Automatic Vehicle Accident Detection & Localization of Automobile using GPS/GSM

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTCONV3IS22017

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Automatic Vehicle Accident Detection & Localization of Automobile using GPS/GSM

L.Vincent Antony Raj1 , Be(Cse),Student, E.Venkatraman2, Be(Cse),Student,

St.Annes College Of Engineering And Technology,Panruti

Abstract: The Rapid growth of technology and infrastructure has made our lives easier. The advantage of technology has also increased the traffic hazards and the road accident take place frequently which causes huge loss of life and property because of the poor emergency facilities. Our project will provide an optimum solution to this draw back. An integrated Cell phone GPS-GSM system is proposed to track vehicles using Google Earth application develop in android application for mobile system. The remote module has a Bluetooth mounted on the moving vehicle with attached accident detecting sensor to identify if accidents happens. Here Bluetooth will be the medium of communication with the user mobile for activating the GPS position of the cell phone. In this case cell phone will get activated its application and track the current position of the vehicle and send it to the remote located predefined phone for tracking the real time position of the situation. After data processing, Google Earth application can be used to view the current location and status of each vehicle. (To detect the real time localization of the vehicle using Bluetooth technology with GPS locator in cell phone using android application.)

Keywords: Bluetooth system, cell phone GPS-GSM technology, android application, accident place locator


The ability to accurately detect a vehicles location and its status is the main goal of automobile trajectory monitoring systems.& also The high demand of automobiles has also increased the traffic hazards and the road accidents. This is because of the lack of best emergency facilities available in our country This design is a system which can detect accidents in significantly less time and sends the basic information to first aid center within a few seconds covering geographical coordinates, the time and angle in which a vehicle accident had occurred. This alert message is sent to the rescue team in a short time, which will help in saving the valuable lives. These systems are implemented using several hybrid techniques that include: wireless communication, geographical positioning and embedded applications. project will establish a communication between the control station and the unit installed in vehicles. Vehicles will have GPS/GSM enabled tracking modules and will be tracked in real time using cellular networks. The software embedded in the microcontroller will control the various operations of the device by monitoring waveform from

the vibration sensor. In case of accident the device will send an alert message along with location data from GPS module to control station using GSM network. It is a comprehensive and effective solution to the poor rescue response in case of accident. The accident reporting can automatically find a traffic accident, search for the spot and then send the basic information to the rescue agency covering geographical coordinates and the time and circumstances in which a traffic accident took place. At the server end, a control function will extract relevant data

1.1 Automatic Accident Detection and Reporting and store it in a database, to which accident information

System using GSM and GPS:

From prototypes will be polled in real time. Our system

Traffic has become an important event in the national combines advanced hardware design and sophisticated interest now-a-days. We see that a lot of life spoils in control technology into a compact, reliable package.

every accident because of typically long response time to access the appropriate care that may be available if The vehicle tracking systems are designed to assist

informed in-time. Application of our project can corporations with large number of automobiles and several significantly shorten the response time of accident. This is usage purposes. A Fleet management system can minimize

a platform for emergency rescue which will operate the cost and effort of employees to finish road assignments optimally in order to reduce the golden time of arrival of within a minimal time. Besides, assignments can be rescuers in case of road accidents, when every micro- scheduled in advanced based on current automobiles second counts. Our project aims to present a technology location. Therefore, central fleet management is essential automatically detecting the accident and a hardware to large enterprises to meet the varying requirements of

tracking device based on GSM/GPS technology informing customers and to improve the productivity [1]. So taking

at the occurrence of accident with sufficient details like in action all these things we are going to design and

exact location and time at which accident happened. This develop a machine, which will track the real time location

of the vehicle using blue tooth technology with the help of knowledge of a vehicles location lies at the heart of many an android base mobile phones. The ability to accurately services described in the NPP (e.g., route guidance and detect a vehicles location and its status is the main goal of emergency response). In Japan, research efforts in real- automobile trajectory monitoring systems. These systems time automobile route guidance were begun in the 1970s are implemented using several hybrid techniques that with the goal of reducing traffic congestion. Throughout include: wireless communication, geographical positioning the 1970s and 1980s, the Japanese government, in and embedded applications. The vehicle tracking systems cooperation with industry, was continuously involved in are designed to assist corporations with large number of launching initiatives which helped to mature vehicle automobiles and several usage purposes. This system can navigation technology. Today, most Japanese car minimize the cost and effort of employees to finish road manufacturers offer factory-installed navigation systems in assignments within a minimal time. So taking in action all at least some of their models. Estimates indicate that, by these things we are going to design and develop a the year 2000, per annum sales of vehicles with factory- machine, which will track the real time location of the installed navigation systems will be reach 2.5 million.

