Automatic Control Three-Dimensional Warehouse based on PLC

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Automatic Control Three-Dimensional Warehouse based on PLC

Souvanhnakhoomman Sane#1, Prof. Deng Sanpeng#2

Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Equipment. Tianjin University of Technology and Education Tianjin 300222, China

Abstract – An automated system is increased in this globalized world. This paper is based upon use of PLC (Programmable Logic Controllers), 3-ph motor and sensors for the purpose of automatic goods handling inside the warehouse and the logistics industries. In many industries, found problem storage goods and flow tasks efficiency in warehouse because several kinds of products. Usage PLC system input line automation to helpful manufactured process accuracy and efficiency. In this research we proposed warehouse automation system which is easy to implement and cost effective. The implementation of this system improves the efficiency of labor and the quality of manufactured products and to create conditions for the optimum utilization of all production resources depends on the PLC program

Keywords: Automatic goods handling, Warehouse automation system, 3-ph motor and sensors, PLC,

  1. INTRODUCTION

    Automation is the use of control systems and information technologies systems (such as numerical control, inventory control, programmable logic control, and other industrial control systems) to reduce the need for human work in the production of goods and services. In the scope of industrialization, automation is a step beyond mechanization. Automation greatly decreases the need for human sensory, mental requirements and saves time as well [1]. The processes and Systems can also be automated. Specialized industrial computers, referred to as programmable logic controllers (PLCs), are frequently used to synchronize the flow of inputs from (physical) sensors and events with the flow of outputs to actuators and events. This leads to precisely controlled actions that permit a tight control of almost any industrial process [2].

    Automatic segregation and directing of materials are controlled using PLCs. It makes use of limiting sensor, color sensor, proximity sensors for segregation and directing of the materials is controlled by using a motor and the conveyer belt depending on the instructions specified in the ladder logic in PLC. In food packaging industry PLC is mainly used for automation purpose which helps in reducing packaging time and increases the production rate as compared with the manual system [3].

    Many useful researches have been done in the field of warehouse automation system. For example, Min S. Ko et al.

    [4] developed a case study to simulate and verify the PLC program for an automobile panel AS/RS. They suggested a PLC simulation using 3D models and PLC codes, which consists of real automobile manufacturing data. Senanayake and S. Veera Ragavan [5] used an optimization method to

    determine the optimum storage locations for the goods that will use AS/RS. They used fuzzy control system for the purpose of determining the best storage location. In this study, AS/RS's working strategies, sensor, PLC and other control components are analyzed and automation techniques are discussed. System's control structure is explained with detailed algorithms and AS/RS automation components' functions are examined. AsaadMusaab Ali Yousif [2] design and developed control system of AS/RS by simulate through PLC. Sunderesh S. Heragu et al. [6] modeled the AVS/RS (Autonomous Vehicle Storage and Retrieval System) and used MPA (manufacturing system performance analyzer) to examine the performance of an AS/RS. They used experimental results to show if the OQN (Open Queueing Network) methodology can be applied to analyze an AS/RS and determined MPA is a better choice to quickly evaluate alternate configurations of the AVS/RS. Rashid et al. [7] proposed a new design of an Automated Storage and Retrieval System using wireless communication to improve existing warehouse management system (WMS). They made the communication between PIC controller and computer by wireless technology and the motion of the system is based on three DC motors for each direction of motion X, Y and Z that is controlled by PIC microcontroller.

    The main objective of the project controls the three- dimensional warehouse in goods handling with help of PLCs. The whole process is done automatically based on input signals from the PLC to the respective devices

  2. HARDWARE AND DESCRIPTION

    1. PLC control

      We have chosen SIEMENS S7-1200 CPU 1215c series. Programmable Logic Controllers with the following

      features

      Feature

      CPU 1215c

      Physical size (mm)

      130 x 100 x 75

      User memory

      Work

      125 Kbytes

      Load

      4 Mbytes

      Retentive

      10 Kbytes

      Local on-board I/O

      Digital

      14 inputs/10 output

      Analog

      2 inputs/2 output

      Process image size

      Input

      1024 bytes

      Output

      1024 bytes

      Bit memory (M)

      8192 bytes

      Signal module (SM) expansion

      8

      Signal board (SB), Battery board (BB), or communication board (CB)

      1

      Communication module (CM)

      3

      Feature

      CPU 1215c

      Physical size (mm)

