Study of Road Surface Inimitability and Safety

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV5IS120134

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Study of Road Surface Inimitability and Safety

Awari Mahesh Babu

Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Tirumala Engineering College,

Hyderabad. TS. India

Abstract -The surface of the Road surface is very important it will influence the comfort, safety, travelling and maintenance of the cost of the road user. It is important to study the soil properties, coefficient of friction, grain depth, there conditions and environmental conditions. At present the pavement surface conditions have great importance in improving materials and innovative methods. One of the methods is application of antiskid sprouting. In this method it is observed that there is improvement in component properties. It is concluded that it gains in skidding resistance it is allowed pavement is safe. The paper deals with traffic safety with respect to surface conditions and it is necessary to study the soil properties, coefficient of friction, grain depth, there conditions and environmental conditions

Keywords: Road, Surface conditions, Skid, Surfacing, friction


The road user wants a level where they can drive safe and secure. Pavement composition with adequate firmness, a prompt surfeit on or after the rain, and direct level, and straightforward reflection of glare at the level and a constrained construction of sound with the contact space involving the vehicle tyre will improve safety. Pavement composition and soil surface properties get to relatively be present during relate unlimited quantity of a number of time, e.g. during the instant era of the pavement formation.

Skidding Resistance

A vehicle is in a point to make on a road attributable to the friction surrounded by the contact space connecting the tyres and consequently the paved surface. The skidding resistance is outlined for the reason that the friction stable calculated in line through a homogenous methodology.

  • The bond ingredient so as to happens throughout molecular attraction among the tread of the tyre and also the covered surface. On a dry covered surface this aspect is that the mainly important one. This ingredient decreases with increasing texture of the paved surface.

  • The objective incident or deformation component that happens during deformations of the tyre. This part will enhance with the grain of the paved surface and it's the chief vital part on a wet paved surface.

  • The consistency or wear part that happens during the confrontation of the rubber touching contravention of the inside consistency.

Influencing Factors

The following are the important factors that influence the friction coefficient are:

1. Road surface 2. Tyre, 3. Weather conditions, 4. Vehicle speed, 5. Wheel slip and drift angle.

Wheel trip and waft perspective

A wheel will be braked off in such the simplest way that completely forces in the longitudinal direction take place in the contact space connecting the tyre and also the smooth surface. If w1 is that the rotary speed of the braked wheel and 0 is that the rotary speed of a sternly rolling wheel, then the share of wheel slip is ((W0- W1)/W0)×100. The importance of the longitudinal strength varies with the share of wheel slip. A braking wheel in addition be able to include an invented drift angle with the track of travel. The occurring oblique braking services square appraise fervent about the amount of the drift angle.


Farnsworth evaluated the penalty of pavement influential on five sections of highways. Farnsworth considered the coefficients of resistance before shaping and when determining and situated that pavement shaping improved the coefficients of resistance, ever-changing the resistance values from below essential to on top of crucial..

Neumann et al. Discuss in general terms exact countermeasures that will be imposed to enhance skid resistance. These could embody changes to the pavement aggregates, adding overlays, or adding texture to the pavement surface. They state that the use of the step not solely depends on the live hand-picked, however conjointly varies with relevance location, traffic volume, rain propensity, road pure mathematics, temperature, pavement structure etc. They indicate that once choosing sites for skid resistance programs, it's vital to somehow management for the quantity of wet- pavement exposure.

Torbic et al. Discuss pavement shaping. Pavement shaping could be a technique by that longitudinal or crosswise cuts are introduced on a surface to extend skid resistance and to scale back the amount of wet -weather crashes. The grooves increase skid resistance by rising the voidance characteristics of the pavement and by

providing a rougher pavement surface. Many studies showed that grooved pavements scale back wet-weather crashes between fifty five and seventy two p.c though the analysis strategies applied don't seem to be thought of progressive by todays standards.


Primary Considerations

Blacktop mixtures functional in generous itinerary act as structural and firm presented the determined individuality previously concerning a safe and comfortable travel. There h a s been a development in Blacktop mixtures w i t h original t e c h n i q u e of pavements determined remedy in recent years, with the aim of up the

pavement concert. With the objective of up obtainable hydrocarbons properties subsequently emerged the changed bitumen with polymers, most normally utilized in porous and friction asphalt concrete. A lot of recently it come back up the modified hydrocarbon with rubber (MRB), used mostly in friction asphalt concrete and open texture surfaces. By assessment the constant of friction values of a hydrocarbon concrete with unusual wearing courses (Table one.1), these last typically present minor results, with the importance that these days, in new roads, and bituminous concrete has been replaced by different techniques that offer higher determined performance.

