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Effects of Corrosion on Compression Ignition Engine Parts: A Case Study of Biodiesel Blends


Effects of Corrosion on Compression Ignition Engine Parts: A Case Study of Biodiesel Blends
Authors : Olatunbosun Babatunde Emmanuel, J. B. Bassey, Okereke C. Isaac
Publication Date: 30-06-2017

Authors

Author(s):  Olatunbosun Babatunde Emmanuel, J. B. Bassey, Okereke C. Isaac

Published in:   International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology

License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Website: www.ijert.org

Volume/Issue:   Volume. 6 - Issue. 06 , June - 2017

e-ISSN:   2278-0181

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of corrosion on the engine parts that come in contact with a newly developed biodiesel fuel and its blend (with petro-diesel). The metals copper, aluminum, copper alloys (bronze), and elastomers caused significant levels of corrosive in biodiesel and biodiesel blend as opposed to low corrosion with petro-diesel. Specimens of stainless steel showed significant resistance to corrosion in biodiesel samples as compared to copper, aluminum, and copper alloys, but the level of corrosion was still higher than that in petro-diesel. Common methods adopted for measurement of corrosion include weight loss through static emersion tests and electrochemical techniques by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy or on Potentiostat/Galvanostat. The surfaces of the specific metal strips were analyzed by optical, scanning electron, and atomic force microscopy, revealing the nature and extent of corrosion. Fourier transform Infrared Spectroscopy revealed formation of secondary product due to degradation, and x-Ray Diffractometer revealed formation of a new phase in the metal strips exposed to biodiesel and its blend with mineral diesel. Biodiesel seemed to degrade due to auto-oxidation and presence of moisture to secondary products that enhanced the corrosion rate. The problem related to the use of non-compatible materials as engine parts for biodiesel-run vehicles is dual in nature. The engine part in contact with the fuel is corroded as a result of fuel degradation, causing the fuel to go further off-specification.

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