IJERT-EMS
IJERT-EMS

Influence of the Headrestrain Position in Case of Rear End Collision and its Effects Upon the Whiplash Phenomenon


Influence of the Headrestrain Position in Case of Rear End Collision and its Effects Upon the Whiplash Phenomenon
Authors : Radu Alexandru Ionut, Cofaru Corneliu, Tolea Bogdan
Publication Date: 16-09-2017

Authors

Author(s):  Radu Alexandru Ionut, Cofaru Corneliu, Tolea Bogdan

Published in:   International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology

License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Website: www.ijert.org

Volume/Issue:   Volume. 6 - Issue. 09 , September - 2017

e-ISSN:   2278-0181

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the injury potential in the case or rear end collision of the occupants head and neck by analyzing the distance between the head and headrest using two virtual multibody occupants. For this study, a rear impact was simulated virtually using PC Crash, the most common program used for accident reconstruction. The study was made by using 2 virtual multibody models, a basic multibody occupant included in PC Crash and a MADYMO occupant model. The distance of the headrest to the head varied from being close to the head (at about 110 mm from the normal position) to not using a head rest at all. This will simulate the position of the occupant when driving, while some drivers adapt a more close position to the steering wheel (head being far from the headrest) while others adapt a more relaxed position (head is near the headrest). The angles of the head and neck were measured and compared to medical limitations of them. Also the neck injury criteria (NIC) was calculated to evaluate the injury potential of the head rest distance variation.

Citations

Number of Citations for this article:  Data not Available

Keywords

Key Word(s):    

Downloads

Number of Downloads:     8
Similar-Paper

Call for Papers - May - 2017

        

 

                 Call for Thesis - 2017 

     Publish your Ph.D/Master's Thesis Online

              Publish Ph.D Master Thesis Online as Book