vehicle using blue tooth technology with the help of an Many researchers have proposed the use of cutting edge android base mobile phones. technologies to served the target of vehicle tracking. These The main goals of this project is to design and develop an technology include Communication remote Control, GPS, economical model, which requires less power with less GIS server systems and others.

complex in structure, easy to implement. An additional

setting could be implemented to interface the system to the cars alarm to alert the owner on his cell phone if the alarm is set off. The automobiles airbag system can also



In this paper, we describe the design of a proposed

be wired to this system to report severe accidents to tracking system in this paper is designed to track and immediately alert the police and ambulance service with monitor automobiles status that are used by certain party the location of the accident for particular purposes, this system is an integration of

several modern embedded and communication

II. LITERATURE REVIEW technologies. To provide location and time information Traditionall, navigation systems have been large, anywhere on earth, Global Positioning System (GPS) is expensive, and used only in aviaion or military commonly used as a space-based global navigation applications. However, the presence of the GPS and the satellite system. The location information provided by us recent proliferation of small low-cost motion sensors have GPS systems can be visualized using Google Earth made possible navigation systems that are small and technology. In wireless data transporting, Global System inexpensive enough to be used in consumer products. of Mobile (GSM) and Short Message Service (SMS) Commercial consumer-grade navigation systems are, in technology is a common feature with all mobile network fact, readily found today in Japan, Europe, and the United service providers. Utilization of SMS technology has States, with one application being automobile navigation become popular because it is an inexpensive, convenient systems. and accessible way of transferring and receiving data with

high reliability. As shown in figure (1), the proposed The concept of in-vehicle navigation systems is not new, system consists of: in-vehicle GPS receiver, GSM

but implementations of such systems are relatively recent. modems (stationary and in-vehicle), and embedded

Programs investigating the possibility of establishing an controller. The users of this application can monitor the infrastructure to support widespread navigation for motor location graphically on Google Earth; they also can view vehicles began in the U.S. as early as the late 1960s. other relevant information of each automobile in the fleet.

However, results from these studies deemed that the supporting infrastructure for such a system would be too expensive, and further study in the United States was dropped until the 1980s. In the late 1980s, the U.S. government, recognizing that parts of the countrys road system were taxed nearly to capacity, launched a campaign to promote the application of high-tech solutions to enhance roadway efficiency. Outlined in the National Program Plan for Intelligent Transportation Systems (NPP), this campaign includes a strategy for improving the efficiency of the U.S. highway system over a 20-year period. The NPPs goals include reducing highway congestion and fuel consumption and the number of traffic accidents by providing drivers with real-time traffic information, route guidance, electronic toll collection,

advanced vehicle collision avoidance systems, and automatic notification to authorities in the event of a traffic

The implemented tracking system can be used to monitor

various parameters related to safety, emergency services and engine stall. The paper shows an implementation of several modern technologies to achieve a desirable goal of fleet monitoring and management.

The system has two main modules, as shown in figure (2). The first module is the tracking device which is attached to the moving automobile. This module composes of a GPS receiver, Microcontroller and GSM Modem The GPS Receiver receives the location information from satellites in the form of latitude and longitude real time reading. The Microcontroller has three main tasks to read certain engine parameters from automobile data port (OBD-II), to processes the GPS information to extract desired values and to transmit this data to the server using GSM modem by SMS. The chosen engine parameters are Revaluation per minute, engine coolant temperature, vehicle speed.

The second module consists of a recipient GSM modem and workstation PC. The modem receive the SMS that includes GPS coordinates and engine parameters. This text is processed using a Visual Basic program to obtain the numeric parameters, which to be saved as a Microsoft Office Excel file The received reading of the GPS is further corrected by Kalman filter technology. To transfer this information to Google Earth, the Excel file is converted to KML, Keyhole Markup Language format.

Google Earth interprets KML file and shows automobiles location and engine parameters on the map. The system s efficiency is depend on the sufficiency of the used communication network.

An additional setting could be implemented to interface the system to the cars alarm to alert the owner on his cell phone

if the alarm had set off. The automobile airbag system can also be wired to this system to report severe accidents to immediately alert the police and ambulance service with the location of the accident.

Figure 2: The system architecture: GPS tracking and GSM modules.

The second stationary module is a receiving module to collect

and process the transmitted information to a compatible format with Google Earth to remotely monitor the automobile location and status online. The transmit location of the vehicle has been filtered using Kalman filter to achieve accurate tracking. The 2DRMS accuracy of estimated vehicle coordinates has been enhanced. The accuracy of filtered coordinates was less than 15 meters compared to about 43 meters for transmitted co- ordinates received by in vehicle GPS module.


In this paper, a real-time automobile tracking system via Google Earth is presented. The system included two main components: a transmitting embedded module to interface in- vehicle GPS and GSM devices in order determine and send automobile location and status information via SMS.


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