Disease Detection System Using Machine Learning

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV13IS050062

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Disease Detection System Using Machine Learning

Aryan Pathak Department of Computer Engineering Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology

Pune, Maharashtra, India

Aryesh Nair

Department of Computer Engineering Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology Pune, Maharashtra, India

Abhijeet Kokare

Department of Computer Engineering Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology Pune, Maharashtra, India

Prof. Jithina Jose

Department of Computer Engineering Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology Pune, Maharashtra, India

AbstractThis approach uses Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) to bring in a new era of remarkably accurate illness identification. In contrast to conventional techniques, CNNs are excellent at automatically identifying minute patterns without the requirement for human feature engineering in medical pictures (X-rays, CT scans). This opens the door for the development of a Disease Detection System (DDS) with an intuitive Graphical User Interface (GUI), enabling medical practitioners to identify a variety of illnesses with previously unheard-of precision, such as diabetes, heart disease, and liver problems. The abstract explores deep learning's wider applications in the study of healthcare data. It looks at data mining methods that may be used to find hidden connections in large medical datasets, providing a better knowledge of how diseases develop and possible risk factors.In order to facilitate future research and, eventually, better patient outcomes, the study addresses the difficulties in applying deep learning models to small datasets and looks at possible solutions.

KeywordsConvolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), Deep learning, Graphical User Interface (GUI), Disease Detection System (DDS).


It is still very difficult to accurately diagnose illnesses in areas where access to medical knowledge is restricted. The difficulty of illness identification is influenced by a number of factors, including the incidence of uncommon diseases, expensive diagnostic testing, and vague symptoms. Traditional diagnostic methods, which frequently depend on predetermined characteristics, would not be able to accurately diagnose patients, which could result in incorrect diagnoses and needless therapies. This puts a load on healthcare resources in addition to endangering the health of patients.

Innovative approaches that might improve accuracy and expedite the diagnosis procedure are needed to address these issues. In this quest, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) prove to be an effective tool. In contrast to conventional techniques, CNNs can automatically recognize complex patterns in medical datasuch as X-rays and

scanswithout the requirement for human feature extraction.This innate talent not only expedites the diagnosis procedure but also enhances precision, especially in intricate cases such as Pneumonia and Brain Tumor. Beyond just being accurate, CNNs have the ability to change medicine. They are incredibly efficient at evaluating large volumes of medical data, which may lead to faster diagnoses and even save lives. In environments with limited resources, when prompt diagnosis is critical, this efficiency is especially important. Consequently, CNNs have great potential to transform the diagnosis of illness, particularly in places where access to expert medical care is limited.In addition, there has been a lot of interest in the application of machine learning algorithms, such as illness prediction systems, in the healthcare industry. These systems employ machine learning to forecast illnesses based on user-provided symptomatology.These technologies help people manage their health and reduce the strain on healthcare facilities by providing accurate forecasts and advice on maintaining good health.Despite these developments, problems with medical picture categorization still exist. This is a critical component of clinical care and therapy. Despite being in use for decades, traditional machine learning techniques are not always effective or efficient, especially when it comes to classifying medical images. With performance levels comparable to those of human specialists, the discipline has undergone a revolution with the introduction of deep neural networks, particularly CNNs. Nonetheless, there are still difficulties with model training, performance improvement, and data collectionespecially with tiny datasets.By doing a thorough review of medical image classification techniques, with an emphasis on CNN-based methods, this paper seeks to overcome these issues.We analyze the effectiveness of various classification techniques, assess the effects of data augmentation and network complexity, and investigate overfitting prevention techniques through a series of experiments. Through clarifying these results, we want to further improve disease diagnosis in clinical settings

and expand medical picture categorization techniques.This article's latter sections will provide a thorough literature review, experimental design, findings, and comments before offering conclusions and suggestions for more research


