically solving a wide variety of mechanical problems. These problems include: static/dynamic structural analysis (both linear and non-linear), heat transfer and fluid problems, as well as acoustic and electro-magnetic problems.

    MAXIMA-2300

    DESCRIPTION

    DATA

    RESULT

    UNIT

    Force in Tonnes

    2300

    2300

    Tonnes

    Force in kgf

    2300*1000

    2300000

    Kgf

    Force in N

    22563000

    N

    Force per Strain Rod

    5640750

    N

    Centre Distance between Tie-Bar

    Horizontal

    2325

    Mm

    Vertical

    1925

    Mm

    Strain Road Diameter

    325

    Mm

    Open Space

    Horizontal

    2000

    Mm

    TABLE1 Calculation sheet

    Vertical

    1600

    Mm

    CALCULATION – MINIMUM MOLD AREA

    Horizontal

    2000

    Vertical

    1600

    2/3 Horizontal

    1333.33

    Mm

    2/3 Vertical

    1066.67

    Mm

    Mold Area

    H*V

    1422222.2

    mm2

    Dia of Bore

    192

    Area of Bore

    28952.9179

    Total Area

    Mold Area- Area of Bore

    1393269.30

    Pressure on Mold Area (P2)

    16.19

    N/mm2

    CALCULATION – AREA OF NUT

    Outer Dia of Nut

    Do

    640

    Mm

    Inner Dia of Nut

    D1

    510

    Mm

    Area of One Nut

    117417.0254

    mm2

    Pressure on one Nut (P1)

    48.040

    N/mm2

    S G IRON

    81-117

    Mpa

    1. Ansys Steps

      When the particular file is saved as pro/e form than select pro/e option or when the file is saved as .iges form than select iges option.

      Fig.4 Result

      Main Menu > General Postproc >Plot Results >Contour Plot

      >Nodal Solution> stress > 1st principal >ok

      File > import > pro/e or iges

      Or

      To open from .anf file open > look in > open.

      Fig.3 Open File in Ansys

    2. Meshing of Volume

      Main Menu > Preprocessor>Meshing>Mesh Tool>Size>15>volume> free> Mesh>Pick All >OK

      Utility Menu > plot >volume or element

      Fig. 5 Ansys Result

  3. JUSTIFICATION FOR THE RESULT

    The obtained result by Ansys is justified here by means of the force diagram and the front and rear view of the platen.

    Whereas the other face towards nozzle is subjected to tensile stress which gives higher stress contours as shown in below figure6 (a).

    As per the force diagram the mold mounting face is under compression while the other face towards nozzle is under tension; so the mold mounting face gives less stress contours (blue color)which is justified as it is subjected so compressive force only. Similarly the plate is bolted down so it shows higher stress near the leg as shown in figure 6 (b).

  4. CONCLUSION

The stationary platen of MAXIMA 2300 IMM is modeled and analyzed in this paper. After the Analysis of this platen it is found that the result obtained by Ansys is within permissible limits (<117 MPa) and the obtained result is justified logically too.

REFERENCES

Fig:6(a)

Fig:6(b)

-Fig.6 View of Stress Plot Minimum Mold Area

    1. Gallagher R. H.: Flat Plate Analysis, New Jersey ,Prentice-Hall, inc.

    2. Timoshenko S. P., Woinowsky: Theory of Plates and Shells,

      New York, McGraw-Hill

    3. Timoshenko S. P.: Theory of elastic stability, New York, McGraw-Hill:

    4. Wojtaszak: The Calculation of Maximum Deflection, Moments, and Shear for Uniformly Loaded Rectangular Plate with Clamped Edge. J. Appl. Mech. Trans. ASME

    5. Young: Analysis of clamped rectangular plates J. Appl. Mech. 62

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