5G : – The Future Mobile Wireless Technology by 2020

DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV2IS90558

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5G : – The Future Mobile Wireless Technology by 2020

Abhishek Gupta , Dr.Anupam Gupta , Sarthak Gupta

Abstract The phases of mobile telecommuncaion are denoted with G (Generation) as a standard ie. 1G,2G,3G,4G & now 5G.Hence 5G technology stands for the 5th generation mobile technology.The 5th generation wireless mobile internet network is a completed wireless communication with almost no limitation,although no official document is yet made public by the standardization

bodies such as 3GPP,Wimax Forum or ITU-R except the announcement made by Samsung that it had prototyped a new wireless technology that could transmit data far faster.But 5G will change the means to use cellphones within very high bandwidth.With 5G pushed over VOIP enabled device,people will experience a new level of call volume & data transmission as never experienced be- fore.In 5G,researches are being made on development of World Wide Wirelss Networks (WWWW),Dynamic Adhoc Wireless Net- works (DWAN) & Real Wireless World. IP V6 is a basic protocol for running on both 4G & 5G,which works on a single bandwidth of 4G.Forthcoming mobile technology has to support IP V6 and flat IP.This paper explains the 5G mobile network,Future mobile tech- nologies & their deployment that will start around 2020.


Index Terms 4G,5G,Communication,Connectivity, GSM ,Internet,IPV6,Mobile Communication,Mobility, Network





    he world has seen a lot of changes in the realm of communication.Today we no more use landlines or use it preferably in office only.It`s at the mo-

    ment just over last few years since the smartphone changed the world of mobile internet and mobile connectivity is changing the way we live and work.From 1G to 2.5G & from 3G to 5G this world of telecommunication has seen a number of improve- ments along with improved performance with every passing day.Now we see everyday more and more people have start purchasing their products with tab- let and mobile phones .People expect to have the same speeds as their tablet PC & smartphone as they get at their laptop/computer`s at home.Traffic on wireless networks has been doubling annually & around 2020,data consumptions will be thirty times more.Current 4G technology will not be capable of carrying this rapid increase of data consump- tion.Though in reality,5G does not exist yet but the future network next to 4G we say as 5G.

    5G technology is on its way to change the way most of the users access their handsets.Users will go through a level of call volume & data transmission with 5G pushed over a VOIP enabled gadget.The idea of World Wide Wireless Web (WWWW) is started from 4G technologies.The following evolution will be based on 4G and completed its idea to form a real wireless world.Thus,5G should make an important difference and add more services and benefit to the world over 4G.

    5G should be more intelligent technology that inter- connects the entire world without limits.It`s expected that 4G standard will be concluded within next two

    years.5G network will not only be more speed but will also be capable of carrying more data

    .We still remember the disturbance and irritation caused in transferring data but the advent of Blu- etooth changed the history.It enabled us to share data between two gadgets within a range of 50 me- tres.With the swiftness in data sharing,the cellphone manufacturers focussed on mobile broadband that can open a new window of communication and navi- gation in the world of telecommunication.5G technol- ogy will change the manner in which cellular plans are offered worldwide.As we know frequency is a finite resource.In 5G, network might solve the prob- lem of frequency licensing & spectrum management issues..The 5G terminals might have software-defined adios & it also has different modulation schemes and error control schemes.It provided hundreds of chan- nels without streaming.

    A new revolution is about to begin.This generation ie. 5G is expected to be rolled out around 2020.


    Cell phones are used millions and billions of users worldwide. How many of us know the technology behind cell phones that is used for our communica- tion? I have also intrigued about the type of technolo- gy used in my phone. What are 0G,1G, 2G, 3G and4Gtechnologies?

    0G , 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G ("G" stands for "Gener- ation") are the generations of wireless telecom connec-

    tivity. In 1945, the zero generation (0G) of mobile tele- phones was introduced. Mobile Telephone Service, were not officially categorized as mobile phones, since they did not support the automatic change of channel frequency during calls.1G (Time Division Multiple Access and Frequency Division Multiple Access ) was the initial wireless telecom network sys- tem. It's out-dated now. The analog brick phones and bag phones are under 1G technology. Cell phones era began with 1G.

    The next era, 2G has taken its place of 1G. Cell phones received their first major upgrade when they went from 1G to 2G. This leap effectively took cell phones from analog to digital. 2G and 2.5G were versions of the GSM and CDMA connections. And GSM is still the most popular technology, but with no internet. Fortunately, GPRS, an additional service, is provided over GSM for the purpose of internet access. GPRS has been developed and thus, EGPRS was created. It's more secure and faster than GPRS.

    Then 3G came, the new Wireless CDMA technology. It is the first wireless telecom technology that provides broadband-speed internet connection on mobile phones. It has been specially made for the demand of internet on smart phones. Further devel- opment led to the creation of 3.5G, which provides blazing fast internet connection on phones, up to the speed of 7.2 MBPS. A smart phone can be connected to a PC to share its internet connection and 3G and 3.5G are ideal for this. But, as this WCDMA technolo- gy is not available in all regions, its not as popular as GSM yet. Before making the major leap from 2G to 3G wireless networks, the lesser-known 2.5G was an inte- rim standard that bridged the gap. Following 2.5G, 3G ushered in faster data-transmission speeds so you could use your cell phone in more data-demanding ways. This has meant streaming video (i.e. movie trai- lers and television), audio and much more. Cell phone companies today are spending a lot of money to brand to you the importance of their 3G network.

