Internet of Things in India: Present Scenario, Future Prospects and Challenges

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTCONV10IS01007

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Internet of Things in India: Present Scenario, Future Prospects and Challenges

Dr. Jyoti Bhoj

Designation Assistant Professor

KCC Institute Legal And Higher Education

Abstract:- The introduction of IoT in India has brought the next level industrial revolution also known as Industry 4.0. IoT plays a leading role in an evolving IoT business and technology context besides in the new Digital India program launched by the Government. According to a recent report, IoT investments in India were close to USD 5Bn in 2019, and this is expected to go up to USD 15Bn in 2021.

Keywords: internet of things, India, industry, challenges

INTRODUCTION

IoT, Industrial IoT and Edge Computing are growing at an incredibly fast pace and have become an integral part of our daily lives through applications such as intelligent tracking system in transportation, industrial wireless automation, public safety, personal health monitoring, and health care for the aged community. The potential is seemingly endless. We are living in the future that we once thought was a lifetime away.

Since IoT devices are connected with the web, they can be hacked just like any other internet-enabled device. With such a high level of device connectivity being brought into businesses can create a significant data security risk. With past security alert incidents like hackers shutting down IoT gadgets, and security attacks against enterprise infrastructure, electrical grids, dams, etc., it seems that IoT security may not just be about home or enterprise data security but also national security.

The figure below show the top IoT 2020 trends in India:

  1. Smart Cities: Smart Cities is everyones choice today. Thanks to IoT, Smart Cities will continue to expand its reach with hi-tech technologies that will leverage data of IoT devices between entities. IoT provides scope for better cities which entails smart lighting, automated parking, environment sensible to check pollution levels, smart irrigation, waste generation, walkable localities and smart homes to make better use of infrastructure, ensure the safety of residents and help in the resource management efficiently.

  2. Smart Factories: IoT can boost productivity by enabling automation and real-time data analytics and ensure seamless operations with high-quality output by optimizing workflows and detecting errors missed by the human eye. It can also help to save production time and track assets in the factory and help consolidate control rooms.

  3. Data-Driven Healthcare: Using IIoT, Healthcare service providers can access real-time data to remotely monitor patients and mitigate the risk of diseases. As a result, the healthcare workforce can focus more on research, learning, and patient fulfilment.

  4. Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI capabilities allows businesses to extract more value out of their massive collection of data. AI will analyse the data collected through IoT devices in various ways such as data preparation, visualization of streaming data, real-time location, predictive analysis and so forth.

  5. Data Processing with Edge Computing: Edge Computing stores data on a local device near the IoT device, before sending it to the cloud that can be used for sorting and calculating the data. In the coming years, more organizations will adapt edge computing with affordable edge devices as there will be less bandwidth consumption by IoT devices using Edge Computing.

  6. Smart Retail: Retail experience is getting smarter and better with utilization of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Tags) and use of IoT devices. By using IoT devices, store managers can find out the way visitors spend their time in the stores, can track their movements and analyse, and manage inventory well.

  7. Fitness: Real-time data from fitness trackers and health devices can provide qualitative life by monitoring health conditions like blood pressure, blood sugar level, heartbeat rate, etc. In an emergency, healthcare smart devices can issue alerts to the concerned person/department.

  8. Telecommunications: In the coming years, the number of connected devices and IoT applications will increase with the rollout of 5G. Hence, redefining our lives in the hyper-connected zone.

Objectives

  1. To understand present scenario with respect to internet of things in india

  2. To understand future prospects of internet of things in india

  3. To understand challenges faced by internet of things in India

LITERATURE REVIEW

Kevin Ashton, a British technological pioneer coined the term 'Internet of Things' to support the idea of supply chain management in 1999. However, in the past few years the term has become more comprehensive and now includes wider spectrum of services like Healthcare, Transport, Utilities, Consumer goods etc.

The authors F. Bader and S. Jagtap in Internet of Things Linked Wearable Devices for Managing Food Safety in the Healthcare Sector, 2019. describes the concept of Internet of things along with the architecture of IoT, protocols to develop IoT Architecture and challenges for developing Intelligent system for real time environment.

