Hi-Tech Mseb Power Meter Using Rf Transceiver

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV2IS4433

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Hi-Tech Mseb Power Meter Using Rf Transceiver

Hi-Tech Mseb Power Meter Using Rf Transceiver

Snehal Ithape#1, Pallavi Godse#2, Sangita Shinde#3

#Students, Department Of Computer Engineering, MMIT, Lohgaon, Affiliated To University Of Pune Pune, Maharashtra, India

*Assistant Professor, Department Of Computer Engineering, MMIT, Lohgaon, Affiliated To University Of Pune Pune, Maharashtra, India


This paper presents the system that collects the consuming energy for residential and corporate zones and sends it directly to the central Server. The entire project overcomes the drawbacks of the existing system that uses Zigbee and construction of the new system using RF transceiver for remote readout of residential electric meters. The readings are taken from a consumption meter will be transmitted wirelessly to the local server along with unique meter number. This data will be processed by the server and automatically generates the bill. After, the bill is generated an SMS alert will be sent to the owner's registered mobile number and it will also be mailed on the owners registered email ID. Online payments as well as payment through scratch card facilities are also provided.



    The rapidly advancing mobile communication technology and the decrease in costs make it possible to incorporate mobile technology into MSEB automation systems. We propose a system that collects the consuming energy from residential and corporate zones and send it directly to the central Server.

    The traditional approach for collection of energy consumption data is that the representatives of MSEB monthly comes and visit every residential and corporate and manually reads the consumption data from the meter. The data is recorded on a piece of paper along with a snap shot of the meter and submitted to the local MSEB office. There after the officers reads the snap shot and readings of the meter and then feet it to the local software for bill calculations. Finally the bills are dispatched. We as a consumer then make the payment for the received bill. Such a hectic process is this. Man made mistakes can be countless. Human resources wasted and many other problems do occur.

    We finally thought of building a system that will do the above process automatically. Each & every Energy meter will be attached to a microcontroller unit that will scan the meter reading after every one month.

    The meter reading will transmit wirelessly to the local server along with the meter number. This data will be processed by the server and generates the bill automatically. Once the bill is generated an SMS alert will be send to the owner's mobile number and it will be also mailed on the owners registered email ID.

    The rest of the paper is arranged in different sections as:

    Section II includes the Existing Methods which describes the current status of the system.

    Section III includes the Proposed Work where we are doing the expansion of the existing system.

    Section IV includes the Software and Hardware Requirements which are needed for the execution of the system.

    Section V includes Applications and Limitations of the system.

    Finally in Section VI we have concluded our methodology of implementation of system.


    Previously Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) in indoor environments, implementing a WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) based on Zigbee technology was being used. AMR was used for remote collection of the water, fuel, gas, electricity consumption data or any other. Previously the concentration was on Electricity power monitoring system which could monitor power quality, could remotely control power service which would enable prepaid billing. But due to its low range of frequency which caused distraction in local range our RF transmitter overcomes its disadvantages and it is being implemented by us.

    ZigBee is high level communication protocols using small, low-power digital radios based on an IEEE 802 standard for personal area networks. These devices are often used in mesh network, which form to transmit data over longer distances, passing data through intermediate devices to reach more distant ones. This allows ZigBee networks to be formed ad-hoc, with no centralized control or high-power transmitter/receiver able to reach all of the devices. This device can be tasked with running the network. ZigBee is used in the applications that require a long battery life, low data rate and networking. [6]

    ZigBee has a 250kbit/s datarate.This rate best suited for intermittent data or periodic or a single signal

    transmission from an input device or sensor. Applications include electrical meters with in-home- displays, wireless light switches and traffic management systems and industrial equipment that requires short- range wireless transfer of data at relatively low rates. The technology defined by the ZigBee speciation is intended to be simpler and less expensive than other WPANs &wireless technology such as Bluetooth.


    Fig.1: Architecture of system

    Every energy meter is attached to a microcontroller unit that will scan the meter reading. Microcontroller sends data to RF transmitter in ASCII format, which is attached to the meter. The data is sent in the form of packet. This packet format as follows:

    Fig2:RF Packet Format

    The packet is of 40 bytes. It has 4 fields.

