Review on Automated Pantry Order System using ZIGBEE

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Review on Automated Pantry Order System using ZIGBEE

Pranit P. Kathale Dr. A. M. Agarkar

Student ME (Digital Electronics) Professor

Dept. of Electronics and telecommunication Dept. of Electronics and telecommunication SSGMCE, Shegaon, Maharashtra SSGMCE, Shegaon, Maharashtra


Indian railway (IR) is one of the worlds best transporting system. It is mainly used for mass transportation. Also it is an affordable and effective all the way. 23 million passengers are travelling by the train per day and 7.2 billion passengers every year. The most important thing is that, attention has been paid time to time to the public comforts and their needs by introducing new things without increasing the fare since last few years.

The aim is to build Automated Pantry Order System using ZIGBEE. A more advantageous system with its advantages and disadvantages, over current food ordering system in IR which is totally manual system. The popularity of Indian railway and scope of our proposed system along with other ICT improvement is mentioned in the paper. Also the block schematic, hardware description and software description of Automated Pantry Order System using ZIGBEE is explained.

  1. Literature Review

    1. Current Scenario

      Discussing about the Indian railways pantry order systems, which is totally and totally manual system. Suppose a customer wants to order any food or breakfast, he cant access it immediately. Instead of that he will have to wait for waiter or service provider. Unless and until waiter comes to take order, your order cant be posted. And after posting the order the passenger or customer will have to wait for delivery and billing purpose.

      But, these problems can be solved by using the AUTOMATED PANTRY ORDER SYSTEMS. This

      will provide the total automation technology. So that customer can order at any moment of time. And the problems because of the fast delivery and billing can be solved.

    2. Advantages

      1. Increase in income

      2. Less expenditure

      3. Low labour cost

      4. More customer oriented service

      5. Easy to handle

      6. Easy to manage

      7. Secure transactions all the way

      8. Customer Satisfaction-key factor

    3. Disadvantages

      1. Proper Installation is required

      2. Cost of Repair

    4. Approximate use of travelling sources in India

      The following pie chart in the figure 1 is representing the approximate use of travelling sources which are used by the passengers normally in India. Out of these probably one to two percent of people are using seaways, four to five percent people are making their journey by the airways, twenty-three to twenty- eight percent people are travelling by the bus.

      Fig. 1: Approximate use of travelling sources in India

      And finally the most wide area of the pie chart is showing the population of India or the people using the train as the source of travelling.

      So, conclusion is that the train is the most important source of travelling used by the people, for long as well as short journey trains. So, it is most probable that our proposed Automated Pantry Order System can be implemented in the long destinations trains or non- suburban trains. The diagramatic representation is shown in the figure 1 above. [4]

    5. Passenger services

      The diagramatic representation of the trains, kilometres in millions of kilometres per day as well as per year is represented in the following graphs as figure 2 and figure 3 below.

      Basically passenger services are measured in terms of trains kilometres per day or per year. That is nothing but the density of trains running on the tracks to and fro. [4]

      Fig. 2: Train Kms per running track per day in millions

      The above figure 2 is representing the train kilometers per day in millions of kilometers. Thats nothing but the density of train kilometers per day. And figure 3 below is representing the train kilometers per year in millions of kilometers or the density of trains per year in the category of non-suburban trains. Non-suburban trains are nothing but the trains travelling for long distances from one destination to another.

      And density is directly proportional to the number of passengers travelling per day and per year respectively. Whatever the density of running trains is represented is definitely along with passengers.

      So, we understand the relation between the train kilometers with train density which is directly proportional to the number of passengers. Means, as the number of passengers are increasing day by day, our Automated Pantry Order System can be utilised more. And definitely the passengers travelling more than 300 to 400 kms requires food in the travel. If such a reliable and efficient service providing system is implemented in the trains, it will be the most usefull one, and one of the populler service, providing efficient system in the Indian railway department and other sectors also.

      As shown in the graph below, if such a huge density of trains will be there with continuous growth in the graph, our pantry food ordering system is having a very wide scope. In the Indian railways we will have bright business potential also for the designers, manufacturers and suppliers. [4]

      Fig. 3: Train Kms per running track per year in millions

    6. ICT Improvements

      Discussing about the ICT i.e information and communication technology process and progress in the Indian railway department, the following table 1 is describing in brief about various improvements in ICT sectors. [4]

      Table 1. ICT Improvements in IR Department




      Total Cost (Rs. In Crores)

      Included in 12th Plan Estimates

      Balance to be Funded (Crores)



      Internet access at 58 A1 class stations and 284 A class stations




      Improved passenger experience


      Unified ICT platform for 6000 railway stations




      Communication services voice, data & video services for all administrative/ operational requirements

      3. (a)

      RTIS based on SIMRAN project




      Tracking of trains, locomotives and cargo

      3. (b)

      RFID tracking system for wagons, coaches and locomotives




      Tracking of wagons and cargo to improve wagon utilization and availability by 10%


      Mobile tracking (unreserved)

      Reserved ticketing already launched






      Above table is giving an idea about various information and communication technologies implemented in the Indian railway department. Some of the technologies like internet access at A class stations, unified ICT platform for 6000 railway platforms, RTIS based on SIMRAN projects, RFID tracking system for wagons and coaches, mobile tracking, etc. service facilities are being given by ICT improvement sector in IR depatment. And department or government had spent crores of rupees on this sector. So, by considering the above improvements, government can also spend some sort of money on our proposed system in order to improve customer satisfaction along with fast, secure, and reliable transactions. Thats what it can be one of the agenda

      under ICT improvements in Indian railways.