The authors in P. Aswale, A. Shukla, P. Bharati, S. Bharambe, and S. Palve, An Overview of Internet of Things: Architecture, Protocols and Challenges, in Information and Communication Technology for Intelligent Systems, Springer, 2019, pp. 299308 describes smart urban Ecosystem which includes smart cities environment, applications and infrastructure.Integration of cyber and physical component to control and monitor urban environment.

  1. Cicirelli, A. Guerrieri, C. Mastroianni, G. Spezzano, and A. Vinci, The Internet of Things for Smart Urban Ecosystems. Springer, 2019 describes the concept of automatic smart parking system by using IoT. Smart parking will be using cloud services for storing information about various vehicles along with their IN-OUT time, number of parking slot, number of parking slots available. Components for smart parking will include Raspberry Pi, Camera, IR sensors, Display device, User device etc

    RESEARCH DESIGN

    The research is based on secondary sources from various sources such as internet, journals, reports and newspapers.

    RESULTS

    In the northern Indian city of Kohima, data collected from sensors and other internet of things (IoT) devices is being used to manage street lighting, ensure public safety and deliver a slew of citizen services. And between the capital city of New Delhi and Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, the Vande Bharat Express Indias first semi high-speed train uses a collision-avoidance system comprising sensors and other IoT devices to prevent accidents due to human error or equipment failure. In agriculture, Tea Tantrum, a supplier of wellness and premium teas in India, is using IoT technology to monitor moisture content and maintain the ingredient proportions of some of its products. Industry watchers have singled out India as a hotspot for IoT deployments, with the market expected to reach $17bn by 2021, according to Ray Wang, founder and principal analyst at Constellation Research. Across the world, spending on software and hardware related to IoT is projected to grow rapidly, from US$726 billion in 2019 to US$1.1 trillion in 2023, according to a market research report.2 A recent IoT industry spending report reveals that Asia/Pacific accounted for most of the spending on IoT in 2019, with India spending US$20.6 billion3. After COVID-19, focus is on conserving cash in India. The following tree trends are expected:

    • De-growth in 2020; possibly going into H1 2021

    • Companies mandated to use IoT to reimagine new ways of operating

    • Growth after H2 2021 is expected to be much faster after COVID vaccine/treatment is found

    The above trend is also corroborated by another recent market research4 covering pre- and post-COVID-19 market analysis. According to this research, the industrial IoT market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 16.7 percent from 2019 to reach US$263.4 billion by 2027. A few of the compelling reasons why organisations use IoT are to reduce cost and/or increase revenue, enhance safety and security, and improve product quality. Drivers that are increasing IoT adoption in the markets include the following: low cost of storing and computing data on the cloud platform; emerging trends on edge computing; falling costs of connectivity, sensors, and devices; and increasing smartphone penetration and mobile app development platforms. In this section, we will focus on key high-value drivers cost reduction, revenue growth, security, and safety. These drivers, along with quality control measures, are expected to be critical in accelerating IoT adoption. Hence, understanding these elements and the potential use cases that could support the adoption of IoT is crucial.

    The Indian market has the following three sectors: enterprise/industrial, consumer, and services/public. Each segment has distinct characteristics and market opportunities. COVID-19 is expected to further accelerate the investment pace in IoT.

    Enterprise/industrial: This segment is driven by manufacturing and product development. The life sciences, discrete manufacturing, and process manufacturing industries, along with utilities, will be spending most on IoT solutions in the coming years The trend is expected to continue with the majority of the use cases focusing around enhancing asset tracking and asset life with condition-based maintenance and equipment tracking and the ability to enforce physical distancing.

    Consumer: Focus on customer experience has driven investments in this sector. Smart home and connected vehicle are expected to drive investments in IoT. The consumer sector is expected to overtake process manufacturing to become the second-largest source of IoT spending by 20233 Large-format commercial retail, and travel and transport hubs (such as airports) are also likely to invest in IoT-based solutions as a direct result of COVID-19.

    Services/public sector: The Government of India (GoI) has taken several initiatives (discussed later in the report) that have encouraged most of the IoT spending. Considering the governments plans of launching 100 smart cities, 500 rejuvenated cities, and numerous projects to create industrial hubs, the segment has a substantial potential for IoT spending. With IoT software spending totalling US$39.3 billion in 20193 in APAC region and the fastest growth (a CAGR of 14.4 percent) expected over the five-year forecast period (2018-23), let us understand the industries that are making significant investments in IoT technology and promoting its growth in India.