    1. DATE / TIME: It contains the reading date or time.

    2. NU: Not Used. May be in future, this field can be used for other purpose.

    3. UNITS: It contains total units consumed.

    4. MID: It contains the meter ID from which reading is taken.

RF receiver receives data in ASCII format and converts it into hexadecimal format. This converted data is stored in the server database. Then, the server automatically generates the bill. After generating the bill, server will send SMS which contains the billed amount with consumed units on consumers mobile number. E-mail will sent on consumers registered mail id.

    1. During registration user submits his password. The minimum length of the password is 8. It can be called as secret password. During the login phase, when the user enters his username and password interface consisting Welcome to MSEB provided facility of a displayed.

      a]Web Design:

      Registration Module:

      Fig.3: Registration form

      Figure 3 shows the registration form for new user to register. In this phase new user must enter his consumer number which is same as station id on meter. Then enter his full name, mobile no, address. The meter no is same as consumer number. Then user must enter

      user name & password to making use of facility which is provided by our system. After filling the registration form completely click on the submit button.

      Login Module:

      During the login phase, when the user enters his username and password interface consisting of a home page is displayed. His home page contains features of view current &previous bill, pay bill & recharge account. The home page will display every time when you login.

      Fig.4: Login interface


      Figure 4 shows the login interface. In this phase Consumer has to enter the username & password. This password consists of alphanumeric characters.

      b]RF Transceiver:

      Fig.5:RF Transceiver[5]

      Figure 5 shows the RF transceiver. In that RF Transreceiver is transmitting & receiving radio frequency rom meter.89s52 this microcontroller used in this system. Serial data can transfer bit by bit information through the microcontroller & RF Transreceiver. On the LCD it will display the station ID with consumed unit.

      Relay is used for switch on & off the light. For running this hardware, power supply is must.

      c] Bill Generation:

      Fig.6: Bill Generation

      d] SMS & E-Mail Facility:

      Our system can provide the SMS & E- Mail facility for each & every user which is registered.

      e] Payment through the scratch card:

      Fig.7: Recharge Facility

      By using recharge facility, user can recharge his own account for payment of bill.


        1. Software Requirements

          1. Operating System Platform-Microsoft Windows, Linux

          2. Database Used-SQL server

          3. Development Platform-Windows XP SP 2, 3

          4. Development kit-JAVA SDK7

          5. Design Tool-Rational Rose

          6. Development Tool-Netbeans 7.0

        2. Hardware Requirements

          1. Personal Computer

            1. Processor- Pentium IV

            2. Hard Disk- 80GB (Min.)

            3. RAM- 2GB (Min.)

          2. Network Specification-Internet connection.

          3. IIS Server

          4. RD Transmitter and Receiver


    1. Applications

      1. It can be used in MSEB office and other electricity related organization.

      2. Project can be deployed on any platform as coding is done in java.

      3. Automatic supply cut down in the event of defaulters.

      4. Monitoring energy loss.

    2. Limitations

      1. It cannot be used in above 30 meter.

      2. Each meter registered to the server


    The demand of automatic meter reading is increasing in many organizations. The meter reading will transmitted wirelessly to the local server along with the meter number. This submitted data will be processed by the server and the bill is generated automatically. Total amount of generated bill will be send to the owners mobile number through the SMS alert. If any user cannot pay amount of bill then there is a power cut event is generated for consumer meter.

    Through this project we were taking consumed meter unit from users meter automatically. It allows the user or consumer to pay the bill through the scratch card.

    This project helps in creation of such a model for MSEB or other organization by generating automatic bill by using the microcontroller based meter and executing it.


We would like to thank the entire department of Computer Engineering for their sincere guidance and continuous motivation and support to gain superior degree of knowledge in the vast domain of computer science. We are very thankful to our project guide who supported us and guided us to implement this project with great success. Also thankful to all the teachers who motivated us to achieve this goal.


  1. P. Corral, B. Coronado, A. C. D. C Lima, "Design of Automatic Meter Reading basedon Zigbee", IEEE AMERICA TRANSACTIONS, VOL. 10, NO. 1, JAN 2012.

  2. Hameed Zohaib Samad,"A Low Cost RFID Enabled Ah Meter with Recharging Facility International Conference on Recent Trends in Information, Telecommunication and Computing, 2010.

  3. Cirronet,Inc.,"RF Power Options in ZigBee Solutions", 2005.

  4. John Bu ngton,"Advanced Metering Infrastructure Market Requirements Document",ZigBee Alliance, 2007.

  5. Kwang-il Hwang,"Fault-tolerant ZigBee-based Automatic Meter Reading Infrastructure", 2009.

  6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZigBee.

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