 Open Access
 Total Downloads : 353
 Authors : Burra Sucharitha, Damala Prasada Rao, A. Naga Suhasini
 Paper ID : IJERTV3IS10634
 Volume & Issue : Volume 03, Issue 01 (January 2014)
 Published (First Online): 23012014
 ISSN (Online) : 22780181
 Publisher Name : IJERT
 License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Identification of UPQC Signal with Optimized FuzzyPSO Algorithm
Burra Sucharitha 
Damala Prasada Rao 
A. Naga Suhasini 
Asst,Prof 
Asst,Prof 
Asst,Prof 
Ecet 
Ecet 
Ecet 
Hyderabad 
Hyderabad 
Hyderabad 
Abstract
Unified power quality conditioners (UPQCs) can overcome current and voltage harmonics which affects the load when compensating the reactive power. This paper proposes a unified power quality conditioner (UPQC), which aims to combining shuntactive and series active filters. The main purpose of using UPQC is to reduction of voltage Imbalance, reactive power, negativesequence current and harmonics. The Proposed system is simulated with series and shunt inverters which can eliminate the sag, swell and Unbalanced Voltage harmonics and reduction of reactive power losses. PI controller is used to stabilize DC link Voltage and balance the active power between the shunt and series inverters. The proposed technology is analyzed using MATLAB/SIMULINK software.
Index TermsUnified power quality conditioner, Particle swarm optimization, Fuzzy control, Harmonic measurement
I.INTRODUCTION
Distortion of sinusoidal voltage and current waveforms caused by harmonics is one of the major power quality concerns in the electric power industry. Static power converters and other nonlinear loads are the culprits of these distortions. Considerable efforts have been made in recent years to improve the
management of harmonic distortion in power systems. Nowadays, there are a wide range of power electronic applications in utility such as static var compensator (SVC), static synchronous series compensator (SSSC), static compensator (STATCOM), static generator (SG), unified power flow controller (UPFC), active filter (AF) and so on[14]. Considering the current researches makes it possible forecasting much more developments of power electronics utilization in the utility during the 21st century. The unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) is expected to be one of the most important systems to overcome the power quality problems of distribution systems [57]. Towards an excellent performance UPQC device, accurate and realtime signal detection is much important. Instantaneous reactive power theory based on vectortransformation is widely applied in active filter. A series of improvement detecting method is also followed [812]. Aiming at the flaw of many times coordinate alternation and precision of low pass filter, signal detection algorithm based on PSOFUZZY for reactive power and harmonic current is proposed in this paper[1315]. The Particle Swarm Optimization technique (PSO), which refines its search by attracting the particles to positions with good solutions, has ever since turned out to be a competitor in the field of numerical optimization. The PSO can generate high quality solutions within shorter computation time and
have more stable convergence characteristic than other stochastic methods. In this article, Improved Particle Swarm Optimization is used to tune the parameters of fuzzy Controller.

OVERVIEW OF UPQCS CONCEPT
At distribution level UPQC is the most attractive solution to compensating many power Quality problems. The term active power filter (APF) is a widely used in the area of electric power quality improvement. APF s have the ability to mitigate some of the major power quality problems effectively. The UPQC is one of the APF family members where shunt and series APF functionalities are integrated together to achieve superior control over several power quality problems simultaneously. The system configuration of a UPQC is shown in fig.1.
Fig. 1 System Configuration of a UPQC
The UPQC is a combination of series active filter and shunt active filter linked through a common DC link capacitor. Series active filter and shunt active filter compensate the power quality problems of the source voltages and load currents, respectively. In order to improve the power quality of the system, UPQC has to inject required amount of Volt Ampere (VA) into the distribution system. For cost effectiveness, the VA loading of the UPQC need to be minimized[3]. Mainly three significant control approaches for UPQC can be found to control the sag on the system: 1) active power control approach in which an inphase voltage is injected through series inverter , popularly known as
UPQCP; 2) reactive power control approach in which a quadrature voltage is injected, known as UPQCQ; and 3) a minimum VA loading approach in which a series voltage is injected at a certain angle, which is known as VAmin. The VA loading in UPQCVAmin is determined on the basis of voltage sag, may not be at optimal value. The voltage sag/swell on the system is one of the most important power quality problems in distribution. In the paper [9], the authors have proposed a concept of power angle control (PAC) of UPQC. The PAC concept suggests that with proper control of series inverter voltage the series inverter successfully supports part of the load reactive power demand, and thus reduces the required VA rating of the shunt inverter. In this paper, the concept of PAC of UPQC is further extended for voltage swell and sag conditions. This modified approach is utilized to compensate voltage sag/swell while sharing the load reactive power between series and shunt inverters. Since the series inverter of UPQC in this case delivers both active and reactive powers, it is given the name UPQCS (S for complex power). The series inverter of the UPQCS is controlled using a Particle Swarm Optimization based fuzzy logic controller. Here PSO is used as an optimization technique to find the optimum value of reactive power with different constraints..

