Drone for Weather Monitoring, Surveillance & Animal Repellent

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTCONV12IS03052
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Drone for Weather Monitoring, Surveillance & Animal Repellent

*1Dr. N. Sankar, 2M.Thirumurugan, 3S.Kodeeswaran, and4D.Mahendran

1Assistant Professor, 2UGStudent, 3UGStudent, and 4UGStudent, 1,2,3,4,J.K.K.MUNIRAJAH COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY

Department of Mechanical Engineering, T.N.Palayam.Erode-638506

*Email: sankarn@jkkmct.edu.in


This study delves into the conceptualization and realization of an integrated drone system engineered to perform dual functions of surveillance and weather monitoring. It intricately examines the aerodynamic construction of the drone, highlighting the pivotal equilibrium achieved between flight steadiness, payload endurance, and resilience against adverse weather conditions. Elaboration is provided on the meticulous selection of sensors tailored for surveillance, namely the camera, and those dedicated to weather monitoring, encompassing temperature and humidity sensors. Further scrutiny is directed towards elucidating the mechanisms employed for seamless real- time data transmission, imperative for continuous monitoring operations. The culmination of the project encompasses a thorough examination of the intricate challenges associated with amalgamating these multifaceted functionalities into a cohesive unit, culminating in insightful

proposals for prospective developmental avenues. Beyond its technical capabilities, the project ventures into the innovative utilization of a smart audio system, leveraging sound to deter wildlife interference, thereby showcasing a multifaceted approach to modern drone applications.

Keywords:Drone Platform Integration, Surveillance-Weather Hybrid, Sensor Synergy, Real-Time Monitoring and Smart Audio Defense.


    In today’s technological landscape, drones have emerged as indispensable tools, showcasing remarkable versatility in applications ranging from surveillance to weather monitoring [1]. The design and development of such drones necessitate meticulous attention to detail, balancing diverse functionalities to meet the demands of these specialized tasks [2]. Central to this endeavor is the creation of a lightweight yet robust frame, a fundamental element that underpins the

    drone’s performance and endurance in varied environments [3].

    When envisioning a drone tailored for surveillance and weather monitoring, engineers and designers must embark on a journey of innovation, integrating cutting- edge technologies to fulfill the dual requirements of these missions [4]. At the core of this design process lies the imperative to equip the drone with an array of sophisticated sensors capable of capturing and analyzing pertinent environmental data [5]. For weather monitoring, these sensors would encompass a suite of instruments measuring temperature, humidity, and, potentially, atmospheric pressure, enabling the drone to collect comprehensive data essential for forecasting and analysis [6-8]. However, the design considerations extend far beyond sensor integration. A robust flight control system is indispensable, serving as the nerve center that orchestrates the drone’s movements with precision and stability [9]. This system must be adept at maintaining equilibrium in varying weather conditions and terrain, ensuring smooth navigation and reliable data acquisition. Moreover, the implementation of pre-programmed flight paths enhances operational efficiency, enabling the drone to autonomously traverse designated routes for systematic data collection [10].

    Real-time data transmission stands as a cornerstone of modern drone technology, facilitating instantaneous access to crucial information for both surveillance and weather monitoring endeavors [11]. Leveraging state-of-the-art Internet of Things (IoT) technology, drones can seamlessly transmit data to ground stations or cloud-based platforms, facilitating rapid analysis and decision-making. This integration with data analysis software empowers users to glean insights from the collected data, enabling informed responses to evolving situations [12].

    Innovations in drone technology continually push the boundaries of what these aerial platforms can achieve. Beyond their traditional roles in surveillance and weather monitoring, drones are increasingly being deployed for novel purposes, expanding their utility in diverse domains. One such innovation involves the integration of a smart speaker into the drone’s payload, introducing a unique capability aimed at repelling animals from agricultural lands.

    The addition of a smart speaker represents a paradigm shift in the utilization of drones, leveraging their mobility and adaptability to address agricultural challenges. By emitting deterrent sounds or signals, the drone equipped with a smart speaker can effectively deter wildlife from

    encroaching on vital agricultural landscapes. This innovative approach not only mitigates potential crop damage but also underscores the versatility of drones as multifunctional assets in modern agriculture.

