- Open Access
- Total Downloads : 24
- Authors : Chitra C N, Dr. Munivenkatappa
- Paper ID : IJERTCONV4IS27039
- Volume & Issue : NCRIT – 2016 (Volume 4 – Issue 27)
- Published (First Online): 24-04-2018
- ISSN (Online) : 2278-0181
- Publisher Name : IJERT
- License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Inculcating Creativity and Innovation for Business Excellence
Chitra C N Dr. Munivenkatappa
Assistant Professor Chairperson
Department of Commerce and Management Department of Commerce and Management
Global Institute of Management Science Smt.VHD Central Institute of Home Sciences Bangalore, India Bangalore, India
Abstract:- In order to survive and compete in the open market both domestic and international, it is important for any organization to acknowledge the creativity and innovative potential of their workforce using different approaches. As we are living in an ever-changing world, where needs, aspirations, styles, standards and quality to life are undergoing dynamic progression and rapid shift in the market conditions and demands, successful development and implementation of creative ideas within the organization and redefining the existing paradigm and search for creativity and innovations are very much essential which hopefully conforms to the business excellence.
This paper reports on the necessity to inculcate creativity and innovation for business excellence and adapting to the changes which has forcefully bestowed upon.
Keywords: Competition, Creativity, Innovative, Dynamic, Progression, Excellence, Survival, Interventions.
Innovation is a process for creating new experiences that people find valuable. Valuable enough that they choose to adopt them. They want to begin using the new product / service that they never used before. They want to change their behavior somehow, change their daily existence. So, innovation is this transformation from ideas or knowledge in the value, not always but often in the form of money. Generating good ideas or adopting a new one is only a start. To be an innovation, an idea must be converted into a product or service that customers want. Innovation is the use of new knowledge to offer a new product or service that customers want. It entails both invention and commercialization. Research is a transformation of money into knowledge; innovation is a transformation of knowledge into money.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
Study on this topic becomes vital one since it has become a survival factor for the business enterprise in todays competitive era. Innovations are the DNA of any organization and hence there is a need to study the importance of creativity and innovation aspect very closely for business excellence.
This study is conceptual in nature through the review of valuable literature, journals, magazines, web sources, discussions with the young gen entrepreneurs and referring to
publications, qualitative results have been drawn out in the form of findings & Suggestions.
Objectives of the study
To identify the key capabilities needed to inculcate creativity and innovation in the organization for business excellence.
To recognize the necessity of inculcating creativity in the organization.
To find out how to leverage the talent to exploit opportunities.
To bring out modern Innovation Models.
Innovation- as told by young gen Entrepreneurs
1. Emerging economies have grasped globalization, packaged it up and are everyday sending new version of it back to the west [William green, CEO, Accenture]
2. The company is trying to create process to make innovation work. Its not the process that creates the innovation, its people-the companys ability to bring together and connect many different people-that fosters creativity. [Andreas Wagner, Director of Bombardier]
Innovation is a process that delivers something new and novel, an absolute innovation. Innovation is something better and cheaper; there is incremental innovation [R.Barbhaiya, CEO of Advinus pharma]
Innovation is not just R&D; you can do innovation in any area. It comes from young minds and you need to foster and create an environment where young minds can go for innovation [Prabhat Pani,CEO roots corpn.]
The essence of innovation:
The value of the business is in intellectual property, the talent largely resides in the heads of the people in the business. Six valuable skill abilities and traits (individual skill set) are identified as the essence of innovation. They are
One cannot do innovation sitting inside the office. It takes active research, to getting outside and builds social networks actively searching out and talking to people and collecting their feedback and expectations for the product. Interactive listening ias the most valuable source to get an idea to create something new and different.
Understanding the taste preferences, demands, expectations, motives, interest, behavior pattern, priorities of customers from their view point i.e., to see the world through the eyes of customers and understand the way they think and make decisions.
Finding the different opportunities in order to find the best one and creating compelling new innovations. This is the ability to search for and to conceive of new ideas. One has to be creative in finding and developing new opportunities and concept through skeptical curiosity.
Mental duality or minor thinking:
This is the ability to keep the whole and the parts in mind at once. The ability to go from specific to general and back again at will and recognize as well as deal with the casual factors that comprise complex systems.
One must be able to make decisions despite of pressure, uncertainty and ambiguity and be able to pull together knowledge and information from disparate sources and to synthesize it into new working models and make decisions about that intuitively.
