 Open Access
 Total Downloads : 13
 Authors : P. Nirmala , D. Saravanan
 Paper ID : IJERTCONV3IS04002
 Volume & Issue : NCRTET – 2015 (Volume 3 – Issue 04)
 Published (First Online): 30072018
 ISSN (Online) : 22780181
 Publisher Name : IJERT
 License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Direct AcAc Resonant Full Bridge Converter for Efficient Domestic Induction Heating Applications
P. Nirmala
Department of Electrical and Electronics ARASU Engineering College Kumbakonam India
Abstract The induction heating technology is more preferable scheme in domestic applications, due to its fast heating process for short time consumption. The main features of the proposed converter the switching stress is reduced, due to full bridge converter efficiency is improved compared to the existing half bridge converter. In the proposed converter simulation is done by MATLAB software and the result is compared with the existing system. The simulation results prove the feasibility of the proposed converter for the induction heating application. The Induction heating works at high frequency for directly heating the material itself.
Keywords high frequency, eddy current, resonant full bridge converter, Induction heating.

INTRODUCTION
Induction heating is a process which is used to bond, harden or soften metals or other conductive materials. For many modern manufacturing processes, induction heating offers an attractive combination of speed, consistency and control. In the most common heating methods, a torch or open flame is directly applied to the metal part. But with induction heating, heat is actually "induced" within the part itself by circulating electrical currents. The basic principle of induction heating, which is an applied form of Faradays discovery, is the fact that AC current flowing through a circuit affects the magnetic movement of a secondary circuit located near it. Its application, however, has not been flawless Inverters convert low frequency main AC power to a higher frequency for use in induction heating.
The converter proposed in this paper is based on the direct acac resonant full bridge converter. The full bridge converter can be doubled the output power when compare to the half bridge converter. It is also used for power level above 1KW. At a reasonable cost and load durable more appropriate configuration 15 KW. These converters are more efficient because of reducing Switching losses, filter capacitor count and EMC filter requirements. The fullbridge series resonant inverter (FBSRI) featuring some semi conductor devices like IGBTs, MOSFETs is commonly used for the domestic IH applications. In this paper MOSFET is used, because the MOSFET has positive temperature coefficient for resistance. If a MOSFET shares increased current initially, it heats up faster, and it is a voltage control device. Due to high frequency power factor will be improved when compare to class E&D it
D. Saravanan,M.E.,Assistant Professor
Department of Electrical and Electronics ARASU Engineering College Kumbakonam India
is better. It works in (0500V) medium, when compare to IGBT it is cost wise cheaper. In addition the ZVS soft switching conditions are used to reduce the both conducted and radiated EMC issues. The soft switching condition is similar to the PWM converters. The classification of soft switching conditions are resonant converter and resonant (zero current or zero voltage) transistor converters. In this paper, a Direct ACAC converter is used to obtain variable ac output voltage from a fixed ac source. It is a voltage controller. Its main advantages are high power factor and a sine wave input current. The acac converters are used to change either the voltage level (or) the frequency. The frequency is usually at higher than 20 KHZ and lower than the 100KHZ to reduce the switching losses.

INDUCTION HEATING
Induction heating is a direct application of two laws of physics: the Lenz law and the Joule law. When immersed in a variable magnetic field (generated by an induction coil or inductor), any substance that conducts electricity carries the electrical current induced, also called Foucault currents (or) eddy currents. According to the Joule effect, the movement of the electrons creating these currents dissipates the heat in the substance where they were generated.
Block diagram for induction heating appliances.
The induction heating method requires high frequency current supply which develops a high frequency eddy current which circulating in the load material, due to resonant converter the ZVS is applied. Electromagnetic induction formula according
to Amperes law is given below:
Hdl=Ni=F =HA
(1)
In induction heating the resonant converter is very important one. The switching frequency lies between 25 to 35
KHZ for both series and parallel resonant converters. An advantage of series resonant circuit is that both zero current
and zero voltage switching is possible Capacitor reaction is
According to Faradays law the current on the surface of object which generates the eddy current is shown in the
equal to Inductive reaction to heat the coil so resonant converters are used in the induction heating.
formula: XL=2fL & XC=1/2fc (4)
E=d/dt=Nd/dt (2)
The heat produced in a part in a induction coil due to electrical current circulating in the part itself. The copper wires are the good conductors. It is used to carry electricity through power lines because of the low heat losses during transmission. By increasing the current in the circuit makes the power and efficiency should be increased in the electrical power system is P=I2R. The proposed topology reduces both conduction and switching losses, increasing signicantly the power converter efficiency. To getting the maximum efficiency chosen different diameters of induction coils.
PROPOSED CIRCUIT USING FULL BRIDGE CONVERTER

FULL BRIDGE RESONANT CONVERTER
This paper deals with the operation principle of a Direct ACAC Resonant Full Bridge Converter for Efficient Domestic Induction Heating Applications is proposed. In order to avoid the audio frequency is set at over 20KHZ. In practical terms, electromagnetic induction involves putting a part (usually made of electrical conductive material) inside a magnetic field, which is kept variable with an "inductor coil" (inductance), which itself is connected to a power source and a capacitor bank, and the assembly forms an oscillating circuit at a socalled "resonance" frequency.
fo=1/2fc=1/2LC (3)
The main features of this proposal are the improved efficiency, reduced component count, and increase the output current, proper output power control. In this proposed system AC source is given input to the system and then converted into dc by rectifier operation. Again that dc converted into ac by using full bridge inverter operation. The proposal system choosing a full bridge because to reduce the Capacitor size and the output power can be doubled like its power level is above 1 KW. In full bridge only one smoothing capacitor is at the input for this configuration and for the same transistor type as of half bridge. This type of operation result is negligible of switching losses. The experimental results are in good agreement with the analytical ones and prove the feasibility of the proposed converter for the IH application.
The full bridge converters are ordinary alternating current (220V, 380V) into the highfrequency DC current, a strong eddy current acting reel, and intense electromagnetic field and the corresponding special cookware induction through a series of circuit processing techniques, and directly promote special pot with material internal atomic collision speed stirring, making special cookware itself quickly to produce high temperature heat for processing cooking food. The load current could be continuous or discontinuous depending on the load time constant & delay angle. While change the duty cycle to generate various power voltage and current. The inverter mode operations are done by using the full bridge resonant converters.

INVERTER MODE OPERATION
They are two mode operations are involved they mode 1 & mode 2operation circuits are given below.
Mode 1 (0 to 180):
During this mode, switches S1 and S2 is turned ON which yields to the positive half cycle of the output AC voltage waveform. A resonant current flow through s1 &s2, load and supply.
The instantaneous current is calculated by
L dio/dt + Rio+1/c io dt + Vc (t=0) = Vs (5)
io(t) = Vs + Vc/rL*et sin rt (6) The device s1 & s2 turned off at t1=r
Vc1(t)=(Vs+Vc)et( sin rt+r cos rt)+ Vs (7)
Mode 2 (180 to 360):
During this mode, switches S3 and S4 is turned ON which yields to the negative half cycle of the output AC voltage waveform. The reverse resonant current flows through s3 &s4 load and supply.he instantaneous load current is calculated by
L dio/dt + Rio+1/c io dt + Vc (t=0) = Vs (8)
io(t) = Vs + Vc1/rL*et sin rt (9) Vc(t)= Vc(t=t1) = (Vs+Vc1) et/r + Vs (10)
For the same circuit parameters, the output power of a full bridge inverter is four times and the device currents are twice that for a halfbridge inverter.
The simulation circuit for the proposed system is given below.
Simulation results:
Input voltage
Rectifier output voltage
Switching pulse for m1,m3
Vds & switching pulse
Output current
Output voltage
Output power
REFERENCES

Direct ACAC Resonant Boost Converter for Efcient Domestic Induction Heating Applications HÂ´ector Sarnago, Student Member, IEEE, Â´Oscar LucÂ´a, Member, IEEE, Arturo Mediano, IEEE Trans. Power Electron.,., vol. 29, no. 3, Mar. 2014.

Modulation scheme for improved operation of an RB
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ClassD/DE dual mode operation resonant converter for improvedefficiency domestic induction heating system, H.
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Mediumfrequency induction melting furnace as a load on power system, I.Yilmaz, M.Ermis, and I.Cadirci, IEEE Tr Ind. Appl., vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 12031214, Jul./Aug. 2012.
ans.
Simulation Parameter values

A direct acac converter for inductive powertransfer systems, L. Hao Leo, A. P. Hu, and G. A. Covic, IEEE Trans. Power
s. no
Parameters
R load
RL load
RLC load
1.
Vin
230V
230V
230V
2.
Frequency
20KHZ
20KHZ
20KHZ
3.
Diode value
1n 4007
1n 4007
1n 4007
4.
Capacitor value
90e6
90e6
90e6
5.
Duty cycle
50%
50%
50%
6.
Vo
220V
220V
220V
s. no
Parameters
R load
RL load
RLC load
1.
Vin
230V
230V
230V
2.
Frequency
20KHZ
20KHZ
20KHZ
3.
Diode value
1n 4007
1n 4007
1n 4007
4.
Capacitor value
90e6
90e6
90e6
5.
Duty cycle
50%
50%
50%
6.
Vo
220V
220V
220V
Electron., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 661 668, Feb. 2012. M.

Multiphase system for metal disc induction heating: Modeling , and RMS current control, J. Egalon, S. Caux, P. Maussion,
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Efficiency oriented design of ZVS halfbridge series resonant s.
Comparison for Existing & Proposed System
Name of the Items
Existing
Proposed
Vin
230V
230V
Vo
220V
220V
Output current
20A
35A
Output power
750W
3215W
Efficiency
77%
93.5%
CONCLUSIONS
The different inverter topologies are used in induction heating applications. Of that the basic half bridge and full bridge inverter topologies have been compared. New topologies have been proposed. The ACAC converter circuit for induction heating has been simulated. The circuit topology is very simple since includes only one power switch. This switch operates in a soft commutation mode. The converter provides a widerange power control. A direct acac resonant Full Bridge converter applied to domestic IH application was proposed. The main features of the proposed converter include a, high efficiency and ZVS operation, the output current in the existing 20A is increased in the proposed up to 35 A as shown in the simulation waveform. The output power in the half bridge converter is 750W and it is doubled in the proposed system 3215W by using the full bridge converters. The comparison between the existing proposed are proved in the simulation result.
inverter with variable frequency duty cycle control, O. LucÂ´a, J.
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