  2. Proposed Design

    1. Transmitter Section







      To Receiver

      Fig.4(a). Transmitter section

    2. Receiver Section

From Transmitter



After receiving the data in pantry car, the payment receipt is generated in the printer for respective order. Then waiter or service provider in pantry car serves the order and payment receipt to the passenger as early as possible. In this way automatic pantry car order system using zigbee module works.

  1. Software Description

    1. Transmitter Section


      Central Computer

      PC Interface


      Fig.4(b). Receiver section

      3. Hardware Description

      The paper is all about transmitting and receiving zigbee units used in the automated pantry order system. In this, the transmitter module is present on both ends in each bogie. If passenger want to give any order then he must have to go to the device which is present in the bogie with his conform railway reservation ticket. And passenger will have to enter his PNR number, seat number and bogie number to the module through numerical keypad. After giving all this details to the device, the list of menus will be displayed, from which passenger will have to select his desired item whatever he want. Then device asks for quantity of food item to enter.

      After giving all the required information to module the internal hardware starts working. The data which passenger entered from numerical keypad is fetched from microcontroller and fetched data will be sent via transmitter. In pantry car the receivers will be placed and transmitted data will be received by the receiver in pantry car. If two orders are given simultaneously from the same bogie then at that time one order is on hold as soon as the first order is cleared the second order will hit the receiver in pantry car.

      Please enter your PNR number

      Please enter your bogie number

      Please enter your seat number

      Select the menu with quantity

      Total price will be displayed

      Finalize the order

      To Receiver

      Fig.5. Flow chart for Transmitter section

      The flow charts are giving the software description in brief for the automated pantry order system. The stepwise flow of execution is shown in the above flow chart for transmitter section and following flow chart is describing the flow of execution for the receiver section.

    2. Receiver Section

      From Transmitter

      Data received from transmitter

      Decoding of data and printing the receipt

      Order will get served to the customer with printed receipt


      Fig.6. Flow chart for Receiver section

  2. Conclusion

    The current scenario of conventional food ordering system is done. Modified model of Pantry Order System is discussed to make it more convenient and efficient. Hardware description and software description is also given with the focus on ZIGBEE communication protocol.

  3. References

  1. M. Thompson and J. K. Fidler, Fast antenna tunning using transputer based simulated annealing, Electron. Lett.vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 603604, Mar. 2000.

  2. Markus R Pfaffinger Higher Vibration Modes in Railway Tracks at their cutoff frequencies, thesis, Swiss federal institute of technology, 2000.

  3. Shen-Haw Ju,Hung-Ta Lin,Jeng-Yuan Huang, Dominant Frequencies of Train Induced Vibrations, thesis, march 2008.


  5. Shweta Shashikant Tanpure, Priyanka R. Shidankar, Madhura M. Joshi, Automated Food Ordering System with Real-Time Customer Feedback, IJRCSSE, vol.3, issue 2, Feb.2013.

  6. Kamran Sartipi, Design of fast food restaurant system using statement tool, thesis, university of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2L, 3G1, Nov.1995.

  7. P.Khanja,S.Wattanasirichaigoon,J.Natwichai,S.Noimanee, L.Ramingwong,A Web Base System For ECG Data Transfered using ZIGBEE/IEEE Technology, ISBME, 2008.

  8. Stefan Soucek, Gerhard Russ, Clara Tamarit, The Smart Kitchen Project An Application of Fieldbus Technology to Domotics, Institute of Computer Technology Gusshausstr, 27-29/384, A-1040, Wien, Austria.

  9. Biming Tian, Song Han, Liu Liu, Saghar Khadem, Sazia Parvin, Towards enhanced key management in multi-phase ZigBee network architecture, vol.35, pp.579-588, Dec.2011.

  10. Alexander Divinsky, Matthew Donders, Andrew Durfee, Christopher Lesko, Smart Kitchen Inventory Management System, thesis, ECE 423 Senior Design, Group 11, July 2010.

  11. Zeeshan R. Mulla, Aaditya Kulkarni, Pooja Gaikwad, Train operation management system on android operating system using Ad-Hoc network, IJERMCA, Vol.2, Issue 3, March 2013.

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