 Open Access
 Total Downloads : 1895
 Authors : P.Deepthi, Mrs.S.M.Padmaja
 Paper ID : IJERTV1IS6478
 Volume & Issue : Volume 01, Issue 06 (August 2012)
 Published (First Online): 30082012
 ISSN (Online) : 22780181
 Publisher Name : IJERT
 License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Adjustable Speed System Of Induction Motor Using Vector Controlled
ADJUSTABLE SPEED
SYSTEM OF INDUCTION MOTOR USING VECTOR CONTROLLED

eepthi
Department of Electrical and Electronics Shri Vishnu Engineering College for Women Bhimavaram, India.
Mrs.S.M.Padmaja
Department of Electrical and Electronics Shri Vishnu Engineering College for Women Bhimavaram, India.

INTRODUCTION

AC Induction motor is widely used in the modern ac drive system, which has simple structure, low price, good durability and flowing capacity, and easily to be maintained. Nevertheless due to the nonlinear characteristics, such as highorder, nonlinear, multivariable and strong coupling, as compared with DC motor, AC induction motor cannot realize the high performance speed governing. With the development of power electronic technology and AC induction motor control theory, especially the appearance of DSP signal processor and ASIC, as well as the application of many control algorithm in the motion control field, such as vector control, direct torque control, adaptive control and speed sensor less control, the performance of AC speed regulation system is becoming more and more superior. AC induction motor has gradually replaced the traditional DC motor and becomes the mainstream of drive motor in transmission system, which plays a more extensive and important role in every field and department of peoples daily life and in industry and agriculture. The basic principle is based on the coordinate transformation theory, in which two orthogonal ac components in time phase are converted into two orthogonal dc components in space. Then the AC induction motor stator currents is decomposed into two independent DC control quantity: excitation component and torque component, which are separately used to realize the control of motor magnetic flux and torque. Finally, two dc control quantity are reduced to ac variables to control the AC induction motor. Thus controlling magnetic flux and torque as DC motor is realized, which greatly improve the dynamic performance of speed governing. In this paper, based on the analysis of asynchronous motor dynamic mathematical model and the principle of vector control, the motor control system is constructed though vector control method. The simulation model of induction motor system has been built by Matlab/Simulink, and dynamic and static
performance of AC induction motor vector control speed regulation system has been validated via the simulation results.

MATHEMATHICAL MODEL OF MOTOR
The mathematic model of AC induction motor is a highorder, nonlinear and strong coupling multivariable system, which needs to be simplified through coordinate transformation. By neglecting the space harmonic influence, magnetic saturation, iron loss and changes of frequency and temperature, the mathematical model of threephase induction motor can be described on the dq co ordinate system by,
In equation (14), r1 and r2 are stator resistance; L1 and L2 are stator selfinduction ; M is stator mutual inductance; u1M and u1T are the stator voltage of M axis and T axis; WS is slip angular frequency; W1 is synchronous rotation angular frequency; T is electromagnetic torque; i1M, i1T, i2M and i2T are stator currents, nP is motor pole logarithm; 2 is rotor flux linkage; 2M and 2T are the rotor flux linkage of M axis and T axis; P is differential operator.

SIMULATION MODEL OF VECTOR CONTROL
The simulation model diagram in Simulink can be obtained from the basic equation, as shown in Fig.1. is speed, T is
torque, M T i, i and i phir abc, are the preset current and flux linkage separately. The system consists of squirrelcage motor and IGBT FB converter, current compare pulse generator, Vector control linkage, preset flux linkage, speed controller, expectation speed.
Fig.1 Simulink model for vector control of three phase motor
Fig2: Simulink model for vector control of single phase motor

Induction Motor and Power Converter Module
The package structure of induction motor and power converter module is shown in Fig.1. Induction Machine SI Units module is adopted, which can simulate woundrotor and squirrel induction motor in twophase rotation coordinate system (including static twophase coordinate system, rotor coordinate system and synchronous rotation coordinate system). A, B and C are the input terminal of threephase induction motor stator windings, which connects with three output terminal of IGBT inverter, and constitute the induction motor submodule power driven by inverter. As the access terminal of motor load, Tm is used to execute the motor loading experiment. Power converter module consists of six IGBT power tube and adopts Universal Bridge module which can simulate the inverter composed of GTO, MOSFET, THYRISTORS and IGBT, DIODES component.
Inverter Pulses is the input terminal of six PWM control signals, and the DC bus voltage can input from + and – in inverter module.