SIGNAL DETECTION
Principle of PSOFUZZY signal detection algorithm is shown in Figure2.

Harmonic signal detection algorithm in parallel According to the integral of standard sine voltage ra u multiplied by the sum of fundamental reactive current q i and harmonic current h i in a cycle is zero, that is,
+ = 0
0
Figure 2. Principle of PSOFUZZY signal algorithm
Load current L i contains fundamental reactive current p i , fundamental reactive current q i and harmonic current h i , that is,
=
Then
+ =
0 0
= = 0
integrator is greater than zero, k is increased by PSO FUZZY controller. When output of integrator is less than zero, k is decreased by PSOFUZZY controller. The output of integrator tends to zero by repeated adjustments. The output of circuit at this time is +
, that is, the sum of fundamental reactive current and harmonic currents. Figure 3 shows the principle of PSOFUZZY controller
Figure 3. Principle of PSOFUZZY controller

Voltage signal detection algorithm in series Sinusoidal signal cosine signal which is as the same voltage with a u by the phaselocked loop (PLL) and A sine table. A further available with the base voltage signal, that is, the standard sinusoidal voltage.
= 220 2Cos +
0 0
As a result of p i has the same frequency and the same phase with a u , enable p a i ku , k is proportionality factor, then
And for the same reason, we can get rb u , rc
u According to the (7), voltage compensation of nverter in series is get
=
= Cos +
0 0
2
= = Cos +
= = Cos +
=
= 0
0 0
= / 2 = 0
0 0
+ = 2 = 0
0 0 0
Harmonic signal detection algorithm in parallel can derive from above, the principle is that: Calculate
0
+ by integrator. When output of


PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION FUZZY CONTROLLER

Particle Swarm Algorithm
Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm, originally proposed by Kennedy and Eberhart, is an evolutionary computation technique inspired by social behavior of a flock of birds andinsect swarms [9][10]. In PSO, each particle is treated as apoint in a ddimensional space, where the ith particle isrepresented as Xi(t)=(Xi1(t),
Xi2(t),, Xid(t)), the best previousposition (the position giving the best fitness value) of the ithparticle is recorded and represented as Pi(t)=(Pi1(t), Pi2(t),, Pid(t)), the index of the best particle among all the particles in the population is represented as Pg(t)=(Pg1(t), Pg2(t),, Pgd(t)), the velocity of the position change for ith particle isrepresented as Vi(t)=(Vi1(t), Vi2(t),, Vid(t)). The particles are manipulated according to the following equation
+ 1 = + 11
+ 11
+ 1 = + + 1
= k*
Where, c1 and c2 are the cognitive and the social velocity, respectively; r1 and r2 are two random functions in the range [0, 1]; according to equation (11), which introduced as inertia factor can dynamically adjust the velocity over time; kmax is the total cycle index, k is the cycle index of current computation. Equation (9) is used to calculate the particles new velocity according to its previous velocity and the distances of its current position from its individual extreme value pBest and global extreme value gBest. Then the particle flies toward a new
position according to equation (10). The performance of each particle is measured according to a predefined fitness function, which is related to the problem to be solved.