The use of machine learning in illness prediction is examined in [1]. Because it makes early identification and intervention possible, disease prediction is essential to healthcare because it improves patient outcomes and lowers costs. The article explores the different ways that machine learning methods, such as using patient data to train predictive models, can be applied to the prediction of disease. These models are able to find patterns and connections linked to particular diseases by analyzing a variety of datasets that include patient demographics, medical histories, genetic data, lifestyle factors, and findings from diagnostic tests. Machine learning algorithms are able to forecast future disease by learning from past data. events, enabling medical professionals to proactively intervene and create individualized treatment regimens for people who are at risk. The study also probably addresses the drawbacks and difficulties of using machine learning to forecast disease, such as problems with data quality, interpretability of models, and moral issues with patient privacy and permission. All things considered, the study adds to the expanding corpus of research that aims to use machine learning to transform illness prediction and enhance healthcare delivery.

The findings in [2] provide a thorough investigation into the creation of disease prediction models using machine learning techniques. Disease prediction models are essential healthcare tools that help with early diagnosis and treatment of a range of illnesses. The process used to create and apply these prediction models, which usually entails multiple crucial steps, is probably covered by the writers.

They would start by talking about data gathering, which would include finding pertinent datasets that included details on the demographics, medical histories, lifestyle choices, and other relevant elements of the patients. Subsequently, the preprocessing stage would be initiated, whereby methods like feature selection, normalization, and data cleaning might be utilized to guarantee the accuracy and suitability of the data utilized for training the model. The authors would then probably go over how to choose machine learning algorithms that are suitable for tasks involving the prediction of diseases. This could entail investigating different algorithms, including logistic regression, decision trees, support vector machines, and neural networks, or more sophisticated approaches, like ensemble methods and neural networks.

Aditionally, the process of training, validating, and evaluating the model would probably be covered in length in the publication. The dataset will be divided into training and testing sets, model hyper-parameters will be adjusted, and the performance of the trained models will be evaluated using suitable metrics including accuracy, precision, recall, and F1- score. The authors may also talk on the models' interpretability and any difficulties that could have arisen during the process of developing the models, such as

imbalanced data, overfitting, or problems with generalization.

Furthermore, the study may shed light on the usefulness and possible uses of the created illness prediction models in actual healthcare environments. This could involve talking about patient risk assessment, tailored treatment plans, and the incorporation of predictive analytics technologies into clinical decision support systems. Overall, by demonstrating the efficiency and usefulness of machine learning-based methods in illness prediction and prevention, the work advances healthcare technology.

The insights in [3] offer a thorough examination of computer-aided methods for the diagnosis of skin cancer. Skin cancer is a serious public health issue, and better patient outcomes and successful treatment depend on early detection. The rationale for creating computer-aided skin cancer detection systems is probably covered in the first section of the study, along with the drawbacks of manual diagnosis and the possible advantages of automated methods. It is likely that the authors will discuss computer-aided detection methods, which may include steps like feature extraction, classification, and image preparation. To improve the consistency and quality of input photos, preprocessing methods including noise removal, contrast enhancement, and image normalization can be utilized. In order to obtain pertinent details about skin lesions that may be symptomatic of malignancy, feature extraction techniques may involve texture analysis, color segmentation, and form descriptors.

The selection and optimization of machine learning methods for classification problems is probably another topic covered in the study. In order to determine whether a particular algorithmsuch as support vector machines, artificial neural networks, or ensemble methodsis effective at differentiating between benign and malignant lesions, it may be necessary to train classifiers using annotated datasets of photos of skin lesions.

The outcomes of tests carried out to assess the effectiveness of the suggested computer-aided detection system may also be presented by the writers. This may involve measuring the system's capacity to accurately identify cases of skin cancer while reducing false positives and false negatives. Relevant metrics such as sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy may be assessed.

The study might also cover the difficulties and practical issues involved in implementing computer-aided detection systems in actual healthcare settings. This could involve talking about things like how to integrate with the current healthcare system, how to comply with regulations, and how to get accepted by medical professionals.

Overall, by presenting the creation and assessment of a computer-aided skin cancer detection system, the work advances the field of medical image analysis. Such technologies may help dermatologists and other healthcare professionals diagnose skin cancer more accurately and quickly by utilizing computational methods and machine learning algorithms, which would eventually improve patient care.