Current Regulator Module
Current regulator can realize hysteresis tracking control of the induction motor threephase current, the structure of which is shown in Fig.3. This module is composed of three hysteresis controllers (Relay) and three logical negation operators (Logical operator). The input is threephase reference and measured current value, and the output is six PWM control signals. While No.1, No.3, No.5 control signal are complementary to No.2, No.4, No.6 control signal. This module can be constructed by the Relay and Logical operator module Simulink Library. Relay skips between logic 1 and logic 0 according to the changes of input signal. When the practical current is lower than reference current and the
differentials is bigger then hysteresis breaths of Relay, then the corresponding phase will forward break over (Relay output 1)
and negative shutoff (Logical operator output 0); while the practical current is higher than reference current and the differentials is bigger then hysteresis breaths, then the corresponding phase will negative break over and forward Shutoff.

Coordinates Transformation Module
Coordinates transformation module include the transformation from threephase static abc coordinate system to twophase rotation dq coordinate system (Clarke and Park transformation) and transformation from twophase rotation dq coordinate system to threephase static abc coordinate system (inverse Park and inverse Clarke transformation). The transformation formula from dq to abc is:
This module can be constructed through the userdefined function Fcn in Simulink Library, whose structure is shown in below figure.
Fig.3 Transform module for dq to abc
The transformation formula from threephase static abc coordinate system to twophase rotation dq coordinate system is,
The realization structure of this module is given in below fig.4
Fig.4 Transform module for abc to dq


SIMULATION RESEARCH
Parameters of the asynchronous motor are set up as: rated power n p =500w, rated voltage n v =460v, pole logarithm p n =2, stator resistance Rs =0.087 , rotor resistance Rr =0.228 , stator
inductance Ls =0.8 e3 H, rotor inductance Lr =0.8 e3 H, mutual inductance Lm =34.7 e3 H . Simulation curve is given in Fig.5 for the condition that the given reference speed is 160rad/s, and the motor load is 300N.m. It includes line voltage, threephase currents, load torque and motor speed. Line voltage is PWM wave whose amplitude equals to line voltage. he phase current peak is relatively large during the accelerating process, which is 23 times larger than the rated current. In the initial transient accelerated process, a rotating magnetic field is constructed and the three phase current is not stable yet. When flux linkage reaches steady state value, motor output the maximum torque and accelerate. The rise time is about 1 second. When the speed reaches steadystate value, then torque jump to zero, and the phase current keep steady, torque output maintain zero.
Fig5: simulation waveforms for phase voltage, current, load torque and speed with time when given speed is 160 rad/s
Fig.6 shows the simulation curve when initial speed changes from 160rad/s to 140rad/s. It is obvious that the peak speed appears at 0.3s which is about 165rad/s, after 1.5s it reaches to the given value 160rad/s. After 0.3s the load torque gradually descends from 300N.m to 0, and threephase current achieve stability, then remain unchanged.
Fig.6 Simulation diagram when initial speed changes from 160 to 140
Fig.7 Simulation waveform for phase voltage, current, load torque and speed with time when speed is 120 rad/s
Fig.8 Simulation waveform for voltage, current, load torque and speed single phase induction motor using vector control

CONCLUSION
Based on the sufficient analysis of induction motor mathematical model and vector principle, simulation model in Matlab/Simulink environment has been constructed. The simulation results show that the dynamic response of the motor speed is fast, steady tracking has high precision, and the torque has instantaneous response characteristics, all of which are consistent with the theoretical analysis of vector control variable frequency speed regulation. Meanwhile this constructing method of simulation model is simple and convenient, which provides effective means for the realization
and debugging in practical motor control system.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I am thank full to my guide Mrs.S.M.Padmaja (Assoc. Prof) of EEE department for his valuable suggestion to complete my paper in time.

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