      130 x 100 x 75

      User memory

      Work

      125 Kbytes

      Load

      4 Mbytes

      Retentive

      10 Kbytes

      Local on-board I/O

      Digital

      14 inputs/10 output

      Analog

      2 inputs/2 output

      Process image size

      Input

      1024 bytes

      Output

      1024 bytes

      Bit memory (M)

      8192 bytes

      Signal module (SM) expansion

      8

      Signal board (SB), Battery board (BB), or communication board (CB)

      1

      Communication module (CM)

      3

      Table 1: Profile of SIEMENS S7-1200 CPU 1215c series

      (left-side expansion)

      High-speed counters

      Total

      Up to 6 configured to use any built- in or SB inputs

      1 MHz

      100/80 kHz

      Ia.0 to Ia.5

      30/20 kHz

      Ia.6 to Ib.5

      PROFINET Ethernet communication port

      2

      Real math execution speed

      2.3 s/instruction

      Boolean execution speed

      0.08 s/instruction

      Picture

    2. Sensor

      In this system. Proximity sensor detect an object input signal transmitter for the PLC wihout touching it and therefore do not cause abrasion or damage to the object.

      IV. METHODOLOGY WORKING

      • Select the location where the material is to be stored

      • Press start button followed by the store button.

      • If store button is pressed, sensor will sense the presence of material.

      • If material is display, motor X will start rotating in forward direction till the selected location and will stop.

      • After that the motor Z move up to material selected point,

      • Once the object reaches the selected position, motor Y (in/out) tray(gripper) will move to take the material

      • If tray (gripper) selected object, the motor Z and motor X will move to AGV point.

      • After arriving object position, the motor Z and motor X will rotate in reverse direction to handling next object position

    3. DC motor

    Figure1: sensor process

    It is use to operate the directions of the stacker crane and the gripper. The motor operation is performed using PLC and relays. Triaxial operation is performed here that is, X axis, Y axis and Z axis. Hence three motors are used to perform this operation and one for the gripper movement.

  3. SOFTWARE PLATFORM REQUIREMENT Siemens PLC programming software Portal V13

    (including SIMATIC STEP 7 Professional V13 and SIMATIC WinCC Comfort Advanced V13)

    hardware requirement

    The computer with STEP 7 Basic/Professional V13 must at least meet the following requirements:

    Operating system requirements

    STEP 7 Professional/Basic V13 can be installed in the following operating system (Windows 7 operating system, 32-bit or 64-bit):

    • CPU processor: CoreTM i5-3320m 3.3 GHz Memory: 8G or larger

    • Hard disk300 GB SSD

    • Graphics resolution: minimum. 1920 x 1080

    • Monitor: 15.6"widescreen display. (1920 x 1080)

    • CD-ROMDL MULTISTANDARD DVD -RW

    • MS Windows 7 Home Premium SP1 ( STEP 7 Basic)

    • MS Windows 7 Professional SP1

    • MS Windows 7 Enterprise SP1

    • MS Windows 7 Ultimate SP1

    • Microsoft Windows 8.1 (STEP 7 Basic )

    • Microsoft Windows 8.1 Pro

    • Microsoft Windows 8.1 Enterprise

    • Microsoft Server 2012 R2 Standard

    • MS Windows 2008 Server R2 Standard Edition SP2 ( STEP 7 Professional)

    hardware requirement

    The computer with STEP 7 Basic/Professional V13 must at least meet the following requirements:

    Operating system requirements

    STEP 7 Professional/Basic V13 can be installed in the following operating system (Windows 7 operating system, 32-bit or 64-bit):

    • CPU processor: CoreTM i5-3320m 3.3 GHz Memory: 8G or larger

    • Hard disk300 GB SSD

    • Graphics resolution: minimum. 1920 x 1080

    • Monitor: 15.6"widescreen display. (1920 x 1080)

    • CD-ROMDL MULTISTANDARD DVD -RW

    • MS Windows 7 Home Premium SP1 ( STEP 7 Basic)

    • MS Windows 7 Professional SP1

    • MS Windows 7 Enterprise SP1

    • MS Windows 7 Ultimate SP1

    • Microsoft Windows 8.1 (STEP 7 Basic )

    • Microsoft Windows 8.1 Pro

    • Microsoft Windows 8.1 Enterprise

    • Microsoft Server 2012 R2 Standard

    • MS Windows 2008 Server R2 Standard Edition SP2 ( STEP 7 Professional)