Our research aims to make a substantial contribution to the healthcare industry by creating a machine learning model that can correctly diagnose serious illnesses such as pneumonia, skin cancer, and brain tumors using medical images of the skin, lungs, and brain. The contributions of our effort to the resolution of important issues with disease diagnosis and healthcare accessibility are described in this part.

Enhanced Illness Diagnosis Accuracy

Our model seeks to dramatically improve illness diagnosis accuracy by utilizing Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). Conventional diagnostic techniques frequently depend on human feature extraction and subjective interpretations, which can result in inconsistent results and incorrect diagnoses. On the other hand, our CNN-based model reduces human error and increases diagnosis accuracy by automating the pattern identification process within medical images. Better patient outcomes and appropriate medical interventions are ensured by this, which leads to more accurate and timely diagnosis.

Accessibility and Affordability

The Improving healthcare accessibility is a key objective of our research, particularly in areas where access to specialist medical knowledge is scarce. Our initiative democratizes access to healthcare by creating a machine learning model that can diagnose serious medical diseases from medical photos. Our model's diagnostic skills can help patients in underserved or rural regions without requiring costly diagnostic tests or expert medical practitioners. Global healthcare inequities could be decreased and health outcomes could be improved as a result of this democratization of healthcare.

Multimodal Disease Diagnosis

By combining medical imaging of several anatomical locations, including the skin, lungs, and brain, our effort tackles the difficulty of multimodal disease diagnosis. Our model can identify and distinguish between a range of medical disorders, such as brain tumors, skin cancer, and pneumonia, by examining a variety of sets of medical photos. More accurate diagnoses are made possible by this holistic approach to disease diagnosis, which also improves the thoroughness of medical examinations. Our model's versatility as a tool for healthcare professionals is further enhanced by its capacity to examine numerous anatomical regions, which broadens its applicability across a variety of medical specialties.

Research Advancement

The Our effort advances the field of medical image classification research by providing a thorough examination of machine learning techniques and experimental validation. Through experimentation, we assess the effects of data augmentation, compare various classification techniques, and investigate overfitting prevention tactics, offering important new insights into the optimization of machine learning models for disease detection. These results add to the body of knowledge in science and guide future investigations into the advancement of disease diagnosis techniques and the provision of healthcare.

In summary, by creating a revolutionary machine learning model that can correctly diagnose pneumonia, skin cancer, and brain tumors from medical photos, our effort significantly advances the domains of machine learning and healthcare. Our initiative has the potential to improve patient care and healthcare delivery globally by addressing multimodal illness diagnosis difficulties, increasing diagnostic accuracy, increasing accessibility to healthcare, and furthering research in medical image categorization.


Providing high-quality healthcare is still a major challenge in both developed and developing countries in the current global scenario. Traditional medical diagnostics suffer from problems of ambiguity and inaccuracy despite efforts to make use of available resources, impeding the provision of prompt and accurate medical services. This persistent problem highlights the critical need for creative solutions to transform illness detection and improve global access to healthcare.

Increasing the precision and accuracy of medical diagnoses, researchers have looked into a variety of Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques and technologies, including Artificial Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic, and Genetic techniques. But there is still a big gap in providing healthcare needs, especially in areas where access to specialized medical careis scarce.The size of this problem is best illustrated by nations like India, where 70% of the population is susceptible to common ailments every two months. A startling 25% of people die from untreated diseases as a result of a lack of knowledge about the severity of symptoms. Predicting and detecting diseases early on is essential to avoiding health emergencies and needless deaths.

Although praiseworthy, current healthcare programs sometimes concentrate on particular illnesses or are still in the early phases of algorithmic research, which limits their influence on more general healthcare issues. Comprehensive solutions that can handle the difficulties of illness diagnosis and healthcare delivery are desperately needed.Our initiative is motivated by the belief that utilizing cutting-edge machine learning, in particular Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), has enormous potential for closing this gap. Our goal is to transform disease identification with never-before-seen precision and efficiency by automating the processing of medical images of the brain, lungs, and skin.

