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Hermetic Storage Technology: The Way forward in Solving Numerous Cereal Grains Storage Challenges in Developing Countries


Hermetic Storage Technology: The Way forward in Solving Numerous Cereal Grains Storage Challenges in Developing Countries
Authors : Okolo C. A, Chukwu, O, Adejumo B. A. , Haruna, S. A
Publication Date: 11-08-2017

Authors

Author(s):  Okolo C. A, Chukwu, O, Adejumo B. A. , Haruna, S. A

Published in:   International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology

License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Website: www.ijert.org

Volume/Issue:   Volume. 6 - Issue. 07 , July - 2017

e-ISSN:   2278-0181

Abstract

This paper reviews the efficacy, diversity and potentials of hermetic storage (HS) technology and its ability to solve numerous storage related challenges abound, and prevalent in the tropics. Various types and diversity of hermetic storage structures, best practices in terms of use, capacity of best fit, and their consequent unique advantages/shortcomings in terms of cereal grains storage in the tropics were reviewed to aid farmers to make the right choices and achieve better results. The choice largely dependent on farmer’s economic power, level of education, and the intended duration of storage, quantity to be stored and available facilities for storage. Major chemical based cereal grain storage related challenges, such as issue of pesticide residue/poisoning in stored grains, effect of storage chemicals on humans, animal, the environment, cost of storage chemicals and hazard associated with handling, insect developing resistance to chemicals, aflatoxins development, and loss of germinability were examined in details. Research results and theoretical data were also used to justify the ability of hermetic storage (HS) technology in solving these numerous challenges. Solutions were proffered with the approach of using different pesticide free airtight rigid and flexible storage structure to achieve a non-breathable atmosphere that will enhance disinfestation, eliminate all living organisms, as well as keeping the stored products in good condition.

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