Effective communication: The ability to craft a compelling narrative and convey both the rational and the emotional matters of plausible futures that include the new innovation. It is a critical skill to communicate effectively to the potential customers, vendors about the new launch.
Barriers to Innovativeness:
Uncertain innovation leadership
Sub-optimal organization for innovation decision making
Lack of future customer insight
Poor innovation culture
Inappropriate funding available for innovation
Overriding focus on operational excellence
Lack of innovation knowledge, skill and experience.
Over reliance on technology
Poor process to manage innovation
How to overcome the barriers? What makes an innovative organization?
An intuitive leader with a structured process equals a highly innovative organization.
Having corporate focus on the business operations from incremental to the transformational
Having product and operational excellence
Having the strategy of operational reinvention as well as product reinvention
Focus on business creation and transformation
Being innovative in incremental advances for different products
Concentrate on creating a new business model.
Creating new ways to bring the product in a unique way, creating valu for it.
To be successful innovation must be more than just an individual endeavor
Innovation is the set of knowledge, skill and ability which can be earned and practiced.
Some of the tremendous innovations of modern era Innovation\Creativity
Marketing- E-com and online shopping
Banking – Internet & Digital Banking\ATM
Communication- Smart phone & I pod
Transportation-High speed & Luxurious automobiles
Entertainment- Usage of graphics, animation & laser
Electronics-Smart home appliances, E-book, CCTV Capabilities needed to inculcate creativity and innovation for a manager
Collaboration and team work
Global outlook coupled with a local touch
Ability to innovate
Efficiency and effectiveness
Ability to manage a diverse range of the stakeholders
By leveraging social networking technologies.
Usage of World class processes and Technology.
Sources Of Innovation
There are two types of sources of innovation.
A. Functional innovation. B. Circumstantial innovation.
Functional source of Innovation for a firm is:
Its own internal value chain functions.
Its external value-added chain of suppliers, customers and complementary innovators.
University, government and private laboratories.
Competitors and related industries.
Other nations and regions.
Circumstantial innovation of a firm is:
Planned firm activities, R&D activities.
Unexpected Occurrences, such as failures can be a good source of innovation.
Creative Destruction such as Technological discontinuities, regulations and deregulations, globalization, changing customer expectations is also source of innovation.
Main categories of innovation:
Pioneering Innovation: It refers to launching of a new product/service which is completely original and which has been introduced into the market for the first time. But such type of innovations are very
rare to occur.[ex: Launching of computer for the first time by Charles Babbage]
Best practice Innovation: It refers to Reconstructing a business from inside by utilizing industry benchmarks/other industry best practices. Such type of innovations are most common to occur.[ex; Zappos on line Shoe business]
Technology Innovation; It refers to introduction of new technology in business/Existing form of technology used in a new way as competitive advantage.[ex: TESLA motors a major new car company introduced Electric Cars with fast charging stations throughout the territories]
Sub-Categories Of Innovation:
Product innovation: This means the improvement of existing product or development of new products.
Application innovation: consists of application of existing or new ideas or the development of new methods of new design
System innovation: focuses on a new system to integrate a variety of subsystems, involving product, process and application innovations.
Process innovation: concentrates on improvement in the process of product manufacturing and reduction of cycle time or reduction in no. of process steps.
Core competence innovation: stresses on design, fabrication testing and manufacturing innovation needed to achieve competency innovation.
Horizontal transfer innovation: means introducing various innovations in application area, using horizontal transfer to core competency.
Strategies used by leading innovative organizations
Name of the company: Wal Mart
Strategy used: By transferring some decision rights about stocking its store shelves to P&G, it maintains well stocked with products by optimizing delivery production schedule.
Innovation model: Horizontal transfer
Name of the company: Google
Strategy used: By empowering the employees to decide about developmental projects it identifies the core competency of its people.
Innovation model: Core competency
Name of the company: Amazon
Strategy used: By expanding its online business books to variety of categories, it covers the risk of failure in any one with a potential superior profit in another.
Innovation model: Application Innovation
Name of the company: Volkswagen Cars
Strategy used: By subdividing its production to multiple segments, it produces the cars according to demand fluctuations in each segment. Innovation model: Business Model Innovation
Modern Models of Innovation Management
Idea generating Model of Organizational Innovation:
Today s competitive world is expecting innovation
in Products, Processes and Services rather than just solving the problems. Creative ideas are the very essence of business because it is considered as the most competitive weapon. The heart of innovation management rests on idea generating tools. The following processes are used for idea generation as well as Opportunity generation.