Particle Swarm OptimizationFuzzy Controller
In the process of UPQC operation, PSO renews 3parameters of fuzzy controller in time as follows:

Firstly, divides entire solution space into some area, and assign a random initial value to speed and location of everyarea, T. The individual extreme value pBest is initial location value now. The global extreme value gBest isindividual extreme value which makes error minimal in somearea. The area number at the same time, owing individualextreme value is recorded down.

Velocity Vi(t+1) of particle i is calculated by (9).

Positioning vector Xi(t+1) of particle i is updated by(10).

If fitness function is better than before, the positioning vector pBest is set to gBest.

By the same token, if the iteration reaches to the predetermined one, then stop. Particle position is the optimum value of e k ec k and u k in Fuzzy controllerOtherwise, go to step 2).
Fig: 4 Simulation Model


SIMULATION RESULT
Under the same parameters and conditions of system, MATLAB simulation analysis on proposed PSO FUZZYsignal detection algorithm contrast to which on based on thetheory of instantaneous reactive ipiq method. Systemsimulation model is shown in Figure

System parameters is shown in Table 1.
PSO algorithm is realized by Sfunction program, the parameter settings are as follows: a total of 50 stocks, each particle dimension are 3, c1 = c2 = 2, max = 0.95, min = 0.1. Simulation waveforms and spectrum of system with Nonlinear load without compensation are shown in figure 5 (a) (b).

supply current of A phase (A) and spectrum (THD=13.78%)
Figure 5. Simulation waveforms without compensation
Simulation waveforms and spectrum of system with ipiq method are shown in figure 6 (a) (b).

load voltage (V) and spectrum (THD=0.56)
Figure 6. Simulation waveforms with ipiq compensation Simulation waveforms and spectrum of system with PSOFUZZY signal detection method without voltage sag are shown in figure 7 (a) (b).

supply current of A phase (A) and spectrum (THD=0.36%)

load voltage (V) and spectrum (THD=1.31)
Figure 7. Simulation waveforms with PSOFUZZY compensation
Simulation waveforms and spectrum of system with PSOFUZZY signal detection method with voltage sag at 0.3s~0.35s are shown in figure 8 (a) (b).

supply current of A phase (A) and spectrum (THD=1.14%)

Load voltage (V) and spectrum (THD=2.16)



Figure 8. Simulation waveforms with PSOFUZZY compensation with voltage sag
CONCLUSION
The proposed PSOFuzzy identification algorithm verified and proved that can reduce the harmonics in UPQC caused by non linear load and also adjust load power from fluctuation through loads. Its generally purifies adopted vector variations and low pass filter signal. The calculations are comprised very shortly with optimized results. Reactive power compensation is improved as compared with traditional and proposed technology. PSOFUZZY algorithm is very efficient method which will increases performance of UPQC Device and reduce power losses , harmonic eliminations.
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BURRA SUCHARITHA She
completed her dipoma course in Electrical and Electronics Engineering from Government Warangal Polytechnic ,Warangal In1997.after that she received Degree in bachelor of technology
from Regional Engineering college ,Warangal in 2002Completed post graduation in M.Tech in Power Electronics from JNTUHYDERABAD in 2010. Currently Working as Asst,prof in Ellenki College of Engineering & Technology.
A.NAGA SUHASINI . She
received Degree in bachelor of technology in EEE from Arkay College of Engineering, Nizambad in 2006.She Completed her post graduation in M.Tech in Power
Electronics from JNTUHYDERABAD in 2012. Currently Working as Asst,prof in Ellenki College of Engineering & Technology.
DAMALA PRASADA RAO. He
received Degree in bachelor of technology in EEE from S.V.H.College Of Engineering in 2002.He Completed his post graduation in M.Tech in Power Systems from JNTUKAKINADA
in 2007. Currently Working as Asst,prof in Ellenki College of Engineering & Technology.