Table.1 Coefficient of friction results on roads, calculated with grip-tester

(50 km/h;0.5mm film of water):

Wearing course type



Bituminous concrete

3 -8 years in services

0.40 0.70

Porous asphalt concrete


0.80 0.90

Open textured mixtures with MRB

5 years in service

0.60 – 0.70

Friction asphalt concrete layer

3 8 years in service

0.50 0.65

Modern techniques, like anti-skid regression and inoculation blasting, conceive essential edges in tire/ pavement bond, in reduce wear, followed by earlier and less high-ticket applications, providing these advance enhanced consequences.


Anti-skidding appearance might be a technique practical on pavements sporting course, not being essential any structural i n t e r v e n t i o n , if t h e s t r u c t u r e is in elegant conditions. This is o f t e n a s t r a i g h t f o r w a r d application technique and when mistreatment alternated lanes, it ends up in minimum constrains of traffic. Due to the enormous results obtained formerly resisting skidding, the anti-skidding emergence may be a decent solution in areas at r i s k of accidents or probably dangerous so as to cut b ack accidents. Increasing the constant of friction, the tire-

pavement adhesion improves, preventing failure of superviion and diminishing accidents.


For case of study the anti-skidding emergence experiment has been conducted on Hyderabad municipal road i.e. at UPPAL LB NAGAR US STOP TO UPPAL

RTA office road. A technique EM 603 has been applied in o ne direction, little traffic stream and hydrocarbon concrete sporting course. The anti- skidding materialization has been applied and produced in on a wing of pertaining to 350m, mostly in arc. The incidence of accidents light-emitting diode Hyderabad municipal council to get involved, deciding to apply anti- skidding emergence to decrease the magnitude of accidents that occurred within the curve. The majority cause for the registered accidents was speed in overindulgence, considering the nature and also the untainted mathematics of the road.

The road near RTA office Uppal Hyderabad

Though, one regard as that the application on the pavement have to be unmitigated for a few additional meters, up to the pedestrians juncture within the track to expand friction, dipping the breaking distance, immobile as in breaking distance, wherever the anti skidding emergence have to start before the curve initiates, for a flight with higher adhesion. By observation it absolutely

was terminated that this road includes a elevated traffic flow, of that a considerable quantity area unit important vehicles.. The anti skidding emergence was used on the blacktop pavement, employing a two constituent ployure than resin and a granite grouping with an admirable size application of, being the ensuing depth four millimeter

Application of the anti skidding surfacing to the pavement


The paper is present constructive properties of the conflicting skidding emergence by quantity coefficient of friction and textures deepness persecution standard ways. To live the constant of friction Brits setup was used and to determinate the feel depth was formed the sand patch test.

The survey on EM 603 has been produced seven months when the application of the anti-skidding emergence. Three segments have been chosen for tests: the primary one positioned on the pervious hydrocarbon concrete, basically prior to the different skidding emergence, as a illustration of existing circumstances prior to the appliance of pavement; Tests have been conducted opposite RTA Uppal office Hyderabad .





friction (PTV)

Texture (mm)

Previous pavement






Half of lane




Anti skid surf.






Half of lane





Half of lane






Since from the results, its obvious that coefficient of friction growth once the application of the contrasting skidding regression the bituminous concrete. The similar validation is equal to the bituminous concrete a result of the tests co nd ucted close to an junction and therefore the wheel lane rut wasnt fine outlined. By assessment of the results with the situation values for the invariable of friction referred within the Portuguese specifications Manual of Roads (0,55 PTV) (EP, 1998), that friction on the pervious pavement was below minimum suggested values The applying of the innovative pavement shows high-quality results. The surface properties EM 603 have been evaluated within the starting of its usage, trials were conducted 7 months once gap to traffic.


From the above stud, it is concluded that there was a significant development of the pavements useful properties (coefficient of friction and texture depth), when comparing with the existing hydrocarbon concrete. The is truth diode to the consideration that contrasting skidding surfacing and shot blasting constitutes smart solutions to progress tire/pavement bond conditions and throughout this method facilitate pavement become safer. Friction and texture depth values were obtained in tests improvement area unit way superior to the Portuguese specifications in roads. It is verified that texture depth enhance now and then corresponds to friction increases, as a outcome of it improves pavements macro texture. In Portuguese republic there are a unit special sporting course respond that explain smart practical properties porous asphalt concrete, mixtures with distorted rubber bitumen and friction asphalt concrete mixtures. However it is necessary to observe regularly the pavement to moderator extensive term performance, in front of traffic and other environmental conditions.


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