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Getting Out of the Nigerian “Wheat Trap”: A Multi Disciplinary Approach


Getting Out of the Nigerian “Wheat Trap”: A Multi Disciplinary Approach
Authors : Haruna S. A, Adejumo, B. A, Chukwu, O, Okolo, C. A
Publication Date: 11-08-2017

Authors

Author(s):  Haruna S. A, Adejumo, B. A, Chukwu, O, Okolo, C. A

Published in:   International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology

License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Website: www.ijert.org

Volume/Issue:   Volume. 6 - Issue. 07 , July - 2017

e-ISSN:   2278-0181

Abstract

This paper reviews the protracted dependence and entrenchment of imported wheat grain for local consumption, and all wheat based confectionaries produced in Nigeria, by successive Government, and other stakeholder in wheat sector since independence of the country in 1960 known as “the wheat trap”, its effect on Nigerian economy and the way out. Wheat grows poorly under Nigerian climate, however urbanization, increasing population, perceived conspiracy, civilization and copying of western feeding lifestyle, has made wheat based products increasingly and tremendously, being consumed in the country, and hence the country spends huge amount of foreign exchange for the importation of wheat. Nigeria spends an estimate of (USD 4 billion per annum) within the last 5 years, on the importation of wheat alone. Attempt made by successive Nigerian Government and non-Governmental organization (NGO’s) to avert this situation, their shortcomings, and achievements, both immediate (short term) and long term, to surmount this scourge, were x-rayed, with a view to proffer a multidisciplinary solutions to arresting this trend. Inferences drawn were based on simple economic theories and analysis, both theoretical and practical, to substantiate that with appropriate legislation and execution of relevant laws marched with more technological research, both in the area of crop improvement and in the area of composite flour technology, based on available locally grown oil seeds, cereal and or root tuber crops, will go a long way to help in saving the continuous depletion of Nigerian foreign reserve by the importation of wheat. Also discussed as a way out, is the expected level of collaboration and all inclusive approach among the stakeholders (consumers of wheat based products (Nigerian citizens), importers of wheat grains, Nigerian Government, farmers, milling and baking companies, researchers, other businessmen involved in the up and downstream wheat value chain), which is presently lacking. The all inclusive participatory economic /technology direction is what it takes to galvanize and increase local production and stop the current trend of kangaroo wheat importation in Nigeria.

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