Brainstorming and variation: where each individuals ideas are heard and recorded. Everyone is encouraged to offer ideas on a particular situation, and all ideas are recognized with receptiveness and are provided reinforcement
Slip or card writing: This technique is used for collecting a large number of ideas in just a few minutes. By issuing a slip to each person and telling him to write down as many as
answers to the question asked as the time period allows.
Semantic processes: [idea stretch and idea growth matrices]; this technique allows an individual to explore his novel ideas by illustrating to the group members as answer to the question series.
GENERAL MODEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL
The entire process of individual creativity must be considered as a crucial element in the process of organizational innovation. It is the individual creativity that provides the raw material for the organizational innovation and hence an individual creativity must be central to the organizational model.
A model of organizational innovation must describe the influence of organizational factors on individual creativity.
A number of elements at all levels of the organization can have a significant impact on individual creativity.
A model must show the major stages of the organizational innovation process. It should be such that, through which identifying the major stages through which new and useful ideas usually develop and become implemented in organizations.
Competitive landscape Innovation
The Paradox of Innovation
There are lots of paradoxes to innovation; first of all it lies in creativity. When we look at creativity, we have to balance novelty with appropriateness.
Innovation also needs to balance creativity wit implementation. Because many times, due to bad or improper execution, they fail.
When we focus the competitive landscape, we have to balance innovation with quality and efficiency. Efficiency is much more important because, sometimes if implementation is delayed, then that innovation may no longer be of any value.
SKILL SET MODEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL
Domain relevant skills: These are the basis from which any performance must proceed. These skills include factual knowledge, Technical skills, special talents in the particular domain, Knowledge of paradigms etc.
Creative performance skills: It include taking new perspectives on problems, energetic pursuit on ones work, a working style conducive to creativity, Risk orientation, Diverse experience, Social skill, Ability to concentrate for a longer period of time, Self discipline etc.
Below are the lists of Worlds most innovative companies as per recent statistics
Managers need to understand that no matter how good their business plan is, the global scenario is constantly changing and hence they cannot keep on doing business with the same thinking that they had earlier. They should have the ability to adapt to the changes with open mind and to make decisions according to the opportunities available. New ideas should be appreciated and encouraged for the growth and excellence of a business organization.More innovative you are, better control you have over the world is the success mantra of today s world. Innovation needs to move into practically all aspects of the business and it needs to be fostered through a culture of innovation, very strongly driven by the leadership team and it has to be a continuous process.
FINDINGS AND SUGGESTIONS:
It is very important to encourage people to think, to change their mindset in terms of identifying their potentialities and giving them abundant opportunities to explore their talent
Search engine and advertisement platform and autonomous cars
Real time analytics platform for healthcare & weather
Reinventing the smart phone & worlds largest mobile network
Worlds largest hotel chain which allows users to rent out their rooms
Digital app which allows to retrieve files directly from drop box
Material ecosystem to address global issues in space
Connecting mobile to major brands in minimum time.
Smart phone with touch ID & fingerprint sensor
Electric cars with fastest charging stations
nline marketing of hole range of consumer eeds
Xiomi Consumer Electronics
Airbnb Intercontinen tal Group of
Drop box (Yahoo mail)
Apple I phone
With the changing scenario and the changing world, the manager have to keep on eye and ear about what is happening around the globe, set back and analyze and adapt to the constantly evolving new models reflecting todays realities, to be an effective manager.
The process of innovation should be Organized, Disciplined, Structure, Directed and Purposeful. Innovation is a process that delivers something new and novel.
Diversity of learning opportunities is the key to the development of people and global managers. Intuition quiet often comes fr.om collaborations and collaborative environment which provide people with a community to belong and to get an opportunity to innovate.
5 .In order to succeed, innovation driven companies must generate more ideas-Evaluate them better-Push them through faster.
T.M. Amabile, Research in OB, A model of innovation in organization-vol.10, pp. 123-167.
Larry Schmidt, Creating value through innovation-The new manager, AIMA 2008
Barron.F, Putting creativity to work- 1988, Cambridge University Press.
Training leaders in 21st century, HRM Review,2009
Motivation through the design of work-OB and Human performance,Hackman,1989
Creativity and talent as learning-1988, Cambridge university press.
Innovation management Text book by Allan Afuah