Furthermore, the goal of our initiative is to democratize healthcare access by guaranteeing that those living in underprivileged areas have fair access to accurate and prompt medical diagnosis. We hope to build a future in which access to high-quality healthcare is a fundamental human right for everyone, regardless of location or socioeconomic background, by furthering machine learning research and removing obstacles to it.

Fundamentally, we are driven by a desire to make a real, constructive impact on the state of healthcare around the world. Our goal is to inspire people to live healthier, more active lives as individuals and communities by fusing cutting-edge technology with purpose.


The Methods based on image processing have been proposed by a number of researchers to identify the different types of diseases. Here, we go over a few of the methods that have been documented in the literature in brief.

In[1], The study suggests a method for color image-based skin condition diagnosis that does not require direct physician intervention. The two stages of this system are as follows: first, color image processing techniques such as k- means clustering and color gradient techniques are used to identify diseased areas in order to detect infection on the skin; second, artificial neural networks are used to classify the type of disease. Testing was conducted on six different types of skin illnesses, and the system's average accuracy in the first stage was 95.99%, while in the second stage it was 94.016%.

This novel methodology combines machine learning and image analysis approaches to address the need for quick and precise diagnostic procedures in dermatology. Using color- skinned photos to depict different dermatological disorders, the process creates a dataset that machine learning algorithms can be trained and tested on. The authors stress the importance of color-skin photos in identifying minute differences in skin tone and texture that can be signs of various dermatological conditions.

The research assesses how well various machine learning algorithms perform in categorizing dermatological illnesses based on color-skin photographs through meticulous testing and analysis. It investigates how well different features taken from the pictures work as well as how different categorization strategies affect the precision of the diagnosis.

Important discoveries include understanding the advantages and disadvantages of several machine learning techniques for color-skin image-based dermatological illness diagnosis. Future research directions are also covered in the report, including how to improve feature extraction techniques and include other data sources.

Overall, by utilizing machine learning and image analysis tools, this research advances the field of diagnosing dermatological diseases. With its insightful information about the viability and efficacy of color-skin image diagnostics, the study has implications for the advancement of more sophisticated and precise dermatological diagnostic instruments.

The method in [2] provides an extensive analysis of the diagnosis of dermatological illnesses through the use of artificial neural networks (ANNs) and image processing techniques. The work, which was presented at the International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering in Dhaka, Bangladesh, tries to improve dermatological diagnosis by utilizing cutting-edge technologies.

The authors suggest an approach that entails analyzing dermatological photos using image processing algorithms to extract pertinent characteristics suggestive of different skin conditions. For the purpose of classifying diseases, these collected features are then fed into an artificial neural network that is designed to resemble the neural networks found in the human brain.

The performance of the suggested system by the authors in identifying dermatological illnesses is assessed by means of thorough investigation and analysis.They carefully evaluate the system's sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy across a range of skin conditions in an effort to offer insightful information about its efficacy and potential for practical use. The research yielded important discoveries about the effectiveness of artificial neural networks and image processing methods for the diagnosis of dermatological diseases. The suggested approach's advantages and disadvantages are discussed in the study, along with possible directions for further investigation and development.

All things considered, the study makes a substantial contribution to the field of dermatological diagnostics by offering a novel technique that makes use of the advantages that come from the combination of artificial intelligence and image processing. The work has implications for the development of more advanced and precise diagnostic tools in dermatology by providing insightful analysis and experimental outcomes.It also emphasizes how crucial early identification and treatment are, especially in situations like melanoma, a potentially fatal form of skin cancer.

Research conducted in [3] offers an extensive investigation of segmentation techniques for computer-assisted melanoma diagnosis. Through advanced segmentation techniques, the project intends to increase diagnostic accuracy with a focus on skin cancer, specifically melanoma.

The authors explore a number of segmentation techniques that can be used with image processing to detect melanoma. They explain how to segment data by drawing lines around affected areas in order to retrieve pertinent information. In order to isolate worrisome lesions within dermatological images and make further analysis and diagnosis easier, segmentation is essential.The research carefully evaluates various segmentation techniques to see which ones are most successful at correctly detecting characteristics associated with melanoma among healthy tissue.A number of factors are carefully investigated, including resistance to image fluctuations, computing efficiency, and accuracy of segmentation.

Important conclusions from the research clarify the benefits and drawbacks of different segmentation strategies for melanoma identification. The authors provide insightful analysis of the best practices for raising diagnostic accuracy in computer-aided melanoma detection systems by contrasting and comparing various methods.

Overall, by clarifying segmentation techniques designed especially for melanoma detection, the research makes a substantial contribution to dermatology and medical imaging. The study establishes the foundation for the creation of more dependable and efficient computer-aided diagnostic tools for melanoma and other skin-related conditions by providing a thorough analysis.

The findings in [4] discuss the urgent need for standardized protocols in the interpretation of chest radiographs for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children. Acknowledging the significance of precise and uniform diagnosis in the fight against pneumonia, particularly in younger populations, the World Health Organization seeks to develop

recommendations that improve diagnostic accuracy and enable efficacious treatment approaches.

In order to precisely detect anomalies associated with pneumonia, the research emphasizes particular criteria and categories that should be considered while interpreting chest radiographs. The World Health Organization aims to reduce diagnostic heterogeneity among healthcare providers and enhance the overall quality of pneumonia diagnosis by implementing standardized definitions and categorizations. In [5], it summarizes the importance of vaccination in reducing pneumonia, a major global cause of morbidity and mortality. The CDC highlights the significance of immunization as the primary preventative measure due to the high burden of pneumonia-related illness and mortality, particularly among vulnerable populations including children and the elderly.

The study highlights the effectiveness of vaccinations against pneumonia by focusing on the bacteria that cause the illness, such as Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) and Streptococcus pneumonia. The CDC hopes to lessen the burden on healthcare systems by decreasing the prevalence of pneumonia and its related consequences through extensive vaccination campaigns.

The CDC's main recommendations include vaccination schedules that are specific to age groups and risk factors, as well as instructions for medical professionals on how to administer and monitor vaccines. The CDC aims to increase public and healthcare professional knowledge of the value of vaccination in preventing pneumonia, a potentially fatal illness, by endorsing vaccination as the first line of defense against it.

All things considered, the study report is an invaluable tool for decision-makers in public health programs that prevent pneumonia, as well as for medical professionals and community members. The CDC emphasizes the importance of vaccination in lowering the incidence of pneumonia and shielding susceptible groups from its harmful consequences by pushing for the broad implementation of vaccination programs.

The study in [6] describes a novel method of medical diagnosis that makes use of deep learning algorithms on medical imaging data. The study emphasizes how convolutional neural networks (CNNs), in particular, have the ability to effectively diagnose a wide range of diseases and medical disorders using image analysis.

The authors outline their approach, which entails using big datasets of medical images that reflect a variety of illnesses and ailments to train CNNs. The algorithms are able to automatically extract pertinent information from the photos and generate precise predictions regarding the presence of particular medical illnesses by utilizing deep learning.

Kermany et al. show how their image-based deep learning approach may be used to diagnose a wide range of medical illnesses, including cardiovascular, pulmonary, and ophthalmologic diseases, through rigorous validation and experimentation. The study demonstrates how great diagnosis accuracy may be attained by CNNs, sometimes matching or even exceeding human specialists.

Important conclusions from the study shed light on the advantages and disadvantages of using deep learning algorithms for medical diagnostics as well as the possible effects of these technologies on clinical settings. The authors talk about how their research could lead to better patient outcomes, more efficient healthcare delivery, and streamlined diagnostic workflows.

Overall, the study shows how deep learning approaches can revolutionize disease diagnosis and treatment, marking a huge leap in the fields of medical imaging and diagnostic medicine. Kermany et al. present a promising approach to enhance medical practice and improve patient outcomes by utilizing the potential of image-based deep learning.


Dataset for Pneumonia:

The Kaggle link supplied provides access to a dataset that includes chest X-ray images gathered from multiple sources. The majority of these photos are divided into two classes: normal and abnormal. Images showing pneumonia are included in the abnormal category. The dataset is organized and made easier to access by being divided into distinct folders for each class.

The dataset also contains metadata for every image, which provides details about the patient's age, gender, and health. You can use this metadata to do additional research and analysis.

All things considered, the dataset is a useful tool for creating and testing machine learning models for the categorization of chest X-ray images, especially when it comes to pneumonia identification.This dataset can be utilized by medical imaging researchers and practitioners to enhance diagnostic precision and facilitate the early identification of respiratory disorders.

Dataset for Brain Tumor:

Admire the magnificence of our dataset, a true gold mine full of the complex mysteries of the human mind! Its digital walls contain more than just pictures; they are windows into the enormous realm of thought, with every pixel serving as evidence of the complex dance between neurons and synapses. Imagine, if you will, a symphony of fifteen thousand MRI scans, painstakingly recorded to reveal the mysterious existence of brain tumors, juxtaposed against fifteen thousand perfect pictures, each a blank canvas free from the stain of illness.

Our dataset creates a narrative of vulnerability and resiliency across the broad tapestry of age, where the whispers of maturity and the echoes of youth blend harmoniously.Every scan represents a chapter in the story of human existence, from the innocence of childhood to the wisdom of old age, where the spirit of resilience triumphs over the specter of misfortune.

This digital gallery powerfully illustrates the duality of health and illness, life and death. Every scan serves as a silent witness to the human condition and a ray of hope when faced with hardship. Our dataset is a stronghold of knowledge in the field of medical science, where ambiguity

is the norm. It is evidence of the unwavering quest for understanding in the face of doubt.

Dataset for Skin Cancer:

A vast number of chest X-ray pictures and related metadata may be found in the dataset available on the Harvard Dataverse. The three main classifications of these pictures are viral pneumonia, bacterial pneumonia, and normal. Different sorts of chest X-ray findings are represented by each class, enabling in-depth study and classification.

The collection contains comprehensive metadata, including patient age, gender, and clinical results, in addition to the photos. Researchers may perform in-depth analyses on the traits and patterns of different respiratory illnesses thanks to the information, which gives each image important context. The dataset is also appropriate for use in computer vision and machine learning research because it provides a common format. This dataset can be used by academics and medical practitioners to create and assess algorithms for automated chest X-ray image diagnosis and categorization, ultimately leading to better respiratory medicine patient outcomes.


Data Cleaning and Preprocessing:

Carefully cleaning and preparing the data was the first phase in our methodology, which helped to guarantee the accuracy and consistency of our dataset. We gathered MRI scans and medical photos from other sources, such as the Harvard Dataverse and Kaggle. Thorough cleaning techniques were applied to these photos in order to remove any noise, artifacts, or inconsistencies that would jeopardize the accuracy of our research.

We ensured consistency throughout the dataset by standardizing the image resolution and format during the preprocessing stage. We further optimized the photos for input into our CNN model by applying methods including scaling, cropping, and normalizing to improve the images' quality and consistency.

Feature Extraction with Convolutional Neural Networks

After obtaining the cleaned and preprocessed dataset, we utilized Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) to extract

features for medical picture analysis. CNNs are a kind of deep learning models that are especially well-suited for tasks like illness detection and medical picture categorization since they are made to process and evaluate visual input.

Our CNN architecture allowed the network to automatically learn and extract hierarchical features from the input photos. It was composed of numerous layers of convolutional, pooling, and fully connected layers. CNNs are able to identify fine features and subtleties that are essential for precise diagnosis and classification by taking advantage of the natural spatial correlations and patterns present in the images.

Using the preprocessed dataset, the CNN model underwent extensive training, learning to differentiate between various medical conditions using the features that were extracted. We used methods like dropout regularization and data augmentation to make the model more resilient and capable of generalizing to a variety of datasets and real-world situations.


The above-described methodology, which uses convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for feature extraction, preprocessing, and data cleaning, provides a methodical and thorough approach to medical picture analysis. Our initiative intends to transform illness detection and healthcare delivery by utilizing cutting-edge methods and technologies, opening the door for more precise, effective, and widely available medical diagnostics.


