Direct Ac-Ac Resonant Full Bridge Converter for Efficient Domestic Induction Heating Applications

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Direct Ac-Ac Resonant Full Bridge Converter for Efficient Domestic Induction Heating Applications

P. Nirmala

Department of Electrical and Electronics ARASU Engineering College Kumbakonam India

Abstract The induction heating technology is more preferable scheme in domestic applications, due to its fast heating process for short time consumption. The main features of the proposed converter the switching stress is reduced, due to full bridge converter efficiency is improved compared to the existing half bridge converter. In the proposed converter simulation is done by MATLAB software and the result is compared with the existing system. The simulation results prove the feasibility of the proposed converter for the induction heating application. The Induction heating works at high frequency for directly heating the material itself.

Keywords high frequency, eddy current, resonant full bridge converter, Induction heating.

  1. INTRODUCTION

    Induction heating is a process which is used to bond, harden or soften metals or other conductive materials. For many modern manufacturing processes, induction heating offers an attractive combination of speed, consistency and control. In the most common heating methods, a torch or open flame is directly applied to the metal part. But with induction heating, heat is actually "induced" within the part itself by circulating electrical currents. The basic principle of induction heating, which is an applied form of Faradays discovery, is the fact that AC current flowing through a circuit affects the magnetic movement of a secondary circuit located near it. Its application, however, has not been flawless Inverters convert low frequency main AC power to a higher frequency for use in induction heating.

    The converter proposed in this paper is based on the direct ac-ac resonant full bridge converter. The full bridge converter can be doubled the output power when compare to the half bridge converter. It is also used for power level above 1KW. At a reasonable cost and load durable more appropriate configuration 15 KW. These converters are more efficient because of reducing Switching losses, filter capacitor count and EMC filter requirements. The full-bridge series resonant inverter (FB-SRI) featuring some semi conductor devices like IGBTs, MOSFETs is commonly used for the domestic IH applications. In this paper MOSFET is used, because the MOSFET has positive temperature co-efficient for resistance. If a MOSFET shares increased current initially, it heats up faster, and it is a voltage control device. Due to high frequency power factor will be improved when compare to class E&D it

    D. Saravanan,M.E.,Assistant Professor

    Department of Electrical and Electronics ARASU Engineering College Kumbakonam India

    is better. It works in (0-500V) medium, when compare to IGBT it is cost wise cheaper. In addition the ZVS soft switching conditions are used to reduce the both conducted and radiated EMC issues. The soft switching condition is similar to the PWM converters. The classification of soft switching conditions are resonant converter and resonant (zero current or zero voltage) transistor converters. In this paper, a Direct AC-AC converter is used to obtain variable ac output voltage from a fixed ac source. It is a voltage controller. Its main advantages are high power factor and a sine wave input current. The ac-ac converters are used to change either the voltage level (or) the frequency. The frequency is usually at higher than 20 KHZ and lower than the 100KHZ to reduce the switching losses.

  2. INDUCTION HEATING

    Induction heating is a direct application of two laws of physics: the Lenz law and the Joule law. When immersed in a variable magnetic field (generated by an induction coil or inductor), any substance that conducts electricity carries the electrical current induced, also called Foucault currents (or) eddy currents. According to the Joule effect, the movement of the electrons creating these currents dissipates the heat in the substance where they were generated.

    Block diagram for induction heating appliances.

    The induction heating method requires high frequency current supply which develops a high frequency eddy current which circulating in the load material, due to resonant converter the ZVS is applied. Electromagnetic induction formula according

    to Amperes law is given below:

    Hdl=Ni=F =HA

    (1)

    In induction heating the resonant converter is very important one. The switching frequency lies between 25 to 35

    KHZ for both series and parallel resonant converters. An advantage of series resonant circuit is that both zero current

    and zero voltage switching is possible Capacitor reaction is

    According to Faradays law the current on the surface of object which generates the eddy current is shown in the

    equal to Inductive reaction to heat the coil so resonant converters are used in the induction heating.

    formula: XL=2fL & XC=1/2fc (4)

    E=d/dt=Nd/dt (2)

    The heat produced in a part in a induction coil due to electrical current circulating in the part itself. The copper wires are the good conductors. It is used to carry electricity through power lines because of the low heat losses during transmission. By increasing the current in the circuit makes the power and efficiency should be increased in the electrical power system is P=I2R. The proposed topology reduces both conduction and switching losses, increasing signicantly the power converter efficiency. To getting the maximum efficiency chosen different diameters of induction coils.

    PROPOSED CIRCUIT USING FULL BRIDGE CONVERTER

  3. FULL BRIDGE RESONANT CONVERTER

    This paper deals with the operation principle of a Direct ACAC Resonant Full Bridge Converter for Efficient Domestic Induction Heating Applications is proposed. In order to avoid the audio frequency is set at over 20KHZ. In practical terms, electromagnetic induction involves putting a part (usually made of electrical conductive material) inside a magnetic field, which is kept variable with an "inductor coil" (inductance), which itself is connected to a power source and a capacitor bank, and the assembly forms an oscillating circuit at a so-called "resonance" frequency.

    fo=1/2fc=1/2LC (3)

    The main features of this proposal are the improved efficiency, reduced component count, and increase the output current, proper output power control. In this proposed system AC source is given input to the system and then converted into dc by rectifier operation. Again that dc converted into ac by using full bridge inverter operation. The proposal system choosing a full bridge because to reduce the Capacitor size and the output power can be doubled like its power level is above 1 KW. In full bridge only one smoothing capacitor is at the input for this configuration and for the same transistor type as of half bridge. This type of operation result is negligible of switching losses. The experimental results are in good agreement with the analytical ones and prove the feasibility of the proposed converter for the IH application.

    The full bridge converters are ordinary alternating current (220V, 380V) into the high-frequency DC current, a strong eddy current acting reel, and intense electromagnetic field and the corresponding special cookware induction through a series of circuit processing techniques, and directly promote special pot with material internal atomic collision speed stirring, making special cookware itself quickly to produce high temperature heat for processing cooking food. The load current could be continuous or discontinuous depending on the load time constant & delay angle. While change the duty cycle to generate various power voltage and current. The inverter mode operations are done by using the full bridge resonant converters.

  4. INVERTER MODE OPERATION

They are two mode operations are involved they mode 1 & mode 2operation circuits are given below.

Mode 1 (0 to 180):

During this mode, switches S1 and S2 is turned ON which yields to the positive half cycle of the output AC voltage waveform. A resonant current flow through s1 &s2, load and supply.

The instantaneous current is calculated by

L dio/dt + Rio+1/c io dt + Vc (t=0) = Vs (5)

io(t) = Vs + Vc/rL*e-t sin rt (6) The device s1 & s2 turned off at t1=r

Vc1(t)=-(Vs+Vc)e-t( sin rt+r cos rt)+ Vs (7)

Mode 2 (180 to 360):

During this mode, switches S3 and S4 is turned ON which yields to the negative half cycle of the output AC voltage waveform. The reverse resonant current flows through s3 &s4 load and supply.he instantaneous load current is calculated by

L dio/dt + Rio+1/c io dt + Vc (t=0) = -Vs (8)

io(t) = Vs + Vc1/rL*e-t sin rt (9) Vc(t)= -Vc(t=t1) = (Vs+Vc1) e-t/r + Vs (10)

For the same circuit parameters, the output power of a full- bridge inverter is four times and the device currents are twice that for a half-bridge inverter.

The simulation circuit for the proposed system is given below.

Simulation results:

Input voltage

Rectifier output voltage

Switching pulse for m1,m3

Vds & switching pulse

Output current

Output voltage

Output power

REFERENCES

  1. Direct ACAC Resonant Boost Converter for Efcient Domestic Induction Heating Applications H´ector Sarnago, Student Member, IEEE, ´Oscar Luc´a, Member, IEEE, Arturo Mediano, IEEE Trans. Power Electron.,., vol. 29, no. 3, Mar. 2014.

  2. Modulation scheme for improved operation of an RB-

    IGBT-based resonant inverter applied to domestic induction heating, H. Sarnago, O. Lucia Gil, A. Mediano, and

    J. M. Burdio, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 2066 2073, May 2013.

  3. Class-D/DE dual mode operation resonant converter for improved-efficiency domestic induction heating system, H.

    Sarnago, O. Lucia, A. Mediano, and J. M. Burdio, IEEE Trans.the

    TABLE

    Power Electron., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 12741285, Mar. 2013.

  4. Medium-frequency induction melting furnace as a load on power system, I.Yilmaz, M.Ermis, and I.Cadirci, IEEE Tr Ind. Appl., vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 12031214, Jul./Aug. 2012.

    ans.

    Simulation Parameter values

  5. A direct ac-ac converter for inductive power-transfer systems, L. Hao Leo, A. P. Hu, and G. A. Covic, IEEE Trans. Power

    s. no

    Parameters

    R load

    RL load

    RLC load

    1.

    Vin

    230V

    230V

    230V

    2.

    Frequency

    20KHZ

    20KHZ

    20KHZ

    3.

    Diode value

    1n 4007

    1n 4007

    1n 4007

    4.

    Capacitor value

    90e-6

    90e-6

    90e-6

    5.

    Duty cycle

    50%

    50%

    50%

    6.

    Vo

    220V

    220V

    220V

    s. no

    Parameters

    R load

    RL load

    RLC load

    1.

    Vin

    230V

    230V

    230V

    2.

    Frequency

    20KHZ

    20KHZ

    20KHZ

    3.

    Diode value

    1n 4007

    1n 4007

    1n 4007

    4.

    Capacitor value

    90e-6

    90e-6

    90e-6

    5.

    Duty cycle

    50%

    50%

    50%

    6.

    Vo

    220V

    220V

    220V

    Electron., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 661 668, Feb. 2012. M.

  6. Multiphase system for metal disc induction heating: Modeling , and RMS current control, J. Egalon, S. Caux, P. Maussion,

    Souley, and O. Pateau, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 48, no. 5

    pp. 16921699, Sep./Oct. 2012.

  7. Efficiency oriented design of ZVS half-bridge series resonant s.

    Comparison for Existing & Proposed System

    Name of the Items

    Existing

    Proposed

    Vin

    230V

    230V

    Vo

    220V

    220V

    Output current

    20A

    35A

    Output power

    750W

    3215W

    Efficiency

    77%

    93.5%

    CONCLUSIONS

    The different inverter topologies are used in induction heating applications. Of that the basic half- bridge and full bridge inverter topologies have been compared. New topologies have been proposed. The AC-AC converter circuit for induction heating has been simulated. The circuit topology is very simple since includes only one power switch. This switch operates in a soft commutation mode. The converter provides a wide-range power control. A direct acac resonant Full Bridge converter applied to domestic IH application was proposed. The main features of the proposed converter include a, high efficiency and ZVS operation, the output current in the existing 20A is increased in the proposed up to 35 A as shown in the simulation waveform. The output power in the half bridge converter is 750W and it is doubled in the proposed system 3215W by using the full bridge converters. The comparison between the existing proposed are proved in the simulation result.

    inverter with variable frequency duty cycle control, O. Luc´a, J.

    M. Burd´o, I.Mill´an, J.Acero, and L. A. Barrag´an, IEEE Traannd Power Electron., vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 16711674, Jul. 2010.

  8. Rashid M. H, Power Electronics Circuits, Devices, Applications, 2011 Third edition, the Text Book.

  9. Bimbhra P. S, Power Electronics, Khanna Publishers, 2012 Fifth edition, the Text Book.

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