Compact Decoupled Antenna Pairs for 5G Applications

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Compact Decoupled Antenna Pairs for 5G Applications

Mr. Arun. M

Assistant Professor (Sr. Grade)

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Mepco Schlenk Engineering College

Virudhunagar, Sivakasi

Divya. C, Karthini. B

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Mepco Schlenk Engineering College

Virudhunagar, Sivakasi

Abstract In this letter, a compact self-decoupled antenna structure is proposed for the 5G multiple-inputmultiple output (MIMO) operation in 5G tablets. The antenna structure consists of two adjacent antenna elements, which are placed very close to each other which is placed at a distance of 1.2mm and located on the same side of the system ground plane. A compact self- decoupled antenna pair can be obtained by sharing one common ground. The MIMO antenna system is optimized to operate in the 3.5 GHz (3.4 3.6 GHz) band with isolation better than 35dB. An antenna prototype is fabricated, and good results for simulation and measurement is obtained. The gain obtained is 3.3dB. An antenna is fabricated and good results for simulation are obtained.

Index Terms 5G, Tablet, Multi input multi output, Self decoupled, compact antenna.

  1. INTRODUCTION

    In the upcoming world, 5thgeneration electronic devices will play a major role and it will have advantages such as higher transmission rate, high reliability, low latency when compared to 4G[3] [10]. So the upcoming generation will mostly rely on 5G communication electronic devices. To meet the requirement of 5G, MIMO (multiple input multiple output) antennas operating in sub 6GHz band FR1 range (410MHz7.125GHz) used in 5G electronic devices [1] [3]. To meet high isolation in 5G electronic devices like 5G tablets becomes challenge in before years [4]. In past, many methods were proposed using neutralization line to improve isolation [2] [5]. To overcome this problem, MIMO antenna structure is used.

    In this letter, we have proposed four decoupled antennas shaped ring common ground to meet better isolation [6] [8]. Four antennas split into two antenna pairs very close to each other. The antenna pairs shared a common ground and the antenna pairs are isolated by I shape isolating element [9]. The performance of our proposed antenna is verified using simulation in HFSS (high frequency structure simulator) and by fabrication.

  2. COMPACT DECOUPLED ANTENNA

    The dimensions of the compact decoupled antenna pairs are illustrated in the fig.1.1. The dimension of the substrate is 150 mm x 75 mm x 0.8 mm and the dimension of the ground plane

    is 150 mm x 73 mm x 0.8 mm. Two antenna frames are placed on the left and the right side of the substrate. On each of the antenna frame, antenna pairs are printed separately. The length of the antenna frame is 150mm and the width is 0.8mm and the height is 6.9mm. The system substrate and the

    antenna frames are based on the FR4 with relative permittivity (r) 4.4 and dielectric loss tangent 0.02. Each antenna pair consists of U shaped radiating element, U shaped feeding element and I shaped isolating element. U shape feeding element is used to obtain better gain and isolation loss. The length of the isolating element is 6.9mm and the width is 0.8mm. The arrangement of the antenna pairs is done in such a way that below the U shaped radiating element, U shape feeding element is placed in order to get good return loss. For better isolation an I shaped isolating element is place in between each antenna so that we can achieve good isolation loss. Microstrip feed is used to obtain better return loss. Here we use four microstrip feeds. Each micro- strip feed is fed with each feeding element directly. Length of each microstrip feed is 12.2 mm. Two feeds are placed on the either side. Four microstrip feeds are fixed on the substrate. Each antenna pairs share a common ground. The horizontal coupling gap between U shaped radiating element and U shaped isolating element is 0.2 mm. The gap between each radiating element is 1.2mm. Each antenna pairs are located in the middle of the antenna frame. All the antennas are fed with 50 SMA (sub miniature version A) connectors via hole from the back side of the system substrate .Four SMA connectors are used to connect the four microstrip feed with the ground.

    Fig 1.1 .Antenna structure

  3. FORMULAS USED

    The wavelength is calculated using,

    c is the velocity of light and its value is 3 x mm

    is the wavelength f is the frequency.

    Width of the patch is given by,

    where is the dielectric constant of the substrate . Length of the patch is calculated by,

    where Leff is the effective length. Effective length is given by,

    where reff is the effective dielectric constant The normalized extension length is given by,

    where h is the thickness of the substrate and w is the width of the substrate.

    Effective dielectric constant is given by,

    where h and w are the thickness and width of the substrate respectively.

    Length of the substrate is given by, Width of the substrate is given by, Height of the substrate is given by,

    Guided wavelength is given by,

    The feed length is given by,

  4. OBTAINTED RESULTS

    An antenna prototype of the proposed 4 antenna MIMO system was measured and fabricated. With the operating frequency of 3.5 GHz, the obtained return loss is about -35.8 dB. The simulated result obtained is shown in the fig 1.2.

    Fig 1.2 Return loss

    The main purpose of the antenna is to get better isolation loss. The proposed antenna structure antenna has a better isolation loss of about -32dB and -39.93dB.The isolation is obtained by the common grounding of the antenna pairs. The obtained result is shown in the figure 1.3 and fig 1.4.The radiation pattern obtained for the proposed antenna structure is omni directional and it is given in the fig 1.5 and a 3D plot is also obtained and it is shown in the fig 1.6 and the efficiency of the proposed antenna structure is 71% and a good arrangement for simulation and the measure is observed.

    Fig1.3 Isolation loss

    Fig 1.4.S parameter (S14)

    Fig 1.5 Radiation pattern of the proposed antenna structure

    The gain obtained for our proposed at 3.5GHz frequency is around 3.445 dB obtained in the fig1.7.

    Fig 1.7 Gain obtained for the proposed compact decoupled antenna structure

    The results obtained confirm that the performance of the MIMO antenna structure is more than enough for 5G applications.

  5. CONCLUSION

A compact decoupled antenna pairs for 5G applications like 5G tablet was proposed. By having two antenna pairs and the antenna pairs share a common grounding, good isolation of about -39dB is achieved even there are very close to each other. The proposed antenna structure has good isolation and high and high return loss which is most suitable for the 5G applications. The efficiency obtained is also greater than 70% and it is more useful for 5G applications.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The authors thank the reviewers for valuable comments and the feedback.

REFERENCES

Fig 1.6 Simulated and measure 3D radiation pattern

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