    The above systems and radio interfaces are based on

    • Abhishek Gupta holds degree`s such as B.Tech,M.Tech,MSW,PGDHRM,PGDM, &

    is willing to pursue PHD in Electronics & Communication.

    kindred spread spectrum radio transmission technol- ogy. While the GSM EDGE standard ("2.9G"), DECT cordless phones and Mobile Wi MAX standards for- mally also fulfil the IMT-2000 requirements and are approved as 3G standards by ITU, these are typically not branded 3G, and are based on completely differ- ent te

    fourth-generation cell phone technology, refers to the entirely new evolution. Developers are now going for 4G (OFDMA), which will provide internet up to the speed of 1 GBPS! It is said to be able to overcome the problems of weak network strength and should provide a much wider network, making sure that the users get high-speed connectivity anytime anywhere. No doubt, 4G will open new doors of revolutionary internet technologies, but for now, 3G and 3.5G are the best. 4G will allow forspeeds of up to 100Mbps. 4G promises voice, data and high-quality multimedia in real-time form all the time and anywhere.



    Main features of 5G Network technology are as fol- lows :

    4G, which is also known as beyond 3G or

    1. 5G technology offer high resolution for crazy cell phone user and bi-directional large bandwidth shap- ing.

    2. The advanced billing interfaces of 5G technology makes it more attractive and effective.

    3. 5G technology also providing subscriber supervi- sion tools for fast action.

    4. The high quality services of 5G technology based on Policy to avoid error.

    5. 5G technology is providing large broadcasting of data in Gigabit which supporting almost 65,000 con- nections.

    6. 5G technology offer transporter class gateway with unparalleled consistency.

    7. The traffic statistics by 5G technology makes it more accurate.

    8. Through remote management offered by 5G tech- nology a user can get better and fast solution.

    1. The remote diagnostics also a great feature of 5G technology.

    2. The 5G technology is providing up to 25 Mbps connectivity speed.

    3. The 5G technology also support virtual private network.

    4. The new 5G technology will take all delivery ser- vice out of business prospect

    5. The uploading and downloading speed of 5G

      technology touching the peak.

    6. The 5G technology network offering enhanced and available connectivity just about the world.



      5G networks make use of flat IP concept to make it easier for different RAN ti upgrade in to a single Na- noCore network.5G network uses Nanotechnology as defensive tool for security comcern that arises to flat IP.Certainly Flat IP network is the key concept to make 5G acceptable for all kind of technologies.To meet customer demand for real-time data applica- tionsdelivered over mobile broadband net- works,wireless operators are turning to flat IP net- work architectures.Flat Ip architecture provides a way to identify devices using symbolic names,unlike the hierchical architecture such as that used in normal IP addresses.

      Flat network architecture removes that voice-centric hierarchy from the network.Instead of overlaying a packet data core on the voice network,separate and much-simplified data architecture can be imple- mented that removes the multiple elements from the network chain.


      The 5G nano core is a convergence of below mention technologies.These technologies have their own im-

      pact on existing wireless network which makes them in to 5G.

      1. Nanotechnology.

      2. Cloud Computing.

      3. All IP Platform

        1. Nanotechnology :- Nanotechnology is the application of nanoscience to control process on nanometer scale ie. Between 0.1 & 100 nm.The field is also called known as molecu- lar nanotechnology (MNT).MNT deals with control of structure of matter based on atom by atom & molecule by molecule engineer- ing.

        2. Cloud Computing :- Cloud Computing is a technology that uses the internet and central remote server to maintain data & applica- tions.In 5G network this central remote serv- er will be our content provider.Cloud Com- puting allows consumers and business to use applications without installion and access their personal files at any computer with in- ternet access.Cloud Computing has three main segments which are Applica- tions,Platform & Infrastructure.5G Nanocore utilizes all the above 3 segments to satisfy his

          customer demands.

        3. All IP Platformor Network :- The All IP Network (AIPN) is an evolution of 3GPP sys- tem to meet the increasing demands of the mobile telecommunications market.AIPN provides a continuedevolution and optimiza- tion of the system concept in order to provide a competitibe edge in termsof both perfor- mance & cost.The key benefits of Flat IP Ar- chitectures are:-

          • Lower costs.

          • Universal seemless access.

          • Improved user experience.

          • Reduced system latecy.


      In the 5G system,IPv6 is needed for mobility because of the multiple layer of subnetting & many ad- dresses.IPv6 addresses are 128 bit,which is four times more than 32 bit IPv4 address.The first 32 bit are de- fined as home address of a device,second part may use for care of address ,third part for tunneling to establish a connection netween wire line and wireless network & the last part of IPv6 address may be used for VPN sharing.


      With the increasing bit rates led to increased energy consumption in base situations.Main challenge for future mobile networks is to reduce power consump- tion.In cellular networks base stations consume more than 60 % power which has to be considerably re- duced by designing in such a way that the load on decrease base station starts to cover more regions & also we can shutdown some of the base stations.


With each passing year ,we should expect an accele- rating pace of technological change,as a new mobile generation has appeared every 10th year since the first 1G system ie. Nordic Mobile Telephone(NMT) was introduced in 1981,including 2G (GSM) system that started roll out in 1992, 3G (W-CDMA/FOMA) ie.Freedom of Mobile Multimedia Access which ap- peared in 2001 & 4G standards ie.IMT- Advanced requirements that were ratified in 2011 and started in 2012-13 and then 5G expected in 2020.

In this paper, I explained evolution of 5G technology

with previous genrations of technology,its as- pects,design ,architecture & IPv6.This mobile tech- nology will offer high data rate,efficient & reliable communication at an affordable rate in the near fu- ture.hence this paper shows how 5G as a future tech- nology can become more efficient and will be benefi- cial for society.


The authors wish to thank his Father Dr.Anupam Gupta,Mother Beenu Gupta,Brother Sarthak Gupta as for thoroughly standing by my side all through Thick & Thin. This work was supported in part by a grant from IJSER.


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  3. Mix-Bandwith Data Path Design for 5G Real Wire- less World

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