An Efficient Multistage Security System for user Authentication

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTCONV10IS09016

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An Efficient Multistage Security System for user Authentication

E. Santhosh

Assistant Professor,

Department of Electronics and communication Engineering, Sri Shanmugha College of Engineering and technology

S. Subash

UG Scholar

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Shanmugha College of Engineering and Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu, India

K. Surendhar

UG Scholar

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Shanmugha College of Engineering and Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract:- Conceptual This paper proposes a multi- facet security framework which can be utilized in Home,Bank Lockers and so forth to forestall robberies. Multi-facet security given by the mix of three protections which depends on the grouping of (I) RFID,

  1. secret key (III) Biometric sequentially (IV) Chloroform . Every one of the four modules are controlled through a microcontroller. The Proposed framework is more proficient and dependable because of multistage security and may not be penetrated with the mix of every one of the three phases.

    Keywords: RFID; Microcontroller; Security system; GSM;


      Presently day's security of resources is the principal worry for any individual. This paper targets giving a solid security framework. It gives an approach to recognizing approved and unapproved people, by utilizing RFID, keypad secret key , chloroform ,and finger impression innovation.

      Atmega168 microcontroller utilized for controlling the equipment [16]. The fundamental commitment of this paper is to give a multi stage security so obscure individuals can not penetrate the security.

      In Conventional security framework, there is either a RFID framework or a secret word based framework or a biometric based framework (which could either be a unique mark based framework, retina scanner or voice acknowledgment framework), there is a more noteworthy opportunity to break such a one phase security framework.

      To work on such frameworks, a multistage security framework consisting of microcontroller based grid keypad and GSM network notwithstanding RFID innovation and finger impression module can be utilized. In this, check will likewise be involved without which the framework

      doesn't give access and a notice is shipped off the approved individual.

      Related works incorporate improvement of an advanced security framework containing entryway lock framework utilizing detached RFID [8] , RFID based security frameworks and microcontroller based reprogrammable computerized entryway lock security framework by utilizing keypad and GSM/CDMA innovation [10]. In ongoing we will execute it involving FPGA as carried out in [17-18].

      The microcontroller based computerized entryway lock security framework is an entrance controlled framework in which just approved people can get to limited regions. The proposed security framework comprises of the accompanying three phases

      Stage 1: RFID module comprises RFID tag and RFID peruser. At the point when the client punches his card (containing the tag), the 12 byte chronic number of the tag is perused by the RFID peruser and is shipped off the microcontroller. The microcontroller then contrasts the information and the current information put away in the EEPROM memory(internal memory of the microcontroller). Assuming the information coordinates with the current information in the memory, it implies the individual is approved and the client enters the second phase of the security framework. On the off chance that the information isn't matched then the client won't be allowed to enter the premises. The bell begins ringing to give an alert demonstrating the presence of an unapproved individual and a message is shipped off the approved individual through the GSM module.

      Stage 2: The subsequent stage incorporates the entering of a secret phrase through the keypad by the client. In the event that the secret word is right, he will arrive at the third phase of the security framework. In any case, in the event that the secret phrase is off-base, access is denied and the approved individual is informed through the GSM module.

      Stage 3: The client arrives at the third stage in the event that his RFID tag and secret word is right. In the third stage he needs to punch onto the unique mark module. Assuming that the unique finger impression of the individual coordinates with the current fingerprints put away in the memory of the finger impression module, then, the lock opens and the client gets access else it is denied


        1. Components and Properties

          Table 1





          Arduino Uno



          GSM Module



          Vibration Sensor

          SW – 420


          Fingerprint Sensor




          5 volts





          LCD display

          16×2LCD display

          4×4 matrix



          membrane type

          3V-12V buzzer

          with wire



        2. Preparation of composite

          Fig.1. Circuit Diagram

          A RFID framework comprises a peruser gadget and a transponder (tag). A transponder or tag has a special chronic number which is distinguished by the peruser and is shipped off microcontroller for checking. On the off chance that an unapproved individual attempts to enter, a warning will be shipped off the approved individual by the GSM module which is associated with the framework.

          The client then, at that point, needs to enter his secret key through the keypad. The secret word is put away in EEPROM so that possibly enrolled clients can reset it when wanted. A keypad is utilized for contributing the secret phrase physically, which is a grid of 4*4 components. At the point when one enters the code in the lattice keypad, the microcontroller confirms the code. The code can be a blend of digits 0-9, four letters a,b,c,d and extraordinary characters * and #. On the off chance that the client enters some unacceptable code, the signal associated will give an alert and he can not continue on toward the third stage. In circuit, arithmetic circuits role is essential.[6-8].

        3. Wear Test specimen and parameters

      The third stage is the finger impression and really take a look at the stage. This is done in two phases, the underlying advance is finger impression enrolment and the second is remarkable imprint organizing. During enrolment, the client needs to put his finger twice. [9- 11]The module will deal with the finger pictures and will make an organization and store it in a memory space. In the second period of planning, 1:N matching is done in which the client enters the extraordinary finger impression onto the optical sensor, a design is made and is differentiated and all of the organizations set aside in the memory openings. Resulting to matching the result is displayed on the 16*2 LCD screen as progress or botch. Expecting that the result is accomplishment, the individual gets an area.

      A GSM module can be used as a beneficiary, which sends messages to the endorsed person to inform him that a segment is being made. AT orders have been used for GSM module[3]. For this an ideal convenient number is used in the structure. In this, without check it doesn't allow the method for being opened and an admonition is transported off the supported person.


      The proteus simulation of the circuit for showing the virtual hardware prototype working has been shown in figure 5 and figure 6 shows the actual hardware model of the designed system.

      After verification of RFID tag and password, the microcontroller proceeds to the next step i.e to store the fingerprint. In this step, LCD displays Place Finger. We have to place finger on the finger print module so that the module can verify the input fingerprint with the stored one. Figure 5 figure illustrates the model. We have used a DVD driver to show the door movement. When the RFID tag is matched, password entered is correct and fingerprint is matched, the door opens and access is granted.

      Comparison of the existing security systems and our proposed security system is shown in Table 1. Table 2 shows the comparison of the time required to hack the system with different combinations of the security provided and the probability of breaching them.

    4. CONCLUSION This paper gives one answer for

extraordinarily got and trustworthy doorway lock system. The security structure considering RFID tag, grid keypad, remarkable imprint and GSM development has been actually arranged and executed. This structure can be used where high security is required. This security structure can be furthermore moderated


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