    Table 2: The computer can support software

    Figure2: The whole structure process

    Table 3: Display configuration position devices of PLC program

    Input

    Signal

    Description

    Input status

    ON

    OFF

    I0.0

    CEMG

    Emergency stop

    effective

    invalid

    I0.1

    PWR-ON

    Power-on

    effective

    invalid

    I0.2

    EX-LIM

    Palletizer overrun relay

    effective

    invalid

    I0.3

    3ELP

    3-axis positive limit.

    effective

    invalid

    I0.4

    3ORG1

    3 axis origin 1.

    effective

    invalid

    I0.5

    SEN1

    Workpiece detection photoelectric switch on fork

    effective

    invalid

    I0.6

    3ORG3

    3axis origin 3.

    effective

    invalid

    I0.7

    3EL-

    3 axis negative limit.

    effective

    invalid

    I1.0

    2EL+

    2 axis positive limit.

    effective

    invalid

    I1.1

    2DEC1

    2 axis deceleration 1 point.

    effective

    invalid

    I1.2

    2DEC2

    2 axis deceleration 2 point.

    effective

    invalid

    I1.3

    2DEC3

    2 axis deceleration 3 point.

    effective

    invalid

    I1.4

    2EL-

    2 axis negative limit.

    effective

    invalid

    I1.5

    1EL+

    1 axis positive limit.

    effective

    invalid

    I2.0

    1DEC1

    1 axis deceleration 1 point.

    effective

    invalid

    I2.1

    1DEC2

    1 axis deceleration 2 point.

    effective

    invalid

    position 23. Workpiece detection switch.

    I5.7

    SQ24

    Raw material warehouse position 24. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I6.0

    SQ25

    Raw material warehouse position 25. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I6.1

    SQ26

    Raw material warehouse position 26. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I6.2

    SQ27

    Raw material warehouse position 27. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I6.3

    SQ28

    Raw material warehouse position 28. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    OUTPUT

    Q0.0

    RED

    Tricolor lamp red

    effective

    invalid

    Q0.1

    YELLOW

    Three color light yellow

    effective

    invalid

    Q0.2

    GREEN

    Tricolor light green

    effective

    invalid

    Q0.3

    START

    Start relay

    effective

    invalid

    Q0.4

    STOP

    Stop relay

    effective

    invalid

    Q0.5

    DIS_LIM

    Over limit contact relay

    effective

    invalid/p>

    Q0.6

    ALMHL

    Alarm indicator

    effective

    invalid

    Q0.7

    CMEGHL

    Emergency stop indicator

    effective

    invalid

    Q1.0

    STOP_U

    Inverter stop

    effective

    invalid

    I2.2

    1DEC3

    1 axis deceleration 3 point.

    effective

    invalid

    I2.3

    1EL-

    1 axis negative limit.

    effective

    invalid

    I2.4

    U1ALM

    One-axis inverter alarm

    effective

    invalid

    I2.5

    U2ALM

    Two-axis inverter alarm

    effective

    invalid

    I2.6

    U3ALM

    Three-axis inverter alarm

    effective

    invalid

    I2.7

    M/A

    Online/stand-alone selector switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.0

    SQ1

    Raw material warehouse position 1. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.1

    SQ2

    Raw material warehouse position 2. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.2

    SQ3

    Raw material warehouse position 3. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.3

    SQ4

    Raw material warehouse position 4. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.4

    SQ5

    Raw material warehouse position 5. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.5

    SQ6

    Raw material warehouse position 6. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.6

    SQ7

    Raw material warehouse position 7. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.7

    SQ8

    Raw material warehouse position 8. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.0

    SQ9

    Raw material warehouse position 9. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.1

    SQ10

    Raw material warehouse position 10. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.2

    SQ11

    Raw material warehouse position 11. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.3

    SQ12

    Raw material warehouse position 12. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.4

    SQ13

    Raw material warehouse position 13. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.5

    SQ14

    Raw material warehouse position 14. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.6

    SQ15

    Raw material warehouse position 15. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.7

    SQ16

    Raw material warehouse position 16. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.0

    SQ17

    Raw material warehouse position 17. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.1

    SQ18

    Raw material warehouse position 18. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.2

    SQ19

    Raw material warehouse position 19. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.3

    SQ20

    Raw material warehouse position 20. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.4

    SQ21

    Raw material warehouse position 21. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.5

    SQ22

    Raw material warehouse position 22. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.6

    SQ23

    Raw material warehouse

    effective

    invalid

    I2.2

    1DEC3

    1 axis deceleration 3 point.

    effective

    invalid

    I2.3

    1EL-

    1 axis negative limit.