    Challenges in Securing IoT

    The rise in demand of IoT-connected devices and IoT app development comes with various security challenges. The whole security of an IoT network depends on a single device in the chain. If one of the devices gets breached, it compromises the entire security of every other device connected to this chain. This could easily compromise the safety of th Challenges in Securing IoT

    The rise in demand of IoT-isconnected devices and IoT app development comes with various security challenges. The whole security of an IoT network depends on a single device in the chain. If one of the devices gets breached, it compromises the entire security of every other device connected to this chain. This could easily compromise the safety of the whole network.

    In this IoT competition, very few manufacturers consider the security issues associated with data access & IoT devices. Data Security Council of India (DSCI) identifies following issues in securing IoT:e whole network.

    In this IoT competition, very few manufacturers consider the security issues associated with data access & IoT devices. Data Security Council of India (DSCI) identifies following issues in securing IoT:

    SUMMARY

    The global Internet of Things market is expected to reach USD 1,854.76 billion by 2028, exhibiting a CAGR of 25.4% during the forecast period. The market is expected to gain impetus from the rising adoption of digital twins by a wide range of industries. They help in transforming the physical assets of the industries into a virtual representation. It aids in controlling, examining, and viewing the operations based on the digital platform.

    REFERENCES

    1. Gatsis K, Pappas GJ. Wireless control for the IoT: power spectrum and security challenges. In: Proc. 2017 IEEE/ACM second international conference on internet-of-things design and implementation (IoTDI), Pittsburg, PA, USA, 1821 April 2017. INSPEC Accession Number: 16964293

    2. Behrendt F. Cycling the smart and sustainable city: analyzing EC policy documents on internet of things, mobility and transport, and smart cities. Sustainability. 2019;11(3):763.

    3. Zanella A, Bui N, Castellani A, Vangelista L, Zorgi M. Internet of things for smart cities. IEEE IoT-J. 2014;1(1):2232.

    4. M. H. Miraz, M. Ali, P. S. Excell, and R. Picking, A Review on Internet of Things (IoT), Internet of Everything (IoE) and Internet of Nano Things (IoNT), in 2015 Internet Technologies and Applications (ITA), pp. 219 224, Sep. 2015, DOI: 10.1109/ITechA.2015.7317398.

    5. P. J. Ryan and R. B. Watson, Research Challenges for the Internet of Things: What Role Can OR Play?, Systems, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 134, 2017.

    6. M. Miraz, M. Ali, P. Excell, and R. Picking, Internet of Nano-Things, Things and Everything: Future Growth Trends, Future Internet, vol. 10, no. 8, p. 68, 2018, DOI: 10.3390/fi10080068.

    7. E. Borgia, D. G. Gomes, B. Lagesse, R. Lea, and D. Puccinelli, Special issue on" Internet of Things: Research challenges and Solutions"., Computer Communications, vol. 89, no. 90, pp. 14, 2016.

    8. K. K. Patel, S. M. Patel, et al., Internet of things IOT: definition, characteristics, architecture, enabling technologies, application future challenges, International journal of engineering science and computing, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 61226131, 2016.

    9. S. V. Zanjal and G. R. Talmale, Medicine reminder and monitoring system for secure health using IOT, Procedia Computer Science, vol. 78, pp. 471476, 2016.

    10. R. Jain, A Congestion Control System Based on VANET for Small Length Roads, Annals of Emerging Technologies in Computing (AETiC), vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1721, 2018, DOI: 10.33166/AETiC.2018.01.003.

    11. S. Soomro, M. H. Miraz, A. Prasanth, M. Abdullah, Artificial Intelligence Enabled IoT: Traffic Congestion Reduction in Smart Cities, IET 2018 Smart Cities Symposium, pp. 8186, 2018, DOI: 10.1049/cp.2018.1381.

[12] https://doi.org/10.1109/icdcsw.2012.23

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  2. Home Page

[15] https://doi.org/10.1109/sm2c.2017.8071828

[16] https://doi.org/10.1109/MCOM.2017.1600363CM

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  1. The top 10 IoT application areas – based on real IoT projects

  2. The top 10 IoT application areas – based on real IoT projects

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