    The integration of a smart speaker into the drone’s arsenal underscores the dynamic nature of technological innovation, constantly redefining the possibilities and applications of unmanned aerial systems. Beyond their conventional roles, drones are evolving into versatile platforms capable of addressing an ever-expanding array of challenges across diverse industries. From surveillance and weather monitoring to wildlife management in agriculture, drones epitomize the fusion of innovation and functionality, heralding a new era of technological advancement and problem-solving prowess.


    They are mostly used for surveillance in areas and terrains where troops are unable to safely go. But they are also used as weapons and have been credited with killing suspected militants.

    • The goal of a weather monitoring system is to detect, record, and display weather characteristics like temperature, humidity, barometric pressure and light intensity.
    • Another goal of this project is to make it more tailored, cost-effective, and personable.
    • Weather monitoring can help farmers to manage irrigation by providing information about rainfall, evaporation rates, and soil moisture levels.
    • Conditions can influence the size and quality of crop yields. Weather monitoring over time allows farmers to develop models to predict crop yields and plan accordingly.
    • Incase of any animal attack using the smart speaker to make a noise drive away the animal and protect the lands, crops and humans.

    Now a days the weather monitoring drone is very costly and more expensive, approximately the drone cost its starts from Minimum INR.40000.00And also the drone sizes are very big and Heavy.We spend so much amount for Weather Monitoring only [13-14].These are temperature, atmospheric pressure, cloud formation, wind, humidity and rain. A small change to any of these conditions can create a different weather pattern. Every weather pattern has a knock-on effect, creating a ripple effect around the world.And one more thing, we use the drone at the hills side agriculture land . The formers another problem is animals.

    The animals destroy the soil lands and sometimes attack peoples.


    The drone cans Surveillance Our Compounds and Area for the security Purpose.We ar Create some Customized mini Drone Based on our need. The drone Carry our Weather monitor And Fly.We are received the data from the Weather monitor. We get the temperature, atmospheric pressure, Light intensity and humidity Calculate the Measurements. And then find the accurate weather conditions. For the calculation we are using the rain calculator from the website of Calculator academy. This is a special calculator for the different and new type of calculation. When what we are need to enter the values and what we want then the calculator valuate the value and report it[15]. And the another special thing is the speaker it make the horrible noise and drive away the animal far at safe distance. The speaker control by the same iot based system.


    Creating a flowchart for an IoT-based system for a drone tasked with weather monitoring, surveillance, and animal repellent involves outlining the sequential steps and interactions between various components. Let’s break down the flowchart into distinct sections for clarity:

    1. Initialization and Setup:

      Begin with the initialization step where the system prepares for operation.Setup the necessary connections between the drone, IOT devices, and ground station.

      Figure 5.1 Flowchart of the IOT based system

    2. Weather Monitoring:

      Start the weather monitoring process.Activate sensors onboard the drone to measure temperature, humidity, and atmospheric pressure.

      Figure 5.2IOT System for weather monitoring

    3. Collect data from the sensors.
      1. Data Transmission:

        Transmit the collected weather data in real-time to the ground station using IoT communication protocols.Ensure data integrity during transmission.

      2. Data Analysis:

        Receive the transmitted data at the ground station.Process and analyze the weather data using data analysis software.Generate reports or visualizations for interpretation.

      3. Surveillance:

        Initiate surveillance mode.Activate onboard cameras or sensors for capturing images or video.Monitor the designated area for any suspicious activities or anomalies.

      4. Real-time Monitoring:

        Stream live surveillance footage to the ground station.Enable real-time monitoring by operators or automated systems.

      5. Animal Repellent:

        Activate the animal repellent feature upon detection of wildlife presence.Trigger the smart speaker onboard the drone to emit deterrent sounds or signals.Monitor the effectiveness of the repellent action.

      6. End of Mission:

        Complete the weather monitoring, surveillance, and animal repellent tasks.Prepare for data storage or further analysis.Shutdown or return the drone to base.

      7. Feedback Loop:
      8. Error Handling:

        Include error handling mechanisms throughout the flowchart to address communication failures, sensor malfunctions, or other issues.Implement contingency plans for mitigating errors and ensuring mission continuity.