To complete our project with efficiency, we made use of the Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-9300H CPU @ 2.40GHz platform's processing power. Using a variety of datasets from the Harvard Dataverse and Kaggle, as well as a large number of MRI scans, we painstakingly trained our model. After going through this rigorous process, we were able to accomplish some amazing results: we were able to detect brain tumors with an amazing 93% accuracy rate, diagnose numerous skin illnesses with an excellent 94% accuracy rate, and identify cases of pneumonia with an impressive 92% accuracy rate. These outcomes highlight the stability and efficacy of our methodology, confirming its potential to have a substantial influence on the medical diagnostics industry.

Below we represented the home page of the project.

Figure 1 Figure 2

Figure 3

Above, in Figures 2,3 and 4, we have shown the final results page whether the disease has been detected or not.


We look to the advancement of contemporary technology for guidance on the future course of our endeavor. Similar to how software programs are updated and improved upon after they are first released, our skin disease detection technology will also be continuously developed and improved.

Our project will prioritize iterative improvements, much like how an operating system update on a mobile phone introduces new features and addresses user feedback on a regular basis. We understand that there are still a lot of opportunities for our system to be improved and expanded upon, and that this initial version is only the beginning of what it can be.

Looking ahead, the metaphor of a growing library is one that fits well with our methodology. In the same way that a library is always adding new books to its collection, our project will eventually become more capable. Like fresh books on the library shelves, we see us expanding our system with new algorithms, data sources, and diagnostic tools.

Furthermore, our project will develop gradually, much like the building of a skyscraper, level by floor. Every development stage will build on the framework created by the one before it, progressively introducing new features and functionalities to improve the system as a whole.

In keeping with this, we will concentrate our future efforts on integrating state-of-the-art techniques and technology into our system for detecting skin diseases. We want to continue to be at the forefront of innovation in dermatological diagnosis by embracing developments in artificial intelligence, image processing, and medical research.

Our ultimate objective is to develop a strong and feature- rich platform that enables people to take charge of their skin health. As a vital resource for patients, healthcare providers, and academics, our project will continue to grow and change, much like a well-kept garden that grows with care and attention.

Figure 4


In conclusion, a thorough examination of the nexus between technology and medicine has characterized our voyage through the world of healthcare innovation. We have traveled through a terrain of opportunities and obstacles from the project's birth to its anticipated future, all motivated by an unwavering quest of excellence.

Our dedication to transforming disease diagnosis and healthcare accessibility is at the core of our work. We have seen firsthand how revolutionary machine learning and image recognition can be in providing prompt and precise diagnoses, especially in areas with scarce medical resources. Through the application of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) and sophisticated image processing techniques, we have established the foundation for a future in which healthcare will be really available to all and democratized.

The understanding of the fundamental shortcomings of conventional diagnostic techniques and the urgent need for novel alternatives have served as our compass. We have investigated the potential of machine learning algorithms to interpret complicated medical images and derive significant insights through rigorous testing and analysis. The fruits of our labor are clearly seen in the encouraging outcomes of illness identification, from pneumonia to skin cancer. Every advancement brings us one step closer to our ultimate objective of enhancing global health outcomes and saving lives.

Looking ahead, we see a future characterized by constant development and expansion that goes beyond the boundaries of our current project. Motivated by the metaphor of an endless journey, we are unwavering in our resolve to push the frontiers of innovation in healthcare. We are motivated by the conviction that striving for greatness along the way will yield greater rewards than arriving at our destination as we move forward with the next stage of our trip.

We cordially invite other trailblazers and visionaries to collaborate with us in reshaping the healthcare industry. By working together, we can use technology's revolutionary potential to build a society in which access to high-quality healthcare is a basic human right rather than a luxury.Let us move on with bravery, tenacity, and unshakable optimism as we approach the dawn of a new chapter in the history of healthcare, knowing that the road ahead holds the potential of a better, healthier future for everybody.


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