    effective

    invalid

    I2.4

    U1ALM

    One-axis inverter alarm

    effective

    invalid

    I2.5

    U2ALM

    Two-axis inverter alarm

    effective

    invalid

    I2.6

    U3ALM

    Three-axis inverter alarm

    effective

    invalid

    I2.7

    M/A

    Online/stand-alone selector switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.0

    SQ1

    Raw material warehouse position 1. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.1

    SQ2

    Raw material warehouse position 2. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.2

    SQ3

    Raw material warehouse position 3. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.3

    SQ4

    Raw material warehouse position 4. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.4

    SQ5

    Raw material warehouse position 5. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.5

    SQ6

    Raw material warehouse position 6. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.6

    SQ7

    Raw material warehouse position 7. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I3.7

    SQ8

    Raw material warehouse position 8. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.0

    SQ9

    Raw material warehouse position 9. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.1

    SQ10

    Raw material warehouse position 10. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.2

    SQ11

    Raw material warehouse position 11. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.3

    SQ12

    Raw material warehouse position 12. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.4

    SQ13

    Raw material warehouse position 13. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.5

    SQ14

    Raw material warehouse position 14. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.6

    SQ15

    Raw material warehouse position 15. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I4.7

    SQ16

    Raw material warehouse position 16. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.0

    SQ17

    Raw material warehouse position 17. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.1

    SQ18

    Raw material warehouse position 18. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.2

    SQ19

    Raw material warehouse position 19. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.3

    SQ20

    Raw material warehouse position 20. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.4

    SQ21

    Raw material warehouse position 21. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.5

    SQ22

    Raw material warehouse position 22. Workpiece detection switch.

    effective

    invalid

    I5.6

    SQ23

    Raw material warehouse

    effective

    invalid

    Figure 3: Three-dimensional library position regulations

    V. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

    1. Advantages

      • This system reduces human intervention while increasing safety.

      • Automatic Manufacturing process is efficiency and accuracy

      • Distance time work saving

    2. Disadvantages

      • High cost investment installation

      • Require engineers skilled knowledge, ability and experience

      • Time in maintenance and improve are large

        1. APPLICATION

      • Chemistry industries

      • Vehicle factories

      • Food manufacturing process industries

  1. RESULT AND CONCLUSION

we have implemented a ladder code install at PLC software to control system. After that output commands to

configuration I/O devices. Complexity of automatic warehouse has been modeled, based on this paper purpose we achieved such as analysis, developed and control system

Figure 4: three-dimensional warehouse system

Figure 5: PLC control panel

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

This paper is supported by the National Key Technology R&D Program (2015BAK06B04); the key technologies R&D program of Tianjin (15ZXZNGX00260, 17YFCZZC00270, 17KPXMSF00190, 17KPXMMSF00180, 18ZXJMTG00160)

Tianjin University of technology and education Plan Project (18JCTPJC6710018JCTPJC68300,18JCTPJC67500,

18JCTPJC64200)

  1. Sunderesh S. Heragu, Xiao Cai, Ananth Krishnamurthy, Charles J. Malmborg, An Approach to Model the AS/RS via Colored Timed Petri Net, in 5th Annual IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, 2009, Bangalore, India, pp. 455-459

  2. M.M. Rashid, Banna Kasemi, Mahmudur Rahman, New Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS) using wireless communications, in 4th International Conference on Mechatronics (ICOM), 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 1-7.

REFERENCE

  1. V. Ramanan & Sachin. R PLC-SCADA Based Automated Logistics Warehouse Management System International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (IJMIE), ISSN No. 2231 6477, Volume-2, Issue-2, 2012.J. Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 3rd ed., vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon, 1892, pp.68-73.

  2. AsaadMusaab Ali Yousif, Jiang Dening Automatic Control for Storage and Retrieval System Based On PLC International journal of advanced research in electrical electronics and instrumentation engineering. Vol.3, Issue 9, September 2014.

  3. Kiran A. Gupta, Neha Armani, T. C. Manjunath and H. V. Manjunath Design and implementation of PLC based industrial application prototype Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 10(35),

    DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2017/v10i35/118962, September 2017

  4. Min S. Ko, G.N. Wang, Hye S. Shin, Sang C. Park, Machine Control Level Simulation of an AS/RS In the Automotive Industry, in Winter Simulation Conference, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona, pp. 1727-1738.

  5. C. Senanayake and S. Veera Ragavan, A Fuzzy Implementation for Optimization of Storage Locations in an Industrial AS/RS, in World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 39, pp. 38-43, 2008.

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