        .This flowchart provides a high-level overview of the IoT-based system’s operation, outlining the key steps involved in weather monitoring, surveillance, and animal repellent functionalities. Depending on the specific requirements and complexities of the system, additional details and branching paths may be incorporated into the flowchart to accommodate various scenarios and contingencies

        Figure 5.3During testing and evaluation of IOT System


    The study embarked on a comprehensive exploration of an integrated drone system engineered to fulfil the dual roles of surveillance and weather monitoring. Through meticulous design and implementation, the drone system achieved a delicate balance between aerodynamic performance, payload capacity, and resilience in adverse weather conditions[16]. This section discusses the key findings and insights gleaned from the project, focusing on the aerodynamic construction, sensor selection, real-time data transmission, and innovative

    utilization of a smart audio system. Figure 6.1 LOCATION: SanguKovil


    Aerodynamic Construction: The successful integration of surveillance and weather monitoring functionalities necessitated careful consideration of the drone’s aerodynamic design (Figure 6.1). By prioritizing stability and endurance, the drone achieved optimal flight performance, ensuring consistent data acquisition across varying environmental conditions. The study underscored the importance of striking a harmonious equilibrium between flight steadiness and payload capacity, essential for maximizing operational efficiency.

    Sensor Selection: Central to the effectiveness of the drone system were the

    sensors chosen for surveillance and weather monitoring tasks. For surveillance purposes, emphasis was placed on selecting high-resolution cameras capable of capturing detailed imagery for reconnaissance missions. Conversely, for weather monitoring, sensors measuring temperature and humidity were meticulously chosen to provide accurate environmental data essential for meteorological analysis. The study highlighted the critical role of sensor integration in enhancing the drone’s capabilities and enabling comprehensive data collection.

    Real-Time Data Transmission: Seamless real-time data transmission emerged as a pivotal component of the integrated drone system, facilitating continuous monitoring operations. Leveraging advanced Internet of Things (IoT) technology, the drone transmitted data to ground stations or cloud-based platforms in real-time, enabling prompt analysis and decision- making. The study emphasized the significance of robust data transmission mechanisms in maximizing the utility of the drone system for surveillance and weather monitoring applications.

    Challenges and Developmental Avenues: The project confronted various challenges associated with amalgamating multifaceted functionalities into a cohesive drone

    system. From technical complexities to operational considerations, the study elucidated the intricate nature of integrating surveillance and weather monitoring capabilities. Despite these challenges, the project proposed insightful recommendations for prospective developmental avenues, paving the way for further innovation in drone technology. Innovative Utilization of Smart Audio System: Beyond its technical capabilities, the project showcased an innovative approach to wildlife management through the integration of a smart audio system. By leveraging sound to deter wildlife interference, the drone system demonstrated a multifaceted approach to modern drone applications. This novel utilization of technology not only expanded the scope of drone functionality but also addressed real-world challenges in agricultural settings, highlighting the versatility and adaptability of drone systems.

    In summary, the study presented a comprehensive examination of an integrated drone system engineered for surveillance and weather monitoring. Through meticulous design, sensor selection, and real-time data transmission, the drone system demonstrated its efficacy in diverse operational scenarios. Moreover, the innovative utilization of a smart audio system underscored the project’s

    commitment to addressing multifaceted challenges through technological innovation. Moving forward, the insights gained from this study pave the way for continued advancements in drone technology and its applications across various industries.

    Figure 6.2 LOCATION: Malliamman Temple (Kadambur).

    Figure 6.3LOCATION: Yercard (Salem)

    Figure 6.4LOCATION:

    Malliamman Temple (Kadambur).


In conclusion, this study represents a comprehensive exploration of the design, development, and application of an integrated drone system designed to fulfil the dual roles of surveillance and weather monitoring. Through meticulous examination, we have elucidated the intricate aerodynamic considerations essential for achieving optimal performance, balancing stability, endurance, and resilience in challenging environmental conditions. The selection and integration of specialized sensors tailored for surveillance and weather monitoring have been meticulously

addressed, underscoring the importance of precise data collection in both domains.

Furthermore, the study has shed light on the critical aspect of real-time data transmission, highlighting its indispensable role in facilitating continuous monitoring operations. The challenges inherent in amalgamating these diverse functionalities into a unified platform have been thoroughly analyzed, paving the way for insightful proposals aimed at further development and refinement of integrated drone systems.

Beyond its technical achievements, this project has demonstrated innovative thinking by incorporating a smart audio system to deter wildlife interference, showcasing the versatility and adaptability of drones in addressing multifaceted challenges. As we look to the future, the findings and recommendations put forth in this study serve as a springboard for continued exploration and innovation in the realm of drone technology, offering promising avenues for enhancing surveillance, weather monitoring, and beyond.


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