Design and Fabrication of Organic Portable Shredder Machine

Download Full-Text PDF Cite this Publication

Text Only Version

Design and Fabrication of Organic Portable Shredder Machine

Ganesh U L1

Assistant Professor,

Vinod V Rampur 2

Assistant Professor,

Ashok R Banagar 3

Assistant Professor,

Dept. of Mech. Engg., PESITM,

Dept. of Mech. Engg., PESITM,

Dept. of Mech. Engg., PESITM,

Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Abstract The scope of this project was to design and development of a portable shredder machine; focuses on chopping of coconut leaves, Areca leaves and paddy straw, later this chopped powder is a source to prepare the vermin compost. The task started with the accumulation of information and data, through survey in agricultural and literature studies. Existing models are hand wheel operated, vertical and horizontal electric chopping shredder is prone to have problems like large space requirement, uneven cutting, and manpower requirement. Hence traditional methods are not sufficient and satisfactory for chopping the crop residues. Considering the users needs and buying capacity a prototype was designed and constructed. The proposed prototype is so designed to guide materials in different compartments by power driven transmission through chain, belt, pulley and spur gear attachment to have a chopped and powder materials. The overall operation of the proposed shredder, running at a cutting speed of 700 RPM nearly has a cutting efficiency up to 90%.

Keywords Organic matter, Portable Shredder.

  1. INTRODUCTION

    In India more than 70% of the population is depending on agriculture, it contributes around 17% to the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Indian economy. Basic needs of agriculture are sand, land, seeds, water, machines, fertilizers

    organic or inorganic in nature, and so on. In that inorganic fertilizer use in the long term make the land to lose their pH, upset beneficial microbial ecosystems also causes of the greenhouse issue. Hence an attention on organic fertilizers based on agriculture wastes include crop residues such as corn stalks, sugar cane leavings, nut shells, paddy straw, wood chips, sawdust, banana stalk, etc., are concentrated which are biodegradable, releasing nutrient fertilizers, and improve the structure of the soil. But after harvesting them the crop residues are either cut out or shed out as a waste without getting into consideration their nutritive value [1, 4].

    It assists in sustaining agricultural production at a higher point and makes it sustainable. It amends the soil physical properties such as granulation, and good tilt, good aeration, easy root penetration and improves water-retaining capability.

    Hence an attempt is needed in planning a portable organic shredder, which speeds up the process of composting by increasing the open field of harvest residues for aerobic degradation thereby reducing the time to hold the compost.

    Traditional methods are addressed only on the basics of coping techniques [6], I. M. Sanjay Kumar, Dr. T. R. Hemanth Kumar, in their proposed project on methodology for design and development of agricultural waste shredder

    machine – quality function development (QFD) was prepared where the customers were converted into technical voice detailed product design specification (PDS) was created as per the datas from QFD [2, 3].

    Considering the drawbacks of older mechanisms, in account to that problem we are proposed to develop the new mechanism that includes, v-belt drive mechanism, multiple dumping system, multiple blades & multiple shafts in one system and using electric motor & this mechanism is portable in nature, so that this machine is used in all the agriculture fields to convert the agriculture waste into useful Eco friendly manure, so that the produced manure is of low cost when compared to other inorganic fertilizers & also economically cheap for poor farmers.

  2. PROBLEM FORMULATION

    There is a indigence of a machine that makes the farmers self dependent for their everlasting requirement of organic manure. Then we had surveyed in different sectors and thought of projecting a new prototype model which induces a tendency of producing both chopped as well powder form.

    The objectives behind the project are:

    a. Conception and development of a machine used for multipurpose in nature as the chopping assembly and powder assembly.

  3. METHODOLOGY Working Principles:

    Figure 1: working model of Organic shredder machine

    1. Firstly the inputs are fed into the machine chamber through the hopper provided at the top of the machine (inclined feeding).

    2. Then it comes in contact with two members, namely one is sucker roller shaft and to the cutter blade shaft.

    3. The cutting blades are mounted on the cutter guides. The knife blades provide the shear force to cut the organic matter and the force developed by the rotating of this shaft provides the pushing force to the uncut matter to be shared and also provides a thrown force to throw the

      quoted matter and the machine body guides the organic matter flow in a specific direction.

    4. The cut matter or crop residues come from the cutter blade is made to fall in the first dumping stage as per the requirement.

    5. A provision is also provided to get the powder matter, powdering blades are provided and the sieve is also provided to get the fine grain size matter on the dumping stage two.

    6. When the organic matter or crop residues comes in contact with these rotating members then the shearing action takes place, the clearance between the rotating and stationary guides can be varied according to the size of the crop residues.

    Analysis of machine requirements

    Design Calculation

    Material Selection

    Fabrication of parts and

    Assembling

    Final production of output machine

    Figure 2: Flow chart for a Portable Organic Shredder

    Analysis of the machine requires brief survey in agriculture, improvements in existing machines, possible outcomes, their applications. Later design calculation started by designing on a shaft and motor rated torque to have a power transmission. Based on which materials are selected, to check for their availability and processed for fabrication of parts and assembling them for testing.

