Digital Formulation of Muchkundi Left Bank Canal for Earthworks & Structures

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Digital Formulation of Muchkundi Left Bank Canal for Earthworks & Structures

Mr.Akash Rajendra Gharat Department of Civil Engineering, Vidyavardhini's College of Engineering & Technology,

Vasai Rd(W),Maharashtra, India.

Mr.Pruthviraj Jitendra Patil Department of Civil Engineering, Vidyavardhini's College of Engineering & Technology,

Vasai Rd(W),Maharashtra, India.

Mr. Swagat.M.Patil

Department of Civil Engineering, Vidyavardhini's College of Engineering & Technology,

Vasai Rd(W),Maharashtra, India.

Mr. Shubham Sudesh Sakpal Department of Civil Engineering, Vidyavardhini's College of Engineering & Technology,

Vasai Rd(W),Maharashtra, India.

Prof. Viren B Chandanshive Department of Civil Engineering, Vidyavardhini's College of Engineering & Technology,

Vasai Rd(W),Maharashtra, India.

Abstract:- Irrigation engineering is most important in India because India is an agricultural country. Hence irrigation engineering play vital role in agricultural field. A case study of dam site in selected which is located at khorninko village, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India For the digital formulation of earthwork and various canal structure. A contour survey is carried out for the muchkundi left bank canal with help of total station. The Microsoft Excel (MS-Excel) and SW-DTM software are used for the quantity survey and estimation on earthwork activities of left bank canal. During the earthwork estimation the Longitudinal section (L-Section) and Cross section (X- Section) are plotted by using MS-Excel and SW-DTM (connectivity with AutoCAD software).The obtained results from MS-Excel and SW-DTM provides that the results of SW- DTM are better than MS-Excel and very time efficient. This study will be helpful to the execution process of the muchkundi left bank canal. Also overviewed on the G.L and formation level.

Keyword:- Left Bank Canal, Contour survey, Total station, SW- DTM, MS-Excel, AutoCAD, earthwork quantity.

  1. INTRODUCTION

    Irrigation engineering is the solicitation of artificial supply of water to the plants. Irrigation engineering include the design and study of controlling and harnessing various natural sources of water.

    Canal is an artificial channel that is constructed to carry out water to the fields for irrigation. Canal irrigation is the most important form of irrigation in India and it is also a cheaper form. India includes a network of major and minor canals from Indian rivers, groundwater well based systems, tanks, and other rainwater harvesting projects for agricultural activities. Most of the canals in India today are perennial. The net area under canal irrigation is about 15.8 million hectares. The main canal irrigated areas are in the northern plains of India where Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Bihar account for about 60 per cent of the canal irrigated area of the country. Canal are basically of two types, The Waterways which are the canal used for carrying and transporting goods, people and the other The Aqueducts where water is supplied and conveyed through canal for the

    human consumptions, municipal uses, hydro power generations and for agriculture. Indian states are full of canals where some of the canals are Agra Canal, Indira Gandhi canal, Eastern and Western Yamuna canal, Buddha Nullah, sirhind canal etc. Where Indira Gandhi Canal is the longest in India which is 649 km long and consists of Rajasthan feeder canal and Rajasthan main canal.

    The objectives of Canal irrigation is to ensure enough moisture essential for the plant growth, provide crop insurance against short duration drought, cool the soil and atmosphere to provide a suitable surrounding.

  2. LITERATURE REVIEW

    Lee Y. et al. investigated and analyzed the volume of water loss in irrigation canals considering condition of actual farm land [1]. Palaka R. et al. developed the alignment for a canal is critical in terms of cost and execution time. They concluded that several alignments may be possible between the source and destination of a canal, also the command area and cost of work is most important factor [2]. Elyamany A. and El-Nashar W. introduced a new approach to evaluate and design alternatives of Improved Field Irrigation Canals (IFIC) using Life Cycle Cost (LCC) methods [3]. Clemmons A. and Burt C. evaluated the actual irrigation system performance which should rely on an accurate hydrologic water balance over the area considered [4].

  3. METHODOLOGY

    The methodology adopted for this study is shown by figure 1.

    Fig. 1. Flowchart for adopted methodology

  4. IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEMS

    A dam site in selected which is located at khorninko village, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India For the digital formulation of earthwork and various canal structure. This

    site located at forest region, so some problem are there to conduct survey. There are different instrument are available to conduct contour survey for canal work but we are select the Total Station for more accuracy & less time consuming.

  5. CASE STUDY

A dam site in selected which is located at khorninko village, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India For the digital formulation of earthwork and various canal structure. A contour survey is carried out for the muchkundi left bank canal with help of total station. The Microsoft Excel (MS- Excel) and SW-DTM software are used for the quantity survey and estimation on earthwork activities of left bank canal. During the earthwork estimation the Longitudinal section (L-Section) and Cross section (X-Section) are plotted by using MS-Excel and SW-DTM (connectivity with AutoCAD software). Table 1 how the detail description of the location of case study.

TABLE 1. Detail of Khorninko Dam

Sr. No.

Village

Khorninko

1

Taluka

Lanja

2

District

Ratnagiri

3

State

Maharashtra

4

Country

India

5

Continent

Asia

6

Time Zone

IST ( UTC + 05:30)

7

Language

Marathi

8

Time difference

35 minutes

9

Latitude

16.886319

10

Longitude

73.74311

Khorninko is a village panchayat located in the Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra state, India. Mumbai is the state capital for Khorninko village. It is located around 250.4 kilometer away from Khorninko. The Muchkundi River is shown by figure2

Fig. 2. Muchkhundi River (Google Map Image)

Khorninko is a village panchayat located in the Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra state, India which I hown in figure 3. Mumbai is the state capital for Khorninko village. It is located around 250.4 kilometer away from Khorninko.

Fig. 3. Khorninko Dam

  1. CONTOUR SURVEYING

    Contouring in surveying is the determination of elevation of various points on the ground and fixing these points of same horizontal positions in the contour map.

    Uses of contour maps:

    1. A civil engineer studies the contours and finds out the nature of the ground to identify. Suitable site for the project works to be taken up.

    2. By drawing the section in the plan, it is possible to find out profile of the ground along that line. It helps in finding out depth of cutting and filling, if formation level of road/railway is decided.

    3. Intervisibility of any two points can be found by drawing profile of the ground along that line.

    4. The routes of the railway, road, canal or sewer lines can be decided so as to minimize and balance earthworks.

    A contour survey is carried out for the muchkundi left bank canal with help of total station. Total 2.16 KM survey conducted by Total Station (Trimble-M-3). Table 2 Show the earthwork quantity for cutting and filling of the left bank canal. The canal bed level (CBL) and width of bed (B) are 99 m and 0.50 m respectively. The Side slope (S) for the cutting is 1:1 while 1 in 600 the longitudinal slope is provided.

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF PROFILE DIAGRAM

    The profile diagram of canal such as Longitudinal section & Cross section of canal plotting by SW-DTM software by connectivity of Auto Cad and also in MS-Excel and LXQ-CAD software.

      1. X-Section by using SW-DTM software

        Fig. 4. X-Section Ch.0m to 150m (By using SW-DTM software)

      2. X-Section by using MS-Excel software

        Fig 5. X-Section Ch.0m to 90m (By using MS-Excel software)

      3. X-Section by using LXQ-CAD software

    Fig 6. X-Section Ch.0m to 150m (By using LXQ-CAD software)

  3. EARTHWORK QUANTITY

    7.1. By using SW-DTM software

    TABLE 2. Earthwork Quantity calculated by using SW-DTM software

    7.2 By using MS-Excel software

    TABLE 3. Earthwork Quantity calculated by using MS-Excel software

    7.3. By using LXQ-CAD software

    TABLE 4. Earthwork Quantity calculated by using LXQ- CAD software

  4. QUANTITY OF CANAL STRUCTURE

    In this project we have different canal structure are used for the different purpose like economical construction, avoid any obstacle and any other condition. Different structure are provide in canal construction such as canal fall, cross drainage work etc.

    8.1. Quantity of Canal Fall at Ch.3750/4060

    TABLE 5. Quantity of Canal Fall at Ch.3750/4060

    Fig 7.Section of Canal Fall at Ch.3750/4060

    Fig. 8. 3D View of Canal Fall at Ch.3750/4060

    Fig. 9. Plan of Canal Fall at Ch.3750/4060

    8.2 Quantity of Canal Fall at Ch.4150

    TABLE 6. Quantity of Canal Fall at Ch.4150

    Fig. 10. Section of Canal Fall at Ch.4150

    Fig. 11. 3D View of Canal Fall at Ch.4150

    Fig.12. Plan of Canal Fall at Ch.415

    8.3. Quantity of Super Passage at Ch.4105

    TABLE 7. Quantity of Super Passage at Ch.4105

    Fig 13. Section of Super Passage at Ch.4105

    Fig 14 Plan of Super Passage at Ch.4105

    Fig 15. Elevation of Main Structure of Super Passage at Ch.4105

    Fig 16. 3D View of Super Passage at Ch.4105 9.ESTIMATION

      1. Rate analysis

        In this project provides different canal structures are used for the different purpose like economical construction, avoid any obstacle and any other condition. In this project we have calculate the rate analysis of canal structures. Consider the grade of concrete is M30 (1:2.31:2.55). Input data denoted by yellow colure and output data denoted by light blue colure.

        B)Cost of materials

        TABLE 9. Cost of materials

        C)Cost of labour

        TABLE 10. Cost of labour

        D)Centering and shuttering

        TABLE 11. Centering and shuttering

        In this study this rate analysis prepared by IS method (IS10232:2009 and IS456:2000).

        Grade of Concrete = M30 (1:2.31:2.55) A)Quantity measurement of concrete materials

        TABLE 8. Quantity measurement of concrete materials

        E)Total

        TABLE 12. Grand total

      2. Final estimate

    In this project prepared final estimation of canal Construction by using MS-Excel.Measurement sheet shown in Table 13 and Abstract sheet shown in Table 14.

    TABLE 13. Measurement Sheet

    TABLE 14. Abstract Sheet

    1. CONCLUSION

      By using MS-excel the time required to obtain the results is more compared to SW-DTM software. SW-DTM software is more accurate as compared to manual work for preparing L-section & X-section and is less time consumption for preparing all data. The basic aim of this project is to get accurate result and time consuming method of canal Earthwork and hydraulic structures at Ratnagiri (lanja).Then submit the report of canal estimation to irrigation Department, Lanja. (Government of Maharashtra)

    2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Authors would like to thank Mr. Vaibhav shinde, Irrigation Department, Lanja (Dist-Ratnagiri), Maharashtra, India for the provision of dam site to conduct contour survey as well as guidance and kind support.

REFERENCE

  1. Yong-Jig Lee, Phil-Shik Kim, Sun-Joo Kim, Jee-Yong Kean, Uk- Jong Joo. Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers (2018)

  2. Rambabu Palaka, M Mukesh, Y Mani Kumar, V Prakash. International journal of research in engineering and technology (2014).

  3. Ahmed H Elyamany, Walaa Y El-Nashar.Water resources management (2016).

  4. AJ Clemmens, Charles M Burt. Journal of irrigation and drainage engineering (1997).

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