    Table 1: Designed details of a Portable Shredder

    Si. No

    Design and Specification

    1

    V- Belt

    Speed of the cutting blade shaft

    2 = 360

    Length of the V-Belt

    L = 1878.94 mm

    Velocity of the V- belt

    V= 5.747 m/Sec

    Cross section of the belt

    Kw = 0.89

    Correct center distance

    C =758.78 mm

    2

    Shaft1 [Ref 6]

    Reaction Support

    RB =475N, RA = 475N

    Torque

    T = 39523.47 N-mm

    Diameter

    d = 24.43mm

    3

    Chains sprocket

    Speed of roller shaft

    N2 = 384 RPM

    Pitch of the chain drive

    P1 = 9mm, P2 = 10 mm

    Vlocity of chain drive

    V1 = 0.81 m/s, V2 =

    0.963 m/s

    Number of strands

    J1 and J2 = 2

    Chain length in pitches

    Lp = 74 Pitches

    Length of chain

    L = 740 mm

    4

    Spur gear [Ref 5]

    – Pinion weaker

    = 200

    Tangential tooth load

    Ft = 329.11 N

    Circular pitch

    P = 6.57 mm

    Velocity Vm

    1.80 m/Sec

    Dynamic Load

    Fd = 1416.67N

    Table 2: Fabrication of a Portable Shredder

    Welded parts

    Figure

    Type of welding

    Thickness

    Chassis frame

    Arc welding

    4mm

    Sheet metal body

    Arc welding

    1.6mm

    3 D MODELS

    Figure 4: Cutting Efficiency of Organic shredder with quantity, time

    From the experiment we observed that cutting efficiency of areca, coconut leaves and grass has a greater improvement approximately up to 90%. Later this can be further used for Manure.

    Particulars

    Quantity

    Cost

    Motor

    1

    5000

    Shaft

    4

    1520

    Sheet GI and MS

    2

    2800

    Flat blade guides

    4

    1100

    Cutter sharp edge blades

    4

    2200

    Pillow block bearing

    (205 and 204)

    4+2

    2100

    Bolt, nut and washer

    8+8

    380

    Spur gear

    2

    540

    Chain and

    Chain sprocket assembly

    1

    1200

    Chassis angles

    5400

    Pulley

    4

    2140

    V-belt

    2

    890

    Hinges

    2

    110

    Hopper

    1

    850

    Powder blade

    18

    1230

    Welding rods

    1 box

    750

    Powder blade unit

    1

    1100

    Sucking roller unit

    2

    550

    Wheel assembly

    4

    2000

    Paint

    500

    On and off switch

    1

    450

    Electric copper wire

    300

    Handle

    1

    150

    Machining and fabrication

    —–

    2000

    Total

    76

    35260

    Table 4: Materials Selection and Cost Estimation

    Figure 3: Side view of a Shredder Machine

  4. PRODUCT ANALYSIS

After design and fabrication, the prototype is validated through tests, at constant rpm, on Areca, Coconut Leaves and Grasses at different periods of time to check for chopped and powder content.

Table 3: Areca, Coconut Leaves, Grass Crushed and Powdered form

Si. No

Material input feeding rate in gms

Output chopped rate in gms

Cutting efficiency

1

Areca

1000

950

95%

2

Coconut leaves

1000

900

90%

3

Grass

1000

930

93%

CONCLUSION

The above proposed organic portable shredder machine capable of operating at rated speed of 700RPM and able to implement in agricultural fields for developing a raw material for compost. The above machine is a prototype and can be enhanced depending on requirement and can be integrated with vermin compost or in generating any other organic fertilizers, since it has good cutting efficiency and chopping them to a powder form.

REFERENCES

  1. Asst Prof. S Nithyanath, Libin Samuel, Nitin Mathew, and S. Sura, Design of waste shredder Machine ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol.4, Issue 3 (version 1), March 2014, pp. 487-491.

  2. Ajinkya S. Hand and Vivek. Pedal, Design and Fabrication of Portable organic waste Chopping Machine to Obtain Compost IJIRST- International Journal For Innovative Research in science and technology |Volume 2| |Issue03| August 2015 pp. 1-8.

  3. Etoamaihe U.J and Iwe M.O, Development and Performance Evaluation a Reciprocating motion Cassava Shredder The International Journal of Engineering and Science ||Volume|| 3 || Issue || 4 || pages || 06-15 || 2014.

  4. Jibrin M.U., Amonye M.C., Akonye N.S. and Oyeleran O.A, Design and Development of a Crop Residue Crushing Machine International Journal of Engineering Inventions e- ISSN: 2278-7461, p-ISSN: 23196491 Vol 2, Issue 8 (May 2013) PP: 28-34.

  5. Arun K.A., Arun P. Unnikrishanan, Febins P M, Basil Bava, Sreerej T S and Rinto K Anto, Design and analysis of Organic waste Crushing Machine International Journal of Recent Research in Civil and Mechanical Engineering (IJRRCME) Vol.3. Issue 1, pp: 24-30, April 2016-Sep 2016.

  6. I. M. Sanjay Kumar and DR.T.R Hemanth Kumar, Design and Development of Agricultural Waste Shredder Machine IJISET- International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 10, Oct 2015, pp: 164-172.

  7. Kekane Maruthi Arjun, Indian Agriculture – status, Importance and Role in Indian Economy International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology. ISSN 2249-3050, Volume 4, and Number 4 (2013), pp: 343-346.

One thought on “Design and Fabrication of Organic